WHO. Preterm Birth. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/preterm-birth/ (2018). Accessed 28 Oct 2019.
Godamunne P, Liyanage C, Wimaladharmasooriya N, Pathmeshwaran A, Wickremasinghe AR, Patterson C, et al. Comparison of performance of Sri Lankan and US children on cognitive and motor scales of the Bayley scales of infant development. BMC Res Notes. 2014;7(300):1–5.
Kenyhercz F, Sveda B, Nagy BE. Psychomotor state of development of preterm children concerning chronic neonatal morbidities at the age of 2 years. Orv Hetil. 2020;161(5):183–92.
Sumanasena SP, Vipulaguna DV, Mendis MM, Gunawardena NS. Beyond survival: 5-year neurodevelopmental follow-up of a cohort of preterm infants in Colombo. Sri Lanka Paediatr Int Child Health. 2018;38(2):128–36.
Agarwal PK, Shi L, Rajaduari VS, Zheng Q, Yang PH, Khoo PC, et al. Factors affecting neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years in very preterm infants below 1250 grams: a prospective study. J Perinatol. 2018;38:1093–100.
Asztalos EV, Church PT, Riley P, Fajardo C, Shah PS, Canadian Neonatal Network and Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network Investigators. Neonatal factors associated with a good neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants. Am J Perinatol. 2017;34(4):388–96.
Zonnenberg IA, van Dijk-Lokkart EM, van den Dungen FAM, Vermeulen RJ, van Weissenbruch MM. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age in preterm infants with late-onset sepsis. Eur J Pediatr. 2019;178:673–80.
Balla Gy, Szabó M. Chronic morbidities of premature newborns. Orv Hetil. 2013;154:1498–511.
Greenberg JM, Haberman B, Narendran V, Nathan AT, Schibler K. Neonatal Morbidities of Prenatal and Perinatal Origin. In: Lockwood CJ, Moore T, Copel J, Silver RM, Resnik R, editors. Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice, 8th Edition. Philadelphia: Elseiver; 2018. p. 1309–33.
Bernstein D. Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: Left-to-Right Shunt Lesions. In: Kliegman RM, editor. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, Twentieth Edition, 2-Volume Set. Philadelphia: Elseiver; 2016. p. 2189–99.
Schneider DS. Acyanotic Congenital Hearth Disease. In: Marcdante KJ, Kliegman RM, editors. Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Elseiver; 2019. p. 545–9.
Månsson J, Stjernqvist K. Children born extremely preterm show significant lower cognitive, language and motor function levels compared with children born at term, as measured by the Bayley-III at 2.5 years. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(5):504–11.
Sansavini A, Pentimonti J, Justice L, Guarini A, Savini S, Alessandroni R, et al. Language, motor and cognitive development of extremely preterm children: modeling individual growth trajectories over the first three years of life. J Commun Disord. 2014;49:55–68.
Baraldi E, Filippone M. Chronic lung disease after premature birth. N Engl J Med. 2007;357(19):1946–55.
Northway WH Jr, Moss RB, Carlisle KB, et al. Late pulmonary sequelae of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. N Engl J Med. 1990;323(26):1793–9.
Patel RM. Short- and Long-Term Outcomes for Extremely Preterm Infants. Am J Perinatol. 2016;33(3):318–28.
Hintz SR, Kendrick DE, Stoll BJ, et al. Neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants after necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatrics. 2005;115(3):696–703.
Rees CM, Pierro A, Eaton S. Neurodevelopmental outcomes of neonates with medically and surgically treated necrotizing enterocolitis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2007;92(3):F193–8.
Kenyhercz F, Nagy BE. Cognitive development among low birthweight (LBW) children at 4-year-old in relation to socio-demographic variables and chronic morbidities. Early Child Dev Care. 2021;[Epub ahead of print], 1–12.
Hollebrandse NL, Spittle AJ, Burnett AC, et al. School-age outcomes following intraventricular haemorrhage in infants born extremely preterm. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2021;106:4–8.
Goisis A, Remes H, Martikainen P, Klemetti R, Myrskylä M. Medically assisted reproduction and birth outcomes: a within-family analysis using Finnish population registers. Lancet. 2019;393(10177):1225–32.
Shah PS, Balkhair T, Ohlsson A, Beyene J, Scott F, Frick C. Intention to become pregnant and low birth weight and preterm birth: a systematic review. Matern Child Health J. 2011;15(2):205–16.
Messerlian C, Gaskins AJ. Epidemiologic Approaches for Studying Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Design, Methods. Anal Interpretation Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2017;4(2):124–32.
Präg P, Mills MC. Assisted Reproductive Technology in Europe: Usage and Regulation in the Context of Cross-Border Reproductive Care. In: Kreyenfeld M, Konietzka D, editors. Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences. Demographic Research Monographs (A series of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research). Cham: Springer Nature; 2017. p. 289–309.
Adamson GD, de Mouzon J, Chambers GM, Zegers-Hochschild F, Mansour R, Ishihara O, et al. International committee for monitoring assisted reproductive technology: world report on assisted reproductive technology, 2011. Fertil Steril. 2018;110(6):1067–80.
Calhaz-Jorge C, De Geyter C, Kupka MS, et al. Survey on ART and IUI: legislation, regulation, funding and registries in European countries: The European IVF-monitoring Consortium (EIM) for the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). HR Open. 2020;1:1–15.
European Atlas of Fertility Treatment Policies. 2021. https://www.epfweb.org/node/886. Accessed 04 Mar 2022.
Kupka MS, Ferraretti AP, de Mouzon J, Erb K, D’Hooghe T, Castilla JA, et al. Assisted reproductive technology in Europe, 2010: results generated from European registers by ESHRE. Hum Reprod. 2014;29(10):2099–113.
Djuwantono T, Aviani JK, Permadi W, Achmad TH, Halim D. Risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in children born from different ART treatments: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurodevelop Disord. 2020;12(33).
Goisis A, Schneider SD, Myrskylä M. Secular changes in the association between advanced maternal age and the risk of low birth weight: a cross-cohort comparison in the UK. Popul Stud (Camb). 2018;72(3):381–97.
Pinborg A, Wennerholm UB, Romundstad LB, Loft A, Aittomaki K, Söderström-Antilla V, et al. Why do singletons conceived after assisted reproduction technology have adverse perinatal outcome? Systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod Update. 2013;19(2):87–104.
Saleem HT, Surkan PJ. Parental pregnancy wantedness and child social-emotional development. Matern Child Health J. 2014;18(4):930–8.
Bearak J, Popinchalk A, Alkema L, Sedgh G. Global, regional, and subregional trends in unintended pregnancy and its outcomes from 1990 to 2014: estimates from a Bayesian hierarchical model. Lancet Glob Health. 2018;6(4):380–9.
WHO. 2019. High rates of unintended pregnancies linked to gaps in family planning services: New WHO study. https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/25-10-2019-high-rates-of-unintended-pregnancies-linked-to-gaps-in-family-planning-services-new-who-study/. Accessed 17 Jan 2020.
Waller MR, Bitler MP. The Link between Couples’ Pregnancy Intentions and Behavior: Does It Matter Who Is Asked? Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2008;40(4):194–201.
Korenman S, Kaestner R, Joyce T. Consequences for infants of parental disagreement in pregnancy intention. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2002;34(4):198–205.
Kenyhercz F, Sz Kató, Nagy BE. Health-related quality of life of premature infants at 2 years in relation to breastfeeding and maternal emotional state: a retrospective cohort study. Early Child Dev Care. 2019;1:1–11.
Bayley N. Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. 3rd ed. Screening Test. Manual. San Antonio: NCS Pearson Inc; 2005.
Bayley N. Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. 3rd ed. Administration manual. San Antonio: Harcourt Assessment; 2006.
Bayley N. Bayley Scales of Infant Development. 2nd ed. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation; 1993.
Kő N, Mészáros A, Rózsa S, Kalózi-Szabó Cs, Nagy B. Bayley Csecsemő és Kisgyermek Skálák, Harmadik Kiadás. Szűrőteszt. Tesztfelvételi Kézikönyv. Budapest: OS Hungary Tesztfejlesztő Kft.; 2017.
Benassi E, Savini S, Iverson JM, Guarini A, Caselli MC, Alessandroni R, et al. Early communicative behaviors and their relationship to motor skills in extremely preterm infants. Res Dev Disabil. 2016;48:132–44.
Ionio C, Riboni E, Confalonieri E, Dallatomasina C, Macheroni E, Bonanomi A, et al. Paths of cognitive and language development in healthy preterm infants. Infant Behav Dev. 2016;44:199–207.
Woythaler MA, McCormick MC, Smith VC. Late Preterm Infants Have Worse 24-Month Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Than Term Infants. Pediatrics. 2011;127(3):622–9.
Potijk MR, de Winter AF, Bos AF, Kerstjens JM, Reijneveld SA. Higher rates of behavioural and emotional problems at preschool age in children born moderately preterm. Arch Dis Child. 2012;97(2):112–7.
Aarnoudse-Moens CS, Weisglas-Kuperus N, van Goudoever JB, Oosterlaan J. Meta-analysis of neurobehavioral outcomes in very preterm and/or very low birth weight children. Pediatrics. 2009;124(2):717–28.
Carson C, Kelly Y, Kurinczuk JJ, Sacker A, Redshaw M, Quigley MA. Effect of pregnancy planning and fertility treatment on cognitive outcomes in children at ages 3 and 5: longitudinal cohort study. BMJ. 2011;343:d4473.
Middelburg KJ, Heineman MJ, Bos AF, Hadders-Algra M. Neuromotor, cognitive, language and behavioural outcome in children born following IVF or ICSI – a systematic review. Hum Reprod Update. 2008;14(3):219–31.
Bay B, Mortensen EL, Kesmodel US. Assisted reproduction and child neurodevelopmental outcomes: a systematic review. Fertil Steril. 2013;100(3):844–53.
Agarwal P, Loh SK, Lim SB, Sriram B, Daniel ML, Yeo SH, et al. Two-year neurodevelopmental outcome in children conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection: prospective cohort study. BJOG. 2005;112:1376–83.
Jongbloed-Pereboom M, Middelburg KJ, Heineman MJ, Bos AF, Hadders-Algra M. The Groningen assisted reproductive technologies cohort study: developmental status and behavior at 2 years. Fertil Steril. 2011;95(7):2283–9.
Kermani RM, Nedaeifard L, Nateghi MR, Fazeli AS. Neurodevelopmental Status of Infants Conceived Assisted Reproductive Techniques in Royan Institute. J Family Reprod Health. 2011;5(3):81–5.
Place I, Englert Y. A prospective longitudinal study of the physical, psychomotor, and intellectual development of singleton children up to 5 years who were conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection compared with children conceived spontaneously and by in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 2003;80:1388–97.
Kelly-Vance L, Anthis KS, Needelman H. Assisted reproduction versus spontaneous conception: a comparison of the developmental outcomes in twins. J Genet Psychol. 2004;165(2):157–67.
La Sala GB, Gallinelli A, Fagandini P, Bevolo P, Landini A, Ballabeni A, et al. Developmental outcomes at one and two years of children conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection [Abstract]. Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2004;49(3):113–9.
Minh Tuan Vo, Thi Minh Chau Le, Thanh Quang Le, Dung Van Do, Minh Xuan Ngo. Comparison of psychomotor development among children conceived through icsi in-vitro-fertilisation and naturally at 5 through 30 months of age, Vietnam. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2021;258:157–61.
Schendelaar P, Middelburg KJ, Bos AF, Heineman MJ, Jongbloed-Pereboom M, Hadders-Algra M. The Groningen ART cohort study: the effects of ovarian hyperstimulation and the IVF laboratory procedures on neurological condition at 2 years. Hum Reprod. 2011;26(3):703–12.
Barbuscia A, Mills MC. Cognitive development in children up to age 11 years born after ART-a longitudinal cohort study. Hum Reprod. 2017;32(7):1482–8.
Bell SD. Socioeconomic status and study abroad: participation, academic performance, and graduation. Norfolk: Old Dominion University; 2015.
Nekkebroeck J, Bonduelle M, Desmyttere S, Van den Broeck W, Ponjaert-Kristoffersen I. Mental and psychomotor development of 2-year-old children born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis/screening. Hum Reprod. 2008;23(7):1560–6.
Knoester M, Helmerhorst FM, Vandenbroucke JP, van der Westerlaken LA, Walther FJ, Veen S, et al. Cognitive development of singletons born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection compared with in vitro fertilization and natural conception. Fertil Steril. 2008;90(2):289–96.
Zhu JL, Basso O, Obel C, Hvidtjørn D, Olsen J. Infertility, infertility treatment and psychomotor development: Danish National Birth Cohort. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2009;23(2):98–106.
Balayla J, Sheehy O, Fraser WD, Séguin JR, Trasler J, Monnier P, MacLeod AA, Simard MN, Muckle G, Bérard A, 3D-Study Research Group From the Integrated Research Network in Perinatology of Quebec and Eastern Ontario. Neurodevelopmental Outcomes After Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;129(2):265–72.
Abajobir AA, Kisely S, Najman JM. A systematic review of unintended pregnancy in cross-cultural settings: Does it have adverse consequences for children? Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 2017;31(3):138–54.
Baydar N. Consequences for children of their birth planning status. Fam Plann Perspect. 1995;27(6):228–34, 245.
de La Rochebrochard E, Joshi H. Children born after unplanned pregnancies and cognitive development at 3 years: social differentials in the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort. Am J Epidemiol. 2013;178(6):910–20.