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  1. The dramatic increase in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents has become a major public health problem. Obesity in children and young adults is associated with an increased prevalence of cardi...

    Authors: Antonio Nicolucci and Claudio Maffeis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:9
  2. Under-nutrition is a global problem and one of the most serious public health issues. Globally, 156 million under-five children were stunted, and 50 million were wasted in 2016. Malnutrition among preschool-ag...

    Authors: Kebebe Bidira, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:8
  3. The fast diffusion of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have called for an equally rapid evolution of the therapeutic options.

    Authors: Marcello Lanari, Elisabetta Venturini, Luca Pierantoni, Giacomo Stera, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Susanna Maria Roberta Esposito, Silvia Favilli, Emilio Franzoni, Eleonora Fusco, Paolo Lionetti, Claudio Maffeis, Gianluigi Marseglia, Laura Massella, Fabio Midulla, Alberto Zanobini, Marco Zecca…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:7
  4. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease in preterm infants with significant morbidities, including neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI). This study aimed to investigate whether NEC is associate...

    Authors: Jong Ho Cha, Jung-Sun Lim, Yong Hun Jang, Jae Kyoon Hwang, Jae Yoon Na, Jong-Min Lee, Hyun Ju Lee and Ja-Hye Ahn
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:6
  5. Non-painful diagnostic procedures require an inactive state for a prolonged time, so that sedation is often needed in younger children to perform the procedures. Our standard of care in this setting consists o...

    Authors: Francesca Cossovel, Andrea Trombetta, Augusto Ramondo, Guglielmo Riccio, Luca Ronfani, Alessia Saccari, Giorgio Cozzi and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:5
  6. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an infrequent condition of childhood, and is extremely rare in infants, with only 26 cases described. The etiology is still unknown. Typical clinical manifestations chan...

    Authors: Francesco Del Monte, Laura Bucchino, Antonia Versace, Irene Tardivo, Emanuele Castagno, Giovanni Pieri, Giulia Pilloni, Enrico Felici and Antonio Francesco Urbino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:3
  7. The aim of the study is to determine that Glycopirrolate is safe and effective in decreasing drooling in children with medical complexity under 3 years of age. Medical treatment is based on anticholinergic dru...

    Authors: Eleonora Lovardi, Maria Antonietta De Ioris, Donatella Lettori, Caterina Geremia, Susanna Staccioli, Gessica Della Bella, Raffaella Scrocca, Alessia Scarselli, Marcella Aversa, Francesco De Peppo, Andrea Campana and Enrico Castelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:2
  8. The role of allergic sensitization seems to be protective against SARS CoV2 infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate, using online surveys, the impact of COVID-19 on Italian allergic children, comparin...

    Authors: Giulia Brindisi, Anna Maria Zicari, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Lucia Diaferio, Cristiana Indolfi, Giuseppe Marchese, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Angela Klain, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:1
  9. Pediatrics and society are closely related. This link is as old as the history of Pediatrics, and dates to the second half of the eighteenth century. The vocation of the first European pediatric schools, indee...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:239
  10. Ophthalmia neonatorum (ON) refers to any conjunctivitis occurring in the first 28 days of life. In the past Neisseria gonorrhoeae was the most common cause of ON. It decreased with the introduction of prophylaxis...

    Authors: Cinzia Auriti, Vito Mondì, Salvatore Aversa, Daniele Merazzi, Simona Lozzi, Sergio Petroni, Antonio Baldascino, Luca Massenzi, Roberto Bellù, Stefano Martinelli and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:238
  11. A retrospective study was conducted in order to investigate and describe the characteristics of Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV), previously known as Henoch-Schӧnlein purpura, in the paediatric population of...

    Authors: Luciana Breda, Ilaria Carbone, Isabella Casciato, Cristina Gentile, Eleonora Agata Grasso, Giulia di Donato, Francesco Chiarelli and Alberto Verrotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:237

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:78

  12. Although kidney transplantation (KTX) is the treatment of choice for pediatric end stage kidney disease (ESKD); concerns for recurrence in cases of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are still present. ...

    Authors: Fatina I. Fadel, Hafez M. Bazaraa, Mohamed A. Abdel Mawla and Doaa M. Salah
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:236
  13. Clinical presentation of pediatric celiac disease (CD) is heterogeneous and ever-evolving. Our aim is to highlight its changes throughout the years.

    Authors: Melissa Pedretti, Francesca Sbravati, Davide Allegri, Flavio Labriola, Virginia Lombardo, Enzo Spisni, Chiara Zarbo and Patrizia Alvisi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:235
  14. Congenital brain tumors are extremely rare in the neonatal population, and often associated with a poor prognosis. The diagnostic suspicion is often aroused at antenatal scans or postnatally, if clinical signs...

    Authors: Silvia Martini, Vittoria Paoletti, Monica Maffei, Mino Zucchelli, Chiara Locatelli, Maximilian Fischer, Viscardo Paolo Fabbri, Maria Pia Foschini, Giovanni Tallini and Luigi Corvaglia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:234
  15. Different foods and food groups are good sources for various macro- and micronutrients. Diversified diet play an important role in both physical and mental growth and development of children. However, meeting ...

    Authors: Wondwosen Molla, Dirshaye Argaw Adem, Ruth Tilahun, Seid Shumye, Robel Hussen Kabthymer, Daniel Kebede, Nebiyu Mengistu, Getnet Melaku Ayele and Dawit Getachew Assefa
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:233
  16. In this article, we describe the advances in the field of pediatrics that have been published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics in 2020. We report progresses in understanding allergy, autoinflammatory disor...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Michela Procaccianti, Ettore Piro, Valeria delle Cave, Melissa Borrelli, Angelica Santoro, Federica Grassi, Sergio Bernasconi and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:232
  17. Studies on the application of developmental care initiatives in Italian NICUs are rather scarce. We aimed to assess parental access to the NICUs and facilities offered to the family members and to test “the st...

    Authors: Claudia Artese, Fabrizio Ferrari, Silvia Perugi, Paola Cavicchioli, Giuseppe Paterlini and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:231
  18. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic clinical-pathologic disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal epithelium with esophageal dysfunction symptoms.

    Authors: Simona Barni, Stefania Arasi, Carla Mastrorilli, Luca Pecoraro, Mattia Giovannini, Francesca Mori, Lucia Liotti, Francesca Saretta, Riccardo Castagnoli, Lucia Caminiti, Antonella Cianferoni and Elio Novembre
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:230
  19. Medical cannabis may be a useful tool for managing treatment-resistant epilepsy and chronic pain, which affect many patients in pediatric palliative care (PPC); however, little evidence is available in this se...

    Authors: Antuan Divisic, Irene Avagnina, Valentina De Tommasi, Anna Santini, Laura Brogelli, Luca Giacomelli and Franca Benini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:229
  20. Neuromuscular diseases include a large group of heterogeneous and rare pathologies that affect different components of the motor unit. It is essential to optimize resources to know the prevalence of comorbidit...

    Authors: J. A. Gascón-Navarro, M. J. De La Torre-Aguilar, J. A. Fernández-Ramos, J. Torres-Borrego and J. L. Pérez-Navero
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:228
  21. Citomegalovirus (CMV) infects approximately 1% of live newborns. About 10% of the infants affected by congenital CMV infection are symptomatic at birth and up to 60% of these infants will develop permanent neu...

    Authors: Andrea Bianchi, Caterina Coviello, Valentina Leonardi, Michele Luzzati, Stefano Chiti, Daniele Ermini, Vittorio Miele, Enrico Fainardi, Carlo Dani and Elisa Scola
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:227
  22. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a typical disorder of preterm newborns, with a high mortality and morbidity rate. The therapeutic and nutritional management of disease depends on several factors. Its progno...

    Authors: Giovanni Savarino, Maurizio Carta, Marcello Cimador, Antonio Corsello, Mario Giuffrè, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Gregorio Serra and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:226
  23. In Italy only recently, for the 2020–21 season, has the flu vaccination been extended to all children.

    Authors: Chiara Gasparini, Miriam Acunzo, Andrea Biuso, Stefania Roncaglia, Francesca Migliavacca, Catia R. Borriello, Caterina Bertolini, Michaela R. Allen, Annalisa Orenti, Patrizia Boracchi and Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:225
  24. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that is frequently diagnosed in children and adolescents. In pediatric OCD, family plays an important role in the development and maintenance ...

    Authors: Francesco Demaria, Maria Pontillo, Maria Cristina Tata, Prisca Gargiullo, Francesco Mancini and Stefano Vicari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:224
  25. Describe the efficacy of a galenic glycopyrrolate formulation and its impact on patients with sialorrhea Quality of Life (QoL), including costs analysis.

    Authors: Davide Zanon, Cristina Tumminelli, Anna Maria Chiara Galimberti, Lucio Torelli, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Natalia Maximova
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:222
  26. With the gradual resumption of sports activities after the lock-down period for coronavirus pandemic, a new problem is emerging: Allow all athletes to be able to return to compete after SARS-CoV-2 infection in...

    Authors: Giulia Cafiero, Flaminia Passi, Francesca Ippolita Calo’ Carducci, Federica Gentili, Ugo Giordano, Chiara Perri, Melania Hashem Said and Attililo Turchetta
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:221
  27. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affects all components of the respiratory system, including the neuromuscular breathing apparatus, conducting and respiratory airways, pulmonary vascular endothelium, and pu...

    Authors: Maria Di Cicco, Maria Giulia Tozzi, Vincenzo Ragazzo, Diego Peroni and Ahmad Kantar
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:220
  28. Most preterm infants require a continuous glucose infusion in the early postnatal period due to the interruption of the transplacental glucose supply after birth to promote better neurodevelopmental outcomes.

    Authors: Dina Angelika, Risa Etika, Martono Tri Utomo, Setya Mirha, Kartika Darma Handayani and I. Dewa Gede Ugrasena
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:219
  29. COVID-19 pandemic has stretched healthcare system capacities worldwide and deterred people from seeking medical support at Emergency Departments (ED). Nevertheless, population-based studies examining the conse...

    Authors: Claudio Barbiellini Amidei, Alessandra Buja, Andrea Bardin, Filippo Bonaldi, Matteo Paganini, Mariagiovanna Manfredi, Andrea Favaro, Vincenzo Baldo, Mario Saia and Liviana Da Dalt
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:218
  30. We investigated the volume and the characteristics of pediatric eye emergency department (PEED) consultations performed at our tertiary eye center during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic and we compar...

    Authors: Elia Franzolin, Rosa Longo, Elena Gusson, Benjamim Ficial and Giorgio Marchini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:217
  31. Authors: Melissa Borrelli, Iris Scala, Paola Festa, Dario Bruzzese, Ambrosina Michelotti, Elena Cantone, Adele Corcione, Martina Fragnito, Vincenzo Miranda and Francesca Santamaria
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:216

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:170

  32. The health and growth of children less than two years of age can be affected by the poor quality of complementary foods and poor feeding practices even with optimal breastfeeding. In Ethiopia, empirical eviden...

    Authors: Haimanot Abebe, Molla Gashu, Aynalem Kebede, Habtemariam Abata, Alex Yeshaneh, Haile Workye and Daniel Adane
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:215
  33. Low birth weight (LBW) contributes significantly to infant and child mortality. Each year, about 20 1million deliveries are LBW with 96.5% occurring in developing countries. Whiles the incidence of LBW is redu...

    Authors: David Kabba Kargbo, Kofi Nyarko, Samuel Sackey, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Ernest Kenu and Francis Anto
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:212
  34. Recurrent respiratory infections (RRIs) are a common clinical condition in children, in fact about 25% of children under 1 year and 6% of children during the first 6 years of life have RRIs. In most cases, inf...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Francesca Santamaria, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Paola Marchisio, Luisa Galli, Renato Cutrera, Maurizio de Martino, Sara Antonini, Paolo Becherucci, Paolo Biasci, Barbara Bortone, Sergio Bottero, Valeria Caldarelli, Fabio Cardinale, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Martina Ciarcià…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:211
  35. Recently, we observed some cases of Precocious Puberty (PP) with a partial central activation of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis that tended to normalized in 6–12 months. To evaluate the frequency of...

    Authors: Valentina Assirelli, Federico Baronio, Rita Ortolano, Giulio Maltoni, Stefano Zucchini, Valeria Di Natale and Alessandra Cassio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:210
  36. The social consequences of COVID-19 pandemic are universally known. In particular, the pediatric population is dealing with a radical lifestyle change. For some risk categories, such as overweight or obese chi...

    Authors: M. Valenzise, F. D’Amico, U. Cucinotta, C. Lugarà, G. Zirilli, A. Zema, M. Wasniewska and G. B. Pajno
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:209
  37. Heterozygous variants in CNTNAP2 have been implicated in a wide range of neurological phenotypes, including intellectual disability (ID), epilepsy, autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), and impaired language. However...

    Authors: Marcello Scala, Midas Anijs, Roberta Battini, Francesca Madia, Valeria Capra, Paolo Scudieri, Alberto Verrotti, Federico Zara, Carlo Minetti, Sonja C. Vernes and Pasquale Striano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:208
  38. Idiopathic hemoperitoneum in the newborn is an entity very rarely encountered in clinical practice.

    Authors: Alessia Salatto, Flavia Indrio, Vittoria Campanella, Cosetta Maggipinto, Raffaella Cocomazzi, Francesco Canale, Maria Nobili, Gianfranco Maffei and Fabio Bartoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:207

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:16

  39. The breastfeeding technique is explained positioning, attachment, and suckling during breastfeeding. Ineffective breast feeding technique is one of the factors leading to premature discontinuation of breastfee...

    Authors: Boko Loka Safayi, Nega Tezera Assimamaw and Destaye Guadie Kassie
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:206
  40. Malnutrition is very common in HIV-infected individuals. Even though data from different settings are necessary to tackle it, pieces of evidence are limited especially in the case of the nutritional status of ...

    Authors: Chalie Marew Tiruneh, Belete Gelaw Walle, Tigabu Desie Emiru, Nigusie Selomon Tibebu, Moges Wubneh Abate, Adane Birhanu Nigat, Amsalu Belete, Eyasu Alem, Tadele Lankrew and Kirubel Eshetu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:205
  41. The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent national lockdowns, school closures and distance learning may have had both negative and positive effects on physical and mental health of children.

    Authors: Marina Picca, Paola Manzoni, Gregorio Paolo Milani, Susanna Mantovani, Claudio Cravidi, Danila Mariani, Angela Mezzopane, Roberto Marinello, Chiara Bove, Paolo Ferri, Marina Macchi and Carlo Agostoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:203
  42. Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common disorder especially in at-risk infants and it can be associated with poor long-term neurological outcomes. Several therapeutic interventions are suggested, from the implementa...

    Authors: Fabio Meneghin, Martina Manzalini, Miriam Acunzo, Irene Daniele, Petrina Bastrenta, Francesca Castoldi, Francesco Cavigioli, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti and Gianluca Lista
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:201

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