Caffarelli C, Bacchini PL, Gruppi L, Bernasconi S. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in children with atopic eczema. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005;16:655–61.
Riscassi S, Corradi M, Andreoli R, Maccari C, Mercolini F, Pescollderungg L, et al. Nitric oxide products and aldehydes in exhaled breath condensate in children with asthma. Clin Exp Allergy. 2022;52:561–4.
Manna A, Caffarelli C, Varini M, Povesi Dascola C, Montella S, Maglione M, et al. Clinical application of exhaled nitric oxide measurement in pediatric lung diseases. Ital J Pediatr. 2012;38:74.
Caffarelli C, Dascola CP, Peroni D, Ricò S, Stringari G, Varini M, et al. Airway acidification in childhood asthma exacerbations. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2014;35:51–6.
Caffarelli C, Calcinai E, Rinaldi L, Povesi Dascola C, Terracciano L, Corradi M. Hydrogen peroxide in exhaled breath condensate in asthmatic children during acute exacerbation and after treatment. Respir. 2012;84:291–8.
Caffarelli C, Mastrorilli C, Procaccianti M, Santoro A. Use of sublingual immunotherapy for aeroallergens in children with asthma. J Clin Med. 2020;9:3381.
Di Rienzo V, Cadario G, Grieco T, Galluccio AG, Caffarelli C, Liotta G, et al. Sublingual immunotherapy in mite-sensitized children with atopic dermatitis: a randomized, open, parallel-group study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014;113:671-673.e1.
Yang Y, Ma D, Huang N, Li W, Jiang Q, Wang Y, et al. Safety of house dust mite subcutaneous immunotherapy in preschool children with respiratory allergic diseases. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:101.
Caffarelli C, Coscia A, Ridolo E, Povesi Dascola C, Gelmett C, Raggi V, et al. Parents’ estimate of food allergy prevalence and management in Italian school-aged children. Pediatr Int. 2011;53:505–10.
Caffarelli C, Ricò S, Rinaldi L, Povesi Dascola C, Terzi C, Bernasconi S. Blood pressure monitoring in children undergoing food challenge: association with anaphylaxis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2012;108:285–6.
Povesi Dascola C, Caffarelli C. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis: a clinical view. Ital J Pediatr. 2012;38:43.
Caffarelli C, Dondi A, Povesi Dascola C, Ricci G. Skin prick test to foods in childhood atopic eczema: pros and cons. Ital J Pediatr. 2013;39:48.
Caglayan Sozmen S, Povesi Dascola C, Gioia E, Mastrorilli C, Rizzuti L, Caffarelli C. Diagnostic accuracy of patch test in children with food allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2015;26:416–22.
Caffarelli C, Cavagni G, Menzies IS, Bertolini P, Atherton DJ. Elimination diet and intestinal permeability in atopic eczema: a preliminary study. Clin Exp Allergy. 1993;23:28–31.
Barni S, Arasi S, Mastrorilli C, Pecoraro L, Giovannini M, Mori F, et al. Pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis: a review for the clinician. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:230.
Marchesi A, Rigante D, Cimaz R, Ravelli A, Tarissi de Jacobis I, Rimini A, et al. Revised recommendations of the Italian society of pediatrics about the general management of Kawasaki disease. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:16.
Burns JC, Capparelli EV, Brown JA, Newburger JW, Glode MP. Intravenous gamma-globulin treatment and retreatment in Kawasaki disease US/Canadian Kawasaki syndrome study group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1998;17:1144–8.
Ferrara G, Giani T, Caparello MC, Farella C, Gamalero L, Cimaz R. Anakinra for treatment-resistant Kawasaki disease: evidence from a literature review. Paediatr Drugs. 2020;22:645–52.
Tress EE, Kochanek PM, Saladino RA, Manole MD. Cardiac arrest in children. J Emergencies Trauma Shock. 2010;3:267.
Bimerew M, Wondmieneh A, Gedefaw G, Gebremeskel T, Demis A, Getie A. Survival of pediatric patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation for in-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:118.
Martinez PA, Totapally BR. The epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest in the USA during 1997 to 2012. Resusc. 2016;105:177–81.
Talikowska M, Tohira H, Finn J. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality and patient survival outcome in cardiac arrest: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Resusc. 2015;96:66–77.
Cozzi G, Minute M, Ventura G, Barbi E. Mental health problems in childrenand adolescents in the emergency department: “the times they are AChangin.” Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017;33:e8.
Cozzi G, Lucarelli A, Borrometi F, Corsini I, Passone E, Pusceddu S, et al. how to recognize and manage psychosomatic pain in the pediatric emergency department. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:74.
Bonvanie IJ, Kallesøe KH, Janssens KAM, Schröder A, Rosmalen JGM, Rask CU. Psychological interventions for children with functional somatic symptoms: a systematic review and metaanalysis. J Pediatr. 2017;187:272–81.
Tang MN, Adolphe S, Rogers SR, Frank DA. Failure to thrive or growth faltering: Medical, developmental/behavioral, nutritional, and social dimensions. Pediatr Rev. 2021;42:590–603.
Lezo A, Baldini L, Asteggiano M. Failure to thrive in the outpatient clinic: a new insight. Nutrients. 2020;12:2202.
Selbuz S, Kırsaçlıoğlu CT, Kuloğlu Z, Yılmaz M, Penezoğlu N, Sayıcı U, et al. Diagnostic workup and micronutrient deficiencies in children with failure to thrive without underlying diseases. Nutr Clin Pract. 2019;34:581–8.
Franceschi R, Rizzardi C, Maines E, Liguori A, Soffiati M, Tornese G. Failure to thrive in infant and toddlers: a practical flowchart-based approach in a hospital setting. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:62–70.
Phelan K, Boccuto L, Powell CM, Boeckers TM, van Ravenswaaij-Arts C, Rogers RC, et al. Phelan-McDermid syndrome: a classification system after 30 years of experience. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2022;17:27–30.
Ricciardello A, Tomaiuolo P, Persico AM. Genotype-phenotype correlation in Phelan-McDermid syndrome: a comprehensive review of chromosome 22q13 deleted genes. Am J Med Genet A. 2021;185:2211–33.
Xie RJ, Li TX, Sun C, Cheng C, Zhao J, Xu H, et al. A case report of Phelan-McDermid syndrome: preliminary results of the treatment with growth hormone therapy. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:49.
Li T, Xie R, Zhao J, Xu H, Cui Y, Sun C. Effectiveness of recombinant human growth hormone therapy for children with Phelan-McDermid syndrome: An open-label, cross-over, preliminary study. Front Psychiatry. 2022;13:763565.
Shulman JD. Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in children and youths in the USA. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2005;15:89–97.
Légeret C, Furlano R. Oral ulcers in children- a clinical narrative overview. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:144.
Belenguer-Guallar I, Jiménez-Soriano Y, Claramunt-Lozano A. Treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis a literature review. J Clin Exp Dent. 2014;6:e168-74.
Brocklehurst P, Tickle M, Glenny AM, Lewis MA, Pemberton MN, Taylor J, et al. Systemic interventions for recurrent aphthous stomatitis (mouth ulcers). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;9:CD005411.
Keenswijk W, Raes A, Vande WJ. Is eculizumab efficacious in Shigatoxin-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome? A narrative review of current evidence. Eur J Pediatr. 2018;177:311–8.
Ylinen E, Salmenlinna S, Halkilahti J, Jahnukainen T, Korhonen L, Virkkala T, et al. Hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in children: incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcome. Pediatr Nephrol. 2020;35:1749–59.
Santangelo L, Netti GS, Torres DD, Piscopo G, Carbone V, Losito L, et al. Peripheral nervous system manifestations of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli-induced haemolytic uremic syndrome in children. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:181.
Caffarelli C, Cardinale F, Povesi-Dascola C, Dodi I, Mastrorilli V, Ricci G. Use of probiotics in pediatric infectious diseases. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2015;13:1517–35.
Morel L, Domingues O, Zimmer J, Michel T. Revisiting the role of neurotrophic factors in inflammation. Cells. 2020;9:E865.
Sim SW, Weinstein DA, Lee YM, Jun HS. Glycogen storage disease type Ib: role of glucose-6-phosphate transporter in cell metabolism and function. FEBS Lett. 2020;594:3–18.
Rossi A, Miele E, Fecarotta S, Veiga-da-Cunha M, Martinelli M, Mollica C, et al. Crohn disease-like enterocolitis remission after empagliflozin treatment in a child with glycogen storage disease type Ib: a case report. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:149.
Alsultan A, Sokol RJ, Lovell MA, Thurman G, Ambruso DR. Long term G-CSF induced remission of ulcerative colitis-like inflammatory bowel disease in a patient with glycogen storage disease Ib and evaluation of associated neutrophil function. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2010;55:1410–3.
Wortmann SB, Van Hove JLK, Derks TGJ, Chevalier N, Knight V, Koller A, et al. Treating neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction in glycogen storage disease IB with an SGLT2-inhibitor. Blood. 2020;136:1033–43.
Donnarumma B, Riccio MP, Terrone G, Palma M, Strisciuglio P, Scala I. Expanding the neurological and behavioral phenotype of White-Sutton syndrome: a case report. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:148.
Savatt JM, Myers SM. Genetic testing in neurodevelopmental disorders. Front Pediatr. 2021;9:526779.
Matsumura K, Seiriki K, Okada S, Nagase M, Ayabe S, Yamada I, et al. Pathogenic POGZ mutation causes impaired cortical development and reversible autism-like phenotypes. Nat Commun. 2020;11:859.
Fusco C, Leuzzi V, Striano P, Battini R, Burlina A, Delphi panel experts’ group, Spagnoli C. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency: results from an Italian modified Delphi consensus. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:13.
Montioli R, Borri VC. Aromatic amino acid decarboxylase deficiency: the added value of biochemistry. Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22:3146.
Pearson TS, Gupta N, San SW. Gene therapy for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency by MR-guided direct delivery of AAV2-AADC to midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Nat Commun. 2021;12:4251.
Rossignoli G, Krämer K, Lugarà E, Alrashidi H, Pope S, De La Fuente BC, et al. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency: a patient-derived neuronal model for precision therapies. Brain. 2021;144:2443–56.
Benbouchta Y, De Leeuw N, Amasdl S, Sbiti A, Smeets D, Sadki K, et al. 15q26 deletion in a patient with congenital heart defect, growth restriction and intellectual disability: case report and literature review. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:188.
MalaCards: The human disease database. Chromosome 15q26-Qter deletion syndrome. Rehovot: Weizmann Institute of Science; 2022. Available at https://www.malacards.org/card/chromosome_15q26_qter_deletion_syndrome. Accessed 22 Sept 2022.
Bruford EA, Braschi B, Denny P. Guidelines for human gene nomenclature. Nat Genet. 2020;52:754–8.
Miksiunas R, Mobasheri A, Bironaite D. Homeobox genes and homeodomain proteins: new insights into cardiac development, degeneration and regeneration. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020;1212:155–78.
De Sanctis V, Soliman AT, Elsedfy H, Skordis N, Kattamis C, et al. Growth and endocrine disorders in thalassemia: the international network on endocrine complications in thalassemia (I-CET) position statement and guidelines. Indian J Endocr Metab. 2013;17:8–18.
Mahmoud RA, Khodeary A, Farhan MS. Detection of endocrine disorders in young children with multi-transfused thalassemia major. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:165–73.
De Sanctis V, Soliman A, Tzoulis P, Daar S, Fiscina B, Kattamis C. The pancreatic changes affecting glucose homeostasis in transfusion dependent β- thalassemia (TDT): a short review. Acta Biomed. 2021;92:e2021232.
Ferdous F, Filteau S, Schwartz NB, Gumede-Moyo S, Cox SE. Association of postnatal severe acute malnutrition with pancreatic exocrine and endocrine function in children and adults: a systematic review. Br J Nutr. 2022;4:1–34.
World Health Organization. Haemoglobin concentrations for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment of severity. Geneve: World Health Organization; 2011. Available at https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/85839/WHO_NMH_NHD_MNM_11.1_eng.pdf?sequence=22&isAllowed=y. Accessed 22 Sept 2022.
Parodi E, Riboldi L, Ramenghi U. Hemoglobin life-threatening value (1.9 g/dl) dl in good general condition: a pediatric case report. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:200.
Wang M. Iron deficiency and other types of Anemia in infants and children. Am Fam Physician. 2016;93:270.
Ware RE, de Montalembert M, Tshilolo L, Abboud MR. Sickle cell disease. Lancet. 2017;390:311–23.
Nauss MD, Schmidt EL, Pancioli AM. Viral myositis leading to rhabdomyolysis: a case report and literature review. Am J Emerg Med. 2009;27:372.e5-372.e6.
Rosenberg T, Heitner S, Scolnik D, Levin Ben-Adiva E, Rimon A, Glatstein M. Outcome of benign acute childhood myositis: The experience of 2 large tertiary care pediatric hospitals. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018;34:400–2.
Brisca G, Mariani M, Pirlo D, Romanengo M, Pistorio A, Gaiero A, et al. Management and outcome of benign acute childhood myositis in pediatric emergency department. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:57.
Beydon M, Chevalier K, Al Tabaa O, Hamroun S, Delettre AS, Thomas M, et al. Myositis as a manifestation of SARS-CoV-2. Ann Rheum Dis. 2021;80:e42.
Budhathoki S, Shah D, Bhurtyal KK, Amatya R, Dutta AK. Hookworm causing melaena and severe anaemia in early infancy. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2008;28:293–6.
Umbrello G, Pinzani R, Bandera A, Formenti F, Zavarise G, Arghittu M, et al. Hookworm infection in infants: a case report and review of literature. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:26.
Silvestri C, Greganti G, Arzeni D, Morciano A, Castelli P, Barchiesi F, et al. Intestinal parasitosis: data analysis 2006–2011 in a teaching hospital of Ancona Italy. Infez Med. 2013;21:34–9.
Karra N, Cohen R, Berlin M, Dinavitser N, Koren G, Berkovitch M. Mebendazole use during lactation: a case series report. Safety Drugs R D. 2016;16:251–4.
Krzysztofiak A, Chiappini E, Venturini E, Gargiullo L, Roversi M, Montagnani C, et al. Italian consensus on the therapeutic management of uncomplicated acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in children. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:179.
Alcobendas R, Murias S, Remesal A, Calvo C. Oral treatment of osteoarticular infections caused by Kingella kingae in children. Eur J Rheumatol. 2018;5:147–8.
McNeil JC. Acute Hematogenous osteomyelitis in children: clinical presentation and management. Infect Drug Resist. 2020;13:4459–73.
Congedi S, Minotti C, Giaquinto C, Da Dalt L, Donà D. Acute infectious osteomyelitis in children: new treatment strategies for an old enemy. World J Pediatr. 2020;16:446–55.
Smith KJ, Raviotta JM, DePasse JV, Brown ST, Shim E, Patricia Nowalk M, et al. Cost effectiveness of influenza vaccine choices in children aged 2-8 years in the U.S. Am J Prev Med. 2016;50:600–8.
Shim E, Brown ST, DePasse J, Nowalk MP, Raviotta JM, Smith KJ, et al. Cost effectiveness of influenza vaccine for U.S. children. Am J Prev Med. 2016;51:309–17.
Gasparini C, Acunzo M, Biuso A, Roncaglia S, Migliavacca F, Borriello CR, et al. Nasal spray live attenuated influenza vaccine: the first experience in Italy in children and adolescents during the 2020–21 season. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:225.
Carter NJ, Curran MP. Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (FluMist®; Fluenz™). Drugs. 2011;71:1591–622.
Lopez SA, Mulla H, Durward A, Tibby SM. Extended-interval gentamicin: population pharmacokinetics in pediatric critical illness. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010;11(2):267–74.
Ghoneim RH, Thabit AK, Lashkar MO, Ali AS. Optimizing gentamicin dosing in different pediatric age groups using population pharmacokinetics and Monte Carlo simulation. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:167.
Wang H, Sherwin C, Gobburu JVS, Ivaturi V. Population pharmacokinetic modeling of gentamicin in pediatrics. J Clin Pharmacol. 2019;59:1584–96.
Zhang SQ, Tang XY, Li YQ. Clinical characteristics comparison of children EB virus correlation Hemophagocytic syndrome and infectious mononucleosis. J Basic Clin Oncol. 2016;29(3):249–52.
Morimoto A, Nakazawa Y, Ishii E. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management. Pediatr Int. 2016;58:817–25.
Shi J, Chu C, Yu M, Zhang D, Li Y, Fan Y, et al. Clinical warning of hemophagocytic syndrome caused by Epstein-Barr virus. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:3.
Toga A, Wada T, Sakakibara Y, Mase S, Araki R, Tone Y, et al. Clinical significance of cloned expansion and CD5 down-regulation in Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-infected CD8+ T lymphocytes in EBV-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. J Infect Dis. 2010;201:1923–32.
Benitz WE, Achten NB. Technical assessment of the neonatal early-onset sepsis risk calculator. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021;21:e134–40.
Deshmukh M, Mehta S, Patole S. Sepsis calculator for neonatal early onset sepsis - a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021;34:1832–40.
Laccetta G, Ciantelli M, Tuoni C, Sigali E, Miccoli M, Cuttano A. Early-onset sepsis risk calculator: a review of its effectiveness and comparative study with our evidence-based local guidelines. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:73.
Glaser MA, Hughes LM, Jnah A, Newberry D. Neonatal sepsis: A review of pathophysiology and current management strategies. Adv Neonatal Care. 2021;21:49–60.
Patterson J, North K, Dempsey E, Ishoso D, Trevisanuto D, Lee AC, et al. Optimizing initial neonatal resuscitation to reduce neonatal encephalopathy around the world. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021;26:101262.
Massenzi L, Aufieri R, Donno S, Agostino R, Dotta A. Neonatal pharmacotherapy study group of the Italian Society of Neonatology (SIN). Use of intravenous sodium bicarbonate in neonatal intensive care units in Italy: a nationwide survey. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:63.
Vadakkencherry Ramaswamy V, Abiramalatha T, Weiner GM, Trevisanuto D. A comparative evaluation and appraisal of 2020 American heart association and 2021 European resuscitation council neonatal resuscitation guidelines. Resusc. 2021;167:151–9.
Wyckoff MH, Sawyer T, Lakshminrusimha S, Collins A, Ohls RK, Leone TA. Resuscitation 2020: Proceedings from the NeoHeart 2020 International conference. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2022;13:77–88.
Falsaperla R, Scalia B, Giugno A, Pavone P, Motta M, Caccamo M, et al. Treating the symptom or treating the disease in neonatal seizures: a systematic review of the literature. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:85.
Pressler RM, Cilio MR, Mizrahi EM, Moshé SL, Nunes ML, Plouin P, et al. The ILAE classification of seizures and the epilepsies modification for seizures in the neonate position paper by the ILAE task force on Neonatal seizures. Epilepsia. 2021;62:615–28.
Ramantani G, Schmitt B, Plecko B, Pressler RM, Wohlrab G, Klebermass-Schrehof K, et al. Neonatal seizures-are we there yet? Neuropediatrics. 2019;50:280–93.
Samanta D. Recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal seizures. Neuropediatrics. 2021;52:73–83.
Yeung C-Y. Complications of umbilical venous catheters in neonates: a safety reappraisal. Pediatr Neonatol. 2020;61:1–2.
Miller LE, Stoller JZ, Fraga MV. Point-of-care ultrasound in the neonatal ICU. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2020;32:216–27.
Meinen RD, Bauer AS, Devous K, Cowan E. Point-of-care ultrasound use in umbilical line placement: a review. J Perinatol. 2020;40:560–6.
Rubortone SA, Costa S, Perri A, D’Andrea V, Vento G, Barone G. Real-time ultrasound for tip location of umbilical venous catheter in neonates: a pre/post intervention study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:68.
Dani C, Coviello C, Panin F, Frosini S, Costa S, Purcaro V, et al. Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in an Italian cohort of preterm infants. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:64.
Hong EH, Shin YU, Cho H. Retinopathy of prematurity: a review of epidemiology and current treatment strategies. Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65:115–26.
Arima A, Fujii Y, Koh-Hei Sonoda KH. Translational research in retinopathy of prematurity: from bedside to bench and back again. J Clin Med. 2021;10:331.
Carroll L, Owen LA. Current evidence and outcomes for retinopathy of prematurity prevention: insight into novel maternal and placental contributions. Explor Med. 2020;1:4–26.
Wang N, Cui L, Liu Z, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Shi C, et al. Optimizing parenteral nutrition to achieve an adequate weight gain according to the current guidelines in preterm infants with birth weight less than 1500 g: a prospective observational study. BMC Pediatr. 2021;21:303.
Beardsall K. Hyperglycaemia in the newborn infant Physiology verses pathology. Front Pediatr. 2021;9:641306.
Rizzo V, Capozza M, Panza R, Laforgia N, Baldassarre ME. Macronutrients and micronutrients in parenteral nutrition for preterm newborns: a narrative review. Nutrients. 2022;14:1530.
Angelika D, Etika R, Utomo MT, Mirha S, Handayani KD, Ugrasena IDG. The glucose infusion rate of parenteral nutrition in the first week of life in preterm infants: an observational study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:219.
Betts KS, Kisely S, Alati RJ. Predicting neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and hypoglycaemia prior to discharge: Leveraging health administrative data and machine learning. Biomed Inform. 2021;114:103651.
Tian T, Wang L, Ye R, Liu J, Ren A. Maternal hypertension, preeclampsia, and risk of neonatal respiratory disorders in a large-prospective cohort study. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2020;19:131–7.
Arruda A, Ormonde M, Stokreef S, Fraga B, Franco C, Dâmaso C, et al. Is there a role for antenatal corticosteroids in term infants before elective cesarean section? Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2021;43:283–90.
Stylianou-Riga P, Boutsikou T, Kouis P, Kinni P, Krokou M, Ioannou A, et al. Maternal and neonatal risk factors for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome in term neonates in Cyprus: a prospective case-control study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:129.
Surak A, Elsayed YJ. Delayed cord clamping: Time for physiologic implementation. Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2022;15:19–22.
Marrs L, Niermeyer S. Toward greater nuance in delayed cord clamping. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2022;34:170–7.
Bruckner M, Katheria AC, Schmölzer GM. Delayed cord clamping in healthy term infants: More harm or good? Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021;26:101221.
Shao H, Gao S, Lu Q, Zhao X, Hua Y, Wang X. Effects of delayed cord clamping on neonatal jaundice, phototherapy and early hematological status in term cesarean section. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:115.
Bergwitz C, Jüppner H. Regulation of phosphate homeostasis by PTH, vitamin D, and FGF23. Annu Rev Med. 2010;61:91.
Rodd C, Schwieger-Briel A, Hagmann C. Newborn brain society guidelines and publications committee Subcutaneous fat necrosis associated with hypercalcemia in neonates with neonatal encephalopathy treated with therapeutic hypothermia. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021;26:101269.
Improda N, Mazzeo F, Rossi A, Rossi C, Improda FP, Izzo A. Severe hypercalcemia associated with hypophosphatemia in very premature infants: a case report. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:155.
Höppner J, Lais S, Roll C, Wegener-Panzer A, Wieczorek D, Högler W, et al. Case report: severe neonatal course in paternally derived familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2021;12:700612.
Savarino G, Carta M, Cimador M, Corsello A, Giuffrè M, Schierz IAM, et al. Necrotizing enterocolitis in the preterm: newborns medical and nutritional management in a single-center study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:226.
Bellodas Sanchez J, Kadrofske M. Necrotizing enterocolitis. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2019;31:e13569.
Meister AL, Doheny KK, Travagli RA. Necrotizing enterocolitis: It’s not all in the gut. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2020;245:85–95.
Neu J. Necrotizing enterocolitis: The future. Neonatol. 2020;117:240–4.
Codazzi AC, Ippolito R, Novara C, Tondina E, Cerbo RM, Tzialla C. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in infant newborns of diabetic mother: a heterogeneous condition, the importance of anamnesis, physical examination and follow-up. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:197.
Boyd SM, Riley KL, Giesinger RE, McNamara PJ. Use of vasopressin in neonatal hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: case series. Perinatol. 2021;41:126–33.
Loomba RS, Flores S, Bronicki RJ. Vasopressin in neonatal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: do perceived benefits translate to clinical outcome? Perinatol. 2021;41:905–6.
Giesinger RE, Boyd SM, Rios DR, McNamara PJ. Towards optimization of cardiovascular stability in neonates with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: uniqueness of the neonatal cardiovascular system. Perinatol. 2021;41:907–8.
Hubbard EM, Hay WW Jr. The term newborn: Hypoglycemia. Clin Perinatol. 2021;48:665–79.
Meneghin F, Manzalini M, Acunzo M, Daniele I, Bastrenta P, Castoldi F, et al. Management of asymptomatic hypoglycemia with 40% oral dextrose gel in near term at-risk infants to reduce intensive care need and promote breastfeeding. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:201.
Harding JE, Hegarty JE, Crowther CA, Edlin RP, Gamble GD, Alsweiler JM. Evaluation of oral dextrose gel for prevention of neonatal hypoglycemia (hPOD): a multicenter, double-blind randomized controlled trial. hPOD study group. PLoS Med. 2021;18:e1003411.
Adamkin DH. Low blood sugar levels in the newborn infant: Do changing goal posts matter? Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021;26:101202.
Yamaguchi T, Nakamura A, Nakayama K, Hishimura N, Morikawa S, Ishizu K, et al. Targeted next-generation sequencing for congenital hypothyroidism with positive neonatal TSH screening. Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020;105:dgaa308.
Cherella CE, Wassner AJ. Update on congenital hypothyroidism. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2020;27:63–9.
Léger J. Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism. Med Sci (Paris). 2021;37:474–81.
Maggio MC, Ragusa SS, Aronica TS, Granata OM, Gucciardino E, Corsello G. Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism in an Italian centre: a 5-years real-life retrospective study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:108.
Hyman SL, Levy SE, Myers SM. Council on children with disabilities, section on developmental and behavioral pediatrics identification, evaluation, and management of children with autism spectrum disorder. Pediatr. 2020;145:e20193447.
Lord C, Risi S, Lambrecht L, Cook EH Jr, Leventhal BL, DiLavore PC, et al. The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: a standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2000;30:205–23.
Di Renzo M, di Castelbianco FB, Alberto V, Antonio DV, Giovanni C, Vanadia E, et al. Prognostic factors and predictors of outcome in children with autism spectrum disorder: the role of the paediatrician. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;18(47):67.
Hodge MA, Boulton KA, Sutherland R, Barnett D, Bennett B, Chan E, et al. Predictors of adaptive functioning in preschool aged children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res. 2021;14:1444–55.
Klinger LG, Cook ML, Dudley KM. Predictors and moderators of treatment efficacy in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2021;50:517–24.
Cabrera-Martos I, Valenza MC, Valenza-Demet G, Benítez-Feliponi A, Robles-Vizcaíno C, Ruiz-Extremera A. Effects of manual therapy on treatment duration and motor development in infants with severe nonsynostotic plagiocephaly: a randomised controlled pilot study. Childs Nerv Syst. 2016;32:2211–7.
Rogers GF, Oh AK, Mulliken JB. The role of congenital muscular torticollis in the development of deformational plagiocephaly. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;123:643–52.
Olson JJ, Kalkanis SN, Ryken TC. Congress of Neurological Surgeons systematic review and evidence-based guidelines on the treatment of adults with vestibular schwannomas: Executive summary. Neurosurg. 2018;82:129–34.
Pastor-Pons I, Hidalgo-García C, Lucha-López MO, Barrau-Lalmolda M, Rodes-Pastor I, Rodríguez-Fernández ÁL, et al. Effectiveness of pediatric integrative manual therapy in cervical movement limitation in infants with positional plagiocephaly: a randomized controlled trial. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:41.
Krupp LB, Tardieu M, Amato MP, Banwell B, Chitnis T, Dale RC, et al. International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group criteria for pediatric multiple sclerosis and immune-mediated central nervous system demyelinating disorders: revisions to the 2007 definitions. Mult Scler. 2013;19:1261–7.
Tardieu M, Banwell B, Wolinsky JS, Pohl D, Krupp LB. Consensus definitions for pediatric MS and other demyelinating disorders in childhood. Neurol. 2016;87(9 Suppl 2):S8–11.
Marchioni E, Ravaglia S, Montomoli C, Tavazzi E, Minoli L, Baldanti F, et al. Postinfectious neurologic syndromes: a prospective cohort study. Neurol. 2013;80:882–9.
Bozzola E, Spina G, Valeriani M, Papetti L, Ursitti F, Agostiniani R, et al. Management of pediatric post-infectious neurological syndromes. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:17.
Zafar A, Wang W, Liu G, Wang X, Xian W, McKeon F, et al. Molecular targeting therapies for neuroblastoma: progress and challenges. Med Res Rev. 2021;41:961–1021.
Luksch R, Castellani MR, Collini P, De Bernardi B, Conte M, Gambini C, et al. Neuroblastoma (Peripheral neuroblastic tumours). Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2016;107:163–81.
Whittle SB, Smith V, Doherty E, Zhao S, McCarty S, Zage PE. Overview and recent advances in the treatment of neuroblastoma. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2017;17:369–86.
Bilke S, Chen QR, Wei JS, Khan J. Whole chromosome alterations predict survival in high-risk neuroblastoma without MYCN amplification. Clin Cancer Res. 2008;14:5540–7.
Jiang CY, Xu X, Jian BL, Zhang X, Yue ZX, Guo W, et al. Chromosome 10 abnormality predicts prognosis of neuroblastoma patients with bone marrow metastasis. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:134.
Westwood H, Tchanturia K. Autism spectrum disorder in anorexia nervosa: an updated literature review. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2017;19:41.
Kerr-Gaffney J, Halls D, Harrison A, Tchanturia K. Exploring relationships between autism spectrum disorder symptoms and eating disorder symptoms in adults with anorexia nervosa: a network approach. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:401.
Boltri M, Sapuppo W. Anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. Psychiatry Res. 2021;306:114271.
Karjalainen L, Råstam M, Paulson-Karlsson G, Wentz E. Do autism spectrum disorder and anorexia nervosa have some eating disturbances in common? Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019;28:69–78.
Pruccoli J, Solari A, Terenzi L, Malaspina E, Angotti M, Pignataro V, et al. Autism spectrum disorder and anorexia nervosa: an Italian prospective study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:59.
Patel M, Satishchandra P, Saini J, Bharath RD, Sinha S. Eating epilepsy: phenotype, MRI, SPECT and video-EEG observations. Epilepsy Res. 2013;107:115–20.
Nakazawa C, Fujimoto S, Watanabe M, Tanaka M, Kageyama M, Ishikawa T, et al. Eating epilepsy characterized by periodic spasms. Neuropediatrics. 2002;33:294–7.
Seneviratne U, Seetha T, Pathirana R, Rajapakse P. High prevalence of eating epilepsy in Sri Lanka. Seizure. 2003;12:604–5.
Labate A, Colosimo E, Gambardella A, Leggio U, Ambrosio R, Loi M, et al. Reflex periodic spasms induced by eating. Brain Dev. 2006;28:170–4.
Girges C, Vijiaratnam N, Wirth T, Tjoakarfa C, Idaszak J, Seneviratne U. Seizures triggered by eating - a rare form of reflex epilepsy: a systematic review. Seizure. 2020;83:21–31.
Vercellino F, Siri L, Brisca G, Scala M, Riva A, Severino M, et al. Symptomatic eating epilepsy: two novel pediatric patients and review of literature. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:137.
Mattson SN, Bernes GA, Doyle LR. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a review of the neurobehavioral deficits associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2019;43:1046–62.
McDougall S, Finlay-Jones A, Arney F, Gordon A. A qualitative examination of the cognitive and behavioural challenges experienced by children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Res Dev Disabil. 2020;104:103683.
Kingdon D, Cardoso C, McGrath JJ. Research Review: Executive function deficits in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder - a meta-analysis. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2016;57:116–31.
Kully-Martens K, Denys K, Treit S, Tamana S, Rasmussen C. A review of social skills deficits in individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and prenatal alcohol exposure: profiles, mechanisms, and interventions. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012;36:568–76.
Dylag KA, Bando B, Baran Z, Dumnicka P, Kowalska K, Kulaga P, et al. Sleep problems among children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)- an explorative study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:113.
Eric O. The negative effects of new screens on the cognitive functions of young children require new recommendations. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:223.
Anderson DR, Subrahmanyam K. Cognitive impacts of digital media workgroup digital screen media and cognitive development. Pediatr. 2017;140((Suppl 2)):S57–61.
Aishworiya R, Cai S, Chen HY, Phua DY, Broekman BFP, Daniel LM, et al. Television viewing and child cognition in a longitudinal birth cohort in Singapore: the role of maternal factors. BMC Pediatr. 2019;19:286.
Madigan S, McArthur BA, Anhorn C, Eirich R, Christakis DA. Associations between screen use and child language skills: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174:665–75.
van den Heuvel M, Ma J, Borkhoff CM, Koroshegyi C, Dai DWH, Parkin PC, et al. Mobile media device use is associated with expressive language delay in 18-month-old children. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2019;40:99–104.
Cespedes EM, Gillman MW, Kleinman K, Rifas-Shiman SL, Redline S, Taveras EM. Television viewing, bedroom television, and sleep duration from infancy to mid-childhood. Pediatr. 2014;133:e1163–71.
Chen B, van Dam RM, Tan CS, Chua HL, Wong PG, Bernard JY, et al. Screen viewing behavior and sleep duration among children aged 2 and below. BMC Public Health. 2019;19:59.
Council on communications and media. Media and young minds. Pediatr. 2016;138:e20162591.
Gupta V, Mahendri NV, Tete P, Santhanam S. Skimmed milk preparation in management of congenital chylothorax. Indian Pediatr. 2014;51:146–8.
Höck M, Höller A, Hammerl M, Wechselberger K, Krösslhuber J, Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U, et al. Dietary treatment of congenital chylothorax with skimmed breast milk. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:175.
Goldstein A, Armony-Sivan R, Rozin A, Weller A. Somatostatin levels during infancy, pregnancy, and lactation: a review. Peptides. 1995;16:1321–6.
Westerfield KL, Koenig K, Oh R. Breastfeeding: common questions and answers. Am Fam Physician. 2018;98:368–73.
Section on Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatr. 2012;129:e827–41.
Gartner LM, Morton J, Lawrence RA, Naylor AJ, O’Hare D, Schanler RJ, et al. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatr. 2005;115:496–506.
Taye AA, Asegidew W, Taderegew MM, Bizuwork YG, Zegeye B. Formula feeding practice and associated factors among mothers with infants 0–6 months of age in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:55.
Shergill-Bonner R. Micronutrients. Paediatr Child Heal (United Kingdom). 2017;27:357–62.
Whitehead RG, Paul AA. Long-term adequacy of exclusive breast-feeding: how scientific research has led to revised opinions. Proc Nutr Soc. 2000;59:17–23.
Savarino G, Corsello A, Corsello G. Macronutrient balance and micronutrient amounts through growth and development. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:109.
Eriksen KG, Johnson W, Sonko B, Prentice AM, Darboe MK, Moore SE. Following the world health organization’s recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months of age does not impact the growth of rural Gambian infants. J Nutr. 2017;147:248–55.
Gera T, Shah D, Garner P, Richardson M, Sachdev HS. Integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) strategy for children under five. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;6:CD010123.
Prajapati AC, Chandwani H, Rana B, Sonaliya KN. A community based assessment study of positioning, attachment and suckling during breastfeeding among 0–6 months aged infants in rural area of Gandhinagar district, Gujarat, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:1921–6.
Degefa N, Tariku B, Bancha T, Amana G, Hajo A, Kusse Y, et al. Breast feeding practice: positioning and attachment during breast feeding among lactating mothers visiting health facility in Areka Town Southern Ethiopia. Int J Pediatr. 2019;2019:8969432.
Safayi BL, Assimamaw NT, Kassie DG. Breastfeeding technique and associated factors among lactating mothers visiting Gondar town health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia: observational method. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:206.
Amarri S, Ottaviani A, Campagna A, De Panfilis L, Romagna E, Paediatric palliative care working group. Children with medical complexity and paediatric palliative care a retrospective cross-sectional survey of prevalence and needs. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:110.
Lyons-Warren AM. Update on palliative care for pediatric neurology. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2019;36:154–7.
Weaver MS, Heinze KE, Bell CJ, Wiener L, Garee AM, Kelly KP, et al. Establishing psychosocial palliative care standards for children and adolescents with cancer and their families: an integrative review. Palliat Med. 2016;30:212–23.
Nilsson S, Ohlen J, Hessman E, Brännström M. Paediatric palliative care: a systematic review. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2020;10:157–63.
Grotenhermen F, Müller-Vahl K. The therapeutic potential of cannabis and cannabinoids. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2012;109:495–501.
Devinsky O, Cross JH, Laux L, Marsh E, Miller I, Nabbout R, et al. Trial of cannabidiol for drug-resistant seizures in the Dravet Syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2017;376:2011–20.
Oberoi S, Protudjer JLP, Rapoport A, Rassekh SR, Crooks B, Siden H, et al. Perspectives of pediatric oncologists and palliative care physicians on the therapeutic use of cannabis in children with cancer. Cancer Rep (Hoboken). 2021;5:e1551.
Divisic A, Avagnina I, De Tommasi V, Santini A, Brogelli L, Giacomelli L, et al. The use of medical cannabis in pediatric palliative care: a case series. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:229.
LeGrys VA, Wood RE. Incidence and implications of false-negative sweat test reports in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 1988;4:169–72.
Cimbalo C, Tosco A, Terlizzi V, Sepe A, Castaldo A, Salvadori L, et al. Elevated sweat chloride test: is it always cystic fibrosis? Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:112.
Com G, Uc A. Exercise intolerance, malnutrition, abnormal sweat chloride levels, and two CFTR mutations: is it cystic fibrosis? J Pediatr Health Care. 2015;29:201–4.
Brown A, Jenkins L, Reid A, Leavy A, McDowell G, McIlroy C, et al. How to perform and interpret the sweat test. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2020;105:230–5.
Terlizzi V, Masi E, Francalanci M, Taccetti G, Innocenti D. Hypertonic saline in people with cystic fibrosis: review of comparative studies and clinical practice. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:168.
Wark P, McDonald VM. Nebulised hypertonic saline for cystic fibrosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;(9):CD001506.
Yang C, Montgomery M. Dornase alfa for cystic fibrosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021;3:CD001127.
Southern KW, Clancy JP, Ranganathan S. Aerosolized agents for airway clearance in cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2019;54:858–64.
de Benedictis FM, Bush A. Recurrent lower respiratory tract infections in children. BMJ. 2018;362:k2698.
Chiappini E, Santamaria F, Marseglia GL, Marchisio P, Galli L, Cutrera R, et al. Prevention of recurrent respiratory infections : Inter-society consensus. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:211.
Picard C, Bobby Gaspar H, Al-Herz W, Bousfiha A, Casanova JL, Chatila T, et al. International union of immunological societies: 2017 primary immunodeficiency diseases committee report on inborn errors of immunity. J Clin Immunol. 2018;38:96–128.
Bont L, Checchia PA, Fauroux B, Figueras-Aloy J, Manzoni P, Paes B, et al. Defining the epidemiology and burden of severe respiratory syncytial virus infection among infants and children in Western countries. Infect Dis Ther. 2016;5:271–98.
Azzari C, Baraldi E, Bonanni P, Bozzola E, Coscia A, Lanari M, et al. Epidemiology and prevention of respiratory syncytial virus infections in children in Italy. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:198.
Duse M, Santamaria F, Verga MC, Bergamini M, Simeone G, Leonardi L, et al. Inter-society consensus for the use of inhaled corticosteroids in infants, children and adolescents with airway diseases. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:97.
Expert Panel Working Group of the National Heart Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Administered and coordinated National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Coordinating Committee (NAEPPCC), Cloutier MM, Baptist AP, Blake KV, Brooks EG, Bryant-Stephens T, et al. focused updates to the asthma management guidelines: a report from the National Asthma Education and prevention program coordinating committee expert panel working group. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2020;2020(146):1217–70.
Wise SK, Lin SY, Toskala E, Orlandi RR, Akdis CA, Alt JA, et al. International consensus statement on allergy and rhinology: allergic rhinitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2018;8:108–352.
Chong LY, Head K, Hopkins C, Philpott C, Burton MJ, Schilder AG. Different types of intranasal steroids for chronic rhinosinusitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;26:4.
Montana A, Salerno M, Feola A, Asmundo A, Di Nunno N, Casella F, et al. Risk management and recommendations for the prevention of fatal foreign body aspiration: four cases aged 1.5 to 3 years and mini-review of the literature. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17:4700.
Chen X, Zhang C. Foreign body aspiration in children: Focus on the impact of delayed treatment. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017;96:111–5.
Fasseeh NA, Elagamy OA, Gaafar AH, Reyad HM, Abougabal MS, Heiba DA, et al. A new scoring system and clinical algorithm for the management of suspected foreign body aspiration in children: a retrospective cohort study. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:194.
Posten S, Reed J. Pediatric community acquired pneumonia. S D Med. 2017;70:557–61.
Qin Q, Shen KL. Community-acquired pneumonia and its complications. Indian J Pediatr. 2015;82:745–51.
Johnson AW, Osinusi K, Aderele WI, Gbadero DA, Olaleye OD, Adeyemi-Doro FA. Etiologic agents and outcome determinants of community-acquired pneumonia in urban children: a hospital-based study. J Natl Med Assoc. 2008;100:370–85.
Shan W, Shi T, Chen K, Xue J, Wang Y, Yu J, et al. Risk factors for severe community-aquired pneumonia among children hospitalized with CAP younger than 5 years of age. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019;38:224–9.
Chen L, Miao C, Chen Y, Han X, Lin Z, Ye H, et al. Age-specific risk factors of severe pneumonia among pediatric patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:100.
Bozzola E, Staiano AM, Spina G, Zamperini N, Marino F, Roversi M, et al. Social media use to improve communication on children and adolescent’s health: the role of the Italian Paediatric Society influencers. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47:171.
Moola F. The complexities of contagion: The experience of social isolation among children and youth living with cystic fibrosis in Canada. J Child Health Care. 2018;22:631–45.
Bonnevie E, Rosenberg SD, Kummeth C, Goldbarg J, Wartella E, Smyser J. Using social media influencers to increase knowledge and positive attitudes toward the flu vaccine. PLoS ONE. 2020;15:e0240828.
Coates AE, Hardman CA, Halford JCG, Christiansen P, Boyland EJ. Social media influencer marketing and children’s food intake: a randomized trial. Pediatr. 2019;14:e20182554.