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Table 5 Odds ratios (and confidence intervals) of sleep disturbances in children 1–5 years of age during the lockdown period

From: Distance learning, technological devices, lifestyle and behavior of children and their family during the COVID-19 lockdown in Lombardy: a survey

  Odds ratio Lower 95% CI Upper 95% CI p-Value
Age (years) 0.86 0.79 0.95 0.003
Relation between parents during lockdown
 Worsened 1.54 1.12 2.11 0.008
 Improved 1.05 0.77 1.42 0.8
Relation between parents and the child during lockdown
 Worsened 1.49 1.08 2.06 0.01
 Improved 0.91 0.66 1.26 0.58
Remote work
 One parent 0.64 0.47 0.86 0.003
 Both parents 0.60 0.44 0.83 0.002
Presence of an external space in the house
 Balcony 0.57 0.35 0.94 0.03
 Courtyard 0.36 0.23 0.58 < 0.0001