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  1. Mitochondrial diseases, also known as oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorders, with a prevalence rate of 1:5000, are the most frequent inherited metabolic diseases. Leigh Syndrome French Canadian type (LS...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Gregorio Serra, Vincenzo Antona, Mario Giuffrè, Elisa Giorgio, Fabio Sirchia, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Alfredo Brusco and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:140

    Content type: Case report

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  2. A statement of consensus was formulated after reviewing available literature on pediatric treatment strategies for COVID-19 by the Steering and Scientific Committee of the Italian Society of Infectious Pediatr...

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Silvia Garazzino, Daniele Donà, Luca Pierantoni, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Giangiacomo Nicolini, Sonia Bianchini, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Luisa Galli, Alberto Villani and Guido Castelli-Gattinara

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:139

    Content type: Review

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  3. Neonatal mortality remains a serious public health concern in developing countries including Ethiopia. Ethiopia is one of the countries with the highest neonatal mortality in Africa. However, there is limited ...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:138

    Content type: Research

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  4. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly contagious viral disease has spread from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China to all over the world from its first recognition on December 2019. To date, only a few neonat...

    Authors: Setareh Sagheb, Ameneh Lamsehchi, Mohamadreza Jafary, Reza Atef-Yekta and Kourosh Sadeghi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:137

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Persistent neonatal hypoglycemia, owing to the possibility of severe neurodevelopmental consequences, is a leading cause of neonatal care admission. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is often resistant to dextrose...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Vincenzo Antona, Maria Pia Pappalardo, Mario Giuffrè, Gregorio Serra and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:136

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Hirschsprung disease, the most important congenital colonic dysmotility in children results from neural crest migration, differentiation, proliferation, or apoptosis defects where the rearranged during transfe...

    Authors: Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Marcello Cimador, Mario Giuffrè, Claudia Maria Aiello, Vincenzo Antona, Giovanni Corsello and Ettore Piro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:135

    Content type: Case report

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  7. This is the report of the first official survey from the Italian Society of Pediatric Surgery (ISPS) to appraise the distribution and organization of bedside surgery in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU)...

    Authors: Gloria Pelizzo, Pietro Bagolan, Francesco Morini, Mariagrazia Aceti, Daniele Alberti, Mario Andermarcher, Luigi Avolio, Fabio Bartoli, Vito Briganti, Sebastiano Cacciaguerra, Francesco S. Camoglio, Pierluca Ceccarelli, Maurizio Cheli, Fabio Chiarenza, Enrico Ciardini, Marcello Cimador…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:134

    Content type: Review

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  8. Pediatricians have observed a significant decrease in in-person child health visits during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the post lockdown period, the coronavirus trend remains positive in Italy but fears of a sec...

    Authors: Rino Agostiniani, Elena Bozzola, Annamaria Staiano, Antonio Del Vecchio, Teresa Mazzone, Luigi Greco, Giovanni Corsello and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:133

    Content type: Commentary

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  9. Facial masks may be one of the most cost-effective strategies to prevent the diffusion of COVID 19 infection. Nevertheless, fake news are spreading, alerting parents on dangerous side effects in children, such...

    Authors: Alberto Villani, Elena Bozzola, Annamaria Staiano, Rino Agostiniani, Antonio Del Vecchio, Nicola Zamperini, Francesco Marino, Davide Vecchio and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:132

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. Congenital Hyperinsulinism typically occurs with a neonatal hypoglycemia but can appear even in childhood or in adolescence with different types of glucose metabolism derangements. Current diagnostic algorithm...

    Authors: Alberto Casertano, Arianna De Matteis, Enza Mozzillo, Francesco Maria Rosanio, Pietro Buono, Valentina Fattorusso and Adriana Franzese

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:131

    Content type: Research

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  11. For a number of persons with rare diseases (RDs) a definite diagnosis remains undiscovered with relevant physical, psychological and social consequences. Undiagnosed RDs (URDs) require other than specialised c...

    Authors: Marco Salvatore, Agata Polizzi, Maria Chiara De Stefano, Giovanna Floridia, Simone Baldovino, Dario Roccatello, Savino Sciascia, Elisa Menegatti, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Erica Daina, Paraskevas Iatropoulos, Bruno Bembi, Rosalia Maria Da Riol, Alessandra Ferlini, Marcella Neri, Giuseppe Novelli…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:130

    Content type: Research

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  12. Hemophilia A (HA) is an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder characterized by qualitative and quantitative deficiency of factor VIII (FVIII). The development of inhibitor antibodies against FVIII is the most c...

    Authors: Laila M. Sherief, Osama A. Gaber, Hala Mosaad Youssef, Hanan S. Sherbiny, Wesam a Mokhtar, Asmaa A. A. Ali, Naglaa M. Kamal and Yehia H. Abdel Maksoud

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:129

    Content type: Research

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  13. To describe the epidemiological aspects of nocturnal enuresis (NE). In this study we identify the prevalence and the familial conditions in a large, representative sample of children with monosymptomatic NE (M...

    Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini, Federico Bianchi Di Castelbianco, Rachele Bombace, Alberto Villani and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:128

    Content type: Research

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  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Daniel Bekele Ketema, Ali Mekonen Adem, Melaku Desta, Pammla Petrucka and Mekdes Marew Ambaw

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:126

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:118

  15. Bleedings are more frequent in the population of preterm children than among those born at term, much less in older children. The reasons for such bleedings in preterms include plasma factor deficiencies, imma...

    Authors: Agnieszka Berendt, Monika Wójtowicz-Marzec, Barbara Wysokińska and Anna Kwaśniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:125

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Mothers in low socio-economic conditions frequently have low birth weight infants. Inaddition Physically demanding work during pregnancy also contributes to poor fetal growth. During gestation a woman needs ba...

    Authors: Sielu Alemayehu Desta, Ashenafi Damte and Tsehay Hailu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:124

    Content type: Research

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  17. Anticipatory guidance for parents is commonly used to improve parenting skills. The objective of this pre/post-intervention controlled study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a periodic newsletter with advi...

    Authors: Costantino Panza, Alessandro Volta, Serena Broccoli, Laura Bonvicini, Sally Kendall, Maddalena Marchesi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:123

    Content type: Research

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  18. Undernutrition remains a major public health concern affecting both children and adolescents in Ethiopia. However, little attention has been given to the undernutrition of primary school-aged children, with th...

    Authors: Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Daniel Bekele Ketema, Ali Mekonen Adem, Melaku Desta, Pammla Petrucka and Mekdes Marew Ambaw

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:126

  19. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in children is a rare but potentially fatal complication of acute mastoiditis, one of the most common pediatric infectious diseases. Due to its subtle clinical presentation, su...

    Authors: Massimo Luca Castellazzi, Giada Maria di Pietro, Michele Gaffuri, Sara Torretta, Giorgio Conte, Francesco Folino, Sebastiano Aleo, Samantha Bosis and Paola Marchisio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:122

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Recent reports have described in the pediatric population a new type of hyperinflammatory response manifested following contact with SARS-CoV-2, with some of the clinical features attributable to Kawasaki dise...

    Authors: Romina Gallizzi, Giovanni Corsello and Giovanni Battista Pajno

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:121

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare congenital condition characterized by the absence of skin layers and sometimes other underlying structures, in a localized or widespread area. The exact etiopathogenesis...

    Authors: Francisco Cammarata-Scalisi, Andrea Diociaiuti, Blanca de Guerrero, Colin Eric Willoughby and Michele Callea

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:120

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Growth failure and growth hormone deficiency (GHD) have been reported as one accessory feature of GLUT1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS), considered so far as a long-term adverse effects of ketogenic diet which i...

    Authors: Gianluca Tornese, Giuseppa Patti, Maria Chiara Pellegrin, Paola Costa, Flavio Faletra, Elena Faleschini and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:119

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) are serious emergencies in the neonatal period. Although these conditions are recognized as distinct pathologies, literature reports sugge...

    Authors: Federico Mecarini, Federica Comitini, Flaminia Bardanzellu, Paola Neroni and Vassilios Fanos

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:117

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Massimo Martinelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Marisa Bobbio, Elisa Civardi, Alberto Chiara, Sofia D’Elios, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Mattia Olivero, Diego Peroni, Claudio Romano, Mauro Stronati, Renato Turra, Irene Viola, Annamaria Staiano and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:116

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:104

  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Alessandro Perri, Maria Letizia Patti, Annamaria Sbordone, Giovanni Vento and Rita Luciano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:115

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:96

  26. Chickenpox is a highly contagious airborne disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is generally benign and self-limiting, but it may be responsible of life-threatening complications. Acute cerebelliti...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Stefano Guolo, Giulia Macchiarulo, Lidia Festa, Giulia Spina, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Annalisa Grandin, Mauro Bozzola, Massimiliano Raponi and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:114

    Content type: Research

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  27. Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common malignant liver tumor in children. Abnormal activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an important role in the formation and development of HB. Genes in HB ...

    Authors: Gang Shen, Hongyu Shen, Jing Zhang, Qingtao Yan and Huixian Liu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:113

    Content type: Review

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  28. Transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life is a critical phase during which several changes occur in cardiovascular system. In clinical practice, it is important to have a method that allows an easy, ra...

    Authors: Daniela Doni, Silvia Nucera, Camilla Rigotti, Elena Arosio, Valeria Cavalleri, Monica Ronconi, Maria Luisa Ventura and Tiziana Fedeli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:112

    Content type: Research

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  29. Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacteria transmitted to human by animal stools, contaminated water and food.

    Authors: Giacomo Brisca, Alberto La Valle, Claudia Campanello, Mattia Pacetti, Mariasavina Severino, Giuseppe Losurdo, Antonella Palmieri, Isabella Buffoni and Salvatore Renna

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:111

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Myositis ossificans (MO) is a heterotopic bone formation in soft tissues, usually caused by traumas or neuropathies. Although the aetiology remains unclear, MO is supposed to be an osteoblast metaplasia with a...

    Authors: Luisa Cortellazzo Wiel, Matteo Trevisan, Flora Maria Murru, Marco Rabusin and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:110

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Allergic transfusion reactions (ATRs) are immunological reactions after transfusion. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a critical regulator for human diseases. We performed this study to investigate the association of t...

    Authors: Wenjing Hu, Li Feng, Meng Li, Ting Li, Yudong Dai and Xiaowei Wang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:109

    Content type: Research

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  32. Silver-Russell Syndrome (SRS) is a genetic disorder characterized by intrauterine and postnatal growth restriction and normal head circumference with consequent relative macrocephaly. Addictional findings are ...

    Authors: Francesca Mercadante, Martina Busè, Emanuela Salzano, Tiziana Fragapane, Daniela Palazzo, Michela Malacarne and Maria Piccione

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:108

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Pregnancy may represent a time of exceptional vulnerability to intimate partner violence because of changes in women’s conditions. Despite the fact that intimate partner violence during pregnancy confers consi...

    Authors: Kahsay Zenebe Gebreslasie, Solomon Weldemariam, Gelawdiyos Gebre and Mihret-Ab Mehari

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:107

    Content type: Research

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  34. Despite to PFAPA syndrome is considered a benign and self-limited condition in childhood its impact on patients and families can be remarkable in many cases. Currently, the therapeutic options for managing are...

    Authors: Sara Manti, Federica Filosco, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Giuseppe Germano Finocchiaro, Maria Papale, Andrea Giugno, Patrizia Barone and Salvatore Leonardi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:106

    Content type: Research

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  35. Digital health technologies carry the great potential of assisting physicians in making well-informed diagnostic and therapeutic decisions. In allergy care, electronic clinical diaries have been recently used ...

    Authors: Salvatore Tripodi, Andrea Giannone, Ifigenia Sfika, Simone Pelosi, Stephanie Dramburg, Annamaria Bianchi, Antonio Pizzulli, Jakob Florack, Valeria Villella, Ekaterina Potapova and Paolo Maria Matricardi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:105

    Content type: Review

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  36. During the last decade several paediatric studies have been published with different possible indications for probiotics, leading to a global increase of probiotics’ market. Nevertheless, different study desig...

    Authors: Massimo Martinelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Marisa Bobbio, Elisa Civardi, Alberto Chiara, Sofia D’Elios, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Mattia Olivero, Diego Peroni, Claudio Romano, Mauro Stronati, Renato Turra, Irene Viola, Annamaria Staiano and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:104

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:116

  37. Pediatric obesity is one of the most relevant health issues of the last century. Obesity-related short and long-term consequences are responsible of a large amount of economic cost. In addition, the different ...

    Authors: Roberta Romanelli, Nicola Cecchi, Maria Grazia Carbone, Michele Dinardo, Giuseppina Gaudino, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice and Giuseppina Rosaria Umano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:103

    Content type: Review

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  38. Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS) or hereditary xerocytosis is a rare, autosomal dominant hemolytic anemia characterized by macrocytosis, presence of stomatocytes and dehydration of red blood cells (R...

    Authors: Daniele Zama, Giulia Giulietti, Edoardo Muratore, Immacolata Andolfo, Roberta Russo, Achille Iolascon and Andrea Pession

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:102

    Content type: Case report

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  39. In the pediatric setting, management of pain in the emergency department – and even in common care – is a challenging exercise, due to the complexity of the pediatric patient, poor specific training of many ph...

    Authors: Franca Benini, Ilaria Corsini, Emanuele Castagno, Davide Silvagni, Annunziata Lucarelli, Luca Giacomelli, Angela Amigoni, Gina Ancora, Marinella Astuto, Fabio Borrometi, Rosa Maria Casilli, Elena Chiappini, Renato Cutrera, Arianna De Matteis, Giuseppe di Mauro, Anna Musolino…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:101

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  40. Preterm infants have an increased risk of cognitive and behavioral deficits and cerebral palsy compared to term born babies. Especially before 32 weeks of gestation, infants may require respiratory support, bu...

    Authors: Laura Cannavò, Immacolata Rulli, Raffaele Falsaperla, Giovanni Corsello and Eloisa Gitto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:100

    Content type: Review

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  41. The Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Syndrome (SUID) is one of the leading causes of mortality in the first year of life. The aim of this work was the retrospective evaluation of the incidence of SUID and the ef...

    Authors: Raffaele Piumelli, Niccolò Nassi, Annamaria Buccoliero, Rossella Occhini, Vincenzo Nardini, Paolo Toti, Cristina Salvatori, Marta Peruzzi and Cinzia Arzilli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:99

    Content type: Research

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  42. Syndromic congenital heart disease accounts for 30% of cases and can be determined by genetic, environmental or multifactorial causes. In many cases the etiology remains uncertain. Many known genes are respons...

    Authors: Silvia Amodeo, Giuseppe Vitrano, Melania Guardino, Giuseppe Paci, Fulvio Corselli, Vincenzo Antona, Giuseppe Barrano, Monia Magliozzi, Antonio Novelli, Renato Venezia and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:98

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Complications of acute sinusitis affecting multiple sites are very uncommon, and generally develop for a delayed diagnosis of the primary infection, with possible severe and life-threatening evolution. Patient...

    Authors: Lorenzo Solimeno, Sara Torretta, Paola Marchisio, Elisabetta Iofrida, Samantha Bosis, Claudia Tagliabue, Giada Maria Di Pietro, Lorenzo Pignataro and Claudio Guastella

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:97

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Tracheal agenesis (TA) is a rare disorder usually diagnosed prenatally when a congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is identified. We present a case of unexpected TA in a neonate without prenatal...

    Authors: Alessandro Perri, Maria Letizia Patti, Annamaria Sbordone, Giovanni Vento and Rita Luciano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:96

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:115

  45. MED13L-related intellectual disability is a new syndrome that is characterized by intellectual disability (ID), motor developmental delay, speech impairment, hypotonia and facial dysmorphism. Both the MED13L h...

    Authors: Zhi Yi, Ying Zhang, Zhenfeng Song, Hong Pan, Chengqing Yang, Fei Li, Jiao Xue and Zhenghai Qu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:95

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  46. Using available official data we found 248 epidemics curves caused worldwide by the 2019-nCoV in the period December 2019–March 31st 2020. The analysis of this material allowed two main observations: 1) it is ...

    Authors: Roberto Ronchetti and Pietro Massimiliano Bianco

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:94

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  47. Allergic rhinitis (AR) and adenoidal hypertrophy (AH) are the most frequent causative disorders of nasal obstruction in children, leading to recurrent respiratory infections. Both nasal cavities are colonized ...

    Authors: Giulia Brindisi, Anna Maria Zicari, Laura Schiavi, Alessandra Gori, Maria Pia Conte, Massimiliano Marazzato, Giovanna De Castro, Lucia Leonardi and Marzia Duse

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Childhood epilepsies are a heterogeneous group of conditions differing in diagnostic criteria, management, and outcome. Late-infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) is a neurodegenerative condit...

    Authors: Elisabetta Amadori, Marcello Scala, Giulia Sofia Cereda, Maria Stella Vari, Francesca Marchese, Veronica Di Pisa, Maria Margherita Mancardi, Thea Giacomini, Laura Siri, Fabiana Vercellino, Domenico Serino, Alessandro Orsini, Alice Bonuccelli, Irene Bagnasco, Amanda Papa, Carlo Minetti…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:92

    Content type: Research

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  49. Since the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the number of cases registered worldwide has risen to over 3 million. While COVID-19 per se does not seem to represent a significant threat to the pediatric population,...

    Authors: Benedetta Ciacchini, Francesco Tonioli, Cinzia Marciano, Maria Grazia Faticato, Elena Borali, Alessio Pini Prato and Enrico Felici

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:87

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

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