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Table 4 Maternal health and lifestyle factors associated with delivery of LBW babies, WAU, 2020

From: Determinants of low birth weight deliveries at five referral hospitals in Western Area Urban district, Sierra Leone

Determinants Cases
n(%)
Controls
n(%)
Crude OR
(95% CI)
P-value
Diabetes
 Diabetic 3 (2.1) 18 (6.2) 0.31 (0.05–1.12) 0.057
 Not Diabetic 143 (97.9) 274 (93.8) 1  
Hypertension
 Hypertensive 47 (32.2) 28 (9.6) 4.47 (2.57–7.83) <  0.001*
 Not hypertensive 99 (67.8) 264 (90.4) 1  
Heart disease
 Heart disease 3 (2.1) 5 (1.7) 1.20 (0.18–6.28) 0.800
 No Heart disease 143 (97.9) 287 (98.3) 1  
HIV
 Positive 11 (7.5) 7 (2.4) 3.31 (1.14–10.29) 0.010*
 Negative 135 (92.5) 285 (97.6) 1  
Syphilis
 Positive 31 (21.2) 19 (6.5) 3.87 (2.01–7.55) <  0.001*
 Negative 115 (78.8) 273 (93.5) 1  
Malaria
 Positive 106 (72.6) 137 (46.9) 2.99 (1.91–4.73) <  0.001*
 Negative 40 (27.4) 155 (53.1) 1  
Iron & folic acid used
  < 3 months 34 (23.3) 23 (7.9) 3.55 (1.92–6.60) <  0.001*
  ≥ 3 months 112 (76.7) 269 (92.1) 1  
Alcohol use
 Takes alcohol 17 (11.6) 23 (7.9) 1.54 (0.74–3.13) 0.197
 Does not take 129 (88.4) 269 (92.1) 1  
Smoking
 Smokes 52 (35.6) 29 (9.9) 5.01 (2.92–8.67) <  0.001*
 Do not smoke 94 (64.4) 263 (90.1) 1  
Living with partner that smoked
 Partner smokes 68 (46.6) 80 (27.4) 2.31 (1.49–3.56) <  0.001*
 Partner does not smoke 78 (53.4) 212 (72.6) 1  
Herbal intake during pregnancy
 Takes 80 (54.8) 78 (26.7) 3.32 (2.14–5.15) <  0.001*
 Not take 66 (45.2) 214 (73.3) 1  
  1. * p-value < 0.05 is statistically significant; AoR (Adjusted odd Ratio)