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  1. SARS-CoV-2 infection in the pediatric age group has a milder course than in adults, but in some cases even children may present with severe forms or develop long-term consequences. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Silvia Bloise, Sara Isoldi, Alessia Marcellino, Enrica De Luca, Anna Dilillo, Saverio Mallardo, Vanessa Martucci, Mariateresa Sanseviero, Emanuela Del Giudice, Donatella Iorfida, Rita Leone, Alessia Testa, Beatrice Frasacco, Pietro Gizzone, Claudia Proietti Ciolli, Alessandro Sinceri…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:79
  2. Influenza is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and exacerbation of extant chronic disease worldwide. Influenza vaccination is thus fundamental to reduce the burden of disease. In this study, we describe th...

    Authors: Floriana D’Ambrosio, Teresa Eleonora Lanza, Rosaria Messina, Leonardo Villani, Angelo Maria Pezzullo, Walter Ricciardi, Aldo Rosano and Chiara Cadeddu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:77
  3. BNT162b2 vaccine, developed by BioNTech and Pfizer ha recently approved for use in children aged 5 to 11 years. Recent data show evidence of safety on the administration and serious adverse events have been ra...

    Authors: Elio Novembre, Mariangela Tosca, Carlo Caffarelli, Mauro Calvani, Fabio Cardinale, Riccardo Castagnoli, Elena Chiappini, Claudio Cravidi, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Marzia Duse, Amelia Licari, Sara Manti, Alberto Martelli, Giampaolo Ricci, Giuseppe Pingitore and Gian Luigi Marseglia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:76
  4. The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak pushed the Italian government to start a strict lockdown, replacing school attendance with long-distance learning. This caused reduced exposure to sunlight but increased exposure to scr...

    Authors: Marzio Masini, Giulia Brindisi, Mattia Giovannini, Elia Pignataro, Laura Di Grande, Cinzia De Libero, Marcella Nebbioso, Francesca Mori, Roberto Caputo and Anna Maria Zicari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:74
  5. The pathogenic variation of CASK gene can cause CASK related mental disorders. The main clinical manifestations are microcephaly with pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia, X-linked mental disorders with or without n...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Yanyan Nie, Yu Mu, Jie Zheng, Xiaowei Xu, Fang Zhang, Jianbo Shu and Yang Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:73
  6. Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-defined disorder, whose core phenotype encompasses growth restriction, facial gestalt, intellectual disability and seizures. Nevertheless, great phenotypic variability ...

    Authors: Luisa Cortellazzo Wiel, Irene Bruno, Egidio Barbi and Fabio Sirchia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:72
  7. Megalencephaly-capillary malformation syndrome is a rare multiple-malformation syndrome secondary to somatic activating mutations in the PI3K-AKT-MTOR pathway. This is included in a heterogeneous group of diso...

    Authors: Roberta Rotunno, Andrea Diociaiuti, Elisa Pisaneschi, Claudia Carnevale, Marialisa Dentici and May El Hachem
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:71
  8. To date, there is insufficient knowledge about the association of air pollution and childhood nephrotic syndrome in the real world. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the three common gaseous air poll...

    Authors: Chieh Wang, Jeng-Dau Tsai, Lei Wan, Cheng-Li Lin and Chang-Ching Wei
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:70
  9. The association between medically assisted reproduction and pregnancy planning on overall developmental outcomes of infants has been studied in relatively few studies. The availability of accurate tools for th...

    Authors: Anna Szabina Szele, József Mihály Gáll and Beáta Erika Nagy
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:69
  10. Children and adolescents and low-income individuals are considered particularly vulnerable for mental health implications during the current COVID-19 pandemic. Depression is a frequent negative emotional respo...

    Authors: Maria Serra, Anna Presicci, Luigi Quaranta, Maria Rosaria Erminia Urbano, Lucia Marzulli, Emilia Matera, Francesco Margari and Lucia Margari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:68
  11. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is highly prevalent worldwide and can cause severe diseases. MRSA is associated with other antibiotic resistance. COVID-19 pandemic increased antimicrobial resis...

    Authors: Adriano La Vecchia, Giulio Ippolito, Vittoria Taccani, Elisabetta Gatti, Patrizia Bono, Silvia Bettocchi, Raffaella Pinzani, Claudia Tagliabue, Samantha Bosis, Paola Marchisio and Carlo Agostoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:67
  12. Although type 1 diabetes (T1D) represents one of the most common chronic diseases in pediatric age, few studies on the epidemiology of T1D exist globally and the exact prevalence and incidence rates of the dis...

    Authors: Stefano Passanisi, Giuseppina Salzano, Monica Aloe, Bruno Bombaci, Felice Citriniti, Fiorella De Berardinis, Rosaria De Marco, Nicola Lazzaro, Maria C. Lia, Rosanna Lia, Francesco Mammì, Filomena A. Stamati, Rosanna M. R. Toscano, Claudia Ventrici, Dario Iafusco and Fortunato Lombardo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:66
  13. Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFCS) belongs to RASopathies, a group of conditions caused by mutations in genes encoding proteins of the rat sarcoma/mitogen-activated protein kinase (RAS/MAPK) pathway. It is...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Sofia Felice, Vincenzo Antona, Maria Rita Di Pace, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:65
  14. In recent years, reports of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) have gradually increased, including reports on how these conditions threaten the lives of children. However, the specific mechanism of...

    Authors: Yujie Fan, Ying Ding, Yuqin Li, Dandan Zhang, Min Yu, Wei-fang Zhou and Xiaoxing Kong
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:64
  15. For infants exposed in utero to Toxoplasma gondii, current guidelines recommend monitoring the specific antibody titer until 12 months of age. In this study, we investigated the antibody titer decay in the mother...

    Authors: Serena Salomè, Claudia Grieco, Pasquale Fabio Barra, Eleonora Capone, Fiorentino Grasso, Francesca Carraturo, Pasquale Dolce, Paola Salvatore, Letizia Capasso and Francesco Raimondi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:63
  16. Osteoarthritis and condylar resorption of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has rarely been reported in children as consequence of otologic disease. We describe the management of a case in a 9-year-old female as l...

    Authors: Paola Festa, Elena Arezzo, Giulia Vallogini, Anna Chiara Vittucci, Domenico Barbuti and Angela Galeotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:62
  17. Trachoma is an infectious eye disease caused by Chlamydial trachomatis. It is a major health problem in poor nations, notably in Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the severity of the problem, there was a scarcity of da...

    Authors: Alebachew Shimelash, Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Henok Dagne, Getenet Mihiretie, Yonas Lamore, Eniyew Tegegne and Lake Kumlachew
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:61
  18. Increased incidence of central precocious puberty (CPP) after coronavirus infectious disease-19 lockdown has been reported. Our study aims in investigating changes in CPP rates and in sleep patterns in CPP and...

    Authors: Giuseppina R Umano, Ivan Maddaluno, Simona Riccio, Francesca Lanzaro, Rachele Antignani, Maria Giuliano, Caterina Luongo, Adalgisa Festa, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice and Anna Grandone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:60
  19. Several mutations of bilirubin uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase gene (UGT1A1) have been reported in patients with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Few reports are available about the p.Pro364Leu mut...

    Authors: Laura Cozzi, Federica Nuti, Irene Degrassi, Daniela Civeriati, Giulia Paolella and Gabriella Nebbia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:59
  20. Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a disabling and chronic genodermatosis characterized by mucocutaneous fragility with blister formation after minimal trauma. Severity ranges between very mild forms to extremely s...

    Authors: Chiara Retrosi, Andrea Diociaiuti, Cristiana De Ranieri, Marialuisa Corbeddu, Claudia Carnevale, Simona Giancristoforo, Maria Rosaria Marchili, Guglielmo Salvatori, Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti, May El Hachem and Massimiliano Raponi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:58
  21. Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death and health costs in developed countries. Although cardiovascular diseases are thought to affect only adulthood, the underlying process of atherosclerosis be...

    Authors: Maria Candelino, Veronica Maria Tagi and Francesco Chiarelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:57
  22. Bullying is recognized as one of the most significant social and health problems in the school environment for children and adolescents. In Italy, bullying involved 2 in 10 kids between 11–17 years that referr...

    Authors: Claudio Costantino, Walter Mazzucco, Francesco Scarpitta, Gianmarco Ventura, Claudia Marotta, Stefania Enza Bono, Evelina Arcidiacono, Maurizio Gentile, Pierfrancesco Sannasardo, Carlo Roberto Gambino, Claudia Emilia Sannasardo, Carlotta Vella, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio and Vincenzo Restivo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:56
  23. Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inborn error of immunity. It is characterized by recurrent bacterial or fungal infections, including infections by Burkholderia species. This is due to respiratory burst ...

    Authors: Qianqian Zhao, Jing Yin, Jijun Ma, Xiaoxue Liu, Jiawen Wu and Chongwei Li
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:55
  24. Understanding how the use of hoverboards (HBs) can affect a child’s safety is crucial. We describe the characteristics of HB related injuries and provide key messages about child prevention when using these le...

    Authors: Valentina Ferro, Raffaella Nacca, Elena Boccuzzi, Tatiana Federici, Chiara Ossella, Alessandra Merenda, Renato Maria Toniolo, Anna Maria Musolino, Antonino Reale and Umberto Raucci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:54
  25. Childhood obesity increases the risk of elevated blood pressure (BP) in children. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are traditional obesity indices, but the exten...

    Authors: Xiao Tang, Yang Liu, Jiajin Hu, Lingling Zhai, Lihong Jia, Ning Ding, Yanan Ma and Deliang Wen
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:53
  26. One reason that asthma remains poorly controlled in children is poor inhaler technique. Guidelines recommend checking inhaler technique at each clinical visit. However, they do not specify how best to train ch...

    Authors: Patrick McCrossan, Orla Mallon, Michael D. Shields, Catherine Russell, Lesley Kennedy and Dara O’Donoghue
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:52
  27. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a rare disease in childhood with the prevalence of 4 cases per 1 million children and an incidence of 2 cases per year. The average age of diagnosis at pediatric age is app...

    Authors: Carla Mastrorilli, Luca Pecoraro, Stefania Arasi, Simona Barni, Lucia Caminiti, Riccardo Castagnoli, Mattia Giovannini, Lucia Liotti, Francesca Mori, Francesca Saretta, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Elio Novembre
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:51
  28. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a multi-factorial condition, with inheritance playing a major role. Recognizing parents’ ADHD represents a clue not only for an earlier diagnosis of the d...

    Authors: Luisa Cortellazzo Wiel, Francesco Rispoli, Giulia Peccolo, Valentina Rosolen, Egidio Barbi and Aldo Skabar
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:50
  29. While several studies have been published so far on the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on health care for non-COVID-19 diseases, to date no study evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the entire field ...

    Authors: Martina Peinkhofer, Benedetta Bossini, Arturo Penco, Manuela Giangreco, Maria Chiara Pellegrin, Viviana Vidonis, Giada Vittori, Nicoletta Grassi, Elena Faleschini, Egidio Barbi and Gianluca Tornese
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:49
  30. Pompe disease (PD) is a disorder of glycogen metabolism conditioning a progressive and life conditioning myopathy. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is currently the best treatment option for PD, but is not res...

    Authors: Valentina Rovelli, Juri Zuvadelli, Marta Piotto, Andrea Scopari, Alice Re Dionigi, Vittoria Ercoli, Sabrina Paci, Graziella Cefalo, Elisabetta Salvatici and Giuseppe Banderali
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:48
  31. Over 100 mutations in the SRD5A2 gene have been identified in subjects with 46,XY disorder of sex development (DSD). Exploration of SRD5A2 mutations and elucidation of the molecular mechanisms behind their effect...

    Authors: Liwei Li, Junhong Zhang, Qing Li, Li Qiao, Pengcheng Li, Yi Cui, Shujun Li, Shirui Hao, Tongqian Wu, Lili Liu, Jianmin Yin, Pingsheng Hu, Xiaowei Dou, Shuping Li and Hui Yang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:47
  32. Vaccine is an important and effective tool to protect from preventable infectious diseases. Neverthless, in the COVID-19 pandemic era, scientific and accurate information are required to responde to false and ...

    Authors: Annamaria Staiano, Rino Agostiniani, Elena Bozzola, Rocco Russo and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:46
  33. Constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) is classified as the most frequent cause of delayed puberty (DP). Finding out the etiology of DP during first evaluation may be a challenge. In details, pediat...

    Authors: Rossella Gaudino, Gianpaolo De Filippo, Elena Bozzola, Manuela Gasparri, Mauro Bozzola, Alberto Villani and Giorgio Radetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:45
  34. The causes of an early onset of puberty are still not clearly defined and may vary from subject to subject. In girls, even if 90% of early puberty is idiopathic, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain i...

    Authors: Gianpaolo De Filippo, Rossella Gaudino, Valeria Calcaterra, Alberto Villani, Elena Bozzola and Mauro Bozzola
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:44
  35. Investigations on haematological alterations in paediatric COVID-19 have been focused mostly on lymphocytes and clotting profiles. Neutropenia has been occasionally reported and its course and impact on the di...

    Authors: Francesco Folino, Camilla Menis, Giada Maria Di Pietro, Raffaella Pinzani, Paola Marchisio and Samantha Bosis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:43
  36. Two sequelae of pediatric COVID-19 have been identified, the multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) and the long COVID. Long COVID is much less precisely defined and includes all the persistent ...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Nicola Principi, Chiara Azzari, Fabio Cardinale, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Luisa Galli, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Valentina Fainardi, Alfredo Guarino, Laura Lancella, Amelia Licari, Enrica Mancino, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Salvatore Leonardi, Raffaella Nenna, Stefania Zampogna…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:42
  37. Classic infantile onset of Pompe disease (c-IOPD) leads to hypotonia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy within the first days to weeks of life and, without treatment, patients die of cardiorespiratory failure in ...

    Authors: Vincenza Gragnaniello, Federica Deodato, Serena Gasperini, Maria Alice Donati, Clementina Canessa, Simona Fecarotta, Antonia Pascarella, Giuseppe Spadaro, Daniela Concolino, Alberto Burlina, Giancarlo Parenti, Pietro Strisciuglio, Agata Fiumara and Roberto Della Casa
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:41
  38. Glycogen storage disease type XII is a rare metabolic disease resulting from Aldolase A deficiency that causes muscle glycogen accumulation, with crisis of rhabdomyolysis and hemolytic anemia. In the very few ...

    Authors: Lucia Santoro, Dorina Pjetraj, Virtut Velmishi, Carmen Campana, Carlo Catassi, Carlo Dionisi-Vici and Arianna Maiorana
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:39
  39. Rearrangements of unstable DNA sequences may alter the structural integrity or the copy number of dose-sensitive genes, resulting in copy number variations. They may lead more frequently to deletions, in addit...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Vincenzo Antona, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro, Sergio Salerno, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:38
  40. The COVID-19 pandemic and associated public health measures have had a profound impact on health systems worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess quantitative and qualitative changes in Pediatric Emergen...

    Authors: Roberto Antonucci, Maria Grazia Clemente, Luca Antonucci, Alessandro Canetto, Stefania Mastromattei, Noemi Chiapello, Nadia Vacca, Laura Saderi, Giovanni Sotgiu and Cristian Locci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:37
  41. Median raphe cyst is usually benign and asymptomatic male genitalia lesions. Although uncommon, infection may be a complication.

    Authors: Sara Romano, Roberto Dall’Amico, Valentina Declich and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:36
  42. Authors: Marzia Duse, Francesca Santamaria, Maria Carmen Verga, Marcello Bergamini, Giovanni Simeone, Lucia Leonardi, Giovanna Tezza, Annamaria Bianchi, Annalisa Capuano, Fabio Cardinale, Giovanni Cerimoniale, Massimo Landi, Monica Malventano, Mariangela Tosca, Attilio Varricchio, Anna Maria Zicari…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:35

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:97

  43. SARS-CoV-2 causes lesions, in addition to lung, in endocrine organs such as the pancreas through ACE2 receptor. Recently the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 exposition and the incidence or evolution of clinica...

    Authors: Riccardo Schiaffini, Andrea Campana, Annalisa Deodati, Emanuela Peschiaroli, Maria Francesca Lanzillotta and Alessandra Fierabracci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:33
  44. Emergency Departments play a pivotal role in detecting cases of child abuse. Despite the efforts made in the past decades on the need for a screening method for the early detection of abuse victims, a unique i...

    Authors: Caterina Offidani, Alberto Villani, Antonino Reale, Maria Rosaria Marchili, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Patrizio Moras, Maria Lodise, Umberto Raucci, Maria Antonietta Barbieri and Massimiliano Raponi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:32
  45. Prefeed gastric residuals (GRs) monitoring has been correlated with an increased time to reach full feeds and longer parenteral nutrition without beneficial effect on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) occurrence...

    Authors: Serena Elia, Martina Ciarcià, Francesca Miselli, Giovanna Bertini and Carlo Dani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:30

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