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Table 3 Factors associated with urinary tract infection in malnourished children

From: Multi-resistant gram negative enteric bacteria causing urinary tract infection among malnourished underfives admitted at a tertiary hospital, northwestern, Tanzania

Characteristics Culture + (N, %) Univariate Multivariate
OR (95 % CI) P value OR (95 % CI) P value
Age (years)a 18 (IQR 12–24) 0.984 (0.96-1.0) 0.066 0.978 (0.95-0.99) 0.038
Sex      
Male (173) 34 (19.6 %)     
Female (229) 49 (21.4 %) 1.11 (0.681-1.81) 0.681 1.23 (0.70-2.16) 0.467
Fever      
No (217) 49 (22.6 %) 1    
Yes (185) 34 (18.4 %) 0.77 (0.47-1.25) 0.300 0.99 (0.56-1.74) 0.987
WBCb 12.8 ± 12 1.00 (0.987-1.03) 0.041 1.00 (0.98-1.03) 0.445
Lymphocytes 44 ± 18.6 1.01 (1.00-1.03) 0.023 1.01 (1.00-1.03) 0.038
HIV      
Negative (371) 77 (20.75 %) 1    
Positive (31) 6 (19.35 %) 1.09 (0.43-2.7) 0.853 0.95 (0.36-2.49) 0.922
Nutritional status      
Mild 147 21 (14.3 %) 1    
Moderate 77 14 (18.2 %) 1.3 (0.58-2.9) 0.456   
Severe 178 48 (27.0 %) 2.2 (1.2- 4.1) 0.005 1.28 (0.93-1.77) 0.126
  1. aMedian age
  2. bMean white blood cell counts(WBC)