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Table 5 Determinants of delivery of LBW babies, WAU, 2020

From: Determinants of low birth weight deliveries at five referral hospitals in Western Area Urban district, Sierra Leone

Determinants Cases (n = 146) Controls (n = 292) CoR p-value AoR p-value
(95% CI) (95% CI)
Mother’s age (years)
  < 20 36 30 3.08 (1.60–5.92) 0.001* 1.75 (0.33–9.25) 0.509
 20–29 82 190 1.10 (0.66–1.84) 0.688 1.11 (0.52–2.37) 0.778
  ≥ 30 28 72 1   1  
Mother employment
 Unemployed 63 50 4.06 (2.54–6.47) <  0.001* 2.52 (1.16–5.49) 0.020*
 Student 20 39 1.65 (0.89–3.03) 0.106 2.67 (0.93–7.64) 0.066
 Employed/self-employed 63 203 1   1  
Marital status
 Single 55 75 1.94 (1.25–3.01) 0.003* 1.35 (0.58–3.16) 0.487
 Cohabiting/married husband unemployed 15 15 2.65 (1.23–5.69) 0.012* 2.01 (0.57–7.06) 0.276
 Cohabiting/married husband employed 76 202 1   1  
Mother’s height (m)
  < 1.5 (short) 47 52 2.19 (1.34–3.55) 0.001* 1.52 (0.68–3.37) 0.303
  ≥ 1.5 (normal) 99 240 1   1  
Gravidity
 Primigravida(1) 80 117 1.81 (1.18–2.76) 0.003* 1.77 (0.80–3.90) 0.152
 Multigravida(> 1) 66 175 1   1  
ANC Visits
  < 4 times 60 60 2.69 (1.70–4.26) <  0.001* 1.07 (0.49–2.30) 0.870
  ≥ 4 times 86 232 1   1  
Gestational age (weeks)
 Preterm (< 37) 134 213 12.58 (1.66–94.84) 0.014* 4.07 (0.48–34.03) 0.195
 Term (37–40) 11 59 3.72 (0.45–30.72) 0.221 2.60 (0.27–25.45) 0.410
 Post term (> 40) 1 20 1   1  
  1. 1 = Reference group; *p-value < 0.05 is statistically significant