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  1. Classic infantile onset of Pompe disease (c-IOPD) leads to hypotonia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy within the first days to weeks of life and, without treatment, patients die of cardiorespiratory failure in ...

    Authors: Vincenza Gragnaniello, Federica Deodato, Serena Gasperini, Maria Alice Donati, Clementina Canessa, Simona Fecarotta, Antonia Pascarella, Giuseppe Spadaro, Daniela Concolino, Alberto Burlina, Giancarlo Parenti, Pietro Strisciuglio, Agata Fiumara and Roberto Della Casa
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:41
  2. Glycogen storage disease type XII is a rare metabolic disease resulting from Aldolase A deficiency that causes muscle glycogen accumulation, with crisis of rhabdomyolysis and hemolytic anemia. In the very few ...

    Authors: Lucia Santoro, Dorina Pjetraj, Virtut Velmishi, Carmen Campana, Carlo Catassi, Carlo Dionisi-Vici and Arianna Maiorana
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:39
  3. Rearrangements of unstable DNA sequences may alter the structural integrity or the copy number of dose-sensitive genes, resulting in copy number variations. They may lead more frequently to deletions, in addit...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Vincenzo Antona, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro, Sergio Salerno, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:38
  4. The COVID-19 pandemic and associated public health measures have had a profound impact on health systems worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess quantitative and qualitative changes in Pediatric Emergen...

    Authors: Roberto Antonucci, Maria Grazia Clemente, Luca Antonucci, Alessandro Canetto, Stefania Mastromattei, Noemi Chiapello, Nadia Vacca, Laura Saderi, Giovanni Sotgiu and Cristian Locci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:37
  5. Median raphe cyst is usually benign and asymptomatic male genitalia lesions. Although uncommon, infection may be a complication.

    Authors: Sara Romano, Roberto Dall’Amico, Valentina Declich and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:36
  6. Authors: Marzia Duse, Francesca Santamaria, Maria Carmen Verga, Marcello Bergamini, Giovanni Simeone, Lucia Leonardi, Giovanna Tezza, Annamaria Bianchi, Annalisa Capuano, Fabio Cardinale, Giovanni Cerimoniale, Massimo Landi, Monica Malventano, Mariangela Tosca, Attilio Varricchio, Anna Maria Zicari…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:35

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:97

  7. SARS-CoV-2 causes lesions, in addition to lung, in endocrine organs such as the pancreas through ACE2 receptor. Recently the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 exposition and the incidence or evolution of clinica...

    Authors: Riccardo Schiaffini, Andrea Campana, Annalisa Deodati, Emanuela Peschiaroli, Maria Francesca Lanzillotta and Alessandra Fierabracci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:33
  8. Emergency Departments play a pivotal role in detecting cases of child abuse. Despite the efforts made in the past decades on the need for a screening method for the early detection of abuse victims, a unique i...

    Authors: Caterina Offidani, Alberto Villani, Antonino Reale, Maria Rosaria Marchili, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Patrizio Moras, Maria Lodise, Umberto Raucci, Maria Antonietta Barbieri and Massimiliano Raponi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:32
  9. Prefeed gastric residuals (GRs) monitoring has been correlated with an increased time to reach full feeds and longer parenteral nutrition without beneficial effect on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) occurrence...

    Authors: Serena Elia, Martina Ciarcià, Francesca Miselli, Giovanna Bertini and Carlo Dani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:30
  10. Alternating of Childhood (AHC) is an uncommon and complex disorder characterized by age of onset before 18 months with recurrent hemiplegia of one or either sides of the body or quadriplegia. The disorder is m...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Xena Giada Pappalardo, Naira Mustafa, Sung Yoon Cho, Dong Kyu Jin, Gemma Incorpora, Raffaele Falsaperla, Simona Domenica Marino, Giovanni Corsello, Enrico Parano and Martino Ruggieri
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:29
  11. Mobile phone dependence is a common problem in the population of high school students. We aimed to evaluate the core self-evaluation, mental health and mobile phone dependence in Chinese high school students, ...

    Authors: Yun Li, Zhibin Wang, Weiquan You and Xiuqin Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:28
  12. Variegate Porphyria (VP) is an inherited rare disorder that is caused by mutations in the protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX) gene. This deficiency is associated with the accumulation of porphyrins and porphyrin pr...

    Authors: Mohammad Vafaee-Shahi, Saeide Ghasemi, Aina Riahi and Zahra Sadr
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:27
  13. The COVID-19 pandemic period is having a strong impact on the management of diabetes as well as other chronic diseases as shown by the most severe clinical presentation at onset. The aim of this study was to e...

    Authors: Concetta Mastromauro, Annalisa Blasetti, Marina Primavera, Lucio Ceglie, Angelika Mohn, Francesco Chiarelli and Cosimo Giannini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:26
  14. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a novel condition temporally associated with SARS-CoV2 infection. Cardiovascular involvement is mainly evident as acute myocardial dysfunction in MIS-C....

    Authors: Savina Mannarino, Irene Raso, Massimo Garbin, Elena Ghidoni, Carla Corti, Sara Goletto, Luisa Nespoli, Sara Santacesaria, Elena Zoia, Anna Camporesi, Francesca Izzo, Dario Dilillo, Laura Fiori, Enza D’Auria, Annalisa De Silvestri, Alberto Dolci…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:25
  15. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in newborns is a rare condition with heterogeneous etiologies. While the relationship between hyperinsulinism and cardiac hypertrophy (CH) is known, hyperinsulinism has not be...

    Authors: Guglielmo Salvatori, Giulia Brindisi, Mario Colantonio and Anna Maria Zicari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:24
  16. Since the first months of 2020, Italy and the world have been facing the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the dangerous and potentially deadly effects on physical health, it has caused a radical change in the...

    Authors: Michela Gatta, Alessia Raffagnato, Federica Mason, Rachele Fasolato, Annalisa Traverso, Silvia Zanato and Marina Miscioscia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:23
  17. The adverse effects of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are not limited to the related infectious disease. In children and adolescents, serious risks due to the coronavirus disease ...

    Authors: S. Scapaticci, C. R. Neri, G. L. Marseglia, A. Staiano, F. Chiarelli and E. Verduci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:22
  18. To evaluate the role and the advantages of nasopharyngeal swabs in the detection of Influenza A and B viruses and Respiratory syncytial virus through a rapid test based upon a nucleic acid amplification reacti...

    Authors: Simona Nardi, Lorella Carolis, Roberta Iannini, Maria Vittoria De Sandro, Giovanna Solito, Matteo Calafatti and Camilla Gizzi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:21
  19. over the last few decades there has been a progressive decline in the average age of onset of pubertal development stages in both sexes. The increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity seems to play an imp...

    Authors: Vittorio Ferrari, Simona Stefanucci, Marta Ferrari, Daniele Ciofi and Stefano Stagi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:20
  20. Contiguous gene deletion syndrome at Xp22.3 resulting in nullisomy in males or Turner syndrome patients typically encompasses the steroid sulfatase gene (STS) and contiguously located other genes expanding the ph...

    Authors: Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè, Marcello Cimador, Maria Michela D’Alessandro, Gregorio Serra, Federico Favata, Vincenzo Antona, Ettore Piro and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:19
  21. The incidence of acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in children is difficult to estimate because they are typically treated in outpatient settings and the majority of epidemiological data originate fro...

    Authors: Chiara Mameli, Marina Picca, Roberto Buzzetti, Maria Elisabetta Pace, Raffaele Badolato, Claudio Cravidi, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti and Paola Marchisio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:18
  22. Human Immune Deficiency Virus infection among children has continued to be a global concern with an estimated 160,000 new infections in 2018. Over 90% acquire HIV from their mother. Currently, 92% of pregnant ...

    Authors: Asrat Alemu, Wondwosen Molla, Kindu Yinges and Muhabaw Shumye Mihret
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:34

  23. This population-based cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in children in a rural area in China as epidemiological data on these conditions from such areas are ...

    Authors: Hui Yao, Qianqian Song, Qiongyue Zhang, Guoyao Tang and Mingshan Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:15
  24. The biochemical hallmarks of transient pseudo-hypoaldosteronism associated with a pyelonephritis include hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and acidosis. We tested if the kidney-urinary tract ultrasound helps in pred...

    Authors: Noemi Graziano, Carlo Agostoni, Francesca Chiaraviglio, Céline Betti, Arianna Piffer, Mario G. Bianchetti and Gregorio P. Milani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:14
  25. Parents after Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) hospitalization of preterm infant may develop psychopathological symptoms.

    Authors: Serena Salomè, Giuseppina Mansi, Carmine V. Lambiase, Marta Barone, Valeria Piro, Marcella Pesce, Giovanni Sarnelli, Francesco Raimondi and Letizia Capasso
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:13
  26. Burn is one of the leading causes of preventable death and disability every year in low and middle-income countries, which mainly affects those aged less than 15 years. Death from burn injuries carries the mos...

    Authors: Chalie Marew Tiruneh, Amare Belachew, Sileshi Mulatu, Tigabu Desie Emiru, Nigusie Selomon Tibebu, Moges Wubneh Abate, Adane Birhanu Nigat, Amsalu Belete and Belete Gelaw Walle
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:12
  27. In the last year, many countries adopted a plan to contain hospital infections by Sars-Cov-2 also limiting pulmonary function tests (PFTs), exclusively to indispensable cases. All the recommendations of the ma...

    Authors: Angela Klain, Cristiana Indolfi, Giulio Dinardo, Fabio Decimo and Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:11
  28. Italy was the first European country to experience a massive outbreak of Sars-coV-2 in March 2020. Severe measures were introduced to face the pandemic, significantly impacting all healthcare services, includi...

    Authors: Veronica Grigoletto, Bianca Nardin, Valentina Taucar, Egidio Barbi and Lucia De Zen
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:10
  29. The dramatic increase in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents has become a major public health problem. Obesity in children and young adults is associated with an increased prevalence of cardi...

    Authors: Antonio Nicolucci and Claudio Maffeis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:9
  30. Under-nutrition is a global problem and one of the most serious public health issues. Globally, 156 million under-five children were stunted, and 50 million were wasted in 2016. Malnutrition among preschool-ag...

    Authors: Kebebe Bidira, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:8
  31. The fast diffusion of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have called for an equally rapid evolution of the therapeutic options.

    Authors: Marcello Lanari, Elisabetta Venturini, Luca Pierantoni, Giacomo Stera, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Susanna Maria Roberta Esposito, Silvia Favilli, Emilio Franzoni, Eleonora Fusco, Paolo Lionetti, Claudio Maffeis, Gianluigi Marseglia, Laura Massella, Fabio Midulla, Alberto Zanobini, Marco Zecca…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:7
  32. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease in preterm infants with significant morbidities, including neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI). This study aimed to investigate whether NEC is associate...

    Authors: Jong Ho Cha, Jung-Sun Lim, Yong Hun Jang, Jae Kyoon Hwang, Jae Yoon Na, Jong-Min Lee, Hyun Ju Lee and Ja-Hye Ahn
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:6
  33. Non-painful diagnostic procedures require an inactive state for a prolonged time, so that sedation is often needed in younger children to perform the procedures. Our standard of care in this setting consists o...

    Authors: Francesca Cossovel, Andrea Trombetta, Augusto Ramondo, Guglielmo Riccio, Luca Ronfani, Alessia Saccari, Giorgio Cozzi and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:5
  34. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an infrequent condition of childhood, and is extremely rare in infants, with only 26 cases described. The etiology is still unknown. Typical clinical manifestations chan...

    Authors: Francesco Del Monte, Laura Bucchino, Antonia Versace, Irene Tardivo, Emanuele Castagno, Giovanni Pieri, Giulia Pilloni, Enrico Felici and Antonio Francesco Urbino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:3
  35. The aim of the study is to determine that Glycopirrolate is safe and effective in decreasing drooling in children with medical complexity under 3 years of age. Medical treatment is based on anticholinergic dru...

    Authors: Eleonora Lovardi, Maria Antonietta De Ioris, Donatella Lettori, Caterina Geremia, Susanna Staccioli, Gessica Della Bella, Raffaella Scrocca, Alessia Scarselli, Marcella Aversa, Francesco De Peppo, Andrea Campana and Enrico Castelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:2
  36. The role of allergic sensitization seems to be protective against SARS CoV2 infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate, using online surveys, the impact of COVID-19 on Italian allergic children, comparin...

    Authors: Giulia Brindisi, Anna Maria Zicari, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Lucia Diaferio, Cristiana Indolfi, Giuseppe Marchese, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Angela Klain, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:1
  37. Pediatrics and society are closely related. This link is as old as the history of Pediatrics, and dates to the second half of the eighteenth century. The vocation of the first European pediatric schools, indee...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:239
  38. Ophthalmia neonatorum (ON) refers to any conjunctivitis occurring in the first 28 days of life. In the past Neisseria gonorrhoeae was the most common cause of ON. It decreased with the introduction of prophylaxis...

    Authors: Cinzia Auriti, Vito Mondì, Salvatore Aversa, Daniele Merazzi, Simona Lozzi, Sergio Petroni, Antonio Baldascino, Luca Massenzi, Roberto Bellù, Stefano Martinelli and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:238
  39. A retrospective study was conducted in order to investigate and describe the characteristics of Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV), previously known as Henoch-Schӧnlein purpura, in the paediatric population of...

    Authors: Luciana Breda, Ilaria Carbone, Isabella Casciato, Cristina Gentile, Eleonora Agata Grasso, Giulia di Donato, Francesco Chiarelli and Alberto Verrotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:237

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:78

  40. Although kidney transplantation (KTX) is the treatment of choice for pediatric end stage kidney disease (ESKD); concerns for recurrence in cases of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are still present. ...

    Authors: Fatina I. Fadel, Hafez M. Bazaraa, Mohamed A. Abdel Mawla and Doaa M. Salah
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:236
  41. Clinical presentation of pediatric celiac disease (CD) is heterogeneous and ever-evolving. Our aim is to highlight its changes throughout the years.

    Authors: Melissa Pedretti, Francesca Sbravati, Davide Allegri, Flavio Labriola, Virginia Lombardo, Enzo Spisni, Chiara Zarbo and Patrizia Alvisi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:235
  42. Congenital brain tumors are extremely rare in the neonatal population, and often associated with a poor prognosis. The diagnostic suspicion is often aroused at antenatal scans or postnatally, if clinical signs...

    Authors: Silvia Martini, Vittoria Paoletti, Monica Maffei, Mino Zucchelli, Chiara Locatelli, Maximilian Fischer, Viscardo Paolo Fabbri, Maria Pia Foschini, Giovanni Tallini and Luigi Corvaglia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:234
  43. Different foods and food groups are good sources for various macro- and micronutrients. Diversified diet play an important role in both physical and mental growth and development of children. However, meeting ...

    Authors: Wondwosen Molla, Dirshaye Argaw Adem, Ruth Tilahun, Seid Shumye, Robel Hussen Kabthymer, Daniel Kebede, Nebiyu Mengistu, Getnet Melaku Ayele and Dawit Getachew Assefa
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:233
  44. In this article, we describe the advances in the field of pediatrics that have been published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics in 2020. We report progresses in understanding allergy, autoinflammatory disor...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Michela Procaccianti, Ettore Piro, Valeria delle Cave, Melissa Borrelli, Angelica Santoro, Federica Grassi, Sergio Bernasconi and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:232
  45. Studies on the application of developmental care initiatives in Italian NICUs are rather scarce. We aimed to assess parental access to the NICUs and facilities offered to the family members and to test “the st...

    Authors: Claudia Artese, Fabrizio Ferrari, Silvia Perugi, Paola Cavicchioli, Giuseppe Paterlini and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:231
  46. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic clinical-pathologic disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal epithelium with esophageal dysfunction symptoms.

    Authors: Simona Barni, Stefania Arasi, Carla Mastrorilli, Luca Pecoraro, Mattia Giovannini, Francesca Mori, Lucia Liotti, Francesca Saretta, Riccardo Castagnoli, Lucia Caminiti, Antonella Cianferoni and Elio Novembre
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:230

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