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Table 4 Factors associated with minimum meal frequency practices among 6–23 months of children, Dabat district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016

From: Dietary diversity and meal frequency among infant and young children: a community based study

  Minimum meal frequency   
Variable Yes
N (%)
No
N (%)
Crude Odds Ratio with 95% CI Ajdusted Odds Ratio with 95% CI
Mother’s education
 Unable to read and write 475 (69.3) 210 (30.7) 1.00 1.00
 Primary education 193 (75.7) 62 (24.3) 1.38 (0.99, 1.912) 1.39 (0.93, 2.10)
 Secondary education 42 (76.4) 13 (23.6) 1.43 (0.75, 2.72) 1.01 (0.43, 2.38)
 Higher education 37 (94.9) 2 (5.1) 8.18 (1.99, 34.25) 2.22 (0.37, 13.14)
Age of the child (months)
 6–11 86 (41.9) 123 (58.9) 1.00 1.00
 12–17 139 (66.5) 70 (33.5) 2.84 (1.91, 4.228) 2.38 (1.56, 3.65)*
 18–23 522 (84.7) 94 (15.3) 7.94 (5.58, 11.29) 8.03 (5.50, 11.73)*
Media exposure
 unsatisfactory 571 (69) 256 (31) 1.00 1.00
 Satisfactory 176 (85) 31 (15) 2.55 (1.69, 3.83) 1.31 (0.77, 2.21)
Household wealth status
 Poor 169 (62.8) 100 (37.2) 1.00 1.00
 Middle 296 (71.3) 119 (28.7) 1.47 (1.06, 2.04) 1.84 (1.27, 2. 68)*
 Rich 282 (80.6) 68 (19.4) 2.45 (1.71, 3.53) 2.39 (1.57, 3.67)*
Residence
 Rural 625 (69.4) 275 (30.6) 1.00 1.00
 Urban 122 (91) 12 (9) 4.47 (2.43, 8.23) 3.02 (1.41, 6.48)*
Postnatal visit
 No 426 (64.5) 215 (33.5) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 321 (81.7) 72 (18.3) 2.25 (1.66, 3.05) 1.81 (1.26, 2.60)*
Receiving information on IYCF
 No 96 (59.3) 66 (40.7) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 651 (74.7) 221 (25.3) 2.025 (1.43, 2.87) 1.72 (1.14, 2.59)*
Participation in growth monitoring follow ups
 No 379 (66.4) 192 (33.6) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 368 (79.5) 95 (20.5) 1.96 (1.48, 2.61) 1.57 (1.12, 2.19)*
Husband’s education
 Unable to read and write 350 (69.7) 152 (30.3) 1.00 1.00
 Primary education 298 (72) 116 (28) 1.11 (0.83, 1.47) 0. 88 (0.63, 1.23)
 secondary education 55 (77.5) 16 (22.5) 1.48 (0.82, 2.67) 1.33 (0.58, 3.04)
 College diploma &above 41 (93.2) 3 (6.8) 5.94 (1.81, 19.46) 3.27 (0.37, 28.75)
Father’s Occupation
 farmer 573 (67) 241 (33) 1.06 (0.46, 2.42) 1.83 (0.63, 5.31)
 Government employee 66 (90.4) 7 (9.6) 4.19 (1.34, 13.11) 1.24 (0.31, 4.92)
 Daily laborer 49 (74.2) 17 (25.8) 1.28 (0.47, 3.48) 1.89 (0.57, 6.31)
 merchant 41 (78.8) 11 (21.2) 1.66 (0.57, 4.81) 1.15 (0.37, 3.52)
 Self employee 18 (69.2) 8 (30.8) 1.00 1.00
  1. *indicate significant at p value less than 0.05 in multivariable logistic analysis