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Table 5 Characteristics of children who died

From: Characteristics and outcomes in children on long-term mechanical ventilation: the experience of a pediatric tertiary center in Rome

CharacteristicsNIVIVMP values
N° of Subjects45/27017/100χ2 = 0.00413; p = 0.9488
Male/female16/299/8χ2 = 1.525, p = 0.2169
Age at start of LTV (years)2.6 (0.8–9.2)2.3 (0.8–6.5)p = 0.843566
Major diagnostic categories
 - NMDs25/205/12χ2 = 3.322; p = 0.0683
 - Upper airway diseases2/430/17χ2 = 0.768; p = 0.3808
 - Lower airway diseases7/383/14χ2 = 0.0393; p = 0.8429
 - CNS diseases7/387/10χ2 = 4.558, p = 0.0328
 - Abnormal ventilatory control2/430/17χ2 = 0.768; p = 0.3808
 - Other2/432/15χ2 = 1.078; p = 0.2992
Hours/day spent under mechanical ventilation (< 12/≥12)34/117/10χ2 = 6.406; p = 0.0114
Home health care (yes/no)16/2916/1χ2 = 16.671, p < 0.0001
  1. LTV Long Term Ventilation, NIV Noninvasive Ventilation, IMV Invasive Mechanical Ventilation, NMDs Neuromuscular Diseases, CNS diseases Central Nervous System diseases