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Table 2 Maternal pathologies and pregnancy outcomes observed amongst births with complete infant anthropometry, which were recorded in the S.S. Annunziata Hospital in Chieti in 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008, and 2013. Gestational age and birthweight data are means ± standard deviations; other data are n (% out of total cohort)

From: Incidence of infants born small- and large-for-gestational-age in an Italian cohort over a 20-year period and associated risk factors

   1993 1998 2003 2008 2013 Overall
n   95 54 739 1493 1411 3792
Maternal pathologies Type 1 diabetes 0 0 2 (0.3 %) 2 (0.1 %) 6 (0.4 %) 10 (0.3 %)
  Type 2 diabetes 0 0 0 0 1 (0.1 %) 1 (0.03 %)
  Gestational diabetes 0 1 (1.9 %) 32 (4.3 %) 53 (3.6 %) 91 (6.5 %) 177 (4.7 %)
  Hypertension 4 (4.2 %) 2 (3.7 %) 45 (6.1 %) 69 (4.6 %) 39 (2.8 %) 159 (4.2 %)
Pregnancy outcomes Gestational age (weeks) 39.2 ± 1.0 38.9 ± 1.3 38.6 ± 1.9 38.5 ± 2.0 38.7 ± 2.1 38.6 ± 2.0
  Birthweight (kg) 3.33 ± 0.42 3.32 ± 0.48 3.19 ± 0.52 3.18 ± 0.55 3.21 ± 0.54 3.20 ± 0.54
  Preterm 2 (2.1 %) 3 (5.7 %) 81 (11.0 %) 216 (14.5 %) 158 (11.2 %) 460 (12.1 %)
  Multiple birth 2 (2.1 %) 2 (3.7 %) 20 (2.7 %) 89 (6.0 %) 77 (5.5 %) 190 (5.0 %)
  Sex (male) 48 (50.5 %) 31 (57.4 %) 386 (52.3 %) 744 (49.9 %) 722 (51.2 %) 1931 (51.0 %)