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Table 1 Children’s Characteristics and Type of Ventilation

From: Characteristics and outcomes in children on long-term mechanical ventilation: the experience of a pediatric tertiary center in Rome

CharacteristicsNIV (N° of pts. = 315)IMV (N° of pts. = 117)P values
Male/Female165/15060/57χ2 = 0.041; p = 0.8392
Area of residence
 - Northern Italy8/3070/117χ2 = 0. 3.02; p = 0.08223
 - Central Italy180/13572/45χ2 = 0.6766; p = 0.4108
 - Southern Italy124/19145/11χ2 = 0.02918; p = 0.8644
 - Outside Italy3/3120/117χ2 = 1.119; p = 0.2915
Age at start of LTV (years)6.4 (1.2–12.8)2.1 (0.8–7.8)p = 0.0001
Age at December 31, 2017 (years)12.5 (7–16)9 (5–15)p = 0.0298
Major diagnostic categories
 - NMDs9933χ2 = 0.417; p = 0.5185
 - Upper airway diseases1052χ2 = 45.681; p < 0,0001
 - Lower airway diseases2817χ2 = 2.902; p = 0.0884
 - CNS diseases5444χ2 = 20.323; p < 0.0001
 - Abnormal ventilatory control108χ2 = 2.860; p = 0.0908
 - Other1913χ2 = 3.202: p = 0.0736
Hours/day spent under mechanical ventilation (< 12/≥12)285/3049/68χ2 = 114.604, p < 0.0001
Home health care (yes/no)52/263107/10χ2 = 205.542, p < 0.0001
  1. Results are expressed as median (interquartile range), unless otherwise specified
  2. NIV Noninvasive Ventilation, IMV Invasive Mechanical Ventilation, NMDs Neuromuscular Diseases, CNS diseases Central Nervous System diseases