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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants, 2016 (n = 8122)

From: Severe stunting and its associated factors among children aged 6–59 months in Ethiopia; multilevel ordinal logistic regression model

Variables Frequency Percentage (%)
Age of the child
 6–11 months 981 12.08
 12–23 months 1798 22.14
 24–35 months 1726 21.25
 36–47 months 1752 21.57
 48–59 months 1865 22.96
Sex of the child
 Male 4185 51.53
 Female 3937 48.47
Mothers’ educational
 No education 173 2.13
 Primary education 342 4.21
 Secondary education 2228 27.44
 Higher education 5379 66.23
Marital status
 Currently married 7706 94.87
 Currently not married 416 5.13
Type of birth
 Single 7924 97.56
 Multiple 198 2.44
Birth order
 1–2 order 2749 33.85
 3–4 order 2209 27.20
  > = 5 order 3164 38.95
Anemia
 Not anemic 5640 70.51
 Mild anemia 1775 22.19
 Moderate anemia 485 6.06
 Severe anemia 100 1.24
No of U-5 children
 1 child 3001 37.25
 2 children 3896 48.35
  > = children 1161 14.40
Family size
  < 4 families 2038 27.11
  > = 4 families 5479 72.89
Wealth index
 Richest 1140 14.15
 Richer 1457 18.08
 Middle 1774 22.02
 Poorer 1880 23.33
 Poorest 1806 22.41
Household head sex
 Male 6979 86.63
 Female 1078 13.37
Father’s education
 No education 3579 46.84
 Primary education 3180 41.62
 Secondary education 584 7.64
 Higher education 298 3.90
Source of drinking water
 Improved water source 4604 57.15
 Unimproved water source 3453 42.85
Type of toilet facility
 Improved water source 765 9.49
 Unimproved water source 7292 90.51
Residence
 Urban 873 10.84
 Rural 7184 89.16
Region
 Urban 230 2.85
 Rural 7302 90.62
 Developing 526 6.52
Community level education
 Illiterate 5268 65.96
 Literate 2718 34.04
Community poverty rate
 In poverty 3367 41.79
 Above poverty 4690 58.21