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Table 1 Comparison of basal and ACTH stimulated plasma cortisol, and ACTH levels among autistic patients and controls.

From: Basal and Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulated Plasma Cortisol Levels Among Egyptian Autistic Children: Relation to Disease Severity

  Patients Controls t p
Morning basal cortisol
(ug/dl)
11.02 ± 5.23
(2.41-19.29)
18.94 ± 3.05
(10.32-24.10)
5.67 0.032*
Morning ACTH
(Pg/ml)
31.89 ± 10.17
(18.82-56.24)
21.89 ± 6.15
(12.67-34.21)
6.28 0.01*
Cortisol 60 minutes after ACTH stimulation (ug/dl) 22.92 ± 3.12
(14.38-28.08)
27.01 ± 2.19
(18.23 ± 32.81)
4.39 0.04*
  1. Results are expressed as mean± SD and range, p < 0.05*: significant, ACTH: adrenocorticotropic hormone.