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  1. Intrauterine growth retardation refers to a rate of growth of a fetus that is less than normal for the growth potential of a fetus (for that particular gestational age). As one of the leading causes of perinat...

    Authors: Taimur Saleem, Nida Sajjad, Sanna Fatima, Nida Habib, Syed R Ali and Maqbool Qadir
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:41
  2. Few data are available on the usefulness of short term treatment with low-medium dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in pre-school children with wheezing exacerbations.

    Authors: Alberto Papi, Gabriele Nicolini, Attilio L Boner, Eugenio Baraldi, Renato Cutrera, Leonardo M Fabbri and Giovanni A Rossi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:39
  3. An epidemic of pediatric obesity has occurred across the world in recent years. There are subgroups within the population at high-risk of becoming obese and especially of having experience of precocious cardio...

    Authors: Lorenzo Iughetti and Patrizia Bruzzi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:38
  4. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become over the last decade the most common form of chronic liver disease in children and adults. Thus, establishing the diagnosis of NAFLD is of utmost importance...

    Authors: Valerio Nobili, Claudia Della Corte, Lidia Monti, Anna Alisi and Ariel Feldstein
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:36
  5. Recently, hepcidin expression in adipose tissue has been described and shown to be increased in patients with severe obesity. We tried to assess the effect of obesity on hepcidin serum levels and treatment out...

    Authors: Mohammed Sanad, Mohammed Osman and Amal Gharib
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:34
  6. Parental satisfaction with a pediatric day center is essential for the medical treatment of children, since it is closely related to compliance. In order to ascertain factors which predict parental satisfactio...

    Authors: Anne Weissenstein, Alexandra Straeter, Gloria Villalon, Elisabeth Luchter and Stefan Bittmann
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:31
  7. The prevalence of Paediatric HIV infection is largely unknown in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence, clinical pattern of HIV infection and outcome among ne...

    Authors: Babatunde O Ogunbosi, Regina E Oladokun, Biobele J Brown and Kikelomo I Osinusi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:29
  8. Constipation remains a frequent presentation to paediatricians, with significant health resource implications. We present a practical guide to the management of paediatric constipation and evaluate the current...

    Authors: Nadeem A Afzal, Mark P Tighe and Mike A Thomson
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:28
  9. Beliefs of caregivers about patient's pain have been shown to influence assessment and treatment of children's pain, now considered an essential part of cancer treatment. Painful procedures in hematology-oncol...

    Authors: Chiara Po', Franca Benini, Laura Sainati, Anna C Frigo, Simone Cesaro, Maria I Farina and Caterina Agosto
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:27
  10. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication in infants and children with chronic liver disease (CLD); however its diagnosis might be difficult. We aimed to study the feasibility of diagno...

    Authors: Mortada HF El-Shabrawi, Ola El-Sisi, Sawsan Okasha, Mona Isa, Sayed Abou Elmakarem, Iman Eyada, Zainab Abdel-Latif, Gamal El-Batran and Naglaa Kamal
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:26
  11. Data on clinical presentation, morbidity and mortality of 2009 pandemic influenza virus (H1N1v) in paediatric population are still emerging; most of the data so far available came from selected cohorts of chil...

    Authors: Liviana Da Dalt, Chiara Chillemi, Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Silvia Bressan, Arianna Calistri, Giorgio Palù and Giorgio Perilongo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:24
  12. This study assesses the parents' Willingness To Pay (WTP) for One Stop Anesthesia (OSA). OSA is part of a free screening procedure that determines the timing of the anesthesiological assessment. In OSA-positiv...

    Authors: Giovanni Mangia, Franco Bianco, Roberta Bonomo, Elisabetta Di Caro, Eufrasia Frattarelli and Paola Presutti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:23
  13. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is the most frequent recessive disease of Caucasian patients. Association with other diseases or syndromes has previously been reported. Co-morbidity may be a challenge for clinicians, who...

    Authors: Elide Spinelli, Silviana Timpano, Annalisa Fogazzi, Silvia Dester, Susanna Milianti and Rita Padoan
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:22
  14. To evaluate renal side-effects of anti-epileptic medication by valproate (VPA) and carbamazepine (CBZ), we performed a prospective study to assess renal tubular function by measuring N-acetyl-β glucosaminidase (N...

    Authors: Mojgan Mazaheri, Afshin Samaie and Vahid Semnani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:21
  15. Hereditary hyperferritinemia cataract syndrome (HHCS) is a rare condition caused by mutations in the gene coding for the light chain of ferritin; it does not lead to iron overload, but it is associated with th...

    Authors: Melania Serra, Filomena Longo, Antonella Roetto, Alessandro Sandri and Antonio Piga
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:20
  16. Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile disease of unknown etiology, characterized by systemic vascular inflammation involving the small and medium sized arteries, with a predilection for the coronary arteries. I...

    Authors: Icilio Dodi, Vera Raggi, Marta Verna, Bertrand Tchana, Daniela Vignali, Maria Antonietta Bandello, Silvia Lacava, Gian Carlo Izzi and Aldo Agnetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:19
  17. The early identification of pre-lingual deafness is necessary to minimize the consequences of hearing impairment on the future communication skills of a baby. According to the most recent international guideli...

    Authors: Paolo Ghirri, Annalisa Liumbruno, Sara Lunardi, Francesca Forli, Antonio Boldrini, Angelo Baggiani and Stefano Berrettini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:16
  18. despite recent progress in imaging, it is still difficult to distinguish between pituitary adenoma and hyperplasia, even using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with gadolinium injection. We describe an example...

    Authors: Roberto Franceschi, Umberto Rozzanigo, Riccarda Failo, Maria Bellizzi and Annunziata Di Palma
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:15
  19. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important causes of acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTI) in infants and young children. This study was conducted to describe the epidemiology of...

    Authors: Aya M Fattouh, Yasmeen A Mansi, Mervat G El-anany, Amany A El-kholy and Hanaa M El-karaksy
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:14
  20. Diarrhoea disease which has been attributed to poverty constitutes a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children aged five and below in most low-and-middle income countries. This study sought to examine...

    Authors: Olatunde Aremu, Stephen Lawoko, Tahereh Moradi and Koustuv Dalal
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:13
  21. The use of unlicensed and "off-label" medicines in children is widespread. Between 50-80% of the medicines currently administered to children have neither been tested nor authorized for their use in the paedia...

    Authors: Anne-Laure Knellwolf, Stéphane Bauzon, Ornella Della Casa Alberighi, Irja Lutsar, Ernö Bácsy, Deborah Alfarez and Pietro Panei
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:12
  22. It is well known that certain non-thyroidal critical illness may lead to euthyroid sick syndrome(ESS). There are little reports about the change of thyroid hormone in the children's central nervous system (CNS...

    Authors: Fuyong Jiao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Taomin Bai, Jing Lin, Wei Cui and Bingweng Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:11
  23. Streptococcal pharyngitis is a very common pathology in paediatric age all over the world. Nevertheless there isn't a joint agreement on the management of this condition. Some authors recommend to perform a mi...

    Authors: Marta Regoli, Elena Chiappini, Francesca Bonsignori, Luisa Galli and Maurizio de Martino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:10
  24. Neurocysticercosis represents an important cause of seizures in children in endemic countries, such as Latin America, Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, while in Europe, especially in Italy, the cases of neurocystic...

    Authors: Irene Raffaldi, Carlo Scolfaro, Federica Mignone, Sonia Aguzzi, Federica Denegri and Pier-Angelo Tovo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:9
  25. One of the objectives of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006, is to foster high quality ethical research on medicinal products to be used in children. To achieve this objective, the EMA is responsible ...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:7
  26. Breastfeeding has a major impact on CMV epidemiology. Postnatal CMV reactivation's incidence during lactation is nearby the maternal seroprevalence. Although perinatal CMV infection has practically no conseque...

    Authors: Manuela Chiavarini, Patrizia Bragetti, Alessandra Sensini, Elio Cenci, Roberto Castronari, Marta J Rossi, Ambra Fantauzzi and Liliana Minelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:6
  27. We describe difficult weaning after prolonged mechanical ventilation in three tracheostomized children affected by respiratory virus infection. Although the spontaneous breathing trials were successful, the pa...

    Authors: Gustavo Caprotta, Patricia Gonzalez Crotti and Judith Frydman
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:5
  28. The study deals with the characteristics of temperament of preterm infants during their preschool age in order to not only investigate likely "difficult or problematic profiles", guided by impairments driven b...

    Authors: Giovanna Perricone and M Regina Morales
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:4
  29. Resistance rate of Escherichia coli against antimicrobials that are commonly prescribed in pediatric urinary tract infections is currently a matter of concern.

    Authors: Alessandra Caracciolo, Alberto Bettinelli, Claudio Bonato, Clementina Isimbaldi, Alessandro Tagliabue, Laura Longoni and Mario G Bianchetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:3
  30. Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (< 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clini...

    Authors: Alessandro Landi, Nicola Marotta, Cristina Mancarella, Daniele Marruzzo, Maurizio Salvati and Roberto Delfini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:2
  31. Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for higher prevalence of asthma and asthma-related symptoms in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the prevalence of asth...

    Authors: Tahereh Ziaei Kajbaf, Shideh Asar and Mohammad Reza Alipoor
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:1
  32. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is not a single pathophysiological entity and appears to have a complex etiology. There are multiple genetic and environmental risk factors with small individual effect...

    Authors: Paolo Curatolo, Elisa D'Agati and Romina Moavero
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:79
  33. There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehyd...

    Authors: Mattia Peruzzo, Gregorio P Milani, Luca Garzoni, Laura Longoni, Giacomo D Simonetti, Alberto Bettinelli, Emilio F Fossali and Mario G Bianchetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:78
  34. Infants born to diabetic women have certain distinctive characteristics, including large size and high morbidity risks. The neonatal mortality rate is over five times that of infants of non diabetic mothers an...

    Authors: Peace I Opara, Tamunopriye Jaja and Uche C Onubogu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:77
  35. Human SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency) is a prenatal disorder of T lymphocyte development, that depends on the expression of numerous genes. The knowledge of the genetic basis of SCID is essential for d...

    Authors: Fausto Cossu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:76
  36. Assisted reproductive technology has made great progress during the last three decades. After the initial enthusiasm, many ethical, legal and social issues related to the application of these procedures began ...

    Authors: Antonio A Zuppa, Giovanni Alighieri, Piero Catenazzi, Antonio Scorrano and Costantino Romagnoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:74
  37. The human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) are proteins found in the membranes of nearly all nucleated cells. People with certain HLA antigens are more likely to develop certain autoimmune diseases. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Amel AM Elfaramawy, Reham M Elhossiny, Amal A Abbas and Heba M Abdel Aziz
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:73
  38. Skin ulcers are a dangerous and uncommon complication of vasculitis. We describe the case of a teenager suffering from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with digital ulcer resistant to conventional therapy, treated...

    Authors: Alma N Olivieri, Antonio Mellos, Carlo Duilio, Milena Di Meglio, Angela Mauro and Laura Perrone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:72
  39. Autism is a disorder of early childhood characterized by social impairment, communication abnormalities and stereotyped behaviors. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis deserves special attentio...

    Authors: Rasha T Hamza, Doaa H Hewedi and Mona A Ismail
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:71

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