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  1. Stump appendicitis is a delayed complication of appendectomy. It is rare and few cases reported in the paediatric literature. The authors report on another case in a child and focus on the diagnostic peculiari...

    Authors: Manef Gasmi, Fatma Fitouri, Sondes Sahli, Radhia Jemaï and Mourad Hamzaoui
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:35
  2. The role of infectious agents in autoimmune diseases has been the subject of several studies and is still under investigation. Here a paediatric case series of autoimmune uveitis is reported. An exacerbation o...

    Authors: Paolo Mora, Erilda Kamberi, Francesca Manzotti, Laura Zavota and Jelka G Orsoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:34
  3. Procalcitonin (PCT) is an accurate marker for differentiating bacterial infection from non-infective causes of inflammation or viral infection. However, there is only one study in children which tested procalc...

    Authors: Sabine Faesch, Bogdan Cojocaru, Carole Hennequin, Stéphanie Pannier, Christophe Glorion, Bernard Lacour and Gérard Chéron
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:33
  4. 1) to evaluate the role of the pediatrician in detecting postnatal depression (PD) symptoms by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS); 2) to detect factors increasing the risk of PD and, 3) to assess ...

    Authors: Vincenzo Currò, Emilia De Rosa, Silvia Maulucci, Maria Lucia Maulucci, Maria Teresa Silvestri, Annaluce Zambrano and Vincenza Regine
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:32
  5. Allergen specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the practice of administering gradually increasing doses of the specific causative allergen to reduce the clinical reactivity of allergic subjects, and is the only trea...

    Authors: Gian Luigi Marseglia, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Mario La Rosa, Franco Frati and Francesco Marcucci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:31
  6. In many fields of medicine there is a growing interest in characterizing diseases at molecular level with a view to developing an individually tailored therapeutic approach. Metabolomics is a novel area that p...

    Authors: Eugenio Baraldi, Silvia Carraro, Giuseppe Giordano, Fabiano Reniero, Giorgio Perilongo and Franco Zacchello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:30
  7. Intestinal Failure is a permanent loss of digestive and absorptive functions as a consequence of short bowel syndrome and/or other primary intestinal conditions. Patients with intestinal failure (IF) require l...

    Authors: Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Eliana Ruberto and Alfredo Guarino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:28
  8. "Dravet syndrome" (DS) previously named severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), or epilepsy with polymorphic seizures, is a rare disorder characterized by an early, severe, generalized, epileptic encephal...

    Authors: Gemma Incorpora
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:27
  9. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common disease, responsible for significant healthcare expenditures, mostly because of hospitalization. Many practice guidelines on CAP have been developed, including ad...

    Authors: Fabio Antonelli, Daniele De Brasi and Paolo Siani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:26
  10. Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is associated with pulmonary involvement that requires periodical assessment. Chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has become the method of choice to evaluate chron...

    Authors: Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria, Marco Salvatore, Marco Maglione, Paola Iacotucci, Maria Margherita De Santi and Carmine Mollica
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:24
  11. Recent studies suggested a link between type 1 diabetes mellitus and pervasive developmental disorder. Moreover, permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus due to pancreatic agenesis can be associated with neurologi...

    Authors: Alessandro Giannattasio, Maria Pintaudi, Maria Margherita Mancardi, Francesca Maria Battaglia, Edvige Veneselli, Renata Lorini and Giuseppe d'Annunzio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:23
  12. Antibodies to chromatin and soluble liver antigen have been associated with severe form of autoimmune hepatitis and/or poor treatment response and may provide guidance in defining subsets of patients with diff...

    Authors: Lerine B El- Din Elshazly, Azza M Youssef, Nermine H Mahmoud and Mona M Ibrahim
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:22
  13. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a useful tool to diagnose and monitor eosinophilic bronchial inflammation in asthmatic children and adults. In children younger than 2 years of age FeNO has been succe...

    Authors: Carmelo Gabriele, Fernando M de Benedictis and Johan C de Jongste
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:21
  14. The therapy for cow's milk proteins allergy (CMPA) consists in eliminating cow's milk proteins (CMP) from the child's diet. Ass's milk (AM) has been recently considered as substitute of CMP. This prospective s...

    Authors: Riccardina Tesse, Claudia Paglialunga, Serena Braccio and Lucio Armenio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:19
  15. Hypospadias is a congenital displacement of the urethral meatus in male newborns, being either an isolated defect at birth or a sign of sexual development disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the pre...

    Authors: Paolo Ghirri, Rosa T Scaramuzzo, Silvano Bertelloni, Daniela Pardi, Amerigo Celandroni, Guido Cocchi, Roberto Danieli, Luisa De Santis, Maria C Di Stefano, Orietta Gerola, Mario Giuffrè, Giuseppe S Gragnani, Cinzia Magnani, Cristiano Meossi, Ilaria Merusi, Giuseppe Sabatino…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:18
  16. The T wave is rarely bifid, apart from patients with long QT syndrome or subjects treated with antiarrhythmic drugs. At times, a U wave partially superimposed upon the T wave is responsible for an apparently b...

    Authors: Maria Pia Calabrò, Ignazio Barberi, Antonella La Mazza, Maria Chiara Todaro, Francesco L De Luca, Lilia Oreto, Mario Salvatore Russo, Marco Cerrito, Letteria Bruno and Giuseppe Oreto
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:17
  17. Childhood asthma in the Caribbean is advancing in prevalence and morbidity. Though viral respiratory tract infections are reported triggers for exacerbations, information on these infections with asthma is spa...

    Authors: Jason Matthew, Lexley M Pinto Pereira, Tressa E Pappas, Cheri A Swenson, Kris A Grindle, Kathy A Roberg, Robert F Lemanske Jr, Wai-Ming Lee and James E Gern
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:16
  18. Stroke is a serious complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) in children. Transcranic Doppler (TCD) is a well-established predictor of future cerebrovascular symptoms: a blood flow velocity >200 cm/sec in the...

    Authors: Raffaella Colombatti, Giorgio Meneghetti, Mario Ermani, Marta Pierobon and Laura Sainati
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:15
  19. The issue concerning neurologic outcome in patients with perinatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (H.I.E) has inspired many studies which tried to identify adequate prognostic factors. Our work aims to find a...

    Authors: Federico Allemand, Federica Reale, Marco Sposato and Alessandro Allemand
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:14
  20. To humanize the management of children in hospitals has become a serious concern of civil society and one of the main goals of public and private health centers, health care providers and governments.

    Authors: Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Angelo Campanozzi, Luigi Maiuri and Ida Giardino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:12
  21. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the leading cause of hospitalization for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in young children worldwide.

    Authors: Paola Di Carlo, Amelia Romano, Ludovico Salsa, Alessandra Gueli, Antonella Poma, Fortunata Fucà, Piera Dones, Mirella Collura, Diego Pampinella, Delia Motisi and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:11
  22. Purpura fulminans (PF) is an ominous cutaneous condition usually associated with meningococcemia. PF in the newborn is rarely reported. We report the case of a female preterm infant with extensive PF due to gr...

    Authors: Kam-Lun Hon, King-Woon So, William Wong and Kam-Lau Cheung
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:10
  23. Intellectual disability affects approximately 1 to 3% of the general population. The etiology is still poorly understood and it is estimated that one-half of the cases are due to genetic factors. Cryptic subte...

    Authors: Elga F Belligni, Elisa Biamino, Cristina Molinatto, Jole Messa, Mauro Pierluigi, Francesca Faravelli, Orsetta Zuffardi, Giovanni B Ferrero and Margherita Cirillo Silengo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:9
  24. Diarrhoea and acute respiratory conditions are common medical conditions among under-five children in resource-limited and conflict situations. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and as...

    Authors: Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:8
  25. Immaturity of motility, intestinal epithelial barrier function and absorptive capacity may play a role in the pathophysiology of intestinal diseases in preterms. We determined the gastric electrical activity a...

    Authors: Giuseppe Riezzo, Flavia Indrio, Francesco Raimondi, Osvaldo Montagna, Gennaro Salvia, Bisceglia Massimo, Lorenzo Polimeno, Luciano Cavallo and Ruggiero Francavilla
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:6
  26. S. Chiara hospital is the only neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the Province of Trento (Italy). It serves a population of about 460000 people with about 5000 infants per year, admitting the totality of t...

    Authors: Giuseppe De Nisi, Mariarosaria Berti, Riccardo Malossi, Fabio Pederzini, Anna Pedrotti and Alberta Valente
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:5
  27. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-utility of palivizumab versus no prophylaxis in the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus infection among high-risk preterm infants.

    Authors: Gaetano Chirico, Roberto Ravasio and Urbano Sbarigia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:4
  28. All the Italian Centres in charge of screening, diagnosis, and follow-up of infants with congenital hypothyroidism participate in the Italian National Registry of affected infants, which performs the nationwid...

    Authors: Antonella Olivieri
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:2
  29. The WHO defines pediatric palliative care as the active total care of the child's body, mind and spirit, which also involves giving support to the family. Its purpose is to improve the quality of life of young...

    Authors: Franca Benini, Marco Spizzichino, Manuela Trapanotto and Anna Ferrante
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2008 34:4
  30. The reduction of pain due to routine invasive procedures (capillary heel stick blood sampling for neonatal metabolic screening) in the newborn is an important objective for the so-called "Hospital with no pain...

    Authors: Elena Uga, Manuela Candriella, Antonella Perino, Viviana Alloni, Giuseppina Angilella, Michela Trada, Anna Maria Ziliotto, Maura Barbara Rossi, Danila Tozzini, Clelia Tripaldi, Michela Vaglio, Luigina Grossi, Michaela Allen and Sandro Provera
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2008 34:3
  31. On behalf of the Editorial Board, welcome to the new Italian Journal of Pediatrics, the official journal of the ISP/SIP (Italian Society of Pediatrics/Società Italiana di Pediatria), now publishing on BioMed Cent...

    Authors: Sergio Bernasconi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2008 34:1

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