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  1. A number of genetic syndromes associated with variants in the BSCL2/seipin gene have been identified. Variants that cause skipping of exon 7 are associated with progressive encephalopathy with/without lipodystrop...

    Authors: Stefania Pedicelli, Luca de Palma, Caterina Pelosini and Marco Cappa

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:158

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Thyroid hemangioma mostly occurs in adults and is extremely rare in infants. So far, only four pediatric cases of thyroid hemangioma have been reported, one of which has only been clinically diagnosed. Most of...

    Authors: Yujian Liang, Ronghui Pu, Xueqiong Huang, Suping Li, Yingqian Chen and Wen Tang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:157

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on pediatric operations, and establish preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative protocols to improve the pediatric...

    Authors: Yi Wei, Chengjun Yu, Tian Xin Zhao, Tao Lin, H. E. Dawei, Sheng-de Wu and Guang-hui Wei

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:155

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  4. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD; MIM#263200) is one of the most frequent pediatric renal cystic diseases, with an incidence of 1:20,000. It is caused by mutations of the PKHD1 gene, on chromo...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Giovanni Corsello, Vincenzo Antona, Maria Michela D’Alessandro, Nicola Cassata, Marcello Cimador, Mario Giuffrè, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz and Ettore Piro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:154

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Pediatric COVID-19 is relatively mild and may vary from that in adults. This study was to investigate the epidemic, clinical, and imaging features of pediatric COVID-19 pneumonia for early diagnosis and treatm...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Ru-Ming Xie, Yu-Lin He, Li-Hong Xing, Li Dong, Jian-Zhong Zhang, Wei-Hong Xing, Xiao-Yan Lv, Yi-Bo Lu, Qiang Liu, Ling-Bo Lin, Gui-Zeng Liu, Li Li, Pan Li, Yuan-Zhong Xie, Zhi-Yu Ni…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:153

    Content type: Research

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  6. Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a clinical-radiological syndrome that can be related to infectious and non-infectious conditions. The most prominent neurological sy...

    Authors: Antonella Tuscano, Marisa Zoppo, Carlotta Canavese, Maurizio Cogoni and Carlo Scolfaro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:152

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a rare genetic, multi-systemic disease characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, immune deficiency, bone marrow failure and skeletal abnormalities. Most patients p...

    Authors: Agnieszka Bogusz-Wójcik, Honorata Kołodziejczyk, Maja Klaudel-Dreszler, Grzegorz Oracz, Joanna Pawłowska and Mieczysław Szalecki

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:151

    Content type: Research

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  8. This consensus document has been prepared by a multidisciplinary group of experts (Paediatricians, Radiologists, Paediatric Orthopaedics) and it is mainly aimed at paediatricians, hospitals and primary care pr...

    Authors: Rino Agostiniani, Giuseppe Atti, Salvatore Bonforte, Carolina Casini, Marco Cirillo, Maurizio De Pellegrin, Daniela Di Bello, Francesco Esposito, Ambra Galla, Giorgio Marrè Brunenghi, Nicola Romeo, Paolo Tomà and Norberto Vezzali

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:150

    Content type: Review

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  9. The rapid spread of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy has dramatically impacted the National Healthcare System, causing the sudden congestion of hospitals, especially in Northern Italy, thus imposing drastic rest...

    Authors: Giovanni Trisolino, Carlo Enrico Origo, Nando De Sanctis, Daniela Dibello, Pasquale Farsetti, Cosimo Gigante, Pasquale Guida, Lorenza Marengo, Elena Panuccio, Renato Maria Toniolo, Fabio Verdoni and Antonio Memeo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:149

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. Pleuropulmonary blastomas (PPB) are rare aggressive paediatric lung malignancies and are among the most common DICER1-related disorders: it is estimated that 75–80% of children with a PPB have the DICER1 mutation...

    Authors: Shihan Zhang, Xisi Wang, Sihui Li, Siyu Cai, Tong Yu, Libing Fu, Na Zhang, Xiaoxia Peng, Qi Zeng and Xiaoli Ma

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:148

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Bronchiolitis is the primary infection of the lower respiratory tract in children under 2 years of age. Although it is generally considered a single nosological entity, recent studies suggested remarkable clin...

    Authors: Giuliana Ferrante, Carmela Fondacaro, Giovanna Cilluffo, Piera Dones, Francesca Cardella and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:147

    Content type: Research

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  12. There is ample evidence that COVID-19 is significantly less severe in children than in adults and asthma and allergy, the most common chronic disorders in children, are not included in the top 10 comorbidities...

    Authors: Lucia Diaferio, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Giulia Brindisi, Cristiana Indolfi, Giuseppe Marchese, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Anna Maria Zicari, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Michele Miraglia del Giudice

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:146

    Content type: Research

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  13. To describe a case of thrombophlebitis associated with Candida infection and to analyze other published reports to define clinical characteristics, prognostic data, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

    Authors: Claudia Colomba, Luigi Campa, Lucia Siracusa, Salvatore Giordano, Maria C. Vella, Giovanni Corsello, Mario Giuffrè and Antonio Cascio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:145

    Content type: Review

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  14. Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is a non IgE-mediated food allergy that generally affects children in the first year of life. Usually symptoms break out when formula milk or solid foods are...

    Authors: Francesco Baldo, Martina Bevacqua, Cristiana Corrado, Daniela Nisticò, Laura Cesca, Valentina Declich, Roberto Dall’Amico and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:144

    Content type: Case report

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  15. The Veneto region is one of the most affected Italian regions by COVID-19. Chronic lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), may constitute a risk factor in COVID-19. Moreover, respi...

    Authors: Valentino Bezzerri, Francesca Lucca, Sonia Volpi and Marco Cipolli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:143

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  16. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently rare in children and they seem to have a milder disease course and better prognosis than adults. However, SARS-Cov-2 pandemic has indirectly caused problems...

    Authors: Riccardo Lubrano, Alberto Villani, Stefano Berrettini, Paolo Caione, Alberto Chiara, Antonella Costantino, Roberto Formigari, Emilio Franzoni, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Arturo Giustardi, Giancarlo La Marca, Paolo Lionetti, Mario Lima, Claudio Maffei, Monica Malamisura, Giantonio Manzoni…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:142

    Content type: Research

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  17. People increasingly search online for health information. Particularly, parents of patients often use the Internet as a source for health information. We conducted a survey to investigate the online searching ...

    Authors: Luisa Russo, Ilaria Campagna, Beatrice Ferretti, Elisabetta Pandolfi, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Simone Piga, Sally Jackson, Caterina Rizzo, Francesco Gesualdo and Alberto E. Tozzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:141

    Content type: Research

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  18. Mitochondrial diseases, also known as oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorders, with a prevalence rate of 1:5000, are the most frequent inherited metabolic diseases. Leigh Syndrome French Canadian type (LS...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Gregorio Serra, Vincenzo Antona, Mario Giuffrè, Elisa Giorgio, Fabio Sirchia, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Alfredo Brusco and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:140

    Content type: Case report

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  19. A statement of consensus was formulated after reviewing available literature on pediatric treatment strategies for COVID-19 by the Steering and Scientific Committee of the Italian Society of Infectious Pediatr...

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Silvia Garazzino, Daniele Donà, Luca Pierantoni, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Giangiacomo Nicolini, Sonia Bianchini, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Luisa Galli, Alberto Villani and Guido Castelli-Gattinara

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:139

    Content type: Review

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  20. Neonatal mortality remains a serious public health concern in developing countries including Ethiopia. Ethiopia is one of the countries with the highest neonatal mortality in Africa. However, there is limited ...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:138

    Content type: Research

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  21. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly contagious viral disease has spread from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China to all over the world from its first recognition on December 2019. To date, only a few neonat...

    Authors: Setareh Sagheb, Ameneh Lamsehchi, Mohamadreza Jafary, Reza Atef-Yekta and Kourosh Sadeghi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:137

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Persistent neonatal hypoglycemia, owing to the possibility of severe neurodevelopmental consequences, is a leading cause of neonatal care admission. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is often resistant to dextrose...

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Vincenzo Antona, Maria Pia Pappalardo, Mario Giuffrè, Gregorio Serra and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:136

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Hirschsprung disease, the most important congenital colonic dysmotility in children results from neural crest migration, differentiation, proliferation, or apoptosis defects where the rearranged during transfe...

    Authors: Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Marcello Cimador, Mario Giuffrè, Claudia Maria Aiello, Vincenzo Antona, Giovanni Corsello and Ettore Piro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:135

    Content type: Case report

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  24. This is the report of the first official survey from the Italian Society of Pediatric Surgery (ISPS) to appraise the distribution and organization of bedside surgery in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU)...

    Authors: Gloria Pelizzo, Pietro Bagolan, Francesco Morini, Mariagrazia Aceti, Daniele Alberti, Mario Andermarcher, Luigi Avolio, Fabio Bartoli, Vito Briganti, Sebastiano Cacciaguerra, Francesco S. Camoglio, Pierluca Ceccarelli, Maurizio Cheli, Fabio Chiarenza, Enrico Ciardini, Marcello Cimador…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:134

    Content type: Review

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  25. Pediatricians have observed a significant decrease in in-person child health visits during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the post lockdown period, the coronavirus trend remains positive in Italy but fears of a sec...

    Authors: Rino Agostiniani, Elena Bozzola, Annamaria Staiano, Antonio Del Vecchio, Teresa Mazzone, Luigi Greco, Giovanni Corsello and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:133

    Content type: Commentary

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  26. Facial masks may be one of the most cost-effective strategies to prevent the diffusion of COVID 19 infection. Nevertheless, fake news are spreading, alerting parents on dangerous side effects in children, such...

    Authors: Alberto Villani, Elena Bozzola, Annamaria Staiano, Rino Agostiniani, Antonio Del Vecchio, Nicola Zamperini, Francesco Marino, Davide Vecchio and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:132

    Content type: Commentary

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  27. Congenital Hyperinsulinism typically occurs with a neonatal hypoglycemia but can appear even in childhood or in adolescence with different types of glucose metabolism derangements. Current diagnostic algorithm...

    Authors: Alberto Casertano, Arianna De Matteis, Enza Mozzillo, Francesco Maria Rosanio, Pietro Buono, Valentina Fattorusso and Adriana Franzese

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:131

    Content type: Research

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  28. For a number of persons with rare diseases (RDs) a definite diagnosis remains undiscovered with relevant physical, psychological and social consequences. Undiagnosed RDs (URDs) require other than specialised c...

    Authors: Marco Salvatore, Agata Polizzi, Maria Chiara De Stefano, Giovanna Floridia, Simone Baldovino, Dario Roccatello, Savino Sciascia, Elisa Menegatti, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Erica Daina, Paraskevas Iatropoulos, Bruno Bembi, Rosalia Maria Da Riol, Alessandra Ferlini, Marcella Neri, Giuseppe Novelli…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:130

    Content type: Research

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  29. Hemophilia A (HA) is an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder characterized by qualitative and quantitative deficiency of factor VIII (FVIII). The development of inhibitor antibodies against FVIII is the most c...

    Authors: Laila M. Sherief, Osama A. Gaber, Hala Mosaad Youssef, Hanan S. Sherbiny, Wesam a Mokhtar, Asmaa A. A. Ali, Naglaa M. Kamal and Yehia H. Abdel Maksoud

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:129

    Content type: Research

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  30. To describe the epidemiological aspects of nocturnal enuresis (NE). In this study we identify the prevalence and the familial conditions in a large, representative sample of children with monosymptomatic NE (M...

    Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini, Federico Bianchi Di Castelbianco, Rachele Bombace, Alberto Villani and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:128

    Content type: Research

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  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Daniel Bekele Ketema, Ali Mekonen Adem, Melaku Desta, Pammla Petrucka and Mekdes Marew Ambaw

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:126

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:118

  32. Bleedings are more frequent in the population of preterm children than among those born at term, much less in older children. The reasons for such bleedings in preterms include plasma factor deficiencies, imma...

    Authors: Agnieszka Berendt, Monika Wójtowicz-Marzec, Barbara Wysokińska and Anna Kwaśniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:125

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Mothers in low socio-economic conditions frequently have low birth weight infants. Inaddition Physically demanding work during pregnancy also contributes to poor fetal growth. During gestation a woman needs ba...

    Authors: Sielu Alemayehu Desta, Ashenafi Damte and Tsehay Hailu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:124

    Content type: Research

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  34. Anticipatory guidance for parents is commonly used to improve parenting skills. The objective of this pre/post-intervention controlled study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a periodic newsletter with advi...

    Authors: Costantino Panza, Alessandro Volta, Serena Broccoli, Laura Bonvicini, Sally Kendall, Maddalena Marchesi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:123

    Content type: Research

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  35. Undernutrition remains a major public health concern affecting both children and adolescents in Ethiopia. However, little attention has been given to the undernutrition of primary school-aged children, with th...

    Authors: Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Daniel Bekele Ketema, Ali Mekonen Adem, Melaku Desta, Pammla Petrucka and Mekdes Marew Ambaw

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:126

  36. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in children is a rare but potentially fatal complication of acute mastoiditis, one of the most common pediatric infectious diseases. Due to its subtle clinical presentation, su...

    Authors: Massimo Luca Castellazzi, Giada Maria di Pietro, Michele Gaffuri, Sara Torretta, Giorgio Conte, Francesco Folino, Sebastiano Aleo, Samantha Bosis and Paola Marchisio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:122

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Recent reports have described in the pediatric population a new type of hyperinflammatory response manifested following contact with SARS-CoV-2, with some of the clinical features attributable to Kawasaki dise...

    Authors: Romina Gallizzi, Giovanni Corsello and Giovanni Battista Pajno

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:121

    Content type: Commentary

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  38. Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare congenital condition characterized by the absence of skin layers and sometimes other underlying structures, in a localized or widespread area. The exact etiopathogenesis...

    Authors: Francisco Cammarata-Scalisi, Andrea Diociaiuti, Blanca de Guerrero, Colin Eric Willoughby and Michele Callea

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:120

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Growth failure and growth hormone deficiency (GHD) have been reported as one accessory feature of GLUT1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS), considered so far as a long-term adverse effects of ketogenic diet which i...

    Authors: Gianluca Tornese, Giuseppa Patti, Maria Chiara Pellegrin, Paola Costa, Flavio Faletra, Elena Faleschini and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:119

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) are serious emergencies in the neonatal period. Although these conditions are recognized as distinct pathologies, literature reports sugge...

    Authors: Federico Mecarini, Federica Comitini, Flaminia Bardanzellu, Paola Neroni and Vassilios Fanos

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:117

    Content type: Case report

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  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Massimo Martinelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Marisa Bobbio, Elisa Civardi, Alberto Chiara, Sofia D’Elios, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Mattia Olivero, Diego Peroni, Claudio Romano, Mauro Stronati, Renato Turra, Irene Viola, Annamaria Staiano and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:116

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:104

  42. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Alessandro Perri, Maria Letizia Patti, Annamaria Sbordone, Giovanni Vento and Rita Luciano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:115

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:96

  43. Chickenpox is a highly contagious airborne disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is generally benign and self-limiting, but it may be responsible of life-threatening complications. Acute cerebelliti...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Stefano Guolo, Giulia Macchiarulo, Lidia Festa, Giulia Spina, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Annalisa Grandin, Mauro Bozzola, Massimiliano Raponi and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:114

    Content type: Research

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  44. Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common malignant liver tumor in children. Abnormal activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an important role in the formation and development of HB. Genes in HB ...

    Authors: Gang Shen, Hongyu Shen, Jing Zhang, Qingtao Yan and Huixian Liu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:113

    Content type: Review

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  45. Transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life is a critical phase during which several changes occur in cardiovascular system. In clinical practice, it is important to have a method that allows an easy, ra...

    Authors: Daniela Doni, Silvia Nucera, Camilla Rigotti, Elena Arosio, Valeria Cavalleri, Monica Ronconi, Maria Luisa Ventura and Tiziana Fedeli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:112

    Content type: Research

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  46. Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacteria transmitted to human by animal stools, contaminated water and food.

    Authors: Giacomo Brisca, Alberto La Valle, Claudia Campanello, Mattia Pacetti, Mariasavina Severino, Giuseppe Losurdo, Antonella Palmieri, Isabella Buffoni and Salvatore Renna

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:111

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. Myositis ossificans (MO) is a heterotopic bone formation in soft tissues, usually caused by traumas or neuropathies. Although the aetiology remains unclear, MO is supposed to be an osteoblast metaplasia with a...

    Authors: Luisa Cortellazzo Wiel, Matteo Trevisan, Flora Maria Murru, Marco Rabusin and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:110

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  48. Allergic transfusion reactions (ATRs) are immunological reactions after transfusion. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a critical regulator for human diseases. We performed this study to investigate the association of t...

    Authors: Wenjing Hu, Li Feng, Meng Li, Ting Li, Yudong Dai and Xiaowei Wang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2020 46:109

    Content type: Research

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