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  1. It is well known that certain non-thyroidal critical illness may lead to euthyroid sick syndrome(ESS). There are little reports about the change of thyroid hormone in the children's central nervous system (CNS...

    Authors: Fuyong Jiao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Taomin Bai, Jing Lin, Wei Cui and Bingweng Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:11
  2. Streptococcal pharyngitis is a very common pathology in paediatric age all over the world. Nevertheless there isn't a joint agreement on the management of this condition. Some authors recommend to perform a mi...

    Authors: Marta Regoli, Elena Chiappini, Francesca Bonsignori, Luisa Galli and Maurizio de Martino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:10
  3. Neurocysticercosis represents an important cause of seizures in children in endemic countries, such as Latin America, Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, while in Europe, especially in Italy, the cases of neurocystic...

    Authors: Irene Raffaldi, Carlo Scolfaro, Federica Mignone, Sonia Aguzzi, Federica Denegri and Pier-Angelo Tovo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:9
  4. One of the objectives of the Paediatric Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006, is to foster high quality ethical research on medicinal products to be used in children. To achieve this objective, the EMA is responsible ...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:7
  5. Breastfeeding has a major impact on CMV epidemiology. Postnatal CMV reactivation's incidence during lactation is nearby the maternal seroprevalence. Although perinatal CMV infection has practically no conseque...

    Authors: Manuela Chiavarini, Patrizia Bragetti, Alessandra Sensini, Elio Cenci, Roberto Castronari, Marta J Rossi, Ambra Fantauzzi and Liliana Minelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:6
  6. We describe difficult weaning after prolonged mechanical ventilation in three tracheostomized children affected by respiratory virus infection. Although the spontaneous breathing trials were successful, the pa...

    Authors: Gustavo Caprotta, Patricia Gonzalez Crotti and Judith Frydman
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:5
  7. The study deals with the characteristics of temperament of preterm infants during their preschool age in order to not only investigate likely "difficult or problematic profiles", guided by impairments driven b...

    Authors: Giovanna Perricone and M Regina Morales
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:4
  8. Resistance rate of Escherichia coli against antimicrobials that are commonly prescribed in pediatric urinary tract infections is currently a matter of concern.

    Authors: Alessandra Caracciolo, Alberto Bettinelli, Claudio Bonato, Clementina Isimbaldi, Alessandro Tagliabue, Laura Longoni and Mario G Bianchetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:3
  9. Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (< 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clini...

    Authors: Alessandro Landi, Nicola Marotta, Cristina Mancarella, Daniele Marruzzo, Maurizio Salvati and Roberto Delfini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:2
  10. Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for higher prevalence of asthma and asthma-related symptoms in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the prevalence of asth...

    Authors: Tahereh Ziaei Kajbaf, Shideh Asar and Mohammad Reza Alipoor
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:1
  11. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is not a single pathophysiological entity and appears to have a complex etiology. There are multiple genetic and environmental risk factors with small individual effect...

    Authors: Paolo Curatolo, Elisa D'Agati and Romina Moavero
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:79
  12. There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehyd...

    Authors: Mattia Peruzzo, Gregorio P Milani, Luca Garzoni, Laura Longoni, Giacomo D Simonetti, Alberto Bettinelli, Emilio F Fossali and Mario G Bianchetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:78
  13. Infants born to diabetic women have certain distinctive characteristics, including large size and high morbidity risks. The neonatal mortality rate is over five times that of infants of non diabetic mothers an...

    Authors: Peace I Opara, Tamunopriye Jaja and Uche C Onubogu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:77
  14. Human SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency) is a prenatal disorder of T lymphocyte development, that depends on the expression of numerous genes. The knowledge of the genetic basis of SCID is essential for d...

    Authors: Fausto Cossu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:76
  15. Assisted reproductive technology has made great progress during the last three decades. After the initial enthusiasm, many ethical, legal and social issues related to the application of these procedures began ...

    Authors: Antonio A Zuppa, Giovanni Alighieri, Piero Catenazzi, Antonio Scorrano and Costantino Romagnoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:74
  16. The human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) are proteins found in the membranes of nearly all nucleated cells. People with certain HLA antigens are more likely to develop certain autoimmune diseases. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Amel AM Elfaramawy, Reham M Elhossiny, Amal A Abbas and Heba M Abdel Aziz
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:73
  17. Skin ulcers are a dangerous and uncommon complication of vasculitis. We describe the case of a teenager suffering from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with digital ulcer resistant to conventional therapy, treated...

    Authors: Alma N Olivieri, Antonio Mellos, Carlo Duilio, Milena Di Meglio, Angela Mauro and Laura Perrone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:72
  18. Autism is a disorder of early childhood characterized by social impairment, communication abnormalities and stereotyped behaviors. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis deserves special attentio...

    Authors: Rasha T Hamza, Doaa H Hewedi and Mona A Ismail
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:71
  19. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with several medical complications before and after delivery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance between the fetal ultrasonographic measu...

    Authors: Nadia Liotto, Tatjana Radaelli, Anna Orsi, Emanuela Taricco, Paola Roggero, Maria L Giannì, Dario Consonni, Fabio Mosca and Irene Cetin
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:70
  20. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare cause of gigantism of limb which can be confused with other common causes like congenital lymphedema. It presents usually with loss of function and cosmetic problems. Four ...

    Authors: Rizwan A Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Ibne Ahmad and Rajendra S Chana
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:69
  21. Appendicitis is the most common abdominal inflammatory process in children which were sometimes followed by complications including intra-abdominal abscess. This later needs classically a surgical drainage. We...

    Authors: Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Sofiene Ghorbel, Taieb Chouikh, Awatef Charieg, Faouzi Nouira, Sonia Ben Khalifa, Rachid Khemakhem, Said Jlidi and Béji Chaouachi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:68
  22. Bronchiolitis guidelines suggest that neither bronchodilators nor corticosteroids, antiviral and antibacterial agents should be routinely used. Although recommendations, many clinicians persistently prescribe ...

    Authors: Daniele De Brasi, Fortunato Pannuti, Fabio Antonelli, Federica de Seta, Paolo Siani and Luciano de Seta
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:67
  23. In neonatology the role of chest physiotherapy is still uncertain because of the controversial outcomes.

    Authors: Carmen Giannantonio, Patrizia Papacci, Roberta Ciarniello, Mikael Ghennet Tesfagabir, Velia Purcaro, Francesco Cota, Carla Maria Semeraro and Costantino Romagnoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:65
  24. Corpus callosum agenesis is a relatively common brain malformation. It can be isolated or included in a complex alteration of brain (or sometimes even whole body) morphology. It has been associated with a numb...

    Authors: Matteo Chiappedi and Maurizio Bejor
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:64
  25. Leigh syndrome is a rare progressive neurodegenerative, mitochondrial disorder of childhood with only a few cases documented from India. The clinical presentation of Leigh syndrome is highly variable. However,...

    Authors: Dhananjay Y Shrikhande, Piyush Kalakoti, MM Aarif Syed, Kunal Ahya and Gurmeet Singh
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:62
  26. Allergy places a considerable cost burden on society. Specific immunoglobulin E (spIgE) testing may improve the management of allergy patients. There is therefore a reason to quantify the economic consequences...

    Authors: Niklas Zethraeus, Carl Johan Petersson, Massimiliano Dozzi, Magnus P Borres, Giulio Vignati and Alessandro Fiocchi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:61
  27. Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) vaccination is known to cause some serious adverse events, such as fever, rash, gland inflammation and neurologic disorders. These include third and sixth cranial nerve palsies.

    Authors: Francesca Manzotti, Chiara Menozzi, Maria R Porta and Jelka G Orsoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:59
  28. During the last decades the description of autoinflammatory syndromes induced great interest among the scientific community. Mainly rheumatologists, immunologists and pediatricians are involved in the discover...

    Authors: Sara De Sanctis, Manuela Nozzi, Marianna Del Torto, Alessandra Scardapane, Stefania Gaspari, Giuseppina de Michele, Luciana Breda and Francesco Chiarelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:57
  29. The lack of availability of appropriate medicines for children is an extensive and well known problem. Paediatricians and Physicians who take care of the paediatric population are primarily exposed to cope wit...

    Authors: Francesca Rocchi, Paolo Paolucci, Adriana Ceci and Paolo Rossi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:56
  30. The first years of life are crucial to start preventive interventions that can have an impact on lifestyle and later overweight and obesity. Under the Italian National Health System (INHS), children are cared ...

    Authors: Paolo Brambilla, Giorgio Bedogni, Carmen Buongiovanni, Guido Brusoni, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Mario Di Pietro, Marco Giussani, Manuel Gnecchi, Lorenzo Iughetti, Paola Manzoni, Maura Sticco and Sergio Bernasconi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:55
  31. A 12 year old boy presented with an acute onset of anisocoria and blurred vision. Ocular motility was normal but his right pupil was dilated, round but sluggishly reactive to light. There was no history of tra...

    Authors: Marina Macchiaiolo, Elettra Vignati, Michaela V Gonfiantini, Annalisa Grandin, Maria Teresa Romano, Michele Salata, Diletta Valentini and Alberto Villani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:50
  32. We have reviewed the literature related to the current advances in comprehension of Eating Disorders (ED) in childhood and preadolescence. The state of art regarding the psychodynamic models concerning the ons...

    Authors: Leonardo Sacrato, Alessandro Pellicciari and Emilio Franzoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:49
  33. Respiratory syncytial virus is the most important pathogen in lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children. In high-risk populations it may develop severe, sometimes fatal, lower respiratory...

    Authors: Elio Coletta, Salvatore Coppolino, Febronia Federico and Francesco Fulia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:48
  34. The European Paediatric Regulation (EUPR) calls for the fostering of high quality ethical research and medicinal products to be used in children. The EUPR provides the background, goals, and requirements for p...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone and Giuseppe Mele
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:46
  35. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a severe condition that determines a profound brain hypoxia. Inhaled nitric oxide was approved for the treatment of PPHN since the end of the 1990s. T...

    Authors: Anna Berti, Augusta Janes, Riccardo Furlan and Francesco Macagno
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:45
  36. Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology stude...

    Authors: Monday N Igwe, Muideen O Bakare, Ahamefule O Agomoh, Gabriel M Onyeama and Kevin O Okonkwo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:44
  37. Ipercaloric diet and reduced physical activity have driven the rise in the prevalence of childhood obesity over a relatively short time interval. Family and twin studies have led to the conclusion that the str...

    Authors: Laura Perrone, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone and Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:43
  38. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy with autoimmune hepatitis lacking common serologic markers and normal gammaglobulinemia associated with immune thrombocytopenia and family history of psoriasis. He present...

    Authors: Henedina Antunes, Ruben Rocha, Nicole Silva, Teresa Pontes, Ana Antunes and Sofia Martins
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:42
  39. Hepatic hemangioma, adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia are the most frequent benign lesions of the liver, but they are all infrequent among pediatric population. The reports of focal nodular hyperplasia in ...

    Authors: Piero Farruggia, Rita Alaggio, Francesca Cardella, Serena Tropia, Antonino Trizzino, Francesca Ferrara and Paolo D'Angelo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:41

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