Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of the associations between weight status/cardiometabolic risk (CR) and selected variables

From: Combined effect of different factors on weight status and cardiometabolic risk in Italian adolescents

  Weight status CR
Variables Raw PR a (95% CI) Adj PR (95% CI) Raw PR (95% CI) Adj PR (95% CI)
Gender (Male vs Female) 1.91 (1.31–2.66) 1.54 (1.09–2.10) 2.03 (1.46–2.83) 1.91 (1.24–2.91)
Father weight status (Overweight/Obese vs Normal) 1.75 (1.23–2.21) 1.57 (1.20–2.28) NS NS
Father education (High vs Low) 0.62 (0.45–0.77) NS NS NS
Mother weight status (Overweight/Obese vs Normal) 1.78 (1.34–2.22) 1.56 (1.04–2.08) 1.50 (1.10–2.04) NS
Mother education (High vs Low) 0.72 (0.54–0.90) NS 0.67 (0.49–0.93) NS
Birth weight (Under/Overweight vs Normal) 1.51 (1.05–1.95) 1.46 (1.10–1.99) NS NS
Birth type (Caesarean vs Natural) 1.34 (1.02–1.63) 1.39 (1.03–2.02) NS NS
Use of supplements (Yes vs Not) 0.43 (0.18–0.71) 0.39 (0.10–0.68) NS NS
Slimming regime (Yes vs Not) 2.50 (1.81–3.11) 2.11 (1.52–2.79) 2.52 (1.83–3.46) 2.09 (1.41–3.11)
Way to go to school (By car/scooter vs Walking/by bike) NS NS 1.68 (1.05–2.70) NS
Physical activity status (Sedentary vs Active) 1.43 (1.01–1.81) NS 2.16 (1.46–3.17) NS
  1. aRaw and adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) performed through Poisson regression of the subjects’ weight status and cardiometabolic risk (CR)