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Table 1 Etiopathogenesis of infantile colic

From: Looking for new treatments of Infantile Colic

Main factors Related factors
Immaturity of nervous/digestive system Family tension
Cow’s milk proteins allergy and atopy Maternal smoking
Altered gut microflora (low Lactobacilli, increased E.coli) Increased maternal age
Gut hormones (increased ghrelin and motilin) Firstborn status