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  1. Beliefs of caregivers about patient's pain have been shown to influence assessment and treatment of children's pain, now considered an essential part of cancer treatment. Painful procedures in hematology-oncol...

    Authors: Chiara Po', Franca Benini, Laura Sainati, Anna C Frigo, Simone Cesaro, Maria I Farina and Caterina Agosto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:27

    Content type: Research

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  2. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication in infants and children with chronic liver disease (CLD); however its diagnosis might be difficult. We aimed to study the feasibility of diagno...

    Authors: Mortada HF El-Shabrawi, Ola El-Sisi, Sawsan Okasha, Mona Isa, Sayed Abou Elmakarem, Iman Eyada, Zainab Abdel-Latif, Gamal El-Batran and Naglaa Kamal

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:26

    Content type: Research

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  3. Data on clinical presentation, morbidity and mortality of 2009 pandemic influenza virus (H1N1v) in paediatric population are still emerging; most of the data so far available came from selected cohorts of chil...

    Authors: Liviana Da Dalt, Chiara Chillemi, Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Silvia Bressan, Arianna Calistri, Giorgio Palù and Giorgio Perilongo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:24

    Content type: Research

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  4. This study assesses the parents' Willingness To Pay (WTP) for One Stop Anesthesia (OSA). OSA is part of a free screening procedure that determines the timing of the anesthesiological assessment. In OSA-positiv...

    Authors: Giovanni Mangia, Franco Bianco, Roberta Bonomo, Elisabetta Di Caro, Eufrasia Frattarelli and Paola Presutti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:23

    Content type: Research

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  5. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is the most frequent recessive disease of Caucasian patients. Association with other diseases or syndromes has previously been reported. Co-morbidity may be a challenge for clinicians, who...

    Authors: Elide Spinelli, Silviana Timpano, Annalisa Fogazzi, Silvia Dester, Susanna Milianti and Rita Padoan

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:22

    Content type: Case report

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  6. To evaluate renal side-effects of anti-epileptic medication by valproate (VPA) and carbamazepine (CBZ), we performed a prospective study to assess renal tubular function by measuring N-acetyl-β glucosaminidase (N...

    Authors: Mojgan Mazaheri, Afshin Samaie and Vahid Semnani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:21

    Content type: Research

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  7. Hereditary hyperferritinemia cataract syndrome (HHCS) is a rare condition caused by mutations in the gene coding for the light chain of ferritin; it does not lead to iron overload, but it is associated with th...

    Authors: Melania Serra, Filomena Longo, Antonella Roetto, Alessandro Sandri and Antonio Piga

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:20

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile disease of unknown etiology, characterized by systemic vascular inflammation involving the small and medium sized arteries, with a predilection for the coronary arteries. I...

    Authors: Icilio Dodi, Vera Raggi, Marta Verna, Bertrand Tchana, Daniela Vignali, Maria Antonietta Bandello, Silvia Lacava, Gian Carlo Izzi and Aldo Agnetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:19

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The early identification of pre-lingual deafness is necessary to minimize the consequences of hearing impairment on the future communication skills of a baby. According to the most recent international guideli...

    Authors: Paolo Ghirri, Annalisa Liumbruno, Sara Lunardi, Francesca Forli, Antonio Boldrini, Angelo Baggiani and Stefano Berrettini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:16

    Content type: Review

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  10. despite recent progress in imaging, it is still difficult to distinguish between pituitary adenoma and hyperplasia, even using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with gadolinium injection. We describe an example...

    Authors: Roberto Franceschi, Umberto Rozzanigo, Riccarda Failo, Maria Bellizzi and Annunziata Di Palma

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:15

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important causes of acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTI) in infants and young children. This study was conducted to describe the epidemiology of...

    Authors: Aya M Fattouh, Yasmeen A Mansi, Mervat G El-anany, Amany A El-kholy and Hanaa M El-karaksy

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:14

    Content type: Research

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  12. Diarrhoea disease which has been attributed to poverty constitutes a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children aged five and below in most low-and-middle income countries. This study sought to examine...

    Authors: Olatunde Aremu, Stephen Lawoko, Tahereh Moradi and Koustuv Dalal

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:13

    Content type: Research

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  13. The use of unlicensed and "off-label" medicines in children is widespread. Between 50-80% of the medicines currently administered to children have neither been tested nor authorized for their use in the paedia...

    Authors: Anne-Laure Knellwolf, Stéphane Bauzon, Ornella Della Casa Alberighi, Irja Lutsar, Ernö Bácsy, Deborah Alfarez and Pietro Panei

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:12

    Content type: Review

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  14. It is well known that certain non-thyroidal critical illness may lead to euthyroid sick syndrome(ESS). There are little reports about the change of thyroid hormone in the children's central nervous system (CNS...

    Authors: Fuyong Jiao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Taomin Bai, Jing Lin, Wei Cui and Bingweng Liu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:11

    Content type: Research

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  15. Streptococcal pharyngitis is a very common pathology in paediatric age all over the world. Nevertheless there isn't a joint agreement on the management of this condition. Some authors recommend to perform a mi...

    Authors: Marta Regoli, Elena Chiappini, Francesca Bonsignori, Luisa Galli and Maurizio de Martino

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:10

    Content type: Review

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  16. Neurocysticercosis represents an important cause of seizures in children in endemic countries, such as Latin America, Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, while in Europe, especially in Italy, the cases of neurocystic...

    Authors: Irene Raffaldi, Carlo Scolfaro, Federica Mignone, Sonia Aguzzi, Federica Denegri and Pier-Angelo Tovo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:9

    Content type: Case report

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  17. One of the objectives of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006, is to foster high quality ethical research on medicinal products to be used in children. To achieve this objective, the EMA is responsible ...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:7

    Content type: Commentary

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  18. Breastfeeding has a major impact on CMV epidemiology. Postnatal CMV reactivation's incidence during lactation is nearby the maternal seroprevalence. Although perinatal CMV infection has practically no conseque...

    Authors: Manuela Chiavarini, Patrizia Bragetti, Alessandra Sensini, Elio Cenci, Roberto Castronari, Marta J Rossi, Ambra Fantauzzi and Liliana Minelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:6

    Content type: Case report

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  19. We describe difficult weaning after prolonged mechanical ventilation in three tracheostomized children affected by respiratory virus infection. Although the spontaneous breathing trials were successful, the pa...

    Authors: Gustavo Caprotta, Patricia Gonzalez Crotti and Judith Frydman

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:5

    Content type: Research

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  20. The study deals with the characteristics of temperament of preterm infants during their preschool age in order to not only investigate likely "difficult or problematic profiles", guided by impairments driven b...

    Authors: Giovanna Perricone and M Regina Morales

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:4

    Content type: Research

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  21. Resistance rate of Escherichia coli against antimicrobials that are commonly prescribed in pediatric urinary tract infections is currently a matter of concern.

    Authors: Alessandra Caracciolo, Alberto Bettinelli, Claudio Bonato, Clementina Isimbaldi, Alessandro Tagliabue, Laura Longoni and Mario G Bianchetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:3

    Content type: Research

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  22. Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (< 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clini...

    Authors: Alessandro Landi, Nicola Marotta, Cristina Mancarella, Daniele Marruzzo, Maurizio Salvati and Roberto Delfini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:2

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for higher prevalence of asthma and asthma-related symptoms in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the prevalence of asth...

    Authors: Tahereh Ziaei Kajbaf, Shideh Asar and Mohammad Reza Alipoor

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:1

    Content type: Research

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  24. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is not a single pathophysiological entity and appears to have a complex etiology. There are multiple genetic and environmental risk factors with small individual effect...

    Authors: Paolo Curatolo, Elisa D'Agati and Romina Moavero

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:79

    Content type: Review

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  25. There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehyd...

    Authors: Mattia Peruzzo, Gregorio P Milani, Luca Garzoni, Laura Longoni, Giacomo D Simonetti, Alberto Bettinelli, Emilio F Fossali and Mario G Bianchetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:78

    Content type: Review

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  26. Infants born to diabetic women have certain distinctive characteristics, including large size and high morbidity risks. The neonatal mortality rate is over five times that of infants of non diabetic mothers an...

    Authors: Peace I Opara, Tamunopriye Jaja and Uche C Onubogu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:77

    Content type: Research

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  27. Human SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency) is a prenatal disorder of T lymphocyte development, that depends on the expression of numerous genes. The knowledge of the genetic basis of SCID is essential for d...

    Authors: Fausto Cossu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:76

    Content type: Review

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  28. Assisted reproductive technology has made great progress during the last three decades. After the initial enthusiasm, many ethical, legal and social issues related to the application of these procedures began ...

    Authors: Antonio A Zuppa, Giovanni Alighieri, Piero Catenazzi, Antonio Scorrano and Costantino Romagnoli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:74

    Content type: Debate

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  29. The human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) are proteins found in the membranes of nearly all nucleated cells. People with certain HLA antigens are more likely to develop certain autoimmune diseases. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Amel AM Elfaramawy, Reham M Elhossiny, Amal A Abbas and Heba M Abdel Aziz

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:73

    Content type: Research

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  30. Skin ulcers are a dangerous and uncommon complication of vasculitis. We describe the case of a teenager suffering from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with digital ulcer resistant to conventional therapy, treated...

    Authors: Alma N Olivieri, Antonio Mellos, Carlo Duilio, Milena Di Meglio, Angela Mauro and Laura Perrone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:72

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Autism is a disorder of early childhood characterized by social impairment, communication abnormalities and stereotyped behaviors. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis deserves special attentio...

    Authors: Rasha T Hamza, Doaa H Hewedi and Mona A Ismail

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:71

    Content type: Research

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  32. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with several medical complications before and after delivery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance between the fetal ultrasonographic measu...

    Authors: Nadia Liotto, Tatjana Radaelli, Anna Orsi, Emanuela Taricco, Paola Roggero, Maria L Giannì, Dario Consonni, Fabio Mosca and Irene Cetin

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:70

    Content type: Research

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  33. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare cause of gigantism of limb which can be confused with other common causes like congenital lymphedema. It presents usually with loss of function and cosmetic problems. Four ...

    Authors: Rizwan A Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Ibne Ahmad and Rajendra S Chana

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:69

    Content type: Research

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  34. Appendicitis is the most common abdominal inflammatory process in children which were sometimes followed by complications including intra-abdominal abscess. This later needs classically a surgical drainage. We...

    Authors: Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Sofiene Ghorbel, Taieb Chouikh, Awatef Charieg, Faouzi Nouira, Sonia Ben Khalifa, Rachid Khemakhem, Said Jlidi and Béji Chaouachi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:68

    Content type: Review

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  35. Bronchiolitis guidelines suggest that neither bronchodilators nor corticosteroids, antiviral and antibacterial agents should be routinely used. Although recommendations, many clinicians persistently prescribe ...

    Authors: Daniele De Brasi, Fortunato Pannuti, Fabio Antonelli, Federica de Seta, Paolo Siani and Luciano de Seta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:67

    Content type: Research

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  36. In neonatology the role of chest physiotherapy is still uncertain because of the controversial outcomes.

    Authors: Carmen Giannantonio, Patrizia Papacci, Roberta Ciarniello, Mikael Ghennet Tesfagabir, Velia Purcaro, Francesco Cota, Carla Maria Semeraro and Costantino Romagnoli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:65

    Content type: Research

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  37. Corpus callosum agenesis is a relatively common brain malformation. It can be isolated or included in a complex alteration of brain (or sometimes even whole body) morphology. It has been associated with a numb...

    Authors: Matteo Chiappedi and Maurizio Bejor

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:64

    Content type: Review

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  38. Leigh syndrome is a rare progressive neurodegenerative, mitochondrial disorder of childhood with only a few cases documented from India. The clinical presentation of Leigh syndrome is highly variable. However,...

    Authors: Dhananjay Y Shrikhande, Piyush Kalakoti, MM Aarif Syed, Kunal Ahya and Gurmeet Singh

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:62

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Allergy places a considerable cost burden on society. Specific immunoglobulin E (spIgE) testing may improve the management of allergy patients. There is therefore a reason to quantify the economic consequences...

    Authors: Niklas Zethraeus, Carl Johan Petersson, Massimiliano Dozzi, Magnus P Borres, Giulio Vignati and Alessandro Fiocchi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:61

    Content type: Research

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  40. Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) vaccination is known to cause some serious adverse events, such as fever, rash, gland inflammation and neurologic disorders. These include third and sixth cranial nerve palsies.

    Authors: Francesca Manzotti, Chiara Menozzi, Maria R Porta and Jelka G Orsoni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:59

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  41. During the last decades the description of autoinflammatory syndromes induced great interest among the scientific community. Mainly rheumatologists, immunologists and pediatricians are involved in the discover...

    Authors: Sara De Sanctis, Manuela Nozzi, Marianna Del Torto, Alessandra Scardapane, Stefania Gaspari, Giuseppina de Michele, Luciana Breda and Francesco Chiarelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:57

    Content type: Review

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