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Table 1 Descriptive analysis of demographic and clinical data: 1st semester 2020 compared to 1st semester 2019

From: Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and associated restrictions on Pediatric Emergency Department utilization in Sardinia: a retrospective bicentric observational study

n = 24,091 2019 2020 p-value Δ
1° semester
  N. visits to PED, n (%) 15,692 (65.1) 8399 (34.9) - -46.5%
  Males, n (%) 8484 (54.1) 4481 (53.4) 0.30 -47.2%
  Age < 2 years, n (%) 4518 (28.8) 2804 (33.4)  < 0.0001 -37.9%
  Age 2–5 years, n (%) 5983 (38.1) 2747 (32.7)  < 0.0001 -54.1%
  Age 6–11 years, n (%) 4033 (25.7) 2263 (26.9) 0.04 -44.9%
  Age > 11, n (%) 1158 (7.4) 585 (7.0) 0.25 -49.5%
Triage code
  Red, n (%) 36 (0.2) 20 (0.2) 1.00 -44.4%
  Yellow, n (%) 1424 (9.1) 727 (8.7) 0.30 -49.0%
  Green, n (%) 11,646 (74.2) 6059 (72.1) 0.0004 -48.0%
  White, n (%) 2586 (16.5) 1593 (19.0)  < 0.0001 -38.4%
  Discharge home, n (%) 13,873 (88.4) 7239 (86.2)  < 0.0001 -47.8%
  Hospital admission, n (%) 1819 (11.6) 1160 (13.8)  < 0.0001 -36.2%
  Death, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) - -
Reason for PED visit
  Acute respiratory disease 6448 (41.1) 3058 (36.4)  < 0.0001 -52.6%
  Gastrointestinal disease 2598 (16.6) 1336 (15.9) 0.16 -48.6%
  Trauma 1629 (10.4) 1177 (14.0)  < 0.0001 -27.8%
  Skin disorders 1526 (9.7) 575 (6.8)  < 0.0001 -62.3%
  Miscellaneous 621 (4.0) 463 (5.5)  < 0.0001 -25.4%
  Neuropsychiatric disease 650 (4.1) 406 (4.8) 0.01 -37.5%
  Fever 412 (2.6) 224 (2.7) 0.64 -45.6%
  Ocular disease 363 (2.3) 221 (2.6) 0.15 -39.1%
  Endocrine and metabolic disorder 317 (2.0) 172 (2.1) 0.60 -45.7%
  Pain 286 (1.8) 191 (2.3) 0.008 -33.2%
  Cardiac disease 295 (1.9) 153 (1.8) 0.59 -48.1%
  Acute surgical disease 218 (1.4) 185 (2.2)  < 0.0001 -15.1%
  Osteoarticular disease 251 (1.6) 145 (1.7) 0.56 -42.2%
  Intoxication 78 (0.5) 93 (1.1)  < 0.0001 19.2%
  1. PED Pediatric Emergency Department