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Table 1 Demographic and clinical features of study population

From: Respiratory problems in children with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula

Total, n 105
Male, n (%) 57 (54%)
Mean gestational age, weeks a 36.9 ± 2.55
Mean neonatal weight, gr a 2579.6 ± 609
Mean age at enrollement, years 7.4 ± 4.8
Malformations, n (%) 55 (52%)
Cardiac anomalies 46 (44%)
Vascular anomalies 9 (9%)
Genitourinary anomalies 7 (7%)
Pulmonary anomalies 4 (4%)
Gastrointestinal anomalies 4 (4%)
Skeletal anomalies 2 (2%)
Syndromes, n (%) 20 (19%)
VACTERL association 17 (16%)
Down syndrome 1 (1%)
CHARGE syndrome 1 (1%)
Anophtalmia Esophageal Genital syndrome 1 (1%)
Types of fistula, n (%) 103 (98%)
C 90 (86%)
B 8 (8%)
A 4 (4%)
E 1 (1%)
  1. aData about mean gestational age and mean neonatal weight were available respectively for 89 and 84 patients