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  1. Review

    Advances in paediatrics in 2016: current practices and challenges in allergy, autoimmune diseases, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, infectious diseases, neonatology, nephrology, neurology, nutrition, pulmonology

    This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several d...

    Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella and Sergio Bernasconi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:80

    Published on: 16 September 2017

  2. Research

    A comparison of blood stream infections with extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing and non-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in pediatric patients

    Rapid development and global spread of multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumonia (K. pneumoniae) as a major cause of nosocomial infections is really remarkable. The aim of this study was to explore risk factors fo...

    Sevgen Tanır Basaranoglu, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Kubra Aykac, Eda Karadag Oncel, Asiye Bıcakcigil, Banu Sancak, Ali Bulent Cengiz, Ates Kara and Mehmet Ceyhan

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:79

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  3. Research

    Long-term treatment with low-dose medicine in chronic childhood eczema: a double-blind two-stage randomized control trial

    The efficacy of low-dose medicine (LDM) in childhood mild/moderate eczema is not known. We conducted a double-blind, two-stage, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, lasting 23 months, to address this...

    R. Carello, L. Ricottini, V. Miranda, P. Panei, L. Rocchi, R. Arcieri and E. Galli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:78

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  4. Research

    Respiratory problems in children with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula

    Children with congenital esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have chronic respiratory symptoms including recurrent pneumonia, wheezing and persistent cough. The aim of this study is to ...

    Federica Porcaro, Laura Valfré, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Luigi Dall’Oglio, Paola De Angelis, Alberto Villani, Pietro Bagolan, Sergio Bottero and Renato Cutrera

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:77

    Published on: 5 September 2017

  5. Review

    Humanization of pediatric care in the world: focus and review of existing models and measurement tools

    The term “humanization” indicates the process by which people try to make something more human and civilized, more in line with what is believed to be the human nature. The humanization of care is an important...

    Marina Tripodi, Maria Anna Siano, Claudia Mandato, Anna Giulia Elena De Anseris, Paolo Quitadamo, Salvatore Guercio Nuzio, Claudia Viggiano, Francesco Fasolino, Annalisa Bellopede, Maria Annunziata, Grazia Massa, Francesco Maria Pepe, Maria De Chiara, Paolo Siani and Pietro Vajro

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:76

    Published on: 30 August 2017

  6. Review

    Mediterranean diet, folic acid, and neural tube defects

    The Mediterranean diet has been for a very long time the basis of food habits all over the countries of the Mediterranean basin, originally founded on rural models and low consumption of meat products and high...

    Maximilian Fischer, Mauro Stronati and Marcello Lanari

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:74

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  7. Letter to the Editor

    The impact of the recent AAP changes in palivizumab authorization on RSV-induced bronchiolitis severity and incidence

    Following the most recent modification by the American Academy of Pediatrics, based on American studies on RSV epidemiology, the Italian Drug Agency (AIFA) decided to limit the total financial coverage of the ...

    Antonino Capizzi, Michela Silvestri, Andrea Orsi, Renato Cutrera, Giovanni A. Rossi and Oliviero Sacco

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:71

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  8. Case report

    Coeliac disease in infants: antibodies to deamidated gliadin peptide come first!

    The onset of coeliac disease (CD) in the first year of life is uncommon and the diagnosis can be challenging due to the suboptimal sensitivity of tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG) at this age and the ma...

    Michele Arigliani, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Martina Fabris, Paola Melli, Elio Tonutti and Paola Cogo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:70

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  9. Letter to the Editor

    Pyridoxine dependent epilepsies: new therapeutical point of view

    Pyridoxine dependent epilepsies (PDEs) are rare autosomal recessive disorders with onset in neonatal period. Seizures are typically not responsive to conventional antiepileptic drugs, but they cease after pare...

    Raffaele Falsaperla and Giovanni Corsello

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:68

    Published on: 5 August 2017

  10. Research

    Umbilical cord blood acid-base analysis and the development of significant hyperbilirubinemia in near-term and term newborns: a cohort study

    The recognition, follow-up, and early treatment of neonatal jaundice has become more difficult, since the earlier discharge of newborns from hospitals has become common practice. Since intrapartum hypoxic stre...

    Vincenzo Zanardo, Federico de Luca, Alphonse K. Simbi, Matteo Parotto, Pietro Guerrini and Gianluca Straface

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:67

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  11. Review

    Tall stature: a difficult diagnosis?

    Referral for an assessment of tall stature is less common than for short stature. Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age. The majority of subjects with tal...

    Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Roberta Giacchero, Sara Pagani and Mauro Bozzola

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:66

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  12. Case report

    A mild form of adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency in absence of typical brain MRI features diagnosed by whole exome sequencing

    Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency is a defect of purine metabolism affecting purinosome assembly and reducing metabolite fluxes through purine de novo synthesis and purine nucleotide recycling pathways....

    Marina Macchiaiolo, Sabina Barresi, Francesco Cecconi, Ginevra Zanni, Marcello Niceta, Emanuele Bellacchio, Giacomo Lazzarino, Angela Maria Amorini, Enrico Silvio Bertini, Salvatore Rizza, Benedetta Contardi, Marco Tartaglia and Andrea Bartuli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:65

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  13. Case report

    Short stature: an ordinary sign for an unordinary diagnosis

    Short stature (SS) is a relatively early sign of poor health. Only in 5% of cases we can explain it through the presence of endocrinological pathologies. Therefore, if SS is present since the first months of l...

    Paolo Cavarzere, Valentina Bortolotti, Michela Capogna, Margherita Guarnieri, Francesca Lucca, Rossella Gaudino, Stefano Marzini, Claudia Banzato and Franco Antoniazzi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:64

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  14. Research

    Rubella sero-prevalence among children in Kilimanjaro region: a community based study prior to the introduction of rubella vaccine in Tanzania

    Childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. Rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. Depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbi...

    Nikolas A. S. Chotta, Melina Mgongo, Jacqueline G. Uriyo, Sia E. Msuya, Babill Stray-Pedersen and Arne Stray-Pedersen

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:63

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  15. Research

    Expanding the phenotype of reciprocal 1q21.1 deletions and duplications: a case series

    Recurrent reciprocal 1q21.1 deletions and duplications have been associated with variable phenotypes. Phenotypic features described in association with 1q21.1 microdeletions include developmental delay, cranio...

    Martina Busè, Helenia C. Cuttaia, Daniela Palazzo, Marcella V. Mazara, Salvatrice A. Lauricella, Michela Malacarne, Mauro Pierluigi, Simona Cavani and Maria Piccione

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:61

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  16. Commentary

    Ataxia in children: think about vitamin E deficiency ! (comment on: ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation)

    A recent article from Pavone et al. published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics entitled «Ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation» made an exhaustive overview of the large spectrum of ...

    H. Rahmoune, N. Boutrid, M. Amrane, M. C. Chekkour and B. Bioud

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:62

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  17. Research

    Omitting duodenal biopsy in children with suspected celiac disease and extra-intestinal symptoms

    The aim of our study is to evaluate if in children with highly positive serology and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 (triple test, TT) and only extra-intestinal symptoms, it is possible to omit performing an intestinal biopsy for...

    Mauro Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Sara Pagani, Daniela Larizza, Valeria Calcaterra, Ombretta Luinetti, Giovanni Farello, Carmine Tinelli and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:59

    Published on: 15 July 2017

  18. Research

    Effects of inhaled hypertonic (7%) saline on lung function test in preschool children with cystic fibrosis: results of a crossover, randomized clinical trial

    This crossover, randomized, double-blind study (conducted over a 32-week period) was performed to determine, in clinically stable Cystic fibrosis (CF) preschool children: the effects of 7% inhaled hypertonic s...

    Raffaella Nenna, Fabio Midulla, Caterina Lambiase, Giovanna De Castro, Anna Maria Zicari, Luciana Indinnimeo, Giuseppe Cimino, Patrizia Troiani, Serena Quattrucci and Giancarlo Tancredi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:60

    Published on: 15 July 2017

  19. Case Report

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia by steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) gene mutation in an Italian infant: an uncommon cause of adrenal insufficiency

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM n. 201710) is the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is characterized by severe adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis impairment due to a def...

    Carla Bizzarri, Elisa Pisaneschi, Mafalda Mucciolo, Stefania Pedicelli, Daniela Galeazzi, Antonio Novelli and Marco Cappa

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:57

    Published on: 20 June 2017

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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