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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Incidence of neonatal mortality and its predictors among live births in Ethiopia: Gompertz gamma shared frailty model

Characteristics Category Weighted frequency (%)
Residence Rural 9807 (89.0)
Urban 1215 (11.0)
Region Tigray 716 (6.5)
Afar 114 (1.0)
Amhara 2072 (18.8)
Oromia 4851 (44.0)
Somali 508 (4.6)
Benishangul-Gumuz 121 (1.1)
SNNPRs 2296 (20.8)
Gambella 27 (0.2)
Harari 26 (0.2)
Addis Ababa 243 (2.2)
Dire Dawa 47 (0.4)
Maternal age 15–24 2446 (22.2)
25–34 5842 (53.0)
≥35 2734 (24.8)
Wealth index Poorest 2636 (23.9)
Poorer 2520 (22.9)
Middle 2280 (20.7)
Richer 1998 (18.1)
Richest 1588 (14.4)
Maternal education status No 7284 (66.1)
Primary 2950 (26.8)
Secondary and above 788 (7.1)
Husband education status No 5003 (45.4)
Primary 4112 (37.3)
Secondary and above 1904 (17.3)
Maternal occupation Not working 8034 (72.9)
Working 2988 (27.1)
Child was wanted No 2743 (24.9)
Yes 8279 (75.1)
Sex of child Male 5725 (51.9)
Female 5297 (48.1)
Type of birth Single 10,730 (97.4)
Twin 292 (2.6)
Place of delivery Home 7997 (72.6)
Health facility 3025 (27.4)
Preceding birth interval (in months) <  18 942 (8.6)
18–36 4112 (37.3)
≥ 37 5968 (54.1)
Birth size Small 2957 (26.8)
Average 4580 (41.6)
Large 3485 (31.6)
Sex of household head Female 1529 (13.9)
Male 9493 (86.1)
ANC visit No 6266 (56.9)
Yes 4756 (43.1)
Parity 1 1434 (13.0)
2–4 4836 (43.9)
≥5 4752 (43.1)
Media exposure No 7375 (66.9)
Yes 3647 (33.1)
Covered by health insurance No 10,633 (94.5)
yes 389 (3.5)