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Italian Journal of Pediatrics

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  1. Content type: Review

    Five years after the first edition, we have revised and updated the guidelines, re-examining the queries and relative recommendations, expanding the issues addressed with the introduction of a new entity, rece...

    Authors: Raffaele Piumelli, Riccardo Davanzo, Niccolò Nassi, Silvia Salvatore, Cinzia Arzilli, Marta Peruzzi, Massimo Agosti, Antonella Palmieri, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Luana Nosetti, Raffaele Pomo, Francesco De Luca, Alessandro Rimini, Salvatore De Masi, Simona Costabel, Valeria Cavarretta…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:111

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  2. Content type: Review

    Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a crucial role in the hyperhomocysteinemia, which is a risk factor related to the occurrence of congenital heart defect (CHD). However, the association between...

    Authors: Di Yu, Zhulun Zhuang, Zhongyuan Wen, Xiaodong Zang and Xuming Mo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:108

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  3. Content type: Research

    Seasonal variability on obstructive sleep apnea has already been studied by polysomnography in children. Winter and spring season emerged as critical periods. No data are currently available for pulse oximetry...

    Authors: Martino Pavone, Elisabetta Verrillo, Nicola Ullmann, Serena Caggiano, Valentina Negro and Renato Cutrera

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:109

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  4. Content type: Review

    Adenotonsillectomy (ADT) is one of the most widely used procedures in the treatment of paediatric recurrent acute tonsillitis (RAT) and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), both of which have significant ...

    Authors: Sara Torretta, Chiara Rosazza, Maria Elisabetta Pace, Elisabetta Iofrida and Paola Marchisio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:107

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  5. Content type: Research

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) affects the musculoskeletal system via a multifactorial pathway that includes vitamin D deficiency and involvement of respiratory muscles such as intercostals due to recurrent upper and lo...

    Authors: Ozge Kenis-Coskun, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Yeliz Bahar-Ozdemir, Yasemin Gokdemir, Bulent Karadag and Onder Kayhan

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:106

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  6. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Implementation of antimicrobial stewardship program is a pivotal practice element for healthcare institution. We developed a remote infectious disease consultancy program via telemedicine in a high-specialized...

    Authors: Jacopo Ceradini, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi, Patrizia D’Argenio, Paola Bernaschi, Lucia Manuri, Carla Brusco and Massimiliano Raponi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:105

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Medications with methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate containing lactose, which potentially contains traces of cow’s milk proteins (CMP), could cause allergic reactions or compromise treatment of acute allergi...

    Authors: Federica Porcaro, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Antonella Diamanti, Francesca Petreschi, Alessandra Schiavino, Valentina Negro, Valentina Pecora, Alessandro Fiocchi and Renato Cutrera

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:104

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  8. Content type: Review

    Congenital myopathies are a group of genetic muscle disorders characterized clinically by hypotonia and weakness, usually from birth, and a static or slowly progressive clinical course. Historically, congenita...

    Authors: Denise Cassandrini, Rosanna Trovato, Anna Rubegni, Sara Lenzi, Chiara Fiorillo, Jacopo Baldacci, Carlo Minetti, Guja Astrea, Claudio Bruno and Filippo M. Santorelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:101

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  9. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Measles virus, member of the genus Morbillivirus in the family Paramyxoviridae, is a highly contagious human pathogen. An effective live-attenuated vaccine is available and its use has the potential to eradica...

    Authors: L. Lancella, C. Di Camillo, A. C. Vittucci, E. Boccuzzi, E. Bozzola and A. Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:102

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  10. Content type: Review

    The rapid advancement of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and the decrease in costs for whole-exome sequencing (WES) and whole-genome sequening (WGS), has prompted its clinical application in severa...

    Authors: Alessandro Borghesi, Maria Antonietta Mencarelli, Luigi Memo, Giovanni Battista Ferrero, Andrea Bartuli, Maurizio Genuardi, Mauro Stronati, Alberto Villani, Alessandra Renieri and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:100

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  11. Content type: Research

    There are no Italian data regarding the strategies for preventing neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) infection. We conducted a national survey in order to explore obstetrical, neonatal and microbiological pr...

    Authors: Chryssoula Tzialla, Alberto Berardi, Claudio Farina, Pierangelo Clerici, Alessandro Borghesi, Elsa Viora, Paolo Scollo and Mauro Stronati

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:98

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Woolly Hair is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the scalp hair presenting with strongly coiled hair involving a localized area of the scalp or covering the entire side and occurring in non-black people. Isola...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Raffaele Falsaperla, Massimo Barbagallo, Agata Polizzi, Andrea D. Praticò and Martino Ruggieri

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:99

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant disorder most commonly presenting with acute-onset, non-painful focal sensory and motor mononeuropathy. Approximately 80% ...

    Authors: Carlo Fusco, Carlotta Spagnoli, Grazia Gabriella Salerno, Elena Pavlidis, Daniele Frattini and Francesco Pisani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:97

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  14. Content type: Research

    Acute central nervous system (ACNS) infections such as meningitis, encephalitis and cerebellitis still cause morbidity and mortality among children. The aim of this study was to verify whether neuropsychologic...

    Authors: Bozzola Elena, Bergonzini Paola, Bozzola Mauro, Tozzi Alberto Eugenio, Masci Marco, Rossetti Chiara, Carloni Emanuela and Villani Alberto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:96

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Mutations localized in the Growth Hormone Receptor (GHR) gene are often associated with the pathogenesis of Laron Syndrome, an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by severe growth retardation...

    Authors: Stefania Moia, Daniele Tessaris, Silvia Einaudi, Luisa de Sanctis, Gianni Bona, Simonetta Bellone and Flavia Prodam

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:94

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  16. Content type: Review

    The diagnosis of IgE-mediated cow’s milk allergy is often based on anamnesis, and on specific IgE (sIgE) levels and/or Skin Prick Tests (SPT), which have both a good sensitivity but a low specificity, often ca...

    Authors: Barbara Cuomo, Giovanni Cosimo Indirli, Annamaria Bianchi, Stefania Arasi, Davide Caimmi, Arianna Dondi, Stefania La Grutta, Valentina Panetta, Maria Carmen Verga and Mauro Calvani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:93

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are pathogens that commonly affect the paediatric population and its most frequent manifestation is a cervicofacial lymphadenopathy. With the improvement of technologies, new ...

    Authors: A. Azzali, C. Montagnani, M. T. Simonetti, G. Spinelli, M. de Martino and L. Galli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:92

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  18. Content type: Research

    The relationship between premature birth and early cognitive function as measured by eye-tracking data remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of prematurity on the development of...

    Authors: Hokyoung Ryu, Garam Han, Jaeran Choi, Hyun-Kyung Park, Mi Jung Kim, Dong-Hyun Ahn and Hyun Ju Lee

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:90

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  19. Content type: Research

    Upper and lower airways diseases share in part their pathogenic mechanisms and frequently occur simultaneously as “United Airway Disease.” Local treatment with nebulizers delivers anti-symptomatic drugs in eit...

    Authors: Daniela Posa, Antonio Pizzulli, Petra Wagner, Serena Perna, Stephanie Hofmaier, Paolo Maria Matricardi and Susanne Lau

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:89

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Pediatric acute-liver-failure due to acetaminophen (APAP) administration at therapeutic dosage is rare, while viral infections and metabolic defects are the prevalent causes. Yet, as acetaminophen is routinely...

    Authors: Pier Luigi Calvo, Francesco Tandoi, Tobias B. Haak, Andrea Brunati, Michele Pinon, Dominic Dell Olio, Renato Romagnoli and Marco Spada

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:88

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Henoch-Schönlein syndrome is a systemic small-vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis that usually present with cutaneous, gastrointestinal, articular and renal manifestations. Little is known on liver involvement ...

    Authors: Giulia Rosti, Gregorio P. Milani, Emanuela A. Laicini, Emilio F. Fossali and Mario G. Bianchetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:85

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