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Table 4 Medical complaints and familial factors of the four subgroups at T0

From: Can biological components predict short-term evolution in Autism Spectrum Disorders? A proof-of-concept study

  CS (N = 24) ID (N = 31) ND (N = 9) SB (N = 28)  
  Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) p
EEG abnormalities 3/24 (12.5 %) 2/31 (6.5 %) 2/9 (22.2 %) 2/28 (7.1 %) =0.495
History of gastrointestinal disorders 13/24 (54.2 %) 18/31 (58.1 %) 5/9 (55.6 %) 7/28 (25.0 %) <0.05
History of allergies 14/24 (58.3 %) 15/31 (48.4 %) 1/9 (11.1 %) 6/28 (21.4 %) <0.01
History of sleep disorders 12/24 (50.0 %) 9/31 (29.0 %) 3/9 (33.3 %) 3/28 (10.7 %) <0.05
Prenatal, perinatak or postnatal complications 8/24 (33.3 %) 25/31 (80.6 %) 4/9 (44.4 %) 8/28 (28.6 %) <0.001
Macrocrania 1/24 (4.2 %) 7/31 (22.6 %) 3/9 (33.3 %) 4/28 (14.3 %) =0.107
History of regression 8/24 (33.3 %) 5/31 (16.1 %) 4/9 (44.4 %) 6/28 (21.4 %) =0.243
Family history of psycho-neurological disorders 16/24 (66.7 %) 17/31 (54.8 %) 3/9 (33.3 %) 16/28 (57.1 %) =0.399
Family history of tumors 3/24 (12.5 %) 5/31 (16.1 %) 2/9 (22.2 %) 3/28 (10.7 %) =0.817
  1. CS Circadian and sensory dysfunction subgroup, ID Immune dysfunction subgroup, ND Neurodevelopmental delay subgroup, SB Stereotypic behaviour subgroup; Statistically significant results are in bold