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  1. Vitamin D plays an important role in etiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). We aimed to evaluate the serum 25 - hydroxyl vitamin D level among children with ASDs in Ahvaz city, Iran.

    Authors: Ali Asghar Arastoo, Hesam Khojastehkia, Zahra Rahimi, Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie, Syed Ahmad Hosseini, Mohammad Taghi Mansouri, Shabnam Yosefyshad, Maryam Abshirini, Noshin Karimimalekabadi and Maria Cheraghi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:150

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:22

  2. During the last epidemic season of bronchiolitis (S2, years 2016–2017) we performed a single Centre analysis in inborn infant of 30+ 0–32+ 6 gestational age and age < 12 months who did not receive prophylaxis wit...

    Authors: Simonetta Picone, Adele Fabiano, Davide Roma, Federico Di Palma and Piermichele Paolillo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:148

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  3. Drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs) in childhood are mainly caused by betalactam or non-betalactam antibiotics, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Laboratory tests for identifying children ...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Fabrizio Franceschini, Davide Caimmi, Francesca Mori, Lucia Diaferio, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Stefania Arasi, Simona Barni, Paolo Bottau, Silvia Caimmi, Fabio Cardinale, Pasquale Comberiati, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Lucia Liotti, Umberto Pelosi…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:147

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  4. Gambling disorder (GD) is a psychiatric condition and it is characterized by a maladaptive pattern of gambling behavior that persists despite negative consequences in major areas of life functioning. In Italy,...

    Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:146

    Content type: Commentary

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  5. Neonatal sepsis is an inflammatory systemic syndrome, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants. We analyzed the expression profile data of E-MTAB-4785 to reveal the pathogenesis o...

    Authors: Li Huang, Lixing Qiao, Huan Zhu, Li Jiang and Liping Yin

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:145

    Content type: Research

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  6. Paediatric palliative care (PPC) aim to ensure the control of symptoms and the best possible quality of life for patients whose underlying disease, characterized by an unstoppable evolution and negative progno...

    Authors: Lucia De Zen, Federico Marchetti, Egidio Barbi and Franca Benini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:144

    Content type: Commentary

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  7. Corticosteroids are widely used for the treatment of allergic reactions but paradoxically themselves may induce acute, delayed, local or systemic allergic reactions and even anaphylaxis with Kounis syndrome. T...

    Authors: Nicholas G. Kounis, Ioanna Koniari, George D. Soufras and Emmanouil Chourdakis

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:143

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:5

  8. Anaemia is the world’s second cause of disability and it affects over half of pre-school children in developing countries and at least 30–40% in industrial countries. In poorer malaria-endemic countries, anemi...

    Authors: Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Anthony Kwaku Edusei, Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Justice Ofori-Amoah, Vida Maame Kissiwaa Amoah and Vincent Ekow Arkorful

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:142

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Different primary studies in Ethiopia showed the burden of low birth weight. However, variation among those studies was seen. This study was aimed to estimate the national prevalence and associated factors of ...

    Authors: Aklilu Endalamaw, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda, Daniale Tekelia Ekubagewargies, Getaneh Mulualem Belay and Mekuriaw Alemayehu Tefera

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:141

    Content type: Review

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  10. West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne RNA virus belonging to the Flaviviridae family. Symptomatic infection happens in only about 20% of the cases, while WNV neuroinvasive disease (WNND) is rare and accounts ...

    Authors: Salvatore Savasta, Francesca Rovida, Thomas Foiadelli, Anna Maria Campana, Elena Percivalle, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Fausto Baldanti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:140

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common pediatric chronic rheumatic disease, which requires constant follow-up over the years, due to relapses during its progression. To maintain a good quality ...

    Authors: L. Cavazzana, M. Fornili, G. Filocamo, C. Agostoni, F. Auxilia and S. Castaldi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:139

    Content type: Research

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  12. Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome (TRPS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by defects involving the TRPS1 gene. It exhibits distinctive craniofacial, ectodermal and skeletal abnormalities, such as sparse ...

    Authors: Giulia Trippella, Paolo Lionetti, Sara Naldini, Francesca Peluso, Matteo Della Monica and Stefano Stagi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:138

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Kawasaki disease (KD) is sometimes confused with urinary tract infection (UTI) because both can present with pyuria and C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation. The present study investigated the clinical and labor...

    Authors: Seung Beom Han and Soo-Young Lee

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:137

    Content type: Research

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  14. Aim of this survey is to review the few available literature data on pathophysiologic and clinical aspects of pubertal development in boys with McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). On the basis of such analysis, we...

    Authors: Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Zirilli, Domenico Corica, Filippo De Luca and Malgorzata Wasniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:136

    Content type: Commentary

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  15. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) comprise a group of lysosomal disorders that are characterized by progressive, systemic clinical manifestations and a coarse phenotype. The different types, having clinical, biochem...

    Authors: Cinzia Galimberti, Annalisa Madeo, Maja Di Rocco and Agata Fiumara

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):133

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  16. The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are clinically similar but also heterogeneous in terms of major or minor involvement of different organs/systems, burden of disease, and rate of progression. The attenuated form...

    Authors: Miriam Rigoldi, Elena Verrecchia, Raffaele Manna and Maria Teresa Mascia

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):132

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  17. The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a heterogeneous group of in-born metabolic conditions caused by genetic defects that result in the absence or severe deficiency of one of the lysosomal hydrolases responsibl...

    Authors: Cinzia M. Bellettato and Maurizio Scarpa

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):131

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  18. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of lysosomal storage disorders caused by a deficiency in lysosomal enzymes catalyzing the stepwise degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The current therapeutic stra...

    Authors: Alessandro Fraldi, Marta Serafini, Nicolina Cristina Sorrentino, Bernhard Gentner, Alessandro Aiuti and Maria Ester Bernardo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):130

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  19. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are rare inherited disorders caused by a deficit of the lysosomal hydrolases involved in the degradation of mucopolysaccharides, also known as glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). They are al...

    Authors: Mirella Filocamo, Rosella Tomanin, Francesca Bertola and Amelia Morrone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):129

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  20. A new patient with severe mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VII is reported. Non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) was diagnosed during pregnancy. At birth, he showed generalized hydrops and dysmorphic features typ...

    Authors: Francesca Furlan, Attilio Rovelli, Miriam Rigoldi, Mirella Filocamo, Barbara Tappino, Douglas Friday, Serena Gasperini, Silvana Mariani, Claudia Izzi, Maria Pia Bondioni, Cinzia Gellera, Anna Venerando, Nicoletta Villa, Maria del Carmen Rodriguez Perez, Fabio Pavan, Andrea Biondi…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):128

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  21. The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a heterogeneous group of inherited metabolic disorders, each associated with a deficiency in one of the enzymes involved in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) catabolism. Over time, GA...

    Authors: Pier Marco Bianchi, Renato Gaini and Silvano Vitale

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):127

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  22. Newborn screening (NBS) methods and therapeutic options have become increasingly available for mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS), and there is a clear evidence that early intervention significantly improves the outc...

    Authors: Maria Alice Donati, Elisabetta Pasquini, Marco Spada, Giulia Polo and Alberto Burlina

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):126

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:71

  23. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare lysosomal storage disorders characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in different parts of the eye. Ocular problems are very common in MPS ...

    Authors: Alessandra Del Longo, Elena Piozzi and Fiammetta Schweizer

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):125

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  24. Enzyme replacement therapy is currently considered the standard of care for the treatment of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) type I, II, VI, and IV. This approach has shown substantial efficacy mainly on somatic s...

    Authors: Simona Fecarotta, Serena Gasperini and Giancarlo Parenti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):124

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  25. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of diseases characterized by abnormal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Although there are differences among the various disease types, the osteoarticular syste...

    Authors: Andrea Borgo, Andrea Cossio, Denise Gallone, Francesca Vittoria and Marco Carbone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):123

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  26. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of hereditary disorders caused by lysosomal storage of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and characterized by a wide variability of phenotypes from severe fetal-neonatal forms t...

    Authors: Lucia Boffi, Pierluigi Russo and Giuseppe Limongelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):122

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  27. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of lysosomal multisystemic, chronic, and progressive diseases characterized by the storage of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) that may affect the central nervous system. Neuro...

    Authors: Rita Barone, Alessandra Pellico, Annarita Pittalà and Serena Gasperini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):121

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  28. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is available for mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) I, MPS II, MPS VI, and MPS IVA. The efficacy of ERT has been evaluated in clinical trials and in many post-marketing studies with a...

    Authors: Daniela Concolino, Federica Deodato and Rossella Parini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):120

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  29. Neurosurgical features of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) patients mainly involve the presence of cranio-vertebral junction (CVJ) abnormalities and the development of communicating hydrocephalus. CVJ pathology is ...

    Authors: Carlo Giussani, Lelio Guida, Francesco Canonico and Erik P. Sganzerla

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):119

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  30. This article discusses the role of imaging modalities including radiography, multi-detector computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound in diagnosing and monitoring skeletal abnormalities i...

    Authors: Vincenzo Spina, Domenico Barbuti, Alberto Gaeta, Stefano Palmucci, Ernesto Soscia, Marco Grimaldi, Antonio Leone, Renzo Manara and Gabriele Polonara

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):118

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  31. Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are genetic, progressive, lysosomal storage disorders affecting virtually all organs and systems. The first MPS were clinically identified about 100 years ago. Nowadays, the enzyme ...

    Authors: Rossella Parini and Andrea Biondi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):117

    Content type: Introduction

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  32. Patients suffering from mucopolysaccharidosis are among the most complex from the anesthesiological point of view, especially regarding the management of the airway. The evidence base for anesthesia management...

    Authors: Alessandra Moretto, Maria Grazia Bosatra, Laura Marchesini and Simonetta Tesoro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44(Suppl 2):116

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 2

  33. Among breastfeeding determinants, the marketing of breast milk substitutes might contribute to suboptimal breastfeeding rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of receiving information on br...

    Authors: Fabio Mosca, Paola Roggero, Francesca Garbarino, Daniela Morniroli, Beatrice Bracco, Laura Morlacchi, Domenica Mallardi, Maria Lorella Gianni and Dario Consonni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:134

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Neonatal seizures are the most common neurological event in newborns, showing higher prevalence in preterm than in full-term infants. In the majority of cases they represent acute symptomatic phenomena, the ma...

    Authors: Carlotta Spagnoli, Raffaele Falsaperla, Michela Deolmi, Giovanni Corsello and Francesco Pisani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:115

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. Ring chromosome 6 (r(6)) is a rare disorder that mainly occurs as a ‘de novo’ event. Nonetheless, a wide phenotypic spectrum has been reported in r(6) cases, depending on breakpoints, size of involved region, ...

    Authors: Frenny Sheth, Thomas Liehr, Viraj Shah, Hillary Shah, Stuti Tewari, Dhaval Solanki, Sunil Trivedi and Jayesh Sheth

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:114

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. One of the most important vulnerabilities falling the efficacy of recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) treatment is low adherence especially in young patients. This study was planned to describe the correl...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Maggio, Beatrice Vergara, Paolo Porcelli and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:113

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Viral respiratory infections may promote bacterial super-infection decreasing the host immune response efficiency. However, using a mice model we recently demonstrated that preventive treatment with the bacter...

    Authors: Giovanni A. Rossi, Wolfgang Bessler, Stefania Ballarini and Christian Pasquali

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:112

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), characterized by fetal heart rate between 220 and 260 bpm, is a rare but most commonly encountered fetal cardiac arrhythmia in pregnancy that may be associated with ad...

    Authors: Vincenzo Zanardo, Alphonse Simbi, Matteo Parotto, Lorenzo Severino, Riccardo Carta, Pietro Guerrini and Gianluca Straface

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:111

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:21

  39. Overgrowth syndromes are known as a heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by a generalized or segmental, symmetric or asymmetric, overgrowth that may involve several tissues. These disorders, which p...

    Authors: Alice Maguolo, Franco Antoniazzi, Alice Spano, Elena Fiorini, Rossella Gaudino, Margherita Mauro, Gaetano Cantalupo, Paolo Biban, Silvia Maitz and Paolo Cavarzere

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:110

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. Globally Less than one fourth of children aged 6–23 months get the recommended minimum dietary diversity feeding practice. Despite this issue is common in Ethiopia, fragmented and inconsistent findings were fo...

    Authors: Habtamu Temesgen, Ayenew Negesse, Wubetu Woyraw and Nakachew Mekonnen

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:109

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  41. Anemia is a public health problem affecting both developed and developing countries. Childhood anemia is associated with serious consequences including growth retardation, impaired motor and cognitive developm...

    Authors: Mulugeta Melku, Kefyalew Addis Alene, Betelihem Terefe, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Belete Biadgo, Molla Abebe, Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Asemarie Kebede, Tadele Melak and Tsedalu Melku

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:107

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. In adult studies the MTHFR C677T polymorphism has been associated with an increased risk of migraine, but little research has been done in this area in children.

    Authors: A. Orsini, I. Sammartino, A. Valetto, V. Bertini, P. Marchese, A. Bonuccelli and D. G. Peroni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:106

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. This second part of practical Guidelines related to Kawasaki disease (KD) has the goal of contributing to prompt diagnosis and most appropriate treatment of KD resistant forms and cardiovascular complications,...

    Authors: Alessandra Marchesi, Isabella Tarissi de Jacobis, Donato Rigante, Alessandro Rimini, Walter Malorni, Giovanni Corsello, Grazia Bossi, Sabrina Buonuomo, Fabio Cardinale, Elisabetta Cortis, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Andrea De Zorzi, Marzia Duse, Domenico Del Principe, Rosa Maria Dellepiane, Livio D’Isanto…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:103

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. The primary purpose of these practical guidelines related to Kawasaki disease (KD) is to contribute to prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment on the basis of different specialists’ contributions in the fie...

    Authors: Alessandra Marchesi, Isabella Tarissi de Jacobis, Donato Rigante, Alessandro Rimini, Walter Malorni, Giovanni Corsello, Grazia Bossi, Sabrina Buonuomo, Fabio Cardinale, Elisabetta Cortis, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Andrea De Zorzi, Marzia Duse, Domenico Del Principe, Rosa Maria Dellepiane, Livio D’Isanto…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:102

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  45. The neonatal period is only 1/60th of the first 5 years of life but it accounts for 63% of all infant deaths and 44% of all under-five deaths in Ethiopia. Most causes of neonatal death are preventable with clean ...

    Authors: Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Mesganaw Fanthahun Afework and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. The introduction of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) programs has drastically contributed to the early diagnosis of hearing loss in children, allowing prompt intervention with significant results on ...

    Authors: Rosaria Turchetta, Guido Conti, Pasquale Marsella, Maria Patrizia Orlando, Pasqualina Maria Picciotti, Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Yoshie Russo, Alessandro Scorpecci, Maria Gloria Cammeresi, Sara Giannantonio, Antonio Greco and Massimo Ralli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a serious complication in preterm infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition. Soybean lipid emulsion (SLE) seems to have a role in its pathogenesis, ...

    Authors: Simonetta Costa, Rossella Iannotta, Luca Maggio, Giovanni Barone, Francesca Serrao and Giovanni Vento

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:101

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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