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Table 2 Vitamin D status and characteristics of the population

From: Epidemiology and risk factors of hypovitaminosis D in a cohort of internationally adopted children: a retrospective study

  Vitamin D Status  
Severe VDD (<  10 ng/mL) Moderate VDD (10–20 ng/mL) Mild VDD (20–30 ng/mL) Normal VD (>  30 ng/mL) p values
Sex (n = 859) Male 49 (10.1%) 211 (43.7%) 149 (30.9%) 74 (15.3%) 0.043
Female 58 (15.4%) 137 (36.4%) 127 (33.8%) 54 (14.4%)
BMI category (n = 699) Underweight 2 (5.4%) 17 (45.9%) 14 (37.8%) 4 (10.8%) 0.521
Normal weight 78 (14.5%) 235 (43.8%) 160 (29.9%) 63 (11.8%)
Overweight 11 (16.4%) 21 (31.3%) 26 (38.8%) 9 (13.4%)
Obese 7 (11.9%) 29 (49.1%) 18 (30.5%) 5 (8.5%)
Skin color (n = 859) Very fair/fair 36 (12.4%) 115 (39.7%) 98 (33.8%) 41 (14.1%) < 0.001
Intermediate 26 (7.6%) 128 (37.7%) 121 (35.6%) 65 (19.1%)
Olive/Brown 45 (19.6%) 105 (45.9%) 57 (24.9%) 22 (9.6%)
  1. χ2-test was used to determine statistically significant relationships among categorical variables
  2. Bonferroni-adjusted P value was uses to determine if there were statistically significant differences among groups
  3. VDD Vitamin D Deficiency; VD Vitamin D; BMI Body Mass Index