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Table 4 HCV, HBV and CMV Status among the Study Cohort

From: CMV, B and C hepatitis among multi-transfused hereditary hemolytic Anemia children: an updated Egyptian experience

Laboratory Investigation At Diagnoses (N = 477) At Enrollment (N = 477) McNemar Test (95% C.I) P value
HCVab No (%)
 - Positive 0 70 (14.7) 14.2%
11.1–17.3%
< 0.0001
HCV-PCR No (%)
 - Under detection level 1 (1.4)   
 - Low Viral load 17 (24)   
 - Moderate Viral load 23 (33.6)   
 - High Viral load 29 (41)   
HBVsAg No (%)
 - Positive 0 0
CMV-IgM No (%)
 - Positive 0 32 (6.7) 6.7%
4.46–8.95%
< 0.0001
CMV-PCR No (%)
 - Positive 0 32 (6.7)
  1. No Number, HCVab Hepatitis C Virus antibody, HCV-PCR Hepatitis C Virus polymerase chain reaction, HBVsAg Hepatitis B surface antigen, CMV Cytomegalovirus