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  1. Content type: Research

    Acute mastoiditis is the main suppurative complication of acute otitis media. Its incidence ranges from 1.2 to 4.2/100.000 children/year and a rise has been reported in the last years. There are controversial ...

    Authors: Claudia Balsamo, Carlotta Biagi, Margherita Mancini, Ilaria Corsini, Rosalba Bergamaschi and Marcello Lanari

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:71

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  2. Content type: Research

    In previous study, we have found intermittent oral levetiracetam (LEV) can effectively prevent recurrence of febrile seizure (FS). This study aimed to analyze the effects of the preventive on the patients with...

    Authors: Lin-Yan Hu, Xiu-Yu Shi, Hui Li, Meng-Na Zhang, Shu-Fang Ma and Li-Ping Zou

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:70

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  3. Content type: Research

    The impact of proper aspiration of nasal secretions during upper respiratory infection on the frequency and severity of symptoms of lower airways has never been investigated. The study was aimed at testing if ...

    Authors: Antonio Pizzulli, Serena Perna, Anja Bennewiz, Holger Roeblitz, Salvatore Tripodi, Jakob Florack, Petra Wagner, Stephanie Hofmaier and Paolo Maria Matricardi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:68

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  4. Content type: Research

    High rates of vaccination coverage are important in preventing infectious diseases. Enforcing mandatory vaccinations is one of the strategies that some Countries adopted to protect the community when vaccinati...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Giulia Spina, Rocco Russo, Mauro Bozzola, Giovanni Corsello and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:67

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  5. Content type: Research

    Young children are too often exposed to mobile devices (MD) and most of them had their own device. The adverse effects of a early and prolonged exposure to digital technology on pre-school children has been de...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Giulia Spina, Margherita Ruggiero, Luigi Memo, Rino Agostiniani, Mauro Bozzola, Giovanni Corsello and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:69

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  6. Content type: Research

    Parenteral Nutrition (PN) is prescribed to children with intestinal failure. Although life saving, complications are common. Recommendations for indications and constituents of PN are made in the 2005 guidelin...

    Authors: C. Mantegazza, N. Landy, G. V. Zuccotti and J. Köglmeier

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:66

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  7. Content type: Research

    Most Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in China have restricted visiting policies for parents. This also implicates that parents are not involved in the care of their infant. Family Integrated Care (FIC), ...

    Authors: Shi-wen He, Yue-e Xiong, Li-hui Zhu, Bo Lv, Xi-rong Gao, Hua Xiong, Huan Wang, Hua-rong Shi and Jos M. Latour

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:65

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  8. Content type: Research

    AG is the most common cause of pediatric consultations among children between 2 and 5 years of age and it still leads to high mortality and morbidity. Its management is based on rehydration therapy, but this t...

    Authors: Marina Russo, Vincenzo Coppola, Eleonora Giannetti, Roberta Buonavolontà, Antonio Piscitelli and Annamaria Staiano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:64

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  9. Content type: Research

    To compare the effect of xinruibai (Pegfilgrastim) and filgrastim injections on white blood cell and platelet (PLT) recovery, adverse events, post-operative complications, and cost effectiveness after allogene...

    Authors: Qixiang Ye, Hebi Jiang and Hua Jiang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:63

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  10. Content type: Research

    Acute ocular motility disorders (OMDs) in children admitted to Emergency Department (ED) represents a not so rare condition with a wide spectrum of different etiologies. The emergency physician must be skilled...

    Authors: Umberto Raucci, Pasquale Parisi, Nicola Vanacore, Valentina Ferro, Giacomo Garone, Federica Sancetta, Sergio Petroni, Stefano Pro, Rossella Rossi, Antonino Reale and Nicola Pirozzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:62

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  11. Content type: Research

    Health seeking behavior is an action taken by an individual who perceive to have a health problem. In most developing countries including Ethiopia the health of the children is strongly dependant on maternal h...

    Authors: Amare Belachew Dagnew, Tilahun Tewabe and Rajalakshmi Murugan

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:61

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  12. Content type: Research

    Peripheral blood access and venipuncture are a stressful and painful experience in pediatric patients; moreover, it is estimated that more than one attempt is required to achieve the procedure in about one thi...

    Authors: Ester Conversano, Giorgio Cozzi, Matteo Pavan, Marta Minute, Elena Gortan, Marcella Montico, Liza Vecchi Brumatti, Luca Ronfani and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:60

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  13. Content type: Research

    Birth asphyxia is defined as the presence of hypoxia, hypercapnia, and acidosis leading the newborn to systemic disturbances probably electrolyte disturbance also. Knowledge of these electrolyte disturbances i...

    Authors: Jitendra Thakur, Nisha Keshary Bhatta, Rupa Rajbhandari Singh, Prakash Poudel, Madhab Lamsal and Anjum Shakya

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:56

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  14. Content type: Research

    Ethiopia is among the countries with the highest neonatal mortality with the rate of 37 deaths per 1000 live births. In spite of many efforts by the government and other partners, non significant decline has b...

    Authors: Tilahun Tewabe, Yenatfanta Mehariw, Eyerusalem Negatie and Bertukan Yibeltal

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:57

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  15. Content type: Review

    Despite the rising of the Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs)’ incidence in the last years, the etio-pathogenesis of FGIDs remains unclear. The diet seems to play an important role in these disorders...

    Authors: Rossella Turco, Silvia Salvatore, Erasmo Miele, Claudio Romano, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Annamaria Staiano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:53

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  16. Content type: Review

    At the onset, differentiation between abnormal non-epileptic movements, and epileptic seizures presenting in early life is difficult as is clinical diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of the various seizure di...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Giovanni Corsello, Martino Ruggieri, Silvia Marino, Simona Marino and Raffaele Falsaperla

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:54

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) has been approved for the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) in term and near-term newborns. Its role in the management of persistent pulmonary hype...

    Authors: Martina Busè, Francesco Graziano, Fabio Lunetta, Giorgio Sulliotti and Vincenzo Duca

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:55

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  18. Content type: Case report

    FPIES (Food Protein Induced Eneterolitis Syndrome) is a rare non IgE- mediated food allergy, usually affecting infants and children after first months of life. Clinical presentation is heterogeneous, usually c...

    Authors: Antonella Peduto, Mario Rocca, Cinzia De Maio, Federica Gallarotti, Giulia Pomero and Paolo Gancia

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:52

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  19. Content type: Review

    Vitamin D plays a pivotal role in the regulation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism, particularly during pediatric age when nutritional rickets and impaired bone mass acquisition may occur.

    Authors: Giuseppe Saggese, Francesco Vierucci, Flavia Prodam, Fabio Cardinale, Irene Cetin, Elena Chiappini, Gian Luigi de’ Angelis, Maddalena Massari, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Diego Peroni, Luigi Terracciano, Rino Agostiniani, Domenico Careddu, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Gianni Bona…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:51

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  20. Content type: Research

    Human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) is ubiquitous and causes respiratory diseases in both children and adults. Worldwide, hRSV pneumonia is the second cause of postnatal infant death after malaria. Given ...

    Authors: Parvanè Kuhdari, Federica Brosio, Cristina Malaventura, Armando Stefanati, Andrea Orsi, Giancarlo Icardi and Giovanni Gabutti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:50

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  21. Content type: Review

    The term weaning describes the time period in which a progressive reduction of breastfeeding or the feeding of infant-formula takes place while the infant is gradually introduced to solid foods. It is a crucia...

    Authors: Enza D’Auria, Marcello Bergamini, Annamaria Staiano, Giuseppe Banderali, Erica Pendezza, Francesca Penagini, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti and Diego Giampietro Peroni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:49

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  22. Content type: Research

    Undiversified diet increases the vulnerability of adolescents for different nutritional problems. Therefore, this study assessed dietary and associated factors among school adolescent girls in Gondar city, nor...

    Authors: Samuel Mersha Birru, Amare Tariku and Aysheshim Kassahun Belew

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:48

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  23. Content type: Commentary

    Aim of this commentary is to analyze the relationships between genotypic bases and phenotypic expression of congenital “multiple pituitary hormone deficiency” (MPHD) syndrome and to indicate some reliable crit...

    Authors: Giuseppe Crisafulli, Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Zirilli, Filippo De Luca, Romina Gallizzi and Malgorzata Wasniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:47

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