- Letter to the Editor
- Open Access
EXPOsure: Milan, May 1st- October 31st 2015
© Zuccotti et al. 2015
- Received: 16 April 2015
- Accepted: 4 August 2015
- Published: 14 August 2015
The city of Milan is experiencing the great event of EXPO 2015 and heavy construction has been ongoing since 2012 over an area of more than 1 million meters squared in the north-west suburban area of the city. We compared the number of hospital admissions for upper and lower respiratory tract infections (URTI and LRTI) and acute asthma, in infants and children aged between 0 and 13 years from 2011 to 2014 in two Pediatric Departments, one near and one far from the EXPO construction area. Hospital admission frequencies resulted to be similar in the two Pediatric Departments.
- Hospital Admission
- Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
- Construction Site
- Aerodynamic Diameter
- Acute Asthma
The city of Milan is experiencing the great event of EXPO 2015 and is has undergone profound urban changes within the exhibition area. Heavy construction has been ongoing since 2012 over an area of more than 1 million meters squared in the north-west suburban area of the city. Such a large construction area is expected to produce anthropogenic emissions (particulate matters with aerodynamic diameters <2.5 mm (PM2.5) and 2.5-10 mm (PM2.5–10) possibly increasing the health risk for people living in the nearby.
We compared the number of hospital admissions for upper and lower respiratory tract infections (URTI and LRTI) and acute asthma, in infants and children aged between 0 and 13 years from 2011 to 2014, in the Pediatric Department of Luigi Sacco Hospital of Milan, the nearest hospital to the EXPO construction site, with URTI, LRTI, and asthma admissions from 2011 to 2014 in infants and children 0–13 years, in the Pediatric Department of Tradate Hospital, located in the Varese area, nearly 40 km distant to the EXPO construction site.
This evidence is contrasting with an increased rate of hospital admissions for respiratory diseases in children as the result of exposure to air pollutants associated with the establishment of the EXPO construction site.
We did not conduct an air analysis for presence of particulate matters and cannot speculate on; nevertheless, these data are reassuring as regard the human health consequences possibly associated with such a great construction site.
With these data in mind, we are even more proud that Milan is the city of EXPO 2015.
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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