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  1. Influenza represents a serious public health threat, especially for the management of severe cases and complications of the disease, requiring the implementation of control measures. We aimed to assess the acc...

    Authors: Claudio Costantino, Fabio Tramuto, Nicole Bonaccorso, Maria Carmela Lo Giudice, Francesco Balsamo, Alessandro Carubia, Luciano D’Azzo, Santo Fruscione, Martina Sciortino, Tania Vitello, Luigi Zagra, Alessia Pieri, Rosaria Rizzari, Gregorio Serra, Mario Palermo, Maria Angela Randazzo…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:126
  2. Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (EBV-LPDs) are a group of disorders involving lymphoid tissues or lymphocytes. The epidemiology and economic burden of hospitalized children with EBV...

    Authors: Dilara Dilmurat, Xinyu Wang, Liwei Gao, Jiao Tian, Junhong Ai, Linlin Zhang, Mengjia Liu, Guoshuang Feng, Yueping Zeng, Ran Wang and Zhengde Xie
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:125
  3. Addison’s disease and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) (Addison’s-only) are two diseases that need to be identified. Addison’s disease is easy to diagnose clinically when only skin and mucosal pigmentatio...

    Authors: Qiu-Hong Wang, Yang-Yang Wang, Jing Wang, Li-Ying Liu, Jing Gao, Guo-Zhen Hao, Chen Chen, Qian Lu, Shuo Dun, Qi Zhang and Li-Ping Zou
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:124
  4. Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is a verifiable visual dysfunction that cannot be attributed to disorders of the anterior visual pathways or any potentially co-occurring ocular impairment. Given the limited k...

    Authors: Attilio Sica, Paola Michieletto, Stefano Pensiero and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:123
  5. Arterial switch operation (ASO) is the standard surgical choice for D-transposition of great arteries (D-TGA). However, the implications of ASO on pulmonaries, coronaries, and aorta have not been adequately in...

    Authors: Shaimaa Rakha, Nihal M. Batouty, Ahmad AbdelAleem ElDerie and Amira Hussein
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:122
  6. Townes-Brocks syndrome (TBS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by imperforate anus, dysplastic ears, thumb malformations, and other abnormalities. Previous studies have revealed that mutations in the SALL1

    Authors: Yunqian Chi, Yi Yao, Futao Sun, Wenhong Zhang, Zihan Zhang, Yunhe Wang and Wei Hao
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:121
  7. Researches have found that alteration of intestinal flora may be closely related to the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, whether probiotics supplementation has a protective effect on ASD...

    Authors: Ping Zeng, Cheng-zhi Zhang, Zhi-xing Fan, Chao-jun Yang, Wan-yin Cai, Yi-fan Huang, Zu-jin Xiang, Jing-yi Wu, Jing Zhang and Jian Yang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:120
  8. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) affects 60–80% of children below 1 year and it’s the first cause of acute bronchiolitis. The aim of this study was to assess the trend and characteristics of hospitalizations ...

    Authors: Renato Cutrera, Daniela d’Angela, Massimiliano Orso, Liliana Guadagni, Anna Chiara Vittucci, Ilaria Bertoldi, Barbara Polistena, Federico Spandonaro, Ciro Carrieri, Eva Agostina Montuori, Raffaella Iantomasi and Luigi Orfeo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:119
  9. Food supplements are defined as foodstuffs the purpose of which is to supplement the normal diet and which are concentrated sources of nutrients or other substances with a nutritional or physiological effect, ...

    Authors: Giorgio Ciprandi, Maria Daglia, Giulia Brindisi, Francesco Paolo Brunese, Giulio Dinardo, Alessandra Gori, Cristiana Indolfi, Matteo Naso, Enrico Tondina, Chiara Trincianti, Attilio Varricchio, Anna Maria Zicari, Michele Miraglia del Giudice and Lorenzo Drago
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:118
  10. Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia is a common respiratory infection among children. However, the occurrence of thromboembolism with plastic bronchitis in association with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia is extremel...

    Authors: Peng Jin, Chunjiao Han, Wei Guo and Yongsheng Xu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:117
  11. Anemia is a common complication of tuberculosis (TB), and there is evidence that its prevalence is higher in patients with TB. Although TB is very important in epidemiology, careful investigation of TB-related...

    Authors: Chunjiao Han, Yulian Fang, Lili Dong, Detong Guo, Min Lei, Wei Guo and Chunquan Cai
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:116
  12. Nutrition exerts a fundamental role in the prevention of obesity (OB). The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which well recognized risk factors for early OB can be associated to overweight (OW) or ...

    Authors: Raffaele Limauro, Luigi Cioffi, Vincenzo Bianco, Vincenzo Caruso, Antonella Casani, Donatella Del Gaizo, Aldo Esposito, Evelina Farris, Patrizia Gallo, Maria Giuliano, Agnese Iannone, Annamaria Izzo, Maria Teresa La Vecchia, Luca Raineri, Patrizia Sabetti, Roberto Sassi…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:115
  13. The aim of this exploratory survey is to describe the current state of US (ultrasound) technique across different pediatric settings nationwide.

    Authors: Anna Maria Musolino, Monica Tei, Cristina De Rose, Danilo Buonsenso, Maria Chiara Supino, Stefania Zampogna, Annamaria Staiano, Massimiliano Raponi, Antonella Amendolea, Vincenzo Colacino, Laura Gori, Alessandro Manganaro, Riccardo Ricci, Victoria D’Inzeo, Salvatore Grosso, Alberto Villani…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:114
  14. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a genetic disorder that results in the abnormal development of structures derived from ectodermal tissue. This rare condition predominantly affects the hair, nails, e...

    Authors: Ahmet Kablan and Elifcan Tasdelen
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:112
  15. Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a multi-organ metabolic disorder characterized by the imbalance in absorption and excretion of cationic amino acids like lysine, ornithine and arginine. Infants with LPI ...

    Authors: Eszter Vojcek, Dóra Krikovszky, Csaba Lódi, Lajos Kovács, János Schnur and Attila J. Szabó
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:111
  16. Early infant feeding and swallowing are complex motor processes involving numerous muscles in coordination, e.g. the orofacial muscles as well as the muscles of the pharynx, larynx and esophagus. The newborn’s...

    Authors: Hermann Kalhoff, Mathilde Kersting, Kathrin Sinningen and Thomas Lücke
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:110
  17. Acute bulbar palsy-plus (ABPp) syndrome is an unusual variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Anti-GT1a and anti-GQ1b antibodies have been reported in patients with ABPp, but without reports related to GD3 a...

    Authors: Jiao Xue, Zhenfeng Song, Hongshan Zhao, Zhi Yi, Fei Li, Chengqing Yang, Kaixuan Liu and Ying Zhang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:109
  18. To evaluate the progression of physical fitness (PF), basic motor competence (BMC), and executive function (EF) over one year in children aged 4–5 years at a health center.

    Authors: Gaizka Legarra-Gorgoñon, Yesenia García-Alonso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Loreto Alonso-Martínez, Mikel Izquierdo and Alicia M Alonso-Martínez
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:108
  19. The aim of the study was to explore the clinical significance of school refusal behavior, its negative impact on psychological well-being of children and adolescents and its relationship with the most common p...

    Authors: Cristina Di Vincenzo, Maria Pontillo, Domenica Bellantoni, Michelangelo Di Luzio, Maria Rosaria Lala, Marianna Villa, Francesco Demaria and Stefano Vicari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:107
  20. In this study, we used targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) to investigate the genetic basis of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in a 19-year-old Tunisian man who presented with severe hypothyroidism and go...

    Authors: Elisabetta Sciarroni, Lucia Montanelli, Caterina Di Cosmo, Brunella Bagattini, Simone Comi, Luisa Pignata, Alessandro Brancatella, Giuseppina De Marco, Eleonora Ferrarini, Chiara Nencetti, Maria Rita Sessa, Francesco Latrofa, Ferruccio Santini, Massimo Tonacchera and Patrizia Agretti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:106
  21. For years politics and healthcare, faced with the progressive increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood, have wondered how to stem it and reduce its consequences on health without findi...

    Authors: Rita Tanas, Giovanni Corsello, Riccardo Lera, Maria Marsella and Sergio Bernasconi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:105
  22. Short-acting bronchodilators are a class of medications commonly used to treat asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and other respiratory conditions. The use of these medications has evolved over tim...

    Authors: Amelia Licari, Sara Manti, Francesco Mastellone, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Maria Angela Tosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:104
  23. Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3Kδ) Syndrome (APDS) is an inborn error of immunity (IEI) with a variable clinical presentation, characterized by infection susceptibility and immune dysregulation that m...

    Authors: Vassilios Lougaris, Federico Le Piane, Caterina Cancrini, Francesca Conti, Alberto Tommasini, Raffaele Badolato, Antonino Trizzino, Marco Zecca, Antonio De Rosa, Federica Barzaghi and Claudio Pignata
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:103
  24. There is a global perception that psychotropic utilization in children and adolescents is increasing, especially with the onset of COVID-19 pandemic. Available literature data on paediatric psychotropic medica...

    Authors: Francesca Gallinella, Francesco Trotta and Filomena Fortinguerra
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:102
  25. Sepsis is one of the main causes of death in newborns worldwide. Vitamin D levels during fetal and neonatal periods have a significant role in the development of the immunological system. The study aims to eva...

    Authors: Shereen A. Mohamed, Nermin R. Kamel, Aya E. Fouda, Rabab E. Elhawary and Mohamed A. Abdelmegeid
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:101
  26. The European-funded Health Effects of Cardiac Fluoroscopy and Modern Radiotherapy in Pediatrics (HARMONIC) project aims to improve knowledge on the effects of medical exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) receiv...

    Authors: Jonica Campolo, Giuseppe Annoni, Gabriele Vignati, Alessio Peretti, Marco Papa, Paola Enrica Colombo, Gaia Muti, Marina Parolini, Andrea Borghini, Marzia Giaccardi, Lamia Ait-Alì, Eugenio Picano and Maria Grazia Andreassi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:100
  27. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) represents a serious chronic condition affecting a wide number of people. Discussion of the physical issues associated with T1DM pervades the literature, however, there is less ...

    Authors: Emanuele Maria Merlo, Rita Tutino, Liam Alexander MacKenzie Myles, Maria Carmela Lia and Domenico Minasi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:99
  28. Adiposity rebound (AR) refers to the second rise of the body mass index (BMI) curve that usually occurs between six and eight years of age. AR timing has a significant impact on patients’ health: early AR (EAR...

    Authors: Alessandra Li Pomi, Giorgia Pepe, Tommaso Aversa, Domenico Corica, Mariella Valenzise, Maria Francesca Messina, Letteria Anna Morabito, Stefano Stagi and Malgorzata Wasniewska
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:98
  29. In Italy, since the 2020–2021 flu season, the flu vaccine recommendation was extended to all children aged 6 months to 6 years and quadrivalent Live-Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (qLAIV) was introduced. Since s...

    Authors: Stefania Roncaglia, Antonella Amendola, Paola Baldassarre, Francesca Barilli, Silvia Bianchi, Andrea Biuso, Claudia Chillemi, Clara Fappani, Chiara Gasparini, Maria Gori, Gabriella Guida, Francesca Ripoli, Laura Sgambetterra, Elisabetta Tanzi and Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:97
  30. In 1974, the World Health Organization (WHO) established the Expanded Program on Immunization to control vaccine-preventable diseases, saving millions of lives annually. However, the coverage of basic vaccines...

    Authors: Tigist Kifle Tsegaw, Helen Birhan Alemaw, Yordanos Bitweded Wale, Solomon Gedlu Nigatu, Tilahun Yemanu Birhan and Asefa Adimasu Taddese
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:96
  31. Febrile seizures (FS) are commonly perceived by healthcare professionals as a self-limited condition with a generally ‘benign’ nature. Nonetheless, they frequently lead to pediatric consultations, and their ma...

    Authors: Alessandro Ferretti, Antonella Riva, Alice Fabrizio, Oliviero Bruni, Giuseppe Capovilla, Thomas Foiadelli, Alessandro Orsini, Umberto Raucci, Antonino Romeo, Pasquale Striano and Pasquale Parisi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:95
  32. congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect occurring in isolated or syndromic (chromosomal or monogenic) conditions. The diaphragmatic defect can be the most common one: left-sided posterolateral,...

    Authors: Ester Capecchi, Roberta Villa, Alessandro Pini, Maria Iascone, Laura Messina, Paola Francesca Ajmone, Fabio Mosca, Silvana Gangi and Maria Francesca Bedeschi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:94
  33. we aim to discuss the origin and the differences of the phenotypic features and the management care of rare form of disorder of sex development due to Mosaic monosomy X and Y chromosome materiel.

    Authors: Myriam Ben Fredj, Marwa Messaoud, Sabrine Ben Youssef, Salma Mani, Syrine Laaribi, Rania Sakka, Hayet Ben Hmida, Amine Ksiaa, Mongi Mekki, Mohsen Belghith and Lassaad Sahnoun
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:93
  34. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) shows a significant overlap of symptoms with other hyper-inflammatory diseases such as Kawasaki disease (KD), but the real difference of the two conditions...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Maggio, Alessio Lembo, Francesca Finazzo, Annalisa Alaimo, Guglielmo Francesco Benfratello and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:91
  35. Persistent airway inflammation is a central feature of bronchiectasis. Arachidonate 15-lipoxygenase (ALOX-15) controls production of endogenous lipid mediators, including lipoxins that regulate airway inflamma...

    Authors: Mahitab Morsy Hussein, Eman Mahmoud Fouda, Yasmine Shehab, Enas Samir Nabih, Ahmed Mohamed Osman and Sally Raafat Ishak
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:90
  36. Evidence about feeding practices’ consequences in small for gestational age newborns is not well established because they are less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than other newborns. Our aim was...

    Authors: Federica Pagano, Emanuele Gaeta, Francesca Morlino, Maria Teresa Riccio, Maurizio Giordano and Giuseppe De Bernardo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:88
  37. The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2 (PDMS-2) has been used to assess the gross and fine motor skills of children (0–6 years); however, the measurement properties of the PDMS-2 are inconclusive. Here, we a...

    Authors: Yuanye Zhu, Jiahui Hu, Weibing Ye, Mallikarjuna Korivi and Yongdong Qian
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:87
  38. To date, the etiology and risk factors of torticollis are still poorly defined in the pediatric literature. Especially in the Emergency Department (ED) scenario, it is critical to reliably distinguish benign a...

    Authors: Umberto Raucci, Marco Roversi, Alessandro Ferretti, Valerio Faccia, Giacomo Garone, Fabio Panetta, Carlo Mariani, Eloisa Rizzotto, Antonio Torelli, Giovanna Stefania Colafati, Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Pasquale Parisi and Alberto Villani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:86
  39. Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) are monogenic in some cases, however, there are still no clear guidelines on genetic testing in the clinical practice of SRNS in children.

    Authors: Xueting Cheng, Jiahuan Chen, Xueying Yang, Han Chan, Xia Yang, Jia Jiao, Anshuo Wang, Gaofu Zhang, Xuelan Chen, Xiaoqin Li, Mo Wang, Baohui Yang, Haiping Yang and Qiu Li
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:85
  40. The COVID-19 pandemic have impacts on the prevalence of other pathogens and people’s social lifestyle. This study aimed to compare the pathogen, allergen and micronutrient characteristics of pediatric inpatien...

    Authors: Mengxue Chen, Yabing Zhou, Shengjie Jin, Shasha Bai, Xiaoyu Tang, Quanhua Liu, Liwei Wang, Ruoxu Ji, Haipei Liu, Wenwei Zhong, Yi Chen, Dingzhu Fang, Jianhua Zhang and Li Hua
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:84
  41. Atrophic autoimmune thyroiditis (AAT) is a rare phenotype of autoimmune thyroiditis (AT) in pediatric age. AAT occurs without thyroid enlargement leading to a delay in its diagnosis. Growth impairment is infre...

    Authors: Domenico Corica, Tiziana Abbate, Anna Malgorzata Kucharska, Malgorzata Wojcik, Francesco Vierucci, Mariella Valenzise, Alessandra Li Pomi, Giorgia Pepe, Gerdi Tuli, Beata Pyrzak, Tommaso Aversa and Malgorzata Wasniewska
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:83
  42. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming increasingly crucial in the Pediatric Emergency Department for objective patient examination. However, despite its growing interest and wide-ranging applications, P...

    Authors: Manuela Lo Bianco, Santiago Presti, Maria Carla Finocchiaro, Gian Luca Trobia, Tiziana Virginia Sciacca, Maria Elena Cucuzza, Elia Caudullo, Giacomo Calcara, Martino Ruggieri and Vita Antonella Di Stefano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:82
  43. The variants of nucleoporins are extremely rare in hereditary steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Most of the patients carrying such variants progress to end stage kidney disease (ESKD) in their child...

    Authors: Yanxinli Han, Hongyu Sha, Yuan Yang, Zhuowei Yu, Lanqi Zhou, Yi Wang, Fengjie Yang, Liru Qiu, Yu Zhang and Jianhua Zhou
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:81
  44. Diquat (DQ) is among the most widely used herbicides, and its intake can cause severe systemic toxicity that manifests rapidly. The resultant symptoms can cause the dysfunction of a range of tissues and organs...

    Authors: Mengtao Duan, Baowang Yang, Xiaohang Cheng, Fuhui Shen, Xia Lu and Fan Wang
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:80
  45. Reviews on Down syndrome do not or only marginally address the issue of kidney and urogenital tract abnormalities, and lower urinary tract dysfunctions. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis of the literature. 

    Authors: Caterina Maria Rossetti, Giacomo D. Simonetti, Mario G. Bianchetti, Sebastiano A. G. Lava, Giorgio Treglia, Carlo Agostoni, Gregorio P. Milani and J. Peter de Winter
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:79
  46. Preterms are at risk of systemic infections as the barrier function of their immature skin is insufficient. The long period of hospitalization and the huge number of invasive procedures represent a risk factor...

    Authors: Noemi Zampatti, Irene Bonato, Andrea Calandrino, Carolina Saffioti, Alessandro Parodi, Giorgia Brigati, Diego Minghetti and Luca Antonio Ramenghi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2024 50:78

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