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  1. Late preterm infants are the most represented premature babies. They are exposed to a wide spectrum of brain lesions which are often clinically silent, supporting a possible role of cerebral ultrasound screeni...

    Authors: Monica Fumagalli, Luca Antonio Ramenghi, Agnese De Carli, Laura Bassi, Pietro Farè, Francesca Dessimone, Silvia Pisoni, Ida Sirgiovanni, Michela Groppo, Alessandra Ometto, Dario Consonni, Fabio Triulzi and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:65
  2. Authors: Daniele Trevisanuto, Irene Satariano, Nicoletta Doglioni, Giulio Criscoli, Francesco Cavallin, Camilla Gizzi, Claudio Martano, Fabrizio Ciralli, Flaminia Torielli, Paolo Ernesto Villani, Sandra Di Fabio, Lorenzo Quartulli and Luigi Giannini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41(Suppl 1):A44

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 41 Supplement 1

  3. Authors: Marco Somaschini, Chiara Di Resta, Chiara Volonteri, Emanuela Castiglioni, Silvia Bonfiglio, Dejan Lazarevic, Davide Cittaro, Elia Stupka, Maurizio Ferrari and Paola Carrera
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41(Suppl 1):A42

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 41 Supplement 1

  4. Preterm infants are at risk for neurodevelopmental sequelae even in absence of major cerebral lesions. The hypothesis that Human Recombinant Erythropoietin (rEpo) could improve the neurodevelopmental outcome i...

    Authors: R. Luciano, A. Fracchiolla, D. Ricci, F. Cota, V. D’Andrea, F. Gallini, P. Papacci, E. Mercuri and C. Romagnoli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:64
  5. Poison management guidelines recommend contacting or visiting poison centers directly after exposure. However, some parents initiated non-medical interventions on their children before visiting these centers. ...

    Authors: Menyfah Q Alanazi, Majed I Al-Jeraisy and Mahmoud Salam
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:63
  6. The adrenocortical rest tumours are the very rare entity in the pediatric population. They are usually found along the gonadal descent paths (celiac axis, the broad ligamen, the adnexa of the testes or the spe...

    Authors: Agata Skórka, Elżbieta Moszczyńska, Karolina Kot, Marcin Roszkowski, Elżbieta Jurkiewicz, Wiesława Grajkowska, Maciej Pronicki, Olgierd Pilecki and Mieczysław Szalecki
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:62
  7. Ten “chalk and blackboard interactive workshops” have taken place between 2011 and 2015 in Southern Switzerland or Italy. Students, residents and expert pediatricians meet during 2 days and discuss 10–15 cases...

    Authors: Pietro Camozzi, Pietro B. Faré, Camilla Lavagno, Gregorio P. Milani, Emilio F. Fossali, Mario G. Bianchetti and Sebastiano A. G. Lava
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:60
  8. Aim of this study was to estimate the cost that is borne by the Italian National Health Service, families, and social security due to very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) without prematurity-related morbidit...

    Authors: Maria Caterina Cavallo, Attilio Gugiatti, Giovanni Fattore, Simone Gerzeli, Dario Barbieri and Rinaldo Zanini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:59
  9. The city of Milan is experiencing the great event of EXPO 2015 and heavy construction has been ongoing since 2012 over an area of more than 1 million meters squared in the north-west suburban area of the city....

    Authors: Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Marco Morelli, Marco Sala, Giorgio Bedogni and Valentina Fabiano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:58
  10. Celiac Disease (CD) is an immune-mediated systemic disorder elicited by gluten and related prolamines in genetically susceptible individuals and it is the result of the interaction between genetic and environm...

    Authors: Marco Sarno, Valentina Discepolo, Riccardo Troncone and Renata Auricchio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:57
  11. Hypertrichosis is defined as an excessive growth in body hair beyond the normal variation compared with individuals of the same age, race and sex and affecting areas not predominantly androgen-dependent. The t...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Andrea D. Praticò, Raffaele Falsaperla, Martino Ruggieri, Marcella Zollino, Giovanni Corsello and Giovanni Neri
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:55
  12. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an established nosocomial pathogen with frequent multidrug resistance. The immaturity of the immune system along with intravascular lines and empirical ant...

    Authors: Silvia Martini, Fabio Tumietto, Rita Sciutti, Laura Greco, Giacomo Faldella and Luigi Corvaglia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:54
  13. Osteochondroma generally occurs as a single lesion and it is not a heritable disease. When two or more osteochondroma are present, this condition represents a genetic disorder named hereditary multiple exostos...

    Authors: Mauro Bozzola, Chiara Gertosio, Maria Gnoli, Federico Baronio, Elena Pedrini, Cristina Meazza and Luca Sangiorgi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:53
  14. Intussusception is the most common cause of bowel obstruction in infants with an incidence ranging from 9–328 cases per 100,000 infants aged 0–11 months. Causes underlining this clinical manifestation are stil...

    Authors: Claudio Costantino, Vincenzo Restivo, Mario Cuccia, Roberto Furnari, Emanuele Amodio and Francesco Vitale
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:52
  15. Several factors can interfere with the full physical and emotional growth of adolescents, among them chronic diseases. The aim was to determine the nutritional status of adolescents and to associate it with pu...

    Authors: Ieda Regina Lopes Del Ciampo, Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Regina Sawamura, Laiane Renolfi de Oliveira and Maria Inez Machado Fernandes
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:51
  16. Sex chromosomal aneuploidies in males are rare diseases with an overwhelming involvement of endocrinological and auxological issues; less frequently, other anomalies are observed. Neuroradiological issues are ...

    Authors: Donatella Milani, Francesca Bonarrigo, Sabrina Avignone, Fabio Triulzi and Susanna Esposito
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:50
  17. Intravenous fluids are commonly prescribed in childhood. 0.9 % saline is the most-used fluid in pediatrics as resuscitation or maintenance solution. Experimental studies and observations in adults suggest that...

    Authors: Maristella Santi, Sebastiano A. G. Lava, Pietro Camozzi, Olivier Giannini, Gregorio P. Milani, Giacomo D. Simonetti, Emilio F. Fossali, Mario G. Bianchetti and Pietro B. Faré
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:47
  18. Dent disease is a rare X-linked tubulopathy with low molecular weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and progressive renal failure. We describe the case of a 9-year-old boy who ...

    Authors: Chiara De Mutiis, Andrea Pasini, Claudio La Scola, Fabrizio Pugliese and Giovanni Montini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:46
  19. A highly variable phenotype characterized by thyroid, respiratory and neurological defects has been reported in an already established group of disorders namely NKX2.1-related disorders. We describe here the case...

    Authors: Sara Monti, Annalisa Nicoletti, Antonella Cantasano, Heiko Krude and Alessandra Cassio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:45
  20. Infections are common complications occurring in malnourished childrenas a result of impaired immunity. Urinary tract infections (UTI) have been found to be the commonest cause of fever in normal children in d...

    Authors: Maimuna Ahmed, Nyambura Moremi, Mariam M. Mirambo, Adolfine Hokororo, Martha F. Mushi, Jeremiah Seni, Erasmus Kamugisha and Stephen E. Mshana
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:44
  21. Bloodstream infection (BSI) is one of the most common causes of nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The aim of the present study was to determine bacterial agents and their susceptibi...

    Authors: Bahram Nikkhoo, Fariba Lahurpur, Ali Delpisheh, Mohammad Aziz Rasouli and Abdorrahim Afkhamzadeh
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:43
  22. Both extensively hydrolysed formulas (eHF) and amino acid-based formula (AAFs) have been demonstrated effective for the treatment of CMA. However, in clinical practice, parents complain that hydrolysates are r...

    Authors: Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Enza D’Auria, Diego Peroni, Samuele Palazzo, Giovanni Radaelli, Pasquale Comberiati, Francesca Galdo, Nunzia Maiello and Enrica Riva
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:42
  23. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is one of the main causes of respiratory infections during the first year of life. Very premature infants may contract more severe diseases and ‘late preterm infants’ may also...

    Authors: Marcello Lanari, Federica Prinelli, Fulvio Adorni, Simona Di Santo, Silvia Vandini, Michela Silvestri and Massimo Musicco
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:40
  24. Aim of this commentary is to summarize the salient literature news on the relationships between autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATDs) and either Down syndrome (DS) or Turner syndrome (TS).

    Authors: Tommaso Aversa, Fortunato Lombardo, Mariella Valenzise, Maria Francesca Messina, Concetta Sferlazzas, Giuseppina Salzano, Filippo De Luca and Malgorzata Wasniewska
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:39
  25. Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital malformations, hematological problems and predisposition to malignancies. The genes that have be...

    Authors: Ponnumony John Solomon, Priya Margaret, Ramya Rajendran, Revathy Ramalingam, Godfred A Menezes, Alph S Shirley, Seung Jun Lee, Moon-Woo Seong, Sung Sup Park, Dodam Seol and Soo Hyun Seo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:38
  26. Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood infectious diseases. The recent Italian Pediatric Guidelines for the treatment of AOM constitutes a step forward in the management of children with ...

    Authors: Silvia Palma, Cristiano Rosafio, Cinzia Del Giovane, Viviana Dora Patianna, Laura Lucaccioni, Elisabetta Genovese, Paolo Bertolani and Lorenzo Iughetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:37
  27. Weaning (or introduction of complementary feeding) is a special and important moment in the growth of a child, both for the family and the infant itself, and it can play a major role in the child’s future heal...

    Authors: Patrizia Alvisi, Sandra Brusa, Stefano Alboresi, Sergio Amarri, Paolo Bottau, Giovanni Cavagni, Barbara Corradini, Linda Landi, Leonardo Loroni, Miris Marani, Irene M Osti, Carlotta Povesi-Dascola, Carlo Caffarelli, Luca Valeriani and Carlo Agostoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:36
  28. To retrospectively identify the individual risk factors for the urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF) in pediatric patients after hypospadias repair (HR) with onlay island flap urethroplasty.

    Authors: Li-Qu Huang, Zheng Ge, Jun Tian, Geng Ma, Ru-Gang Lu, Yong-Ji Deng, Li-Xia Wang, Chen-Jun Chen, Hao-Bo Zhu, Xiao-Jiang Zhu and Yun-Fei Guo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:35
  29. Nutritional habits are a useful way to characterize whole diets and they are also known to be influenced by a wide range of social and economic factors. The above factors in each country may have different eff...

    Authors: Aušra Petrauskienė, Vilma Žaltauskė and Edita Albavičiūtė
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:34

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