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Table 2 Headache characteristicsa

From: Clinical characteristics of headache in Italian adolescents aged 11–16 years: a cross-sectional questionnaire school-based study

Characteristic Boys Girls Total Statistics p-value
Age at Onset (n = 220) 7.98 (2.73) 8.69 (2.62) 8.33 (2.69) W = 12,933 0.058
Family History (n = 1250)
 Yes 254 (45.4%) 375 (54.3%) 629 (50.3%) χ2 = 9.64 0.002
 No 305 (54.6%) 316 (45.7%) 621 (49.7%)
Headache duration (n = 1251)
  < 30 min 203 (36.4%) 210 (30.3%) 413 (33%) χ2 = 6.8 0.079
 About 1 h 148 (26.6%) 204 (29.4%) 352 (28.1%)
 About 2 h 96 (17.2%) 146 (1.0%) 242 (19.3%)
  > 2 h 110 (19.7%) 134 (19.3%) 244 (19.5%)
Intensity (n = 1257)
 Mild 243 (43.5%) 239 (34.2%) 482 (38.3%) χ2 = 12.65 0.002
 Moderate 272 (48.7%) 384 (54.9%) 656 (52.2%)
 Severe 43 (7.7%) 76 (10.9%) 119 (9.5%)
Pain Localization (n = 1261)
 Localized at fixed points 279 (49.6%) 352 (50.4%) 631 (50.0%) χ2 = 1.1 0.59
 Different localizations 133 (23.7%) 177 (25.3%) 310 (24.6%)
 I don’t know 150 (26.7%) 170 (24.3%) 320 (25.4%)
Need to stop daily activities (n = 1256)
 No 269 (48.2%) 265 (38.0%) 534 (42.5%) χ2 = 13.95 0.003
 Sometimes 179 (32.1%) 277 (39.7%) 456 (36.3%)
 Always 59 (10.6%) 78 (11.2%) 137 (10.9%)
 Always, and I need to rest in bed 51 (9.1%) 78 (11.2%) 129 (10.3%)
Moment of the day (n = 1260)
 During the day 227 (40.5%) 337 (48.1%) 564 (44.8%) χ2 = 12.3 0.015
 At night 38 (6.8%) 30 (4.3%) 68 (5.4%)
 Both during the day and at night 84 (15.0%) 111 (15.9%) 195 (15.5%)
 At fixed hours 24 (4.3%) 18 (2.6%) 42 (3.3%)
I can’t identify a specific timing 187 (14.8%) 204 (29.1%) 391 (31.0%)
Seasonality (n = 1261)
 Spring 37 (6.6%) 53 (7.6%) 90 (7.1%) χ2 = 6.9 0.137
 Winter 92 (16.4%) 147 (21.0%) 239 (19%)
 Fall 24 (4.3%) 27 (3.9%) 51 (4.0%)
 Summer 44 (7.8%) 39 (5.6%) 83 (6.6%)
 No differences 365 (64.9%) 433 (61.9%) 798 (63.4%)
Difference between school and holiday (n = 1259)
 No 233 (41.6%) 219 (31.3%) 452 (35.9%) χ2 = 20.8 < 0.001
 More during school 307 (54.8%) 468 (67.0%) 775 (61.6%)
 More during holiday 20 (3.6%) 12 (1.7%) 32 (2.5%)
Can you identify a trigger factor? (n = 1261)
 Yes 361 (64.3%) 528 (75.4%) 889 (70.5%) χ2 = 18.38 < 0.001
 No 200 (35.7%) 172 (24.6%) 372 (29.5%)
  1. ain Group 1
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