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Table 3 Homogeneity of the quantitative variables in the baseline examination. PIMT (Pediatric Integrative Manual Therapy). MCC (Maximum Cranial Circumference). CI: (Cranial Index). CVA: (Cranial Vault Asymmetry). CVAI: (Cranial Vault Asymmetry Index). AROM: (Active Range of Movement). AIMS (Alberta Infant Motor Scale). a Statistical analysis using the Student t-test. b statistical analysis using the Mann-Whitney U test; * significant p value

From: Effectiveness of pediatric integrative manual therapy in cervical movement limitation in infants with positional plagiocephaly: a randomized controlled trial

Baseline examination
Quantitative variables Infants with PP (n = 34) PIMT Group (n = 17) Control Group (n = 17) p value
Age (weeks) b 17.2 ± 4.3 17.3 ± 4.3 17.2 ± 4.6 0.938
Birth weight a (gr) 3114 ± 544.7 3040 ± 605.3 3188 ± 483.7 0.437
Time in prone position with 1 month b (min) 2 (0; 5.3) 1 (0; 5) 5 (5; 16) 0.520
Time in prone position with 2 months b (min) 5 (1; 10) 2 (0.5; 10) 10 (5; 11) 0.228
CVA b (mm) 7.83 (6.29; 9.75) 8.20 (6.50; 11.75) 7.00 (5.83; 9.33) 0.196
CI a (%) 87.79 ± 6.71 88.35 ± 6.39 87.04 ± 7.14 0.522
CVAI b (%) 6.04 (4.95; 8.01) 6.59 (5.20; 9.30) 5.37 (4.51; 7.86) 0.153
Right rotation AROM a (°) 71.5 ± 10.7 66.4 ± 11.7 76.5 ± 6.9 0.005*
Left rotation AROM b (°) 65.6 (59.7; 70.7) 68.4 (62.6; 72.8) 63.0 ± 10.6 0.459
Total rotation AROM b (°) 140.3 (129.5; 147.8) 134.0 (125.9; 145.9) 143.4 (133.5; 150.5) 0.163
AIMS b (%) 25 (10; 50) 25 (10; 50) 25 (10; 50) 0.683