Skip to main content

Table 1 General demographic survey, analyzing adolescents adaptive behaviors

From: Impact of the first COVID-19 lockdown on the relationship with parents and peers in a cohort of adolescents with somatic symptom disorder

  Healthy SSD P value
Do you have a smartphone and/or a laptop with internet connection?
 Yes 57 (100%) 57(98.3%) 1
 No 0 1 (1.7%)  
For which purposes do you usually use internet? NA
 Social Network 38 (66.7%) 32 (55.2%)  
 Watching video on YouTube/ listening to music 13 (22.8%) 9 (15.5%)  
 Reading newspapers online 1 (1.8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 Playing videogames 4 (7%) 9 (15.5%)  
 Online lessons/homework/school research 5 (8.8%) 10 (17.2%)  
 Video calling 0 2 (3.4%)  
 Watching tv series/Netflix 1 (1.8%) 0  
Do you use Social network? If yes, which one do you use more? NA
 Facebook 3 (5.3%) 4 (6.9%)  
 Instagram 49 (86%) 44 (75.9%)  
 Twitter 2 (3.5%) 1 (1.7%)  
 Whatsapp 1 (1.8%) 4 (6.9%)  
 Tik tok 3 (5.3%) 2 (3.4%)  
 Snapchat 1 (1,8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 Viber 0 1 (1.7%)  
 I do not use social network 6 (10.5%) 7 (12.1%)  
How many hours have you been spending on social network during the ongoing pandemic? 0.844
 0–1 h 13 (22.8%) 12 (20.7%)  
 1–2 h 9 (15.8%) 13 (22.4%)  
 2–3 h 15 (26.3%) 10 (17.2%)  
 3–4 h 9 (15.8%) 8 (13.8%)  
 4–5 h 6 (10.5%) 9 (15.5%)  
 5–6 h 2 (3.5%) 2 (3.4%)  
 6–7 h 3 (5.3%) 3 (5.2%)  
  > 7 h 0 1 (1.7%)  
How many hours have you been spending on Netflix during the ongoing pandemic? 0.370
 0–1 h 22 (38.6%) 21 (36.2%)  
 1–2 h 16 (28.1%) 11 (19%)  
 2–3 h 10 (17.5%) 5 (8.6%)  
 3–4 h 1 (1.8%) 4 (6.9%)  
 4–5 h 1 (1.8%) 4 (6.9%)  
 5–6 h 1 (1.8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 6–7 h 1 (1.8%) 1 (1.7%)  
 > 7 h 0 1 (1.7%)  
 I do not use Netflix 5 (8.8%) 9 (15.5%)  
How many hours have you been spending watching tv during the ongoing pandemic? 0.709
 0–1 h 40 (70.2%) 34 (58.6%)  
 1–2 h 6 (10.5%) 12 (20.7%)  
 2–3 h 6 (10.5%) 8 (13.8%)  
 3–4 h 2 (3.5%) 2 (3.4%)  
 4–5 h 1 (1.8%) 1 (1.7%)  
 5–6 h 1 (1.8%) 1 (1.7%)  
 6–7 h 1 (1.8%) 0  
  > 7 h 0 0  
How many hours have you been spending watching video on YouTube during the ongoing pandemic? 0.854
 0–1 h 33 (57.9%) 31 (53.4%)  
 1–2 h 11 (19.3%) 14 (24.1%)  
 2–3 h 7 (12.3%) 5 (8.6%)  
 3–4 h 3 (5.3%) 2 (3.4%)  
 4–5 h 1 (1.8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 5–6 h 0 0  
 6–7 h 0 0  
  > 7 h 0 0  
 I do not watch video on YouTube 2 (3.5%) 4 (6.9%)  
How many hours have you been spending on individual study and/or online videolessons? 0.169
 0–1 h 4 (7%) 3 (5.2%)  
 1–2 h 3 (5.3%) 4 (6.9%)  
 2–3 h 13 (22.8%) 6 (10.3%)  
 3–4 h 16 (28.1%) 15 (25.9%)  
 4–5 h 3 (5.3%) 8 (13.8%)  
 5–6 h 6 (10.5%) 10 (17.2%)  
 6–7 h 4 (7%) 9 (15.5%)  
  > 7 h 8 (14%) 3 (5.2%)  
How many hours have you been spending playing videogames/PlayStation? 0.270
 0–1 h 30 (52.6%) 24 (41.4%)  
 1–2 h 5 (8.8%) 6 (10.3%)  
 2–3 h 6 (10.5%) 7 (12.1%)  
 3–4 h 4 (7%) 6 (10.3%)  
 4–5 h 1 (1.8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 5–6 h 4 (7%) 1 (1.7%)  
 6–7 h 3 (5.3%) 1 (1.7%)  
  > 7 h 1 (1.8%) 0  
 I do not play videogames 3 (5.3%) 11 (19%)  
Which type of videogames do you usually play?    NA
 Sport videogames 12 (21.1%) 11 (19%)  
 Shooter/fighting games 12 (21.1%) 17 (29.3%)  
 Tactical/strategy games 13 (22.8%) 11 (19%)  
 Adventure games 1 (1.8%) 1 (1.7%)  
 Virtual reality games 1 (1.8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 Cars videogames 1 (1.8%) 0  
 I do not play videogames 27 (47.4%) 26 (44.8%)  
How many hours have you been spending on reading? 0.509
 0–1 h 42 (73.7%) 39 (67.2%)  
 1–2 h 12 (21.1%) 10 (17.2%)  
 2–3 h 3 (5.3%) 6 (10.3%)  
 3–4 h 0 1 (1.7%)  
 4–5 h 0 1 (1.7%)  
 5–6 h 0 1 (1.7%)  
 6–7 h 0 0  
  > 7 h 0 0  
 I do not read 0 0  
Do you have been enjoying any activity other than the mentioned ones? If yes, can you specify? NA
 Playing a musical instrument/singing 6 (10.5%) 5 (8.6%)  
 Playing sport, cycling, walking 25 (43.9%) 33 (56.9%)  
 Drawing, painting, writing, bricolage 5 (8.8%) 9 (15.5%)  
 Cooking 4 (7%) 4 (6.9%)  
 Gardening 8 (14%) 2 (3.4%)  
 Playing with brothers/sisters/board games 4 (7%) 3 (5.2%)  
 I do not enjoy any other activity 19 (33.3%) 12 (20.7%)  
How would you consider your relationships with peers/friends during the ongoing pandemic?* 0.013
 Improved 3 (5.3%) 13 (22.4%)  
 The same 37 (64.9%) 36 (62.1%)  
 Worsened 17(29.8%) 9 (15.5%)  
How would you consider relationships with your parents during the ongoing pandemic?* 0.048
 Improved 20 (35.1%) 18 (31%)  
 The same 25 (43.9%) 36 (62.1%)  
 Worsened 12(21.1%) 4 (6.9%)  
Which are your main worries about the ongoing pandemic period? NA
 The possibility that further pandemic spreading could occur affecting my parents, relatives and friends 29 (50.1%) 32 (55.2%)  
 The possibility that the ongoing restrictive measures could negatively impact on my family’s economic condition 18 (31.6%) 17 (29.3%)  
 The possibility that a prolonged quarantine could negatively conditioning my relationships with friends 10 (17.5%) 11 (19%)  
 I am worried about the possibility of not coming back to school because I do not believe that online teaching is the same in terms of educational quality 2 (3.5%) 0  
 The possibility that it will take too much time to come back to normality 0 2 (3.4%)  
 The impact of this isolation period on my person (psychological/on my sporting career) 0 2 (3.4%)  
 I do not have any worry 0 3 (5.2%)  
Do you perceive any positive side of this ongoing pandemic period? NA
 A possible reduction in terms of pollution 23 (40.4%) 35 (60.3%)  
 The chance of having more free time 7 (12.3%) 8 (13.8%)  
 Having time to think of my own priorities and reflecting about my feature 21 (36.8%) 16 (27.6%)  
 It will make people think about problems of our society 0 1 (1.7%)  
 Learning to appreciate little things 2 (3.5%) 0  
 More time to spend with parents that are no more busy with work 1 (1.8%) 2 (3.4%)  
 Minor stress due to less weekly activities 2 (3.5%) 1 (1.7%)  
 More time to work on myself and my self-improvement 1 (1.8%) 0  
 I do not see any positive aspect 1 (1.8%) 3 (5.2%)  
  1. NA Not applicable
  2. * = p < 0.05