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  1. Schinzel-Giedion syndrome (SGS) is a multiple malformation syndrome mainly characterized by severe intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and multiple congenital anomalies, including skeletal ab...

    Authors: Maria Pia Leone, Pietro Palumbo, Orazio Palumbo, Ester Di Muro, Massimiliano Chetta, Nicola Laforgia, Nicoletta Resta, Alessandro Stella, Stefano Castellana, Tommaso Mazza, Marco Castori, Massimo Carella and Nenad Bukvic

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:74

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The rate of twinning continues to increase due to the combined effect of a rise in parental age and increased use of assisted reproductive technology. The risk of congenital anomalies in twins is higher than i...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Gregorio Serra, Giuseppe Puccio, Mario Giuffrè and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:73

    Content type: Research

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  3. Aim of this retrospective study was to describe clinical characteristics, diagnostic work-up, management and follow-up of newborns with neural tube defects (NTDs), admitted to the Mother and Child Department o...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Gregorio Serra, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:72

    Content type: Research

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  4. Delayed umbilical cord clamping is associated with greater haemoglobin concentration and iron storage between 3 and 6 months of life and with less need of blood transfusion and lower incidence of neonatal hypo...

    Authors: Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maurizio Giordano, Rita De Santis, Paola Castelli, Desiree Sordino, Daniele Trevisanuto, Giuseppe Buonocore and Serafina Perrone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:71

    Content type: Research

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  5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and low birth weight (LBW) continue to be significant public health concerns in many low-income countries including Ethiopia. Yet the effect of maternal HIV infecti...

    Authors: Andualem Zenebe, Betelhem Eshetu and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:70

    Content type: Research

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  6. Effective prevention and control strategies are mandatory to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection.

    Authors: Elisabetta Bignamini, Salvatore Cazzato, Renato Cutrera, Giuliana Ferrante, Stefania La Grutta, Amelia Licari, Enrico Lombardi, Fabio Midulla, Giorgio Piacentini, Massimo Pifferi, Francesca Santamaria, Giancarlo Tancredi and Attilio Turchetta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:68

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. A prompt diagnosis of HIE remains a challenge clinically. This study aimed to identify potential biomarkers of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) via a novel proteomic approach, the isobaric tags f...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Zhu, Yajing Yun, Meifang Jin, Gen Li, Hong Li, Po Miao, Xin Ding, Xing Feng, Lixiao Xu and Bin Sun

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:67

    Content type: Research

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  8. Colorectal polyps are reported in 6,1% of paediatric colonoscopies and in 12% of those performed for lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Although colonoscopy is widely used in paediatric patients, it requires bow...

    Authors: Giovanni Di Nardo, Francesco Esposito, Chiara Ziparo, Caterina Strisciuglio, Francesca Vassallo, Marco Di Serafino, Maria Pia Villa, Pasquale Parisi, Melania Evangelisti, Claudia Pacchiarotti and Vito Domenico Corleto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:66

    Content type: Research

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  9. As the quality and quantity of patient-centered care may be perceived differently by recipients and independent observers, assessment of humanization of pediatric care remains an elusive issue. Herein we aim t...

    Authors: C. Mandato, M. A. Siano, A. G. E. De Anseris, M. Tripodi, G. Massa, R. De Rosa, M. Buffoli, A. Lamanna, P. Siani and P. Vajro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:65

    Content type: Research

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  10. Coarctation of the aorta (CoA), presenting with local stenosis of the aorta is involved in many cardiovascular processes. However, there has been little research on the mechanism of coarctation of the aorta.

    Authors: Siyu Ma, Junqiang Zheng, Yang Xu, Zhaocong Yang, Yu Zhu, Xiaoqi Su and Xuming Mo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:63

    Content type: Research

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  11. Due to novel coronavirus infection emergency, restricting measures have been imposed in Italy. As well as adults, also children are limited in their daily routine.

    Authors: Alberto Villani, Elena Bozzola, Paolo Siani and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:62

    Content type: Commentary

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  12. Atrioventricular canal defect (AVCD) represents a quite common congenital heart defect (CHD) accounting for 7.4% of all cardiac malformations. AVCD is a very heterogeneous malformation that can occur as a phen...

    Authors: Flaminia Pugnaloni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Carolina Putotto, Enrica De Luca, Bruno Marino and Paolo Versacci

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:61

    Content type: Review

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  13. Italian laws allow the protection of a child who is suspected to be a victim of abuse through a procedure that can be put in motion by the attending physician in any Emergency Department (article nr. 403 Civil...

    Authors: Federico Poropat, Arianna Canuto, Giulia Caddeo, Erica Predonzani, Laura Novello, Alessandra Zorzetto, Claudio Germani and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:59

    Content type: Research

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  14. Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome is characterized by multiple non-ossifying fibromas, café-au-lait macules and giant cell granulomas of the jaw. Even if the association between all these peculiar features and neurofi...

    Authors: Silvia Vannelli, Raffaele Buganza, Federica Runfola, Ilaria Mussinatto, Antonio Andreacchio and Luisa de Sanctis

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:58

    Content type: Case report

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  15. In Italy, as in many European countries, Pediatric Emergency Medicine is not formally recognized as a pediatric subspecialty, hindering nation-wide adoption of standards of care, especially in the field of pro...

    Authors: Idanna Sforzi, Silvia Bressan, Claudia Saffirio, Salvatore De Masi, Leonardo Bussolin, Liviana Da Dalt, Fabio De Iaco, Itai Shavit, Baruch Krauss and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:57

    Content type: Research

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  16. Recently, an outbreak of viral pneumonitis in Wuhan, Hubei, China successively spread as a global pandemia, led to the identification of a novel betacoronavirus species, the 2019 novel coronavirus, successivel...

    Authors: Domenico Umberto De Rose, Fiammetta Piersigilli, Maria Paola Ronchetti, Alessandra Santisi, Iliana Bersani, Andrea Dotta, Olivier Danhaive and Cinzia Auriti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:56

    Content type: Review

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  17. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a genetic overgrowth disorder with variable clinical features and cancer predisposition. In this study, we aim to characterize the clinical features and molecular defects o...

    Authors: Ruixue Wang, Yongmei Xiao, Dan Li, Hui Hu, Xiaolu Li, Ting Ge, Ronghua Yu, Yizhong Wang and Ting Zhang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:55

    Content type: Research

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  18. Although disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a critical disease, there is few gold standard interventions in neonatal medicine. The aim of this study is to reveal factors affecting neonatal DIC at ...

    Authors: Hayato Go, Hitoshi Ohto, Kenneth E. Nollet, Nozomi Kashiwabara, Kei Ogasawara, Mina Chishiki, Shun Hiruta, Ichiri Sakuma, Yukihiko Kawasaki and Mitsuaki Hosoya

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:54

    Content type: Research

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  19. An early diagnosis of CHARGE syndrome is challenging, especially for the primary care physicians who often take care of neonates with multiple congenital anomalies. Here we report eight cases of CHARGE syndrom...

    Authors: Maria Francesca Bedeschi, Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Lorenzo Colombo, Martina Buscemi, Cesare Rossi, Roberta Villa, Silvana Gangi, Odoardo Picciolini, Claudia Cinnante, Viola Giulia Carlina Fergnani, Paola Francesca Ajmone, Elisa Scola, Fabio Triulzi and Fabio Mosca

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:53

    Content type: Research

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  20. Feeding intolerance in premature infants is one of the main causes of their long-term hospitalization in NICUs. Massage therapy is a cost-effective intervention that has a positive impact on the health of infa...

    Authors: Leila Seiiedi-Biarag and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:52

    Content type: Review

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  21. Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKHS) syndrome refers to congenital hypoplasia/aplasia of the uterus, the cervix and the upper 2/3 of the vagina, in females with normal ovaries and fallopian tubes, secondary ...

    Authors: Giuliana Morabito, Alessandro Daidone, Flora Murru, Marianna Iaquinto, Elena Faleschini, Egidio Barbi and Giorgio Cozzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:51

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Atopic eczema (AE) is the most common inflammatory skin disease in infancy and its prevalence is rising worldwide. It has a wide social impact on the affected children and their families’ lives. AE can have a ...

    Authors: Mattia Giovannini, Davide Geat, Gabriele Barlocco, Riccardo Pertile, Francesca Mori, Cesare Filippeschi, Elio Novembre, Mario Cristofolini and Ermanno Baldo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:50

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  23. Ascites can develop as a consequence of a number of diseases in childhood. Despite chronic liver disease is the most common cause, several conditions can lead to ascites also in the absence of liver dysfunctio...

    Authors: Alessandro Rossi, Velia Melone, Rossella Turco, Luigi Camera, Eugenia Bruzzese, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano, Alfredo Guarino and Andrea Lo Vecchio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:49

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Massive gastrointestinal bleeding in children is uncommon. Dieulafoy lesion is an uncommon disease which may lead to massive and repeated upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. We report two cases of gastric Dieul...

    Authors: Giovanni Di Nardo, Gianluca Esposito, Angela Mauro, Letizia Zenzeri, Gian Paolo Ciccarelli, Andrea Catzola, Alessandro Rossi and Vito Domenico Corleto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:48

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Planning optimal fluid and inotrope-vasopressor-inodilator therapy is essential in critically ill children. Pulse index Contour Cardiac Output (PiCCO) monitoring is an invasive, hemodynamic monitor that provid...

    Authors: Nagehan Aslan, Dincer Yildizdas, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, Yasemin Coban, Fadli Demir, Sevcan Erdem and Yasar Sertdemir

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:47

    Content type: Research

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  26. Exposure to hypothermia is somehow unavoidable when a baby comes to life. This is the reason why any possible effort should be made by every caregiver involved during birth, from labour to transfer into the ma...

    Authors: Daniele Merazzi, Ilia Bresesti, Paolo Tagliabue, Maria Grazia Valsecchi, Paola De Lorenzo and Gianluca Lista

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:46

    Content type: Research

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  27. Fetal programming during in utero life defines the set point of physiological and metabolic responses that lead into adulthood; events happening in “the first 1,000 days” (from conception to 2-years of age), p...

    Authors: Benedetta Raspini, Debora Porri, Rachele De Giuseppe, Marcello Chieppa, Marina Liso, Rosa Maria Cerbo, Elisa Civardi, Francesca Garofoli, Maria Cristina Monti, Mirco Vacca, Maria De Angelis and Hellas Cena

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:45

    Content type: Research

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  28. Harlequin Ichthyosis is the most severe variant of congenital autosomal recessive ichthyosis, associated with severe morbidity and potentially lethal in early life. At birth, patients present thick and plaque-...

    Authors: Cinzia Auriti, Roberta Rotunno, Andrea Diociaiuti, Silvia Magni Manzoni, Andrea Uva, Iliana Bersani, Alessandra Santisi, Andrea Dotta and May El Hachem

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:44

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Preterm infants are at risk for structural disruption of brain connectivity due to perinatal complications encountered during the fetal and neonatal periods. This study aimed to investigate the development of ...

    Authors: Jong Ho Cha, Yong-Ho Choi, Jong-Min Lee, Joo Young Lee, Hyun-Kyung Park, Jinsup Kim, Il-Kewon Kim and Hyun Ju Lee

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:43

    Content type: Research

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  30. Recurrent respiratory infections (RRIs) are defined by the presence of at least one of the following criteria: (i) > 6 annual respiratory infections (RIs); (ii) > 1 monthly RIs involving the upper airways from...

    Authors: Sara Manti, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Maria Papale, Amelia Licari, Carmelo Salpietro, Michele Miraglia del Giudice, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Salvatore Leonardi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:42

    Content type: Research

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  31. Off- label drug use refers to the use of medicines outside of their marketing authorization with respect to dose, dosage form, route of administration, indication or age. Off-label/unlicensed drug use signific...

    Authors: Meles Tekie Gidey, Yohannes Gebrehaweria Gebretsadkan, Afewerki Gebremeskel Tsadik, Abraham Gebrezgabiher Welie and Brhane Teklebrhan Assefa

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:41

    Content type: Research

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  32. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cbl) deficiency in children is rare and may occurs in exclusively breast fed infants of mothers on vegetarian or vegan diet with lack of appropriate supplementation. The clinical manifesta...

    Authors: Cezary Dubaj, Katarzyna Czyż and Wanda Furmaga-Jabłońska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:40

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Pubertal timing is known to be influenced by interactions among various genetic, nutritional, environmental and socio-economic factors, although the ultimate mechanisms underlying the increase in pulsatile GnR...

    Authors: Sara Pagani, Valeria Calcaterra, Gloria Acquafredda, Chiara Montalbano, Elena Bozzola, Pietro Ferrara, Manuela Gasparri, Alberto Villani and Mauro Bozzola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:39

    Content type: Research

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  34. Chronic cough is a common symptom in children and protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) is one of the causes of chronic cough. However, the understanding of this disease remains limited. The present study aims...

    Authors: Xiao-bo Zhang, Xiao Wu and Guang-min Nong

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:38

    Content type: Research

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  35. In the last years, ‘omics’ technologies, and especially metabolomics, emerged as expanding scientific disciplines and promising technologies in the characterization of several pathophysiological processes.

    Authors: Flaminia Bardanzellu and Vassilios Fanos

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:37

    Content type: Review

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  36. Seizures in individuals affected by tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) commonly develop in the first year of life, are often preceded by a progressive deterioration of the electroencephalogram (EEG), and likely ...

    Authors: M. N. Savini, A. Mingarelli, A. Peron, F. La Briola, F. Cervi, R. M. Alfano, M. P. Canevini and A. Vignoli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:36

    Content type: Research

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  37. The prevalence of children with neurological impairment (NI) presenting feeding difficulties and gastrointestinal symptoms is rising. The most recent guidelines recommend early nutritional assessment and inter...

    Authors: Valeria Dipasquale, Frederic Gottrand, Peter B. Sullivan and Claudio Romano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:35

    Content type: Review

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  38. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) occur frequently in intensive care units (NICUs). The aim of this study was to analyze the results of surveillance of HAIs in a III level NICU in Naples, Italy during 20...

    Authors: Marina Silvia Scamardo, Pasquale Dolce, Eliana Pia Esposito, Francesco Raimondi, Maria Triassi and Raffaele Zarrilli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:34

    Content type: Research

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  39. The management of chronic diseases, particularly in children, requires an integrated physical and psychological approach to both sick children and their family. This is the case of Cystic Fibrosis (CF), a comp...

    Authors: Grazia Isabella Continisio, Nicola Serra, Assunta Guillari, Maria Teresa Civitella, Angela Sepe, Silvio Simeone, Gianpaolo Gargiulo, Silvia Toscano, Maria Rosaria Esposito, Valeria Raia and Teresa Rea

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:33

    Content type: Research

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  40. Children with Down syndrome (DS) show a high susceptibility to recurrent infections (RI), caused by immune defects and abnormalities of the airways. Our goal was to investigate the effects of Pidotimod on RI p...

    Authors: Diletta Valentini, Chiara Di Camillo, Nadia Mirante, Valentina Marcellini, Rita Carsetti and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:31

    Content type: Research

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  41. The original article contains a misspelling of co-author, Christine Bodemer’s name which is presented correctly in this Correction article.

    Authors: May El Hachem, Damiano Abeni, Andrea Diociaiuti, Roberta Rotunno, Francesco Gesualdo, Giovanna Zambruno and Christine Bodemer

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:30

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:26

  42. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis in the pediatric population worldwide and an important cause of death in developing countries. It has been demonstrated that the bala...

    Authors: Isabella Tarissi De Jacobis, Rosa Vona, Elisabetta Straface, Lucrezia Gambardella, Giulia Ceglie, Francesca de Gennaro, Ilenia Pontini, Anna Chiara Vittucci, Alessandra Carè, Camilla Cittadini, Alberto Villani and Donatella Pietraforte

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:29

    Content type: Research

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  43. Child vaccination is an instrument for saving millions of lives. Only one in twenty children has access to childhood vaccination in hard to reach areas in developing countries. Although studies have been done ...

    Authors: Ayal Debie and Ayenew Molla Lakew

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. CDKL5-related disorders (CDD) is an epileptic encephalopathy resulted of gene mutations of CDKL5. This study aimed to explore the development process of CDD and to expand its mutation spectrum.

    Authors: Yumei Yan, Dake He, Jing Wu, Ruolin Hou, Kun Sun and Ling Li

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. The survival of preterm babies has increased worldwide, but the risk of neuro-developmental disabilities remains high, which is of concern to both the public and professionals. The early identification of chil...

    Authors: Licia Lugli, Marisa Pugliese, Carlotta Plessi, Alberto Berardi, Isotta Guidotti, Gina Ancora, Sara Grandi, Giancarlo Gargano, Silvia Braibanti, Fabrizio Sandri, Silvia Soffritti, Elisa Ballardini, Vittoria Arena, Marcello Stella, Serafina Perrone, Sabrina Moretti…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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