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  1. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection mainly affects newborns, infants and young children aged < 2 years. Since an RSV vaccine is in the European Medicines Agency’s waitlist validation, nowadays the prev...

    Authors: Giulia Congedo, Gaia Surya Lombardi, Doris Zjalic, Mattia Di Russo, Emanuele La Gatta, Luca Regazzi, Giuseppe Indolfi, Annamaria Staiano and Chiara Cadeddu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:35
  2. The effect of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus in the neonatal period on developing brain is still unknown. This study aims to investigate the long-term neurodevelopmental out...

    Authors: Ezgi Yangin Ergon, Senem Alkan Ozdemir, Sinem Akbay Ak, Meltem Yenilmez, Buse Soysal, Oğuz Han Kalkanlı, Şebnem Çalkavur and Tülin Gokmen Yıldırım
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:34
  3. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorders which may potentially led to a high risk of health medical complications, suicide and self-harming behaviour. Since Covid-19 pandemic onset in March 2020, evide...

    Authors: Maria Rosaria Marchili, Elena Bozzola, Stefano Guolo, Silvio Marchesani, Giulia Spina, Cristina Mascolo, Stefano Vicari, Isabella Tarissi De Jacobis, Massimiliano Raponi and Alberto Villani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:33
  4. COVID-19 is generally milder in children than in adults, however severe infection has been described in some patients. Few data are available on use of Remdesivir (RDV) in children, as most clinical trials foc...

    Authors: Lorenza Romani, Marco Roversi, Stefania Bernardi, Elisabetta Venturini, Silvia Garazzino, Daniele Donà, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Carlotta Montagnani, Elisa Funiciello, Francesca Ippolita Calò Carducci, Caterina Marabotto, Elio Castagnola, Filippo Salvini, Laura Lancella, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Luisa Galli…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:32
  5. Gram-negative bacilli represents an important pathogen in hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) worldwide. The emergence of antibiotic resistance in these pathogens warrants attention for the proper management o...

    Authors: Ahmed Gomaa Ahmed Elsayed, Dina F. Badr, Nermene Youssef Abo El Kheir, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdelrahman Eid Mahmoud Mossad and Ehab Mohammed Fahmy Mahmoud
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:31
  6. Recurrent Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (R-URTIs) pose a significant challenge in pediatric healthcare, affecting both children and their families. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk fac...

    Authors: Antonio Corsello, Gregorio Paolo Milani, Marina Picca, Roberto Buzzetti, Romeo Carrozzo, Mirko Gambino, Giovanni Chiaffoni, Paola Marchisio and Chiara Mameli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:30
  7. Notifications of invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) infections have significantly increased in many European Countries compared to the previous season. In Italy, there has been an increase in streptococcal ...

    Authors: Maria De Filippo, Angela Klain, Ilaria Brambilla, Silvia Caimmi, Riccardo Castagnoli, Cristiana Indolfi, Giulio Dinardo, Amelia Licari, Alberto Martelli, Maria Angela Tosca, Martina Votto, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Michele Miraglia del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:29
  8. Limited evidence exists regarding the association between COVID-19 and Long COVID manifestations in children, particularly concerning variants of concern (VOCs). We aimed to characterize a cohort of pediatric ...

    Authors: Valeria Calcaterra, Veronica Maria Tagi, Enza D’Auria, Alessia Lai, Sara Zanelli, Chiara Montanari, Elia Maria Biganzoli, Giuseppe Marano, Elisa Borghi, Valentina Massa, Agostino Riva and Gianvincenzo Zuccotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:27
  9. The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) related containment measures led to the disruption of all virus distribution. Bronchiolitis-related hospitalizations shrank during 2020–2021, rebounding to pre-pandemic numbers ...

    Authors: Sergio Ghirardo, Nicola Ullmann, Alessandro Zago, Michele Ghezzi, Marta Minute, Barbara Madini, Enza D’Auria, Cecilia Basile, Francesca Castelletti, Federica Chironi, Agata Capodiferro, Beatrice Andrenacci, Francesco Maria Risso, Salvatore Aversa, Laura Dotta, Antonella Coretti…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:25
  10. Delirium, a form of acute cerebral dysfunction, is a common complication of postoperative cardiac surgery in children. It is strongly associated with adverse outcomes, including prolonged hospitalization, incr...

    Authors: Maoling Fu, Quan Yuan, Qiaoyue Yang, Wenshuai Song, Yaqi Yu, Ying Luo, Xiaoju Xiong and Genzhen Yu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:24
  11. Acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS), COVID-19 related infection has been increasingly recognized with a paucity of data on AKI incidence, related mortality, and t...

    Authors: Hanan El-Halaby, Riham Eid, Ahmed Elagamy, Ahmed El-Hussiny, Fatma Moustafa, Ayman Hammad and Mayada Zeid
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:23
  12. Kawasaki disease shock syndrome (KDSS), though rare, has increased risk for cardiovascular complications. Early diagnosis is crucial to improve the prognosis of KDSS patients. Our study aimed to identify risk ...

    Authors: Mingming Zhang, Congying Wang, Qirui Li, Hongmao Wang and Xiaohui Li
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:22
  13. The availability of an appropriate newborn feeding policy is an essential component of the promotion of breastfeeding in health facilities. The Italian Society of Neonatology (SIN) and the Italian Society of P...

    Authors: Riccardo Davanzo, Laura Travan, Maria Lorella Giannì, Giuseppe Giordano, Silvia Perugi, Mariella Baldassarre, Antonella Soldi, Lorenzo Colombo, Isabella Mondello, Michela Pandullo, Alessia Ferrara, Elena Scarpato and Guglielmo Salvatori
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:21
  14. This study aimed to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics, types of seizure disorders, and antiepileptic drug usage among individuals with different types of corpus callosum disorders.

    Authors: Ru-Huei Fu, Po-Yen Wu, I-Ching Chou, Chien-Heng Lin and Syuan-Yu Hong
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:20
  15. Diagnosis of acute otitis media (AOM) in children can be challenging, given that symptoms are often non-specific or absent, and that the direct observation of the tympanic membrane in its entirety through otos...

    Authors: Francesco Folino, Marco Caruso, Pietro Bosi, Mirko Aldè, Sara Torretta and Paola Marchisio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:19
  16. Within 6 months of the coronavirus pandemic, a new disease entity associated with a multisystem hyperinflammation syndrome as a result of a previous infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus is increasingly being id...

    Authors: Chih-Jen Chen, Hsu-Yen Kao, Ching-Hua Huang, Chia-Jung Li, Cheng-Hsien Hung and Su-Boon Yong
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:18
  17. Previous studies have shown that children with intermittent exotropia (IXT) have a higher rate of psychiatric abnormalities as they grow up, such as attention deficit. This study explored visual and hearing at...

    Authors: Cong Wei, Ding-Ping Yang, Yan Yang, Wen-Han Yang, Ya-Mei Lu, Xin-Ping Yu and Shuai Chang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:17
  18. Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that predominantly affects children, and no specific diagnostic biomarkers for KD are available. Platelet-derived growth factor CC (PDG...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Penghui Yang, Yihao Liu, Zhuo Chen, Jinhui Wu, Siqi Feng and Qijian Yi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:16
  19. The term “sharenting”, defining the practice of sharing children’s photos on social media, has become widespread globally. This phenomenon introduces new risks for children, often overlooked by parents lacking...

    Authors: Antonio Gatto, Antonio Corsello and Pietro Ferrara
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:15
  20. Childhood obesity has become a huge challenge to childhood health, and there is a lack of understanding about the relationship between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and childhood obesity. The main objective...

    Authors: Lili Zhang, Huimin Peng, Yao Wang and Hongjun Ba
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:14
  21. Different conditions may underlie gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in children. The estimated prevalence of GIB in children is 6.4%, with spontaneous resolution in approximately 80% of cases. Nonetheless, the i...

    Authors: Marisa Piccirillo, Valentina Pucinischi, Maurizio Mennini, Caterina Strisciuglio, Elsa Iannicelli, Maria Agostina Giallorenzi, Silvia Furio, Alessandro Ferretti, Pasquale Parisi and Giovanni Di Nardo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:13
  22. Hemodialysis (HD) success is dependent mainly on vascular access (VA). The aim of this study is to share the experience of Pediatric Nephrology Unit (PNU), Cairo University Children’s Hospital (CUCH), with VA-...

    Authors: Doaa M. Salah, Fatina I. Fadel, Mohamed A. Abdel Mawla, Hesham NAbdel Mooty, Mohamed El Ghobashy, Amr M. Salem, Mohamed Gamal Fathallah and Eman Abobakr Abd Alazem
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:11
  23. Dacryocystitis is a common disease in pediatric ophthalmology. Analysis of basic information, flora distribution, and characteristics of information on drug-resistant bacteria in children with dacryocystitis f...

    Authors: Zhihong Sun, Mingchao Li and Huiqing Sun
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:10
  24. Norwegian scabies is a rare dermatological manifestation that usually affects the most fragile populations, such as elderly and immunocompromised patients, and its diagnosis is quite complex, due to its low pr...

    Authors: Angela Mauro, Cristiana Colonna, Silvia Taranto, Vittoria Garella, Francesca Castelletti, Laura Giordano, Nicola Adriano Monzani and Luca Bernardo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:7
  25. Multiple Breath washout (MBW) represents an important tool to detect early a possible pulmonary exacerbation especially in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) disease. Lung clearance index (LCI) is the most commonly reported...

    Authors: Matteo De Marchis, Enza Montemitro, Alessandra Boni, Alessandra Federici, Daniele Di Giovanni, Luca Cristiani, Renato Cutrera and Alessandro G. Fiocchi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:6
  26. In 2021, the Task Force on Breastfeeding of the Italian Ministry of Health released a document calling for the provision of breastfeeding support in case of re-hospitalization of the child after birth. Since t...

    Authors: Elena Scarpato, Guglielmo Salvatori, Michelangelo Barbaglia, Deborah Casero, Teresa Cazzato, Veronica Righetti, Annamaria Staiano and Riccardo Davanzo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:3
  27. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is associated with transient ischemia attack (TIA) or stroke, paradoxical embolism, and migraines. PFO closure decreases the recurrent incidence of cerebral ischemic events and reduc...

    Authors: Runmei Zou, Shuo Wang, Ping Liu, Donghai Chen, Jun Yan, Hong Cai, Yuwen Wang and Cheng Wang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:2
  28. Even though the incidence of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in children (MIS-C) is decreasing cases are still reported across the world. Studying the consequences of MIS-C enhances our understanding of the ...

    Authors: Anastasia Glazyrina, Elena Zholobova, Ekaterina Iakovleva, Polina Bobkova, Ekaterina Krasnaya, Karina Kovygina, Olga Romanova, Oleg Blyuss, Konstantin Tutelman, Polina Petrova, Anastasiia Bairashevskaia, Mikhail Rumyantsev, Anatoliy A. Korsunskiy, Elena Kondrikova, Anzhelika Nargizyan, Valeriya Yusupova…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:1
  29. Researchers have attempted to automate the spontaneous movement assessment and have sought quantitative and objective methods over the past decade. The purpose of the study was to present a quantitative assess...

    Authors: Halil Ibrahim Celik, Ayse Yildiz, Ramazan Yildiz, Akmer Mutlu, Ruhi Soylu, Kivilcim Gucuyener, Aysu Duyan-Camurdan, Esin Koc, Eray Esra Onal and Bulent Elbasan
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:165
  30. This is a commentary reporting the outcome of a workshop promoted by the Department of Woman’s and Child’s Health of the University of Padua (Italy) focused on the emerging issue of what seems to be the increa...

    Authors: Giorgio Perilongo, Rino Agostiniani, Giovanni Corsello, Gianluigi Marseglia, Maurizio Muraca, Anna Maria Staiano, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti and Eugenio Baraldi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:164
  31. To study whether the four locus gene model consisting of ADRB2 rs1042713, IL4 rs2243250, FCER1B rs569108 and L13 rs20541 can predict asthma of the Kazak children in Xinjiang, China.

    Authors: Shasha Bai, Jun Lu, Li Hua, Quanhua Liu, Mengxue Chen, Yutong Gu, Jianhua Zhang, Dongjun Ma and Yixiao Bao
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:162
  32. The European Union (EU) approved the placement on European market of insect-based novel foods. Those foods were defined safe for the consumption for all European population, including children.

    Authors: Lorenzo Norsa, Carlo Agostoni, Teresa Capriati, Angelo Campanozzi, Antonella Diamanti, Antonella Lezo, Paolo Gandullia, Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo and Claudio Romano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:161
  33. Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a disorder in which the patient has a history of multiple motor and vocal tics. Depression and anxiety are common in these patients. The results of the studies show different prevalen...

    Authors: Parvin Abbasi, Sepideh Tanhaie and Mohsen Kazeminia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:160
  34. Individuals with thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia (TRMA) mainly manifest macrocytic anemia, sensorineural deafness, ocular complications, and nonautoimmune diabetes. Macrocytic anemia and diabetes may ...

    Authors: Francesca Di Candia, Valentina Di Iorio, Nadia Tinto, Riccardo Bonfanti, Claudio Iovino, Francesco Maria Rosanio, Ludovica Fedi, Fernanda Iafusco, Francesca Arrigoni, Rita Malesci, Francesca Simonelli, Andrea Rigamonti, Adriana Franzese and Enza Mozzillo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:158
  35. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) and recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON) are rare diseases reported within the “Painful lesions of the cranial nerves” section of the International Classification of H...

    Authors: Daniele Frattini, Alessandro Iodice, Carlotta Spagnoli, Susanna Rizzi, Carlo Alberto Cesaroni, Michela Cappella and Carlo Fusco
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:157
  36. Erythropoietic protoporphyria is a rare disorder which represents an important health problem in children, causing painful photosensitivity. Little is known on the correlation between genetic profile and clini...

    Authors: Cristina Tumminelli, Francesca Burlo, Serena Pastore, Giovanni Maria Severini, Irene Berti, Stefano Marchini, Davide Zanon, Eleonora De Martino and Alberto Tommasini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:156
  37. The pediatric genetic white matter disorders are characterized by a broad disease spectrum. Genetic testing is valuable in the diagnosis. However, there are few studies on the clinical and genetic spectrum of ...

    Authors: Liling Dong, Li Shang, Caiyan Liu, Chenhui Mao, Xinying Huang, Shanshan Chu, Bin Peng, Liying Cui and Jing Gao
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:155
  38. The social restrictions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic had a great impact on the routine of children and adolescents, with important consequences such as sleep, eating, and psychological/psychiatric diso...

    Authors: Mariana Godoy-Leite, Fernanda Gabriela Colombo Drumond Santos, Eduardo Augusto Resende Penido, Kennad Alves Ribeiro, Luzia Maria dos Santos, Maria da Gloria Rodrigues-Machado and Bruno Almeida Rezende
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:154
  39. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consist of a broad group of restorative resources often linked to existing local cultures and established health care systems and are also increasingly used in chil...

    Authors: Francesca Casini, Francesca Scaltrito, Maria Teresa Grimaldi, Tudor Lucian Pop, Valeria Calcaterra, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Pietro Ferrara, Giovanni Corsello and Valentina Fabiano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:152
  40. Congenital clubfoot is a fairly common and severe congenital malformation, most often of idiopathic origin. A smaller percentage of cases is related to chromosomal abnormalities and genetic syndromes. It is es...

    Authors: Raffaella Panza, Federica Albano, Alberto Casto, Cosimo Del Vecchio, Nicola Laforgia and Daniela Dibello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2023 49:151

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