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  1. Commentary

    Ataxia in children: think about vitamin E deficiency ! (comment on: ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation)

    A recent article from Pavone et al. published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics entitled «Ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation» made an exhaustive overview of the large spectrum of ...

    H. Rahmoune, N. Boutrid, M. Amrane, M. C. Chekkour and B. Bioud

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:62

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  2. Research

    Expanding the phenotype of reciprocal 1q21.1 deletions and duplications: a case series

    Recurrent reciprocal 1q21.1 deletions and duplications have been associated with variable phenotypes. Phenotypic features described in association with 1q21.1 microdeletions include developmental delay, cranio...

    Martina Busè, Helenia C. Cuttaia, Daniela Palazzo, Marcella V. Mazara, Salvatrice A. Lauricella, Michela Malacarne, Mauro Pierluigi, Simona Cavani and Maria Piccione

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:61

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  3. Research

    Effects of inhaled hypertonic (7%) saline on lung function test in preschool children with cystic fibrosis: results of a crossover, randomized clinical trial

    This crossover, randomized, double-blind study (conducted over a 32-week period) was performed to determine, in clinically stable Cystic fibrosis (CF) preschool children: the effects of 7% inhaled hypertonic s...

    Raffaella Nenna, Fabio Midulla, Caterina Lambiase, Giovanna De Castro, Anna Maria Zicari, Luciana Indinnimeo, Giuseppe Cimino, Patrizia Troiani, Serena Quattrucci and Giancarlo Tancredi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:60

    Published on: 15 July 2017

  4. Research

    Omitting duodenal biopsy in children with suspected celiac disease and extra-intestinal symptoms

    The aim of our study is to evaluate if in children with highly positive serology and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 (triple test, TT) and only extra-intestinal symptoms, it is possible to omit performing an intestinal biopsy for...

    Mauro Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Sara Pagani, Daniela Larizza, Valeria Calcaterra, Ombretta Luinetti, Giovanni Farello, Carmine Tinelli and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:59

    Published on: 15 July 2017

  5. Case Report

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia by steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) gene mutation in an Italian infant: an uncommon cause of adrenal insufficiency

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM n. 201710) is the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is characterized by severe adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis impairment due to a def...

    Carla Bizzarri, Elisa Pisaneschi, Mafalda Mucciolo, Stefania Pedicelli, Daniela Galeazzi, Antonio Novelli and Marco Cappa

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:57

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  6. Research

    The autoimmune burden in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more aut...

    Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci and Andrea Pession

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:56

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  7. Research

    Medication-related visits in a pediatric emergency department: an 8-years retrospective analysis

    There are limited data on the characterization of medication-related visits (MRVs) to the emergency department (ED) in pediatric patients in Italy. We have estimated the frequency, severity, and classification...

    Cristiano Rosafio, Serena Paioli, Cinzia Del Giovane, Valentina Cenciarelli, Nilla Viani, Paolo Bertolani and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:55

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  8. Research

    Acute cerebellitis in children: an eleven year retrospective multicentric study in Italy

    Acute cerebellitis (AC) and acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) are the principal causes of acute cerebellar dysfunction in childhood. Nevertheless. there is no accepted consensus regarding the best management of ch...

    Laura Lancella, Susanna Esposito, Maria Luisa Galli, Elena Bozzola, Valeria Labalestra, Elena Boccuzzi, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Laura Cursi, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Nadia Mirante, Danilo Buonsenso, Claudia Tagliabue, Luca Castellazzi, Carlotta Montagnani, Chiara Tersigni, Piero Valentini…

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:54

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  9. Research

    Waist-to-height ratio and its associations with body mass index in a sample of Tuscan children in primary school

    Visceral obesity in children increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. To evaluate overweight children, in addition to Body Mass Index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) can be used to predict...

    Francesca Santomauro, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Pieralli, Giuditta Niccolai, Paola Picciolli, Stefania Vezzosi and Guglielmo Bonaccorsi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:53

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  10. Research

    A cohort analysis of neonatal hospital mortality rate and predictors of neonatal mortality in a sub-urban hospital of Cameroon

    In Cameroon, sustainable effort needs to be done to reduce the current neonatal mortality rate from 21 deaths per 1000 live births to the global target of fewer than ten deaths per 1000 live births by 2035. We...

    Paul Koki Ndombo, Quinta Mua Ekei, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Francky Teddy Endomba Angong, Ferdinand Ndom Ntock and Lawrence Mbuagbaw

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:52

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  11. Review

    Current role of perampanel in pediatric epilepsy

    Perampanel is among the latest AEDs approved, indicated for the treatment of partial-onset seizures with or without secondary generalization, and for primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures, in patients aged...

    Paola De Liso, Romina Moavero, Giangennaro Coppola, Paolo Curatolo, Raffaella Cusmai, Giovambattista De Sarro, Emilio Franzoni, Federico Vigevano and Alberto Verrotti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:51

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  12. Research

    Oral mucosal lesions in teenagers: a cross-sectional study

    Adolescence is a period of transition to adulthood. Little is known about oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in teenagers, in which the emergence of new habits, unfamiliar to children, could affect the type of lesions.

    Francesca Amadori, Elena Bardellini, Giulio Conti and Alessandra Majorana

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:50

    Published on: 31 May 2017

  13. Research

    Varicella associated pneumoniae in a pediatric population

    Varicella pneumonia has been studied extensively in adults; it may also affect children and may require hospitalization.

    Elena Bozzola, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Mauro Bozzola, Nadia Mirante, Marco Masci, Chiara Rossetti, Andrzej Krzystofiak, Luciana Nicolosi, Renato Cutrera, Laura Lancella, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi and Alberto Villani

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:49

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  14. Research

    Children with cancer: a survey on the experience of Italian primary care pediatricians

    Cancer is the second cause of death in children and its diagnosis can be difficult, due to the presence of vague and non-specific symptoms. The primary care pediatrician is often involved in the diagnostic pro...

    Marta Minute, Giorgio Cozzi, Chiara Plotti, Giuseppe Montanari, Paolo Pecile, Giulio Andrea Zanazzo, Alessandro Ventura and Egidio Barbi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:48

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  15. Review

    ANCA-associated vasculitis in childhood: recent advances

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides are rare systemic diseases that usually occur in adulthood. They comprise granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, Wegener’s), microscopic poly...

    Marta Calatroni, Elena Oliva, Davide Gianfreda, Gina Gregorini, Marco Allinovi, Giuseppe A. Ramirez, Enrica P. Bozzolo, Sara Monti, Claudia Bracaglia, Giulia Marucci, Monica Bodria, Renato A. Sinico, Federico Pieruzzi, Gabriella Moroni, Serena Pastore, Giacomo Emmi…

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:46

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  16. Case report

    SHORT syndrome in a two-year-old girl – case report

    SHORT syndrome is a rare genetic congenital defects condition. The frequency of the disease still remains unknown.

    Maria Klatka, Izabela Rysz, Katarzyna Kozyra, Agnieszka Polak and Witold Kołłątaj

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:44

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  17. Research

    Evolution of blood pressure in children with congenital and acquired solitary functioning kidney

    It is not yet clear if blood pressure and renal function changes evolve differently in children with a congenital or acquired solitary functioning kidney. This study aims to assess if there are any differences...

    Riccardo Lubrano, Isotta Gentile, Raffaele Falsaperla, Giovanna Vitaliti, Alessia Marcellino and Marco Elli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:43

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  18. Letter to the Editor

    The utility of the basophil activation test in the diagnosis of immediate amoxicillin or amoxicillin-clavulanate hypersensitivity in children and adults

    The basophil activation test (BAT), has been proposed as a possible assay for the diagnosis of immediate-type allergy to beta-lactams (BLs).

    Simona Barni, Francesca Mori, Claudia Valleriani, Giusi Mangone, Sergio Testi, Francesca Saretta, Lucrezia Sarti, Neri Pucci, Maurizio de Martino, Chiara Azzari and Elio Novembre

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:42

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  19. Review

    The Italian Society for Pediatric Nephrology (SINePe) consensus document on the management of nephrotic syndrome in children: Part I - Diagnosis and treatment of the first episode and the first relapse

    This consensus document is aimed at providing an updated, multidisciplinary overview on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric nephrotic syndrome (NS) at first presentation. It is the first consensus documen...

    Andrea Pasini, Elisa Benetti, Giovanni Conti, Luciana Ghio, Marta Lepore, Laura Massella, Daniela Molino, Licia Peruzzi, Francesco Emma, Carmelo Fede, Antonella Trivelli, Silvio Maringhini, Marco Materassi, Giovanni Messina, Giovanni Montini, Luisa Murer…

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:41

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  20. Research

    Safety and effectiveness of oral propranolol for infantile hemangiomas started before 5 weeks and after 5 months of age: an Italian multicenter experience

    Despite not being licensed for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH) in infants younger than 5 weeks or older than 5 months, propranolol is often used in these age groups to prevent or to treat potential...

    Maya El Hachem, Francesco Gesualdo, Andrea Diociaiuti, Irene Berti, Nadia Vercellino, Valeria Boccaletti, Iria Neri, Giulio Porcedda, Antonella Greco, Claudia Carnevale, Teresa Oranges, Mario Cutrone and Pietro Dalmonte

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:40

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  21. Review

    Fragile X syndrome: a review of clinical and molecular diagnoses

    Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the second cause of intellectual disability after Down syndrome and the most prevalent cause of intellectual disability in males, affecting 1:5000–7000 men and 1:4000–6000 women. It...

    Claudia Ciaccio, Laura Fontana, Donatella Milani, Silvia Tabano, Monica Miozzo and Susanna Esposito

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:39

    Published on: 19 April 2017

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