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  1. Content type: Research

    Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) has increasingly been used to assess the hemodynamic status in neonates. Aim of this survey was to investigate the utilization of NPE in Italian neonatal intensiv...

    Authors: Iuri Corsini, Benjamim Ficial, Stefano Fiocchi, Federico Schena, Irma Capolupo, Rosa Maria Cerbo, Manuela Condò, Daniela Doni, Simona La Placa, Salvatore Porzio, Katia Rossi, Sabrina Salvadori and Marilena Savoia

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:131

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  2. Content type: Commentary

    Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) is an approved and effective treatment for short children born small for gestational age (SGA). Prevalence of children eligible for treatment as SGA is reported to be 1:...

    Authors: Gianluca Tornese, Flavia Pricci, Maria Chiara Pellegrin, Marika Villa, Daniela Rotondi, Elvira Agazio and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:130

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Familial Mediterranean Fever is a monogenic autoinflammatory disease, secondary to mutation of MEFV gene, and typically expressed with recurrent attacks of fever, serositis, rash, aphthous changes in lips and/...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Maggio, Carmelo Fabiano and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:129

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  4. Content type: Research

    Transcatheter closure of intracardiac defects might be complicated by intravascular hemolysis. We evaluated hemolysis and its outcome after transcatheter closure of these defects.

    Authors: Hamid Amoozgar, Romeileh Soltani, Mohammadreza Edraki, Nima Mehdizadegan, Hamid Mohammadi, Gholamhossein Ajami, Mohammad Borzouee, Amir Naghshzan and Kambiz Keshavarz

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:128

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  5. Content type: Research

    Point prevalence surveys have been used in several studies to provide immediate and easily comparable information about antibiotic use and showed that about one third of hospitalised children had on ongoing an...

    Authors: Chiara Tersigni, Carlotta Montagnani, Patrizia D’Argenio, Marzia Duse, Susanna Esposito, Yingfen Hsia, Mike Sharland and Luisa Galli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:127

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  6. Content type: Review

    This review reported notable advances in pediatrics that have been published in 2018. We have highlighted progresses in allergy, cardiology, critical care, endocrinology, hereditary metabolic diseases, gastroe...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Carla Mastrorilli, Angelica Santoro, Brunella Iovane, Maddalena Petraroli, Valeria Gaeta, Rosita Di Pinto, Melissa Borrelli, Sergio Bernasconi and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:126

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  7. Content type: Research

    Diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) and decisions about its treatment remain among the most common dilemmas of pediatric surgical teams. Monitoring of immune response may be of importance for this purpose. Ou...

    Authors: Nikola Stankovic, Maja Surbatovic, Ivan Stanojevic, Radoje Simić, Slavisa Djuricic, Maja Milickovic, Blagoje Grujic, Djordje Savic, Vesna Milojkovic Marinovic, Miona Stankovic and Danilo Vojvodic

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:125

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  8. Content type: Research

    We studied the short-term effects of air pollutant concentrations in Suzhou City on respiratory infections in children of different age groups.

    Authors: Dandan Zhang, Yuqin Li, Qiu Chen, Yanqun Jiang, Chu Chu, Ying Ding, Yixue Yu, Yujie Fan, Jinjin Shi, Yali Luo and Weifang Zhou

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:123

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  9. Content type: Research

    Melatonin has been studied and used for several years as a sleep-wake cycle modulator in patients with sleep disorders. Experimental evidence has demonstrated the multiple neuroprotective benefits of this indo...

    Authors: S. Picone, P. Ariganello, V. Mondì, F. Di Palma, L. Martini, S. Marziali, G. Fariello and P. Paolillo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:122

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Familial Mediterranean Fever is an autoinflammatory disease typically expressed with recurrent attacks of fever, serositis, aphthous stomatitis, rash. Only a few reports describe the association with hepatic i...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Maggio, Maria Castiglia and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:121

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  11. Content type: Research

    The burden of communicable diseases within developing countries is mainly influenced by poor personal hygiene practices. Hand washing is considered as most cost effective intervention for reducing health probl...

    Authors: Henok Dagne, Laekemariam Bogale, Muluneh Borcha, Anley Tesfaye and Baye Dagnew

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:120

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Procedural sedation is increasingly needed in pediatrics. Although different drugs or drugs association are available, which is the safest and most efficient has yet to be defined, especially in syndromic chil...

    Authors: Matteo Trevisan, Sara Romano, Egidio Barbi, Irene Bruno, Flora Maria Murru and Giorgio Cozzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:119

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  13. Content type: Research

    Pandoraea species are gram negative, motile, non-spore forming, rod shaped and oxidase positive, obligate aerobes bacteria, and have one polar flagellum. Most of Pandoraea species are associated with lung infecti...

    Authors: Mohammad Tabatabaei, Mahdi Dastbarsar and Mohammad Ashkan Moslehi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:118

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  14. Content type: Research

    Mutations in the surfactant protein C gene (SFTPC) result in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Our objective was to characterize clinical and genetic spectrum of ILD in Chinese children associated with SFTPC mutat...

    Authors: Da Hong, Dan Dai, Jing Liu, Congcong Zhang, Tingting Jin, Yanyan Shi, Gaoli Jiang, Mei Mei, Libo Wang and Liling Qian

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:117

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Immunocompromised (IC) patients have an increased risk of refractory diarrhea. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a safe and effective therapy for infection-related diarrhea which are mainly mediated by...

    Authors: Shuwen Zhong, Jingqing Zeng, Zhaohui Deng, Lirong Jiang, Bin Zhang, Kaihua Yang, Wenyu Wang and Tianao Zhang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:116

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  16. Content type: Research

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the main cause of hospitalization for bronchiolitis among infants. RSV is classified into two subtypes, A and B, whose predominance alternates during different epidemic sea...

    Authors: C. Ciarlitto, A. C. Vittucci, L. Antilici, C. Concato, C. Di Camillo, P. Zangari and A. Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:115

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  17. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Tryptophan metabolic pathway is involved in pathogenic mechanisms of asthma. This study aimed to evaluate tryptophan metabolites and neopterin in a group of asthmatic children. Tryptophan metabolites and neopt...

    Authors: Amelia Licari, Dietmar Fuchs, Gianluigi Marseglia and Giorgio Ciprandi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:114

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  18. Content type: Research

    In this study, we aimed to analyze differences in plasma protein abundances between infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), to add new insights into a better understanding of the pathogenesi...

    Authors: Magdalena Zasada, Maciej Suski, Renata Bokiniec, Monika Szwarc-Duma, Maria Katarzyna Borszewska-Kornacka, Józef Madej, Beata Bujak-Giżycka, Anna Madetko-Talowska, Cecilie Revhaug, Lars O. Baumbusch, Ola D. Saugstad, Jacek Józef Pietrzyk and Przemko Kwinta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:112

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS), which is defined as heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema, is most caused by monogenic defects in structural proteins of the glomerular filtration ba...

    Authors: Liangliang Li, Zhi Yi, Hongmin Xi, Lili Ma, Hui Shao, Wenwen Wang, Hong Pan, Miaomiao Li and Hong Jiang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:109

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  20. Content type: Review

    Pentoxifylline may be an important approach to treat neonatal sepsis. However, its use has not been well established. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of pentoxifylline...

    Authors: Jun Tian, Peifang Shen, Kaiyu Pan and Qiong Zhou

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:108

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  21. Content type: Research

    The treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants remains a challenge. The ability to predict which infants will respond to indomethacin could spare some from the risks of...

    Authors: Janardhan Mydam, Alok Rastogi and Zahra J. Naheed

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:107

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Glycogen storage disease type II (GSD II) is caused by acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency. Both infantile-onset and juvenile-onset GSD II lead to proximal muscle weakness and respiratory insufficiency and...

    Authors: Lingling Xu, Hongjun Ba, Yuxin Pei, Xueqiong Huang, Yujian Liang, Lidan Zhang, Huimin Huang, Cheng Zhang and Wen Tang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:106

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  23. Content type: Review

    Deleterious consequences of the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) with invasive ventilation have led to more in-depth investigation of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) modalities. NIV has signifi...

    Authors: Dhivya Lakshmi Permall, Asfia Banu Pasha and Xiao-qing Chen

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:105

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  24. Content type: Research

    Vaccination represents one of the most effective means of preventing infections for the population and for the public health in general. Recently there has been a decline in vaccinations, also among healthcare...

    Authors: Carlotta Tomboloni, Chiara Tersigni, Maurizio de Martino, Donata Dini, José Rafael González-López, Filippo Festini, Stella Neri and Daniele Ciofi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:104

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  25. Content type: Research

    Acute otitis media (AOM) and pharyngitis are very common infections in children and adolescents. Italy is one of the European countries with the highest rate of antibiotic prescriptions. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: E. Barbieri, D. Donà, A. Cantarutti, R. Lundin, A. Scamarcia, G. Corrao, L. Cantarutti and C. Giaquinto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:103

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  26. Content type: Research

    The therapeutic strategy for children with cow’s milk allergy (CMA) consists in the elimination of cow’s milk (CM) from their diet. Donkey’s milk (DM) has been reported to be an adequate alternative, mainly to...

    Authors: Lucrezia Sarti, Mina Martini, Giovanni Brajon, Simona Barni, Federica Salari, Iolanda Altomonte, Giuseppe Ragona, Francesca Mori, Neri Pucci, Giada Muscas, Fina Belli, Franco Corrias and Elio Novembre

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:102

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  27. Content type: Review

    The aim of this guidance is to provide recommendations to clinicians and other interested parties on chronic urticaria in children. The Italian Society for Pediatrics (SIP), the Italian Society for Allergy and...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesco Paravati, Maya El Hachem, Marzia Duse, Marcello Bergamini, Giovanni Simeone, Massimo Barbagallo, Roberto Bernardini, Paolo Bottau, Filomena Bugliaro, Silvia Caimmi, Fernanda Chiera, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Cristiana De Ranieri, Dora Di Mauro, Andrea Diociaiuti…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:101

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  28. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Children with chromosome translocations, concerning X chromosome, have a genetic pattern different from Turner syndrome; however, when a translocation involves the of part of X chromosome including short statu...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Maggio and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:100

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  29. Content type: Research

    To investigate the relationship between symptom of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and allergic rhinitis (AR) in AR children of different genders and ages.

    Authors: Keyang Chen, Xiuxiu Zheng, Ziyue Li, Haijie Xiang, Bobei Chen and Hui Zhang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:99

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  30. Content type: Research

    Low-type anorectal malformations (ARMs) are considered benign; however, in China, data regarding such conditions are limited. Thus, this study aimed to assess the middle-term bowel functions and quality of lif...

    Authors: Haiqing Zheng, Guangjian Liu, Zijian Liang, Yunpei Chen, Zhe Wen, Jiakang Yu, Xiaogang Xu, Huiying Liang and Yong Wang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:98

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  31. Content type: Research

    This article describes the detailed project aimed to realize a dedicated ground ambulance for neonatal emergency transport service (NETS). To date, the European Community rules specify requirements for the des...

    Authors: Carlo Bellini, Martina de Biasi, Maurizio Gente, Luca A. Ramenghi, Roberto Aufieri, Diego Minghetti, Silvia Pericu, Martina Cavalieri and Niccolò Casiddu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:97

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  32. Content type: Commentary

    Thyroid cancer (TC) in childhood is a rare disease characterized by an excellent prognosis. Thyroid nodules in children, although less common than in adults, have a greater risk of malignancies, particularly i...

    Authors: Giuseppina Zirilli, Giuseppina Salzano, Domenico Corica, Giovanni Battista Pajno, Cristina Mignosa, Giorgia Pepe, Filippo De Luca and Giuseppe Crisafulli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:96

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  33. Content type: Research

    Sudden unexpected postnatal collapse of presumably healthy neonates during early skin-to-skin contact is a rare, yet recognized occurrence, associated with a high risk of mortality and morbidity. A survey was ...

    Authors: Michelangelo Barbaglia, Enrico Finale, Silvia Noce, Alessandro Vigo, Cesare Arioni, Raffaella Visentin, Elisabetta Scurati-Manzoni and Andrea Guala

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:95

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  34. Content type: Research

    Enteroviruses (EVs) are an important cause of illness, especially in neonates and young infants. Clinical and laboratory findings at different ages, brain imaging, and outcomes have been inadequately investiga...

    Authors: Alberto Berardi, Marcello Sandoni, Carlotta Toffoli, Alessandra Boncompagni, William Gennari, Maria Barbara Bergamini, Laura Lucaccioni and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:94

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  35. Content type: Case report

    The treatment with recombinant human growth hormone in patients affected by Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) is considered whenever a concurrent diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency is demonstrated. The short- an...

    Authors: A. Cattoni, S. Motta, N. Masera, S. Gasperini, A. Rovelli and R. Parini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:93

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  36. Content type: Research

    Aim of the study is to intercept specific characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in Down Syndrome (DS). The study describes the distribution and the age of specific aspects of behavioral phenotype in a sa...

    Authors: M. Marino, I. Scala, O. Scicolone, P. Strisciuglio and C. Bravaccio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:92

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Brodie’s abscess is a form of chronic pyogenic osteomyelitis that usually affects the cancellous part of the long bones in children. Its treatment is represented by antibiotic therapy alone or in association w...

    Authors: Andrea Cossio, Jole Graci, Antonino Salvatore Lombardo, Marco Turati, Maria Luisa Melzi, Marco Bigoni and Giovanni Zatti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:91

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  38. Content type: Research

    Long-term mechanical ventilation (LTV) with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) prolongs survival in patients with Neuromuscular Diseases (NMDs). Transition from paediatric to adult healthcare system is an underval...

    Authors: Alessandro Onofri, Hui-Leng Tan, Claudio Cherchi, Martino Pavone, Elisabetta Verrillo, Nicola Ullmann, Maria Beatrice Chiarini Testa and Renato Cutrera

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:90

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  39. Content type: Debate

    The definition of the eligibility criteria of newborn, infant, child, or adolescent patients for palliative care (PC) is complicated by the fact that these patients generally present with very specific case hi...

    Authors: Momcilo Jankovic, Lucia De Zen, Federico Pellegatta, Pierina Lazzarin, Marina Bertolotti, Luca Manfredini, Antonino Aprea, Luigi Memo, Antonio Del Vecchio, Rino Agostiniani and Franca Benini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:89

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Acute otitis media is one of the most common infectious diseases in the paediatric age and although its complications such as acute mastoiditis have become rare thanks to improvements in therapeutic approaches...

    Authors: Massimo Luca Castellazzi, Laura Senatore, Giada Di Pietro, Raffaella Pinzani, Sara Torretta, Ilaria Coro, Antonio Russillo, Irene Borzani, Samantha Bosis and Paola Marchisio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:88

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  41. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the growth status and to identify the risk factors that influence the catch-up growth of preterm infants after discharge and to provide evidence for feeding strategies ...

    Authors: Xiaomei Liu, Biru Luo, Wentao Peng, Fei Xiong, Fan Yang and Jinhui Wu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:87

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  42. Content type: Research

    Survival of newborns and long term complications are highly correlated with birth weight. The low birth weight rate is an indicator of a public health problem that includes long-term maternal malnutrition, ill...

    Authors: Maru Mekie and Wubet Taklual

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:86

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Turner syndrome (45,X), accounts for 1–2% of conceptions which typically miscarry early in the first trimester. Cases detected prenatally often present with cystic hygroma, which is an ultrasound marker for an...

    Authors: Hai-Ying Chen, Jian-Qiong Zheng and Hong-Ping Zhang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:85

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  44. Content type: Research

    Lertal®, an oral nutraceutical, contains extract of Perilla, quercetin, and Vitamin D3. The current polycentric, randomized, parallel-group, controlled study aimed in the Phase II to evaluate the efficacy and ...

    Authors: Gianluigi Marseglia, Amelia Licari, Salvatore Leonardi, Maria Papale, Anna Maria Zicari, Laura Schiavi and Giorgio Ciprandi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:84

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  45. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Lung function impairment is common in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) survivors. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in children who underwent CDH surgical repair, mid and long-term consequences on re...

    Authors: Giuliana Ferrante, Giovanna Cilluffo, Maria Rita Di Pace, Giovanni Corsello, Enrico Lombardi, Raffaele L. Dellacà, Velia Malizia and Stefania La Grutta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:82

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