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Table 4 Frequency of smartphone use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

From: Smartphone use and addiction during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: cohort study on 184 Italian children and adolescents

Frequency of smartphone use Before the pandemic N (%) During the pandemic N (%)
Time per day
  < 1 h 13 (7.1%) 3 (1.6%)
  ≥ 1 h < 2 h 76 (41.3%) 10 (5.4%)
  ≥ 2 h < 4 h 65 (35.3%) 49 (26.6%)
  ≥ 4 h 30 (16.3%) 122 (66.3%)
Time between wake up and start of use
 5 min 47 (25.5%) 104 (56.5%)
  > 5 min ≤ 30 min 87 (47.3%) 53 (28.8%)
  > 30 min ≤ 60 min 26 (14.1%) 11 (6%)
  > 60 min 24 (13.1%) 16 (8.7%)
Frequency of night utilization
 Never 53 (28.8%) 31 (16.8%)
 Once per week 32 (17.4%) 15 (8.2%)
 Twice per week 43 (23.4%) 35 (19%)
  ≥ 3 times per week 56 (30.4%) 103 (56%)