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Table 1 Sanitation condition of households in the nomadic population (n = 704) of Hadaleala district, Afar region, Northeast Ethiopia

From: Childhood diarrheal morbidity and sanitation predictors in a nomadic community

Variables Frequency Percent
Drinking water source
 Protected 251 35.7
 Unprotected 453 64.3
Drinking water source shared with livestock
 Yes 374 53.1
 No 330 46.9
Average per capita water consumption
  ≤ 15 l 373 53.0
  > 15 l 331 47.0
Water storage container
 Wide mouthed containers 488 69.3
 Narrow mouthed containers 216 30.7
Water storage containers were properly covered at the time of the survey
 Yes 26 3.7
 No 678 96.3
How to withdrawal water from the storage
 Pouring 684 97.2
 Dipping 20 2.8
Home based water treatment
 Yes 34 4.8
 No 670 95.2
Common methods of home based treatment
 Chlorination 32 94.12
 Sedimentation 2 5.88
Availability of any type of latrine
 Yes 141 20.0
 No 563 80.0
Reason for not having latrine
 Temporary settlement 323 57.37
 Knowledge gap 155 27.53
 Cultural issues 85 15.10
Hand washing after visiting the toilet
 Yes 67 9.5
 No 637 90.5
Refuse disposal method
 Controlled disposal 83 11.8
 Open field 621 88.2
Types of floor
 Earth floor 594 84.4
 Plastered concrete floor 110 15.6
Number of rooms
 One 398 56.5
 Two 306 43.5