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  1. A 12 year old boy presented with an acute onset of anisocoria and blurred vision. Ocular motility was normal but his right pupil was dilated, round but sluggishly reactive to light. There was no history of tra...

    Authors: Marina Macchiaiolo, Elettra Vignati, Michaela V Gonfiantini, Annalisa Grandin, Maria Teresa Romano, Michele Salata, Diletta Valentini and Alberto Villani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:50
  2. We have reviewed the literature related to the current advances in comprehension of Eating Disorders (ED) in childhood and preadolescence. The state of art regarding the psychodynamic models concerning the ons...

    Authors: Leonardo Sacrato, Alessandro Pellicciari and Emilio Franzoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:49
  3. Respiratory syncytial virus is the most important pathogen in lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children. In high-risk populations it may develop severe, sometimes fatal, lower respiratory...

    Authors: Elio Coletta, Salvatore Coppolino, Febronia Federico and Francesco Fulia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:48
  4. The European Paediatric Regulation (EUPR) calls for the fostering of high quality ethical research and medicinal products to be used in children. The EUPR provides the background, goals, and requirements for p...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone and Giuseppe Mele
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:46
  5. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a severe condition that determines a profound brain hypoxia. Inhaled nitric oxide was approved for the treatment of PPHN since the end of the 1990s. T...

    Authors: Anna Berti, Augusta Janes, Riccardo Furlan and Francesco Macagno
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:45
  6. Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology stude...

    Authors: Monday N Igwe, Muideen O Bakare, Ahamefule O Agomoh, Gabriel M Onyeama and Kevin O Okonkwo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:44
  7. Ipercaloric diet and reduced physical activity have driven the rise in the prevalence of childhood obesity over a relatively short time interval. Family and twin studies have led to the conclusion that the str...

    Authors: Laura Perrone, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone and Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:43
  8. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy with autoimmune hepatitis lacking common serologic markers and normal gammaglobulinemia associated with immune thrombocytopenia and family history of psoriasis. He present...

    Authors: Henedina Antunes, Ruben Rocha, Nicole Silva, Teresa Pontes, Ana Antunes and Sofia Martins
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:42
  9. Hepatic hemangioma, adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia are the most frequent benign lesions of the liver, but they are all infrequent among pediatric population. The reports of focal nodular hyperplasia in ...

    Authors: Piero Farruggia, Rita Alaggio, Francesca Cardella, Serena Tropia, Antonino Trizzino, Francesca Ferrara and Paolo D'Angelo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:41
  10. In β-thalassemia, profound anemia and severe hemosiderosis cause functional and physiological abnormalities in various organ systems. In recent years, there have been few published studies mainly in adult demo...

    Authors: Enas A Hamed and Nagla T ElMelegy
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:39
  11. Liver failure in neonates is a rare but often fatal disease. Trisomy 21 is not usually associated with significant infantile liver disease. If present, hepatic dysfunction in an infant with Trisomy 21 is likel...

    Authors: Erin Neil, Josef Cortez, Aparna Joshi, Erawati V Bawle, Janet Poulik, Mark Zilberman, Mohammad F El-Baba and Beena G Sood
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:38
  12. School based mental health programs are absent in most educational institutions for intellectually disabled children and adolescents in Nigeria and co-morbid behavioral problems often complicate intellectual d...

    Authors: Muideen O Bakare, Vincent N Ubochi, Peter O Ebigbo and Andrew O Orovwigho
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:37
  13. Many chromosomal abnormalities are associated with Central Nervous System (CNS) malformations and other neurological alterations, among which seizures and epilepsy. Some of these show a peculiar epileptic and ...

    Authors: Giovanni Sorge and Anna Sorge
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:36
  14. To validate the SICK scoring system's ability to differentiate between individuals with higher and lower probabilities of death

    Authors: Manoj A Gupta, Anjan Chakrabarty, Ruth Halstead, Mohit Sahni, Jayanti Rangasami, Ashish Puliyel, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, David A Green and Jacob M Puliyel
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:35
  15. Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) rarely represents the first clinical manifestation of vertical HIV infection in adolescent in Western Europe. We report the case of a 17 year-old boy with two week history of fever and ...

    Authors: Veronica Santilli, Nadia Mora, Angela Aquilani, Hyppolite K Tchidjou, Giuseppe Pontrelli, Rita De Vito, Alessandra Lombardi, Stefania Bernardi and Paolo Palma
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:34
  16. Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neuro-behavioural, genetically determined condition, characterized by ataxic jerky movements, happy sociable disposition and unprovoked bouts of laughter in association with seizure...

    Authors: Agata Fiumara, Annarita Pittalà, Mariadonatella Cocuzza and Giovanni Sorge
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:31
  17. In 1997 Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of medically intractable partial epilepsy in people aged 12 year...

    Authors: Emilio Franzoni, Valentina Gentile, Maria Chiara Colonnelli, Daniela Brunetto, Ilaria Cecconi, Luisa Iero, Filomena C Moscano, Duccio M Cordelli and Valentina Marchiani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:30
  18. Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a complex multisystem disorder characterized by progressive neurological impairment, variable immunodeficiency and oculo-cutaneous telangiectasia. A-T is a member of chromosomal ...

    Authors: Laura Folgori, Alessia Scarselli, Giulia Angelino, Francesca Ferrari, Antonio Antoccia, Luciana Chessa and Andrea Finocchi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:29
  19. To investigate the rates of pneumococcal and influenza vaccinations and their determinants in children with chronic medical conditions.

    Authors: Antonietta Giannattasio, Veronica Squeglia, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Maria Teresa Russo, Alessandro Barbarino, Raffaella Carlomagno and Alfredo Guarino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:28
  20. Two premature twins (33 weeks gestation) were born to a woman who had used paroxetine during pregnancy for an anxiety-depression disorder. They were admitted to the NICU, where they showed prolonged RDS, cardi...

    Authors: Maria Marsella, Elisabetta Ubaldini, Agostina Solinas and Pietro Guerrini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:27
  21. The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Marica Arvigo, Paola Travaglino, Sara Pagani, Mauro Stronati, Antonella Gasparoni, Carolina Bianco and Mauro Bozzola
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:26
  22. Previous studies have demonstrated that the presence of serum IgA antibodies against actin filaments (AAA) in patients with celiac disease (CD) is strongly associated with mucosal damage and severe degrees of ...

    Authors: Elena Bazzigaluppi, Barbara Parma, Giulia M Tronconi, Patrizia Corsin, Luca Albarello, Stefano Mora and Graziano Barera
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:25
  23. evaluation of thyroid function in neonates born from mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis in order to define if a precise follow-up is necessary for these children. The influence of maternal thyroid pero...

    Authors: Rosanna Rovelli, Maria Cristina Vigone, Chiara Giovanettoni, Arianna Passoni, Ludovica Maina, Andrea Corrias, Carlo Corbetta, Fabio Mosca, Giuseppe Chiumello and Giovanna Weber
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:24
  24. Classical Poland Syndrome (PS) is characterized by unilateral, partial or complete absence of the sternocostal head of the major pectoral muscle and brachysyndactyly of fingers on the same side.

    Authors: Doriana Lacorte, Maria Marsella and Pietro Guerrini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:21
  25. Doping with endocrine drugs is quite prevalent in amateur and professional athletes. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has a list of banned drugs for athletes who compete and a strategy to detect such drugs....

    Authors: Alan D Rogol
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:19
  26. Mental retardation is a heterogeneous condition, affecting 1-3% of general population. In the last few years, several emerging clinical entities have been described, due to the advent of newest genetic techniq...

    Authors: Cinzia Galasso, Adriana Lo-Castro, Nadia El-Malhany and Paolo Curatolo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:17
  27. Celiac disease (CD) emerged as a public health problem, and the disease prevalence varies among different races. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of CD using serological markers in ...

    Authors: Mohamad K Nusier, Hedda Konstanse Brodtkorb, Siv Elisabeth Rein, Ahmed Odeh, Abdelrahman M Radaideh and Helge Klungland
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:16
  28. Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%.

    Authors: Anna Noè, Barbara Cappelli, Alessandra Biffi, Robert Chiesa, Ilaria Frugnoli, Erika Biral, Valentina Finizio, Cristina Baldoli, Paolo Vezzulli, Fabio Minicucci, Giovanna Fanelli, Rossana Fiori, Fabio Ciceri, Maria Grazia Roncarolo and Sarah Marktel
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:14
  29. We will discuss the clinical and genetic diagnosis of a child with severe psychomotor delay, who at 3 years of age presented with paroxysms of hyperpnea-apnea and seizures unrelated to breathing anomalies.

    Authors: Grazia Taddeucci, Alice Bonuccelli, Ilaria Mantellassi, Alessandro Orsini and Enrico Tarantino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:12
  30. Data about the natural evolution of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in pediatric age are very scanty. Moreover all the available reports in both aged and young patients were based on unselected study populatio...

    Authors: Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giuseppina Zirilli, Tommaso Aversa and Teresa Arrigo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:11
  31. A number of studies have shown that current classification systems (ICD 10, DSM IV TR) have limitation when applied to autistic children and the category PDD NOS (DSM IV TR) has in particular been criticized. ...

    Authors: Matteo Chiappedi, Giorgio Rossi, Maura Rossi, Maurizio Bejor and Umberto Balottin
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:10
  32. In order to estimate the causes of pediatric morbidity in our area, with particular emphasis on diseases with a genetic background, we retrospectively categorized the admissions of all children hospitalized in...

    Authors: Theodoros Lialiaris, Elpis Mantadakis, Dimitra Kareli, Panagiotis Mpountoukas, Aggelos Tsalkidis and Athanassios Chatzimichail
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:9
  33. Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, resulting from genes, environment and behaviour interactions, and represents the most common metabolic disorder in the Western Hemisphere. Its prevalence has dramatically ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Latini, Francesco Gallo and Lorenzo Iughetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:8
  34. A 3 yr old boy presented with abdominal pain, fever and red jelly stools. Intussusception was diagnosed and effectively reduced with air insufflation. However, despite an improvement in his clinical condition,...

    Authors: Rumana N Hussain and Gary Ruiz
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:7
  35. The perfusion index, derived from the pulse oximeter signal, seems to be an accurate predictor for high illness severity in newborns. The aim of this study was to determine the perfusion index values of clinic...

    Authors: Francesco Cresi, Emanuela Pelle, Roberto Calabrese, Luciana Costa, Daniela Farinasso and Leandra Silvestro
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:6
  36. A joint study group on cow's milk allergy was convened by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Allergy and by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Gastroenterology to focus best practice ...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesco Baldi, Barbara Bendandi, Luigi Calzone, Miris Marani and Pamela Pasquinelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:5
  37. Many medicines are prescribed to the paediatric population on an unlicensed or 'off-label' basis because they have not been adequately tested and/or formulated and authorized for use in appropriate paediatric ...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:4
  38. Pyloric atresia (PA) is a very rare condition. Its incidence is approximately 1 in 100,000 newborns and constitutes about 1% of all intestinal atresias. We describe the neonatal course of a peculiar case of ty...

    Authors: Enrico Zecca, Mirta Corsello, Claudio Pintus, Lorenzo Nanni and Susanna Zecca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:3
  39. Contact dermatitis in pediatric population is a common but (previously) under recognized disease. It is usually divided into the allergic and the irritant forms.

    Authors: Paolo Pigatto, Alberto Martelli, Chiara Marsili and Alessandro Fiocchi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:2

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