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Table 4 Specific causes of IMR: Italians vs immigrants. 2013–2015

From: Inequalities in infant mortality in Italy

  IMR (95%CI) RR
Italians Immigrants Immigrants/ Italians
Hemorrhagic and hematological disorders of the fetus and the newborn 0.11 (0.09; 0.13) 0.23 (0.17; 0.30) 2.1
Specific infections of the perinatal period 0.15 (0.13; 0.17) 0.19 (0.14; 0.25) 1.2
Birth asphyxia and intra-uterine hypoxia 0.15 (0.13; 0.17) 0.22 (0.16; 0.29) 1.4
Diseases of the circulatory system 0.08 (0.07; 0.10) 0.15 (0.10; 0.21) 1.8
Diseases of the respiratory system 0.04 (0.03; 0.06) 0.07 (0.04; 0.12) 1.7
Congenital malformations of the circulatory system 0.29 (0.26; 0.32) 0.50 (0.42; 0.61) 1.7
Congenital malformations of the nervous system 0.06 (0.04; 0.07) 0.15 (0.10; 0.21) 2.7
Fetus and new born affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labor and delivery 0.14 (0.12; 0.16) 0.24 (0.18; 0.31) 1.7
Respiratory distress of the newborn 0.42 (0.38; 0.45) 0.53 (0.43; 0.63) 1.3
Chromosomal abnormalities, not classified elsewhere 0.06 (0.05; 0.08) 0.12 (0.08; 0.17) 1.9
Diseases of blood and hematopoietic organs and some disorders of the immune system 0.02 (0.02; 0.03) 0.06 (0.03; 0.10) 2.5
Diseases of the nervous system and sensory organs 0.07 (0.05; 0.08) 0.07 (0.04; 0.12) 1.1
Diseases of the digestive system 0.04 (0.03; 0.06) 0.06 (0.03; 0.10) 1.3
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases 0.03 (0.02; 0.04) 0.08 (0.05; 0.13) 2.8
Congenital malformations of the digestive system 0.02 (0.01; 0.03) 0.03 (0.01; 0.06) 1.7
Congenital malformations of the genitourinary system 0.03 (0.02; 0.04) 0.08 (0.05; 0.13) 2.9
Congenital malformations of the respiratory system 0.03 (0.02; 0.04) 0.05 (0.02; 0.08) 1.6
Congenital malformations and deformations of the skeletal-muscular apparatus, limbs and tegument 0.07 (0.06; 0.09) 0.11 (0.07; 0.17) 1.6
Sudden death syndrome in childhood 0.03 (0.02; 0.04) 0.07 (0.04; 0.11) 2.2