Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographics of the study population

From: Sedation and analgesia practices at Italian neonatal intensive care units: results from the EUROPAIN study

  Total
(n = 422)
Invasive ventilation (n = 131) Noninvasive ventilation
(n = 150)
Spontaneous ventilation
(n = 141)
p
Gestational age (weeks)
median (IQR)
34.0 (31.0–37.0) 31.0
(27.0–36.0)
33.0
(31.0–35.0)
35.0
(34.0–38.0)
<.0001
Gestational age (weeks)      <.0001
24–29 N (%) 86 (20.4) 59 (45.0) 25 (16.7) 2 (1.4)
30–32 N (%) 76 (18.0) 19 (14.5) 45 (30.0) 12 (8.5)
33–36 N (%) 150 (35.6) 22 (16.8) 57 (38.0) 71 (50.4)
37–42 N (%) 110 (26.1) 31 (23.7) 23 (15.3) 56 (39.7)
Gestational age (weeks)
≤32 N (%)
162 (38.4) 78 (59.5) 70 (46.7) 14 (9.9) < .0001
Birth weight (g)
median (IQR)
1921
(1368–2739)
1600
(896–2550)
1878
(1367–2430)
2295
(1835–3130)
<.0001
Sex
male N (%)
226 (53.6) 82 (62.6) 77 (51.3) 67 (47.5) 0.0356
Born in same hospital as NICU, n (%) 345 (81.8) 93 (71.0) 133 (88.7) 119 (84.4) 0.0004
Type of delivery
Caesarean, n(%)
300 (71.1) 96 (73.3) 119 (79.3) 85 (60.3) 0.0013
Age at admission (h)
median (IQR)
0.4 (0–3.3) 0.5 (0–3.2) 0.2 (0–0.6) 0.5 (0–19.1) 0.0017
CRIB score
median (IQR)
0 (0–1) 2 (1–5) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) <.0001
APGAR score at 5 min
Median (IQR)
9 (8–10) 7 (6–9) 8 (8–9) 10 (9–10) <.0001
Intubated on admission, n (%) 79 (18.7) 79 (60.3) NA NA NA
Duration of IV (hours)
median (IQR)
NA 71.7
(16.8–157.0)
NA NA NA
Duration of NIV (hours)
median (IQR)
NA N = 101
120
(33.0–262.8)
N = 150
36.1
(16.9–113.2)
NA NA
Status at discharge
Dead, n (%)
14 (3.3) 12 (9.2) 1 (0.7) 1 (0.7) <.0001
Days of participation in trial
median (IQR)
15 (7–28) 28 (13–28) 17 (8–28) 9 (5–15) 0.0001
Days of hospitalization
median (IQR)
15 (7–28) 25 (13–47) 17.0 (8–28) 8.5 (5–15) <.0001
  1. Values were missing for some variables. NA Not applicable, CRIB Clinical Risk Index for Babies, IV invasive ventilation, NIV noninvasive ventilation, SV spontaneous ventilation