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Table 3 Descriptive analysis of demographic and clinical data: 2nd bimester 2020 compared to 2nd bimester 2019

From: Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and associated restrictions on Pediatric Emergency Department utilization in Sardinia: a retrospective bicentric observational study

n = 6616 2019 2020 p-value Δ
2° bimester (Mar-Apr)
  No. visits to PED, n (%) 5683 (82.0) 1192 (18.0) - -78.0%
  Males, n (%) 2988 (55.1) 647 (54.3) 0.62 -78.4%
  Age < 2 years, n (%) 1559 (28.7) 402 (33.7) 0.0006 -74.2%
  Age 2–5 years, n (%) 2043 (37.7) 367 (30.8)  < 0.0001 -82.0%
  Age 6–11 years, n (%) 1415 (26.1) 323 (27.1) 0.45 -77.2%
  Age > 11, n (%) 407 (7.5) 100 (8.4) 0.29 -75.4%
Triage code
  Red, n (%) 17 (0.3) 1 (0.1) 0.22 -94.1%
  Yellow, n (%) 496 (9.1) 101 (8.5) 0.51 -79.6%
  Green, n (%) 4075 (75.1) 906 (76.0) 0.51 -77.8%
  White, n (%) 836 (15.4) 184 (15.4) 1.00 -78.0%
  Home discharge, n (%) 4811 (88.7) 962 (80.7)  < 0.0001 -80.0%
  Hospital admission, n (%) 613 (11.3%) 230 (19.3%)  < 0.0001 -62.5%
  Death, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) - -
Reason for PED visit
  Acute respiratory disease 2373 (43.8) 375 (31.5)  < 0.0001 -84.2%
  Gastrointestinal disease 827 (15.3) 166 (13.9) 0.22 -79.9%
  Trauma 518 (9.6) 211 (17.7)  < 0.0001 -59.3%
  Skin disorders 513 (9.5) 57 (4.8)  < 0.0001 -88.9%
  Miscellaneous 251 (4.6) 100 (8.4)  < 0.0001 -60.2%
  Neuropsychiatric disease 215 (4.0) 56 (4.7) 0.27 -74.0%
  Fever 166 (3.1) 38 (3.2) 0.86 -77.1%
  Ocular disease 75 (1.4) 27 (2.3) 0.02 -64.0%
  Endocrine and metabolic disorder 101 (1.9) 39 (3.3) 0.003 -61.4%
  Pain 105 (1.9) 35 (2.9) 0.03 -66.7%
  Cardiac disease 97 (1.8) 15 (1.3) 0.23 -84.5%
  Acute surgical disease 68 (1.3) 42 (3.5)  < 0.0001 -38.2%
  Osteoarticular disease 88 (1.6) 13 (1.1) 0.20 -85.2%
  Intoxication 27 (0.5) 18 (1.5) 0.0001 -33.3%
  1. PED Pediatric Emergency Department