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  1. The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Marica Arvigo, Paola Travaglino, Sara Pagani, Mauro Stronati, Antonella Gasparoni, Carolina Bianco and Mauro Bozzola
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:26
  2. evaluation of thyroid function in neonates born from mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis in order to define if a precise follow-up is necessary for these children. The influence of maternal thyroid pero...

    Authors: Rosanna Rovelli, Maria Cristina Vigone, Chiara Giovanettoni, Arianna Passoni, Ludovica Maina, Andrea Corrias, Carlo Corbetta, Fabio Mosca, Giuseppe Chiumello and Giovanna Weber
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:24
  3. Classical Poland Syndrome (PS) is characterized by unilateral, partial or complete absence of the sternocostal head of the major pectoral muscle and brachysyndactyly of fingers on the same side.

    Authors: Doriana Lacorte, Maria Marsella and Pietro Guerrini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:21
  4. Doping with endocrine drugs is quite prevalent in amateur and professional athletes. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has a list of banned drugs for athletes who compete and a strategy to detect such drugs....

    Authors: Alan D Rogol
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:19
  5. Mental retardation is a heterogeneous condition, affecting 1-3% of general population. In the last few years, several emerging clinical entities have been described, due to the advent of newest genetic techniq...

    Authors: Cinzia Galasso, Adriana Lo-Castro, Nadia El-Malhany and Paolo Curatolo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:17
  6. Celiac disease (CD) emerged as a public health problem, and the disease prevalence varies among different races. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of CD using serological markers in ...

    Authors: Mohamad K Nusier, Hedda Konstanse Brodtkorb, Siv Elisabeth Rein, Ahmed Odeh, Abdelrahman M Radaideh and Helge Klungland
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:16
  7. Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%.

    Authors: Anna Noè, Barbara Cappelli, Alessandra Biffi, Robert Chiesa, Ilaria Frugnoli, Erika Biral, Valentina Finizio, Cristina Baldoli, Paolo Vezzulli, Fabio Minicucci, Giovanna Fanelli, Rossana Fiori, Fabio Ciceri, Maria Grazia Roncarolo and Sarah Marktel
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:14
  8. We will discuss the clinical and genetic diagnosis of a child with severe psychomotor delay, who at 3 years of age presented with paroxysms of hyperpnea-apnea and seizures unrelated to breathing anomalies.

    Authors: Grazia Taddeucci, Alice Bonuccelli, Ilaria Mantellassi, Alessandro Orsini and Enrico Tarantino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:12
  9. Data about the natural evolution of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in pediatric age are very scanty. Moreover all the available reports in both aged and young patients were based on unselected study populatio...

    Authors: Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giuseppina Zirilli, Tommaso Aversa and Teresa Arrigo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:11
  10. A number of studies have shown that current classification systems (ICD 10, DSM IV TR) have limitation when applied to autistic children and the category PDD NOS (DSM IV TR) has in particular been criticized. ...

    Authors: Matteo Chiappedi, Giorgio Rossi, Maura Rossi, Maurizio Bejor and Umberto Balottin
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:10
  11. In order to estimate the causes of pediatric morbidity in our area, with particular emphasis on diseases with a genetic background, we retrospectively categorized the admissions of all children hospitalized in...

    Authors: Theodoros Lialiaris, Elpis Mantadakis, Dimitra Kareli, Panagiotis Mpountoukas, Aggelos Tsalkidis and Athanassios Chatzimichail
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:9
  12. Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, resulting from genes, environment and behaviour interactions, and represents the most common metabolic disorder in the Western Hemisphere. Its prevalence has dramatically ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Latini, Francesco Gallo and Lorenzo Iughetti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:8
  13. A 3 yr old boy presented with abdominal pain, fever and red jelly stools. Intussusception was diagnosed and effectively reduced with air insufflation. However, despite an improvement in his clinical condition,...

    Authors: Rumana N Hussain and Gary Ruiz
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:7
  14. The perfusion index, derived from the pulse oximeter signal, seems to be an accurate predictor for high illness severity in newborns. The aim of this study was to determine the perfusion index values of clinic...

    Authors: Francesco Cresi, Emanuela Pelle, Roberto Calabrese, Luciana Costa, Daniela Farinasso and Leandra Silvestro
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:6
  15. A joint study group on cow's milk allergy was convened by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Allergy and by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Gastroenterology to focus best practice ...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesco Baldi, Barbara Bendandi, Luigi Calzone, Miris Marani and Pamela Pasquinelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:5
  16. Many medicines are prescribed to the paediatric population on an unlicensed or 'off-label' basis because they have not been adequately tested and/or formulated and authorized for use in appropriate paediatric ...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:4
  17. Pyloric atresia (PA) is a very rare condition. Its incidence is approximately 1 in 100,000 newborns and constitutes about 1% of all intestinal atresias. We describe the neonatal course of a peculiar case of ty...

    Authors: Enrico Zecca, Mirta Corsello, Claudio Pintus, Lorenzo Nanni and Susanna Zecca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:3
  18. Contact dermatitis in pediatric population is a common but (previously) under recognized disease. It is usually divided into the allergic and the irritant forms.

    Authors: Paolo Pigatto, Alberto Martelli, Chiara Marsili and Alessandro Fiocchi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:2
  19. Congenital afibrinogenemia is a very rare inherited coagulation disorder, characterized by virtual absence of plasma fibrinogen (factor I). There are only about 250 cases reported in the world literature [1]. We ...

    Authors: Gopakumar Hariharan, Sivji Ramachandran and Rajiv Parapurath
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:1
  20. Adverse reactions induced by BCG vaccination are rare, disseminated mycobacterial BCG infection in particular, which is often fatal and results from impaired immunity. The aim of this study is to determine the...

    Authors: Mahnaz Sadeghi-Shanbestari, Khalil Ansarin, Seyed Hudieh Maljaei, Mandana Rafeey, Zakaria Pezeshki, Ahmmad kousha, Reza Baradaran, Jean Laurent Casanova, Jacqueline Feinberg and Jean Pierre de Villartay
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:42
  21. The growing use of the Metabolic Syndrome in pediatric age need a critical approach, on the basis of recent concerns on definition and usefulness for individual management in clinical practice. We reviewed the...

    Authors: Paolo Brambilla and Angelo Pietrobelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:41
  22. A rare case of Acute lymphoblastic leukemia with hemophillia in a 12 year old boy is presented in the article. Patient was known case of hemophillia (factor VIII deficiency). He was diagnosed as a case of ALL ...

    Authors: Rahul Sinha, Kirandeep Sodhi, Biju John and Daljit Singh
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:40
  23. Uncomplicate regurgitation in otherwise healthy infants is not a disease. It consists of milk flow from mouth during or after feeding. Common causes include overfeeding, air swallowed during feeding, crying or...

    Authors: Flavia Indrio, Giuseppe Riezzo, Francesco Raimondi, Luciano Cavallo and Ruggiero Francavilla
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:39
  24. Violence among adolescents has untoward psycho-social and physical health effects among this age group. Most of the literature on this topic has been from high-income nations, and little information has come f...

    Authors: Adamson S Muula, Patricia Herring, Seter Siziya and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:38
  25. There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehyd...

    Authors: Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti and Alberto Bettinelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:36
  26. Stump appendicitis is a delayed complication of appendectomy. It is rare and few cases reported in the paediatric literature. The authors report on another case in a child and focus on the diagnostic peculiari...

    Authors: Manef Gasmi, Fatma Fitouri, Sondes Sahli, Radhia Jemaï and Mourad Hamzaoui
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:35
  27. The role of infectious agents in autoimmune diseases has been the subject of several studies and is still under investigation. Here a paediatric case series of autoimmune uveitis is reported. An exacerbation o...

    Authors: Paolo Mora, Erilda Kamberi, Francesca Manzotti, Laura Zavota and Jelka G Orsoni
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:34
  28. Procalcitonin (PCT) is an accurate marker for differentiating bacterial infection from non-infective causes of inflammation or viral infection. However, there is only one study in children which tested procalc...

    Authors: Sabine Faesch, Bogdan Cojocaru, Carole Hennequin, Stéphanie Pannier, Christophe Glorion, Bernard Lacour and Gérard Chéron
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:33
  29. 1) to evaluate the role of the pediatrician in detecting postnatal depression (PD) symptoms by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS); 2) to detect factors increasing the risk of PD and, 3) to assess ...

    Authors: Vincenzo Currò, Emilia De Rosa, Silvia Maulucci, Maria Lucia Maulucci, Maria Teresa Silvestri, Annaluce Zambrano and Vincenza Regine
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:32
  30. Allergen specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the practice of administering gradually increasing doses of the specific causative allergen to reduce the clinical reactivity of allergic subjects, and is the only trea...

    Authors: Gian Luigi Marseglia, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Mario La Rosa, Franco Frati and Francesco Marcucci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:31
  31. In many fields of medicine there is a growing interest in characterizing diseases at molecular level with a view to developing an individually tailored therapeutic approach. Metabolomics is a novel area that p...

    Authors: Eugenio Baraldi, Silvia Carraro, Giuseppe Giordano, Fabiano Reniero, Giorgio Perilongo and Franco Zacchello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:30
  32. Intestinal Failure is a permanent loss of digestive and absorptive functions as a consequence of short bowel syndrome and/or other primary intestinal conditions. Patients with intestinal failure (IF) require l...

    Authors: Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Eliana Ruberto and Alfredo Guarino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:28
  33. "Dravet syndrome" (DS) previously named severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), or epilepsy with polymorphic seizures, is a rare disorder characterized by an early, severe, generalized, epileptic encephal...

    Authors: Gemma Incorpora
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:27
  34. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common disease, responsible for significant healthcare expenditures, mostly because of hospitalization. Many practice guidelines on CAP have been developed, including ad...

    Authors: Fabio Antonelli, Daniele De Brasi and Paolo Siani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:26
  35. Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is associated with pulmonary involvement that requires periodical assessment. Chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has become the method of choice to evaluate chron...

    Authors: Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria, Marco Salvatore, Marco Maglione, Paola Iacotucci, Maria Margherita De Santi and Carmine Mollica
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:24
  36. Recent studies suggested a link between type 1 diabetes mellitus and pervasive developmental disorder. Moreover, permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus due to pancreatic agenesis can be associated with neurologi...

    Authors: Alessandro Giannattasio, Maria Pintaudi, Maria Margherita Mancardi, Francesca Maria Battaglia, Edvige Veneselli, Renata Lorini and Giuseppe d'Annunzio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:23
  37. Antibodies to chromatin and soluble liver antigen have been associated with severe form of autoimmune hepatitis and/or poor treatment response and may provide guidance in defining subsets of patients with diff...

    Authors: Lerine B El- Din Elshazly, Azza M Youssef, Nermine H Mahmoud and Mona M Ibrahim
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:22
  38. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a useful tool to diagnose and monitor eosinophilic bronchial inflammation in asthmatic children and adults. In children younger than 2 years of age FeNO has been succe...

    Authors: Carmelo Gabriele, Fernando M de Benedictis and Johan C de Jongste
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:21

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