ISS Istituto Superiore di Sanità: SNLG-Sistema Nazionale per le Linee Guida. 2004. http://www.snlg-iss.it. Accessed 24 Apr 2017.
Network Pediatrico. Società Italiana di Pediatria GSA (Gruppo di Studio per l’Accreditamento e il Miglioramento Continuo della Qualità), Italia. 2009. http://www.networkpediatrico.sip.it. Accessed 24 April 2017.
American Academy of Pediatrics. National Institutes of Health consensus development conference on infantile apnea and home monitoring, Sept 29 to Oct 1, 1986. Pediatrics. 1987;79:292–9.
Crowcroft NS, Zambon M, Harrison TG, Mok Q, Heath P, Miller E. Respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants admitted to paediatric intensive care units in London, and in their families. Eur J Pediatr. 2008;167:395–9.
Angle B, Burton BK. Risk of sudden death and acute life-threatening events in patients with glutaric acidemia type II. Mol Genet Metab. 2008;93:36–9.
Tieder JS, Bonkowsky JL, Etzel RA, Franklin WH, Gremse DA, Herman B, et al. Brief resolved unexplained events (formerly apparent life-threatening events) and evaluation of lower-risk infants. Pediatrics. 2016; 10.1542/peds.2016-1488.
Damus K, Pakter J, Krongrad E. Posnatal medical and epidemiological risk factors for the sudden infant death syndrome. In: Harper R, Hoffman H, editors. Sudden infant death syndrome: risk factors and basic mechanisms. New York: PMA Publishing; 1984. p. 187.
Mandell F. Cot death among children of nurses. Observations of breathing patterns. Arch Dis Child. 1981;56:312–4.
Samuels MP. Apparent life threatening events: pathogenesis and management. In: Loughlin GM, Carrol JL, Marcus CL editors. Sleep and Breathing in Children. A Developmental Approach. New York: Marcel Dekker; 2000. p. 423–36.
Mitchell EA, Thompson JMD. Parental reported apnoea, admissions to hospital and sudden infant death syndrome. Acta Paediatr. 2001;90:417–22.
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U, Hof D, Peglow UP, Traweger-Ravanelli B, Kiechl S. Epidemiology of apparent life threatening events. Arch Dis Child. 2005;90:297–300.
Semmekrot BA, Van Sleuwen BE, Engelberts AC, Joosten KF, Mulder JC, Liem KD, et al. Surveillance study of apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) in the Netherlands. Eur J Pediatr. 2010;169:229.
Fu LY, Moon RY. Apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) and the role of home monitors. Pediatr Rev. 2007;28:203.
Kahn A. Recommended clinical evaluation of infants with an apparent life-threatening event. Consensus document of the European Society for the Study and Prevention of infant death, 2003. Eur J Pediatr. 2004;163:108–15.
McGovern MC, Smith MBH. Causes of apparent life threatening events in infants: a systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2004;89:1043–8.
Wijers MM, Semmekrot BA, de Beer HJ, Engelberts AC. Multidisciplinary guidelines for'Apparent life threatening event'(ALTE). Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2009;153:590.
Tieder JS, Cowan CA, Garrison MM, Christakis DA. Variation in inpatient resource utilization and management of apparent life-threatening events. J Pediatr. 2008;152:629–35.
Sahewalla R, Gupta D, Kamat D. Apparent life-threatening events: an overview. Clin Pediatr. 2016;55:5–9.
Aminiahidashti H. Infantile apparent life-threatening events, an educational review. Emerq (Tehran). 2015;3:8.
Mittal MK, Sun G, Baren JM. A clinical decision rule to identify infants with apparent life-threatening event who can be safely discharged from the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012;28:599–605.
Arad-Cohen N, Cohen A, Tirosh E. The relationship between gastroesophageal reflux and apnea in infants. J Pediatr. 2000;137:321–6.
Ing AJ, Ngu MC, Breslin AB. Obstructive sleep apnea and gastroesophageal reflux. Am J Med. 2000;108:120–5.
Amin RS. Gastroesophageal reflux and infant apnea. J Pediatr. 2000;137:298–300.
Mousa H, Woodley FW, Metheney M, Hayes J. Testing the association between gastroesophageal reflux and apnea in infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005;41:169–77.
Wenzl TG, Schenke S, Peschgens T, Silny J, Heimann G, Skopnik H. Association of apnea and nonacid gastroesophageal reflux in infants: investigations with the intraluminal impedance technique. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2001;31:144–9.
Zama D, Spizzichino M, Aceti A, Mariani E, Capretti MG, Galletti S, et al. The frequency of apneas in very preterm infants is increased after non-acid gastro-esophageal reflux. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011; 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01650.
Blasco-Alonso J, Yun-Castilla C, Girón-Fernández-Crehuet F. Esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH testing in the study of apparent life threatening episode incidents in infants. Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2014;106:159–64.
Hasenstab KA, Jadcherla SR. Respiratory events in infants presenting with apparent life threatening events: is there an explanation from esophageal motility? J Pediatr. 2014;165:250–5.
Vandenplas Y, Rudolph CD, Di Lorenzo C, Hassall E, Liptak G, Mazur L, et al. Pediatric gastroesophageal reflux clinical practice guidelines: joint recommendations of the north American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and nutrition (ESPGHAN). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009;49:498–547.
Smits MJ, Wijk MP, Langendam MW, Benninga MA, Tabbers MM. Association between gastroesophageal reflux and pathologic apneas in infants: a systematic review. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2014;26:1527–38.
Tieder JS, Altman RL, Bonkowsky JL, Brand DA, Claudius I, Cunningham DJ, et al. Management of apparent life-threatening events in infants: a systematic review. J Pediatr. 2013;163:94–9.
Vandenplas Y, Salvatore S, Devreker T, Hauser B. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: oesophageal impedance versus pH monitoring. Acta Paediatr. 2007;96:956–62.
Wenzl TG, Benninga MA, Loots CM, Salvatore S, Vandenplas Y, ESPGHAN EURo-PIG Working Group. Indications, methodology, and interpretation of combined esophageal impedance-pH monitoring in children: ESPGHAN EURO-PIG standard protocol. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012;55:230–4.
Groote D. Naso-oesophageal probes decrease the frequency of sleep apnoeas in infants. J Sleep Res. 2000;9:193–6.
Pilic D, Fröhlich T, Nöh F, Pappas A, Schmidt-Choudhury A, Köhler H, , et al. Detection of gastroesophageal reflux in children using combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH measurement: data from the German pediatric impedance group. J Pediatr 2011;158:650-654.
Mousa H, Machado R, Orsi M, Chao CS, Alhajj T, Alhajj M, et al. Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH): multicenter report of normal values from 117 children. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2014;16:1–8.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK). Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease: Recognition, Diagnosis and Management in Children and Young People. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. 2015.
Davies F, Gupta R. Apparent life threatening events in infants presenting to an emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2002;19:11–6.
Bonkowsky JL, Guenther E, Srivastava R, Filloux FM. Seizures in children following an apparent life-threatening event. J Child Neurol. 2009;24:709–13.
Leone MA. Solari a, Beghi E, FIRST Group. Treatment of the first tonic-clonic seizure does not affect long-term remission of epilepsy. Neurology. 2006;67:2227–9.
Emery ES. Status epilepticus secondary to breath-holding and pallid syncopal spells. Neurology. 1990;40:859.
Aubourg P, Dulac O, Plouin P, Diebler C. Infantile status epilepticus as a complication of ‘near-miss’ sudden infant death. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1985;27:40–8.
Bonkowsky JL, Guenther E, Filloux FM, Srivastava R. Death, child abuse, and adverse neurological outcome of infants after an apparent life-threatening event. Pediatrics. 2008;122:125–31.
Fuger M, Merdariu D, Maurey H, Kaminska A, Chéron G. Pertinence de la prescription au service d’accueil des urgences d’un électroencéphalogramme après un malaise du nourrisson. Arch Pediatr. 2014;21:1206–12.
Brand DA, Altman RL, Purtill K, Edwards KS. Yield of diagnostic testing in infants who have had an apparent life-threatening event. Pediatrics. 2005;115:885–93.
De Piero AD, Teach SJ, Chamberlain JM. ED evaluation of infants after an apparent life-threatening event. Am J Emerg Med. 2004;22:83–6.
Al Khushi N, Côté A. Apparent life-threatening events: assessment, risks, reality. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2011;12:124–32.
Baker KA, Ryan ME. RSV infection in infants and young children: What's new in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention? Postgrad Med. 1999;106:97–111.
Crowcroft NS, Booy R, Harrison T, Spicer L, Britto J, Mok Q, et al. Severe and unrecognised: pertussis in UK infants. Arch Dis Child. 2003;88:802–6.
Ammenti A, Cataldi L, Chimenz R, Fanos V, La Manna A, Marra G, et al. Febrile urinary tract infections in young children: recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Acta Paediatr. 2012;101:451–7.
Bradley JS, Byington CL, Shah SS, Alverson B, Carter ER, Harrison C, et al. The management of community-acquired pneumonia in infants and children older than 3 months of age: clinical practice guidelines by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;53:25–76.
Fancourt N, Deloria Knoll M, Baggett HC, Brooks WA, Feikin DR, Hammitt LL, et al. Chest radiograph findings in childhood pneumonia cases from the multisite PERCH study. Clin Infect Dis. 2017;64:262–70.
Murphy CG, Van De Pol AC, Harper MB, Bachur RG. Clinical predictors of occult pneumonia in the febrile child. Acad Emerg Med. 2007;14:243–9.
Zimmerman DR, Kovalski N, Fields S, Lumelsky D, Miron D. Diagnosis of childhood pneumonia: clinical assessment without radiological confirmation may lead to overtreatment. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012;28:646–9.
Zimmerman DR, Kovalski N, Nahir B. Failure to radiologically confirm community-acquired pneumonia means antibiotic overtreatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54:1816.
Kahn A, Groswasser J, Rebuffat E, Sottiaux M, Blum D, Foerster M, et al. Sleep and cardiorespiratory characteristics of infant victims of sudden death: a prospective case-control study. Sleep. 1992;15:287–92.
Engelberts AC. The role of obstructive apnea in sudden infant death syndrome and apparent life threatening event. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1995;32:59–62.
Tishler PV, Redline S, Ferrette V, Hans MG, Altose MD. The association of sudden unexpected infant death with obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996;153:1857–63.
Guilleminault C, Pelayo R, Leger D, Philip P, Ohayon M. Sleep-disordered breathing and upper-airway anomalies in first-degree relatives of ALTE children. Pediatr Res. 2001;50:14–22.
McNamara F, Sullivan CE. Obstructive sleep apnea in infants: relation to family history of sudden infant death syndrome, apparent life-threatening events, and obstructive sleep apnea. J Pediatr. 2000;136:318–23.
Poets CF. Apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) or brief resolved unexplained events (BRUE). J Paediatr Child Health. 2017;27:215–21.
Rabasco J, Vigo A, Vitelli O, Noce S, Pietropaoli N, Evangelisti M, et al. Apparent life-threatening events could be a wake-up call for sleep disordered breathing. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:1403–8.
Aurora RN, Zak RS, Karippot A, Lamm CI, Morgenthaler TI, Auerbach SH, et al. Practice parameters for the respiratory indications for polysomnography in children. Sleep. 2011;34:379–88.
Lucet V, De Bethmann O, Denjoy I. Paroxysmal vagal overactivity, apparent life-threatening event and sudden infant death. Neonatology. 2000;78:1–7.
Poets CF, Samuels MP, Southall DP. Potential role of intrapulmonary shunting in the genesis of hypoxemic episodes in infants and young children. Pediatrics. 1992;90:385–91.
Lombroso CT, Lerman P. Breathholding spells (cyanotic and pallid infantile syncope). Pediatrics. 1967;39:563–81.
Daoud AS, Batieha A, Al-Sheyyab M, Abuekteish F, Hijazi SA. Effectiveness of iron therapy on breath-holding spells. J Pediatr. 1997;130:547–50.
Vurucu S, Karaoglu A, Paksu SM, Oz O, Yaman H, Gulgun M, et al. Breath-holding spells may be associated with maturational delay in myelination of brain stem. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2014;31:99–101.
Yılmaz U, Doksöz Ö, Yılmaz TS, Çelik T, Akıncı G, Mese T. The value of neurologic and cardiologic assessment in breath holding spells. Pak J Med Sci. 2013;130:59–64.
Weese-Mayer DE, Berry-Kravis EM, Ceccherini I, Keens TG, Loghmanee DA, Trang H. An official ATS clinical policy statement: congenital central hypoventilation syndrome: genetic basis, diagnosis, and management. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010;181:626–44.
Takahashi T, Yamada K, Kobayashi H, Hasegawa Y, Taketani T, Fukuda S, et al. Metabolic disease in 10 patients with sudden unexpected death in infancy or acute life-threatening events. Pediatr Int. 2015;57:348–53.
Schwartz PJ, Stramba-Badiale M, Segantini A, Austoni P, Bosi G, Giorgetti R, et al. Prolongation of the QT interval and the sudden infant death syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1998;338:1709–14.
Schwartz PJ, Priori SG, Dumaine R, Napolitano C, Antzelevitch C, Stramba-Badiale M, et al. A molecular link between the sudden infant death syndrome and the long-QT syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2000;343:262–7.
Skinner JR. Is there a relation between SIDS and long QT syndrome? Arch Dis Child. 2005;90:445–9.
Schwartz PJ, Stramba-Badiale M, Crotti L, Pedrazzini M, Besana A, Bosi G, et al. Prevalence of the congenital long-QT syndrome. Circulation. 2009;120:1761–7.
Elias MD, Iyer VR, Cohen MS. Prevalence of electrocardiogram use in infants with apparent life-threatening events: a multicenter database study. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014;30:236–9.
Hoki R, Bonkowsky JL, Minich LL, Srivastava R, Pinto NM. Cardiac testing and outcomes in infants after an apparent life-threatening event. Arch Dis Child. 2012;97:1034–8.
Hunt CE. Abnormal hypercarbic and hypoxic sleep arousal responses in near-miss SIDS infants. Pediatr Res. 1981;15:1462–4.
Hunt CE, Brouillette RT, Hanson D. Theophylline improves pneumogram abnormalities in infants at risk for sudden infant death syndrome. J Pediatr. 1983;103:969–74.
Kelly DH, Shannon DC. Periodic breathing in infants with near-miss sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatrics. 1979;63:355–60.
Gozal D. New concepts in abnormalities of respiratory control in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2004;16:305–8.
Wasilewska J, Sienkiewicz-Szłapka E, Kuźbida E, Jarmołowska B, Kaczmarski M, Kostyra E. The exogenous opioid peptides and DPPIV serum activity in infants with apnoea expressed as apparent life threatening events (ALTE). Neuropeptides. 2011;45:189–95.
Hartmann H, Seidenberg J, Noyes JP, O'Brien L, Poets CF, Samuels MP, et al. Small airway patency in infants with apparent life-threatening events. Eur J Pediatr. 1998;157:71–4.
Horemuzova E, Katz-Salamon M, Milerad J. Increased inspiratory effort in infants with a history of apparent life-threatening event. Acta Paediatr. 2002;91:280–6.
Cornwell AC, Laxminarayan S. A sleep disturbance in high risk for SIDS infants. J Sleep Res. 1993;2:110–4.
Miano S, Castaldo R, Ferri R, Peraita-Adrados R, Paolino MC, Montesano M, et al. Sleep cyclic alternating pattern analysis in infants with apparent life-threatening events: a daytime polysomnographic study. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012;123:1346–52.
Ruggins NR, Milner AD. Site of upper airway obstruction in infants following an acute life-threatening event. Pediatrics. 1993;91:595–601.
Horn MH, Kinnamon DD, Ferraro N, Curley MA. Smaller mandibular size in infants with a history of an apparent life-threatening event. J Pediatr. 2006;149:499–504.
Harrington C, Kirjavainen T, Teng A, Sullivan CE. Altered autonomic function and reduced arousability in apparent life-threatening event infants with obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;165:1048–54.
Filonzi L, Magnani C, Nosetti L, Nespoli L, Borghi C, Vaghi M, et al. Serotonin transporter role in identifying similarities between SIDS and idiopathic ALTE. Pediatrics. 2012;130:138–44.
Hall KL, Zalman B. Evaluation and management of apparent life-threatening events in children. Am Fam Physician. 2005;71:2301–8.
Blackmon LR, Batton DG, Bell EF, Engle WA, Kanto WP, Martin GI, et al. Apnea, sudden infant death syndrome, and home monitoring. Pediatrics. 2003;111:914–7.
Ramanathan R, Corwin MJ, Hunt CE, Lister G, Tinsley LR, Baird T, et al. Cardiorespiratory events recorded on home monitors: comparison of healthy infants with those at increased risk for SIDS. JAMA. 2001;285:2199–207.
Working Party on Sleep Physiology and Respiratory Control Disorders in Childhood. In: Standards for Service for Children with Disorders of Sleep Physiology. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health.2009. http://www.woscor.scot.nhs.uk/documents/RCPCH%20Sleep%20Guidelines.pdf. Accessed 24 Apr 2017.
Claudius I, Keens T. Do all infants with apparent life-threatening events need to be admitted? Pediatrics. 2007;119:679–83.
Hoppenbrouwers T, Hodgman JE, Ramanathan A, Dorey F. Extreme and conventional cardiorespiratory events and epidemiologic risk factors for SIDS. J Pediatr. 2008;152:636–41.
Tal Y, Tirosh E, Even L, Jaffe M. A comparison of the yield of a 24 h versus 72 h hospital evaluation in infants with apparent life-threatening events. Eur J Pediatr. 1999;158:954.
Stratton SJ, Taves A, Lewis RJ, Clements H, Henderson D, McCollough M. Apparent life-threatening events in infants: high risk in the out-of-hospital environment. Ann Emerg Med. 2004;43:711–7.
Ueda R, Nomura O, Maekawa T, Sakai H, Nakagawa S, Ishiguro A. Independent risk factors for recurrence of apparent life-threatening events in infants. Eur J Pediatr. 2017;176:443–8.
Côté A, Hum C, Brouillette RT, Themens M. Frequency and timing of recurrent events in infants using home cardiorespiratory monitors. J Pediatr. 1998;132:783–9.
Côté A. Home and hospital monitoring for ALTE. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2006;7:199–201.
DeWolfe CC. Apparent life-threatening event: a review. Pediatr Clin N Am. 2005;52:1127–46.
Poets CF, Samuels MP, Noyes JP, Hewertson J, Hartmann H, Holder A, et al. Home event recordings of oxygenation, breathing movements, and heart rate and rhythm in infants with recurrent life-threatening events. J Pediatr. 1993;123:693–701.
Poets CF. Apparent life-threatening events and sudden infant death on a monitor. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2004;5:383–6.
Nassi N, Piumelli R, Lombardi E, Landini L, Donzelli G, de Martino M. Comparison between pulse oximetry and transthoracic impedance alarm traces during home monitoring. Arch Dis Child. 2008;93:126–32.
Al-Kindy HA, Gélinas JF, Hatzakis G, Côté A. Risk factors for extreme events in infants hospitalized for apparent life-threatening events. J Pediatr. 2009;154:332–7.
Halbower AC. Pediatric home apnea monitors: coding, billing, and updated prescribing information for practice management. Chest. 2008;134:425–9.
Horne RS, Nixon GM. The role of physiological studies and apnoea monitoring in infants. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2014;15:312–8.
Brockmann VP, Abara ES, Campos OC, Holmgren PN, Montes FS, Sepúlveda RH, et al. Consensus on evaluation and management of apparent life-threatening events in infancy (ALTE). Rev Chil Pediatr. 2014;85:378–87.
Fu LY, Moon RY. Apparent life-threatening events: an update. Pediatr Rev. 2012;33:361–8.
Silvestri JM, Hufford DR, Durham J, Pearsall SM, Oess MA, Weese-Mayer DE, et al. Assessment of compliance with home cardiorespiratory monitoring in infants at risk of sudden infant death syndrome. J Pediatr. 1995;127:384–8.
Carbone T, Ostfeld BM, Gutter D, Hegyi T. Parental compliance with home cardiorespiratory monitoring. Arch Dis Child. 2001;84:270–2.
Hunt CE, Hufford DR, Bourguignon C, Oess MA. Home documented monitoring of Cardiorespiratory pattern and oxygen saturation in healthy Infants1. Pediatr Res. 1996;39:216–22.
Hunt CE, Corwin MJ, Lister G, Weese-Mayer DE, Ward SLD, Tinsley LR, et al. Precursors of cardiorespiratory events in infants detected by home memory monitor. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008;43:87–98.
Silvestri JM. Indications for home apnea monitoring (or not). Clin Perinatol. 2009;36:87–99.
Moon RY, AAP Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: Evidence Base for 2016 Updated Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. Pediatrics. 2016; 138. pii: e20162940.
Hunt CE, Corwin MJ, Baird T, Tinsley LR, Palmer P, Ramanathan R, et al. Cardiorespiratory events detected by home memory monitoring and one-year neurodevelopmental outcome. J Pediatr. 2004;145:465–71.
Brooks JG. Apparent life-threatening events and apnea of infancy. Clin Perinatol. 1992;19:809–38.
DiMario FJ. Apparent life-threatening events: so what happens next? Pediatrics. 2008;122:190–1.
Hashimoto Y, Moriya F, Furumiya J. Forensic aspects of complications resulting from cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2007;9:94–9.
Steiman B, Watemberg N. Apparent life-threatening events: Patients' health status at 5 years of age. Isr Med Assoc J. 2015;17:673–7.
Parker K, Pitetti R. Mortality and child abuse in children presenting with apparent life-threatening events. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011;27:591–5.
Guenther E, Powers A, Srivastava R, Bonkowsky JL. Abusive head trauma in children presenting with an apparent life-threatening event. J Pediatr. 2010;57:821–5.
Kant S, Fisher JD, Nelson DG, Khan S. Mortality after discharge in clinically stable infants admitted with a first-time apparent life-threatening event. Am J Emerg Med. 2013;31:730–3.
Waite AJ, Coombs RC, McKenzie A, Daman-Willems C, Cohen MC, Campbell MJ, et al. Mortality of babies enrolled in a community-based support programme: CONI PLUS (Care of Next Infant Plus). Arch Dis Child. 2015;100:637–42.
Kahn A, Sottiaux M, Appelboom-Fondu J, Blum D, Rebuffat E, Levitt J. Long-term development of children monitored as infants for an apparent life-threatening event during sleep: a 10-year follow-up study. Pediatrics. 1989;83:668–73.
Biarent D, Bingham R, Richmond S, Maconochie I, Wyllie J, Simpson S, et al. European resuscitation council guidelines for resuscitation 2005. Resuscitation. 2005;67:97–133.
Palmieri A, Riccardi S, Bergamino L, Ciccone MO, Fornoni L, Piccotti E, et al. Apparent life threatening event (ALTE): the role of the training in the follow-up. Minerva Pediatr. 2011;63:139–48.
Shah S, Sharieff GQ. An update on the approach to apparent life-threatening events. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2007;19:288–94.
Piumelli R. SIDS: Conoscerla per ridurne il rischio. Cento: Editeam; 2008.
Carpenter RG, Irgens LM, Blair PS, England PD, Fleming P, Huber J, et al. Sudden unexplained infant death in 20 regions in Europe: case control study. Lancet Neurol. 2004;363:185–91.
Edner A, Wennborg M, Alm B, Lagercrantz H. Why do ALTE infants not die in SIDS? Acta Paediatr. 2007;96:191–4.
Esani N, Hodgman JE, Ehsani N, Hoppenbrouwers T. Apparent life-threatening events and sudden infant death syndrome: comparison of risk factors. J Pediatr. 2008;152:365–70.
Klintschar M, Heimbold C. Association between a functional polymorphism in the MAOA gene and sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatrics. 2012;129:756–61.
Becher J-C. Guidelines for the investigation of newborn infants who suffer a Sudden and Unexpected Postnatal Collapse in the First Week of Life. Recommendations from a Professional Group on Sudden Unexpected Postnatal Collapse. 2011. http://www.bapm.org/publications/documents/guidelines/SUPC_Booklet.pdf. Accessed 24 Apr 2017.
Grylack LJ, Williams AD. Apparent life-threatening events in presumed healthy neonates during the first three days of life. Pediatrics. 1996;97:349–51.
Herlenius E, Kuhn P. Sudden unexpected postnatal collapse of newborn infants: a review of cases, definitions, risks, and preventive measures. Transl Stroke Res. 2013;4:236–7.
Becher JC, Bhushan SS, Lyon AJ. Unexpected collapse in apparently healthy newborns–a prospective national study of a missing cohort of neonatal deaths and near-death events. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2012;97:30–4.
Peters C, Becher JC, Lyon AJ, Midgley PC. Who is blaming the baby? Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2009;94:377–8.
Poets A, Steinfeldt R, Poets CF. Sudden deaths and severe apparent life-threatening events in term infants within 24 hours of birth. Pediatrics. 2011;127:869–73.
Lutz TL, Elliott EJ, Jeffery HE. Sudden unexplained early neonatal death or collapse: a national surveillance study. Pediatr Res. 2016;80:493–8.
Weber MA, Ashworth MT, Risdon RA, Brooke I, Malone M, Sebire NJ. Sudden unexpected neonatal death in the first week of life: autopsy findings from a specialist centre. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2009;22:398–404.
Pejovic NJ, Herlenius E. Unexpected collapse of healthy newborn infants: risk factors, supervision and hypothermia treatment. Acta Paediatr. 2013;102:680–8.
Poets A, Urschitz MS, Steinfeldt R, Poets CF. Risk factors for early sudden deaths and severe apparent life-threatening events. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2012;97:395–7.
Feldman-Winter L, Goldsmith JP, Task force on sudden infant death syndrome. Safe Sleep and Skin-to-Skin Care in the Neonatal Period for Healthy Term Newborns. Pediatrics. 2016; doi:10.1542/peds.2016-1889.
Committee on Fetus and Newborn and ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice. Guidelines for perinatal care 7th ed. 2012. http://reader.aappublications.org/guidelines-for-perinatal-care-7th-edition/1. Accessed 24 Apr 2017.
Ludington-Hoe SM, Morgan K. Infant assessment and reduction of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse risk during skin-to-skin contact. Newborn Infant Nurs Rev. 2014;14:28–33.
Davanzo R, De Cunto A, Paviotti G, Travan L, Inglese S, Brovedani P, et al. Making the first days of life safer: preventing sudden unexpected postnatal collapse while promoting breastfeeding. J Hum Lact. 2015;31:47–52.
Phillips RM, Goldstein M, Hougland K, Nandyal R, Pizzica A, Santa-Donato A, et al. Multidisciplinary guidelines for the care of late preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2013;33:5–22.
Scheich B, Bingham D. Key findings from the AWHONN Perinatal staffing data collaborative. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2015;44:317–28.