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  1. Aim of this study was to obtain a picture of the nature of the primary care pediatricians’ visits during a winter season. We investigated reasons for visits, diagnosis, and pattern of prescription in 284 child...

    Authors: Antonietta Giannattasio, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Carmen Napolitano, Laura Di Florio and Alfredo Guarino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:38
  2. There are few prospective evaluations of point-of-care ultrasonography (US) for the diagnosis of pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In particular, there are very few data concerning the efficiency o...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Simone Sferrazza Papa, Irene Borzani, Raffaella Pinzani, Caterina Giannitto, Dario Consonni and Nicola Principi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:37
  3. Hypereosinophilia as first clinical presentation has rarely been reported in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. It is commonly associated with specific cytogenetic abnormalities. Although eosinophilia i...

    Authors: Rosanna Parasole, Fara Petruzziello, Antonia De Matteo, Giovanna Maisto, Luisa Castelli, Maria Elena Errico, Giuseppe Menna and Vincenzo Poggi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:36
  4. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare disorder that can occur at any age and is characterized by the triad of hemoptysis, iron deficiency anemia and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. The clinical course is...

    Authors: Ilirjana Bakalli, Luljeta Kota, Durim Sala, Ermela Celaj, Elmira Kola, Robert Lluka and Sashenka Sallabanda
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:35
  5. Mitochondrial dysfunction accounts for a large group of inherited metabolic disorders most of which are due to a dysfunctional mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) and, consequently, deficient energy producti...

    Authors: Célia Nogueira, Ligia S Almeida, Claudia Nesti, Ilaria Pezzini, Arnaldo Videira, Laura Vilarinho and Filippo M Santorelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:34
  6. Although individual occurrence is rare, syndromic obesity with mental retardation has been reported in conjunction with 140 different diseases.

    Authors: Donatella Milani, Marta Cerutti, Lidia Pezzani, Pietro Maffei, Gabriella Milan and Susanna Esposito
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:33
  7. Gut microbiota plays a significant role in human health and energy balance, and provides protection against disease states. An altered balance between microbiota and its host (dysbiosis) would appear to contri...

    Authors: Donatella Comito, Antonio Cascio and Claudio Romano
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:32
  8. During the last century, mass vaccination programs have achieved considerable success across the world in immunizing against several serious infectious diseases. However, vaccinations are threatened by their o...

    Authors: Luciana Nicolosi, Annachiara Vittucci, Rossella Mancini, Elena Bozzola, Alberto Cagigi, Annalisa Grandin and Alberto Villani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:31
  9. Glycogen storage disease type 1b (GSD1b) is an inherited metabolic defect of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis due to mutations of the SLC37A4 gene and to defective transport of glucose-6-phosphate. The clini...

    Authors: Daniela Melis, Roberto Della Casa, Francesca Balivo, Giorgia Minopoli, Alessandro Rossi, Mariacarolina Salerno, Generoso Andria and Giancarlo Parenti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:30
  10. The low uptake of tetanus vaccine and its resultant high burden of tetanus in Nigeria suggest the need to improve routine and booster vaccination in children and adolescents. However, epidemiological evidence ...

    Authors: Adebola E Orimadegun, Akinlolu A Adepoju and Olusegun O Akinyinka
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:29
  11. Intussusception remains a common cause of bowel obstruction in children and results in significant morbidity and mortality if not promptly treated. There is a paucity of prospective studies regarding childhood...

    Authors: Phillipo L Chalya, Neema M Kayange and Alphonce B Chandika
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:28
  12. Surfactant treatment reduces respiratory morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Data on its haemodynamic consequences are conflicting. The aim was to characterise the haemodynamic effects of surfactant tr...

    Authors: Francesca Vitali, Silvia Galletti, Arianna Aceti, Giulia Aquilano, Marianna Fabi, Anna Balducci and Giacomo Faldella
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:26
  13. Orbital cellulitis is an infrequent complication of acute ethmoiditis possibly leading to life- or visual-threatening complications. Despite its natural history is well known, its clinical evolution may widely...

    Authors: Sara Torretta, Paola Marchisio, Michele Gaffuri, Pasquale Capaccio, Susanna Esposito and Lorenzo Pignataro
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:25
  14. We describe a girl with Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder of the X chromosome in a phenotypic female at increased risk of autoimmune and immunological diseases, who developed Kawasaki disease at the age of f...

    Authors: Stefano Stagi, Stefania Losi, Francesco Chiarelli, Maurizio de Martino and Fernanda Falcini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:24
  15. Aim of our study is to analyze the immunological status in pregnancy for two main TORCH agents, Toxoplasma and Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and the results of group B streptococcus (GBS) screening, assessing the ris...

    Authors: Giuseppe Puccio, Cinzia Cajozzo, Laura Antonella Canduscio, Lucia Cino, Amelia Romano, Maria Gabriella Schimmenti, Mario Giuffrè and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:23
  16. Asthma is the result of a complex interaction between environmental factors and genetic variants that confer susceptibility. The glutathione S-transferases (GSTT1 and GSTM1) are phase II enzymes thought to pro...

    Authors: Nihal El Rifai, Nadia Moustafa, Nelly Degheidy and Manal Wilson
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:22
  17. Inhibitors of the cyclo-oxygenase component of prostaglandin-H2 synthetase, namely indomethacin and ibuprofen, are commonly used in the treatment of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus. These dru...

    Authors: Gianluca Terrin, Francesca Conte, Antonella Scipione, Erica Bacchio, Maria Giulia Conti, Rosalia Ferro, Flavia Ventriglia and Mario De Curtis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:21
  18. To date, only a few studies on child obesity concerned Trace Elements (TE). TE is involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and obesity related diseases. We tried to assess trace elements status [zinc (Zn), copp...

    Authors: Seham FA Azab, Safaa H Saleh, Wafaa F Elsaeed, Mona A Elshafie, Laila M Sherief and Asmaa MH Esh
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:20
  19. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of behavioural and emotional problems in a sample of school children living in Campania, a region of South Italy.

    Authors: Antonella Gritti, Carmela Bravaccio, Simona Signoriello, Filomena Salerno, Simone Pisano, Gennaro Catone, Ciro Gallo and Antonio Pascotto
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:19
  20. Plastic bronchitis is a rare complication of a variety of respiratory diseases and congenital heart disease surgery, particularly Fontan procedure. Bronchial casts with rubber-like consistency develop acutely ...

    Authors: Massimo Colaneri, Andrea Quarti, Marco Pozzi, Stefano Gasparini, Ines Carloni and Fernando Maria de Benedictis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:18
  21. Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis is a rare disease, associated with either nonmalignant conditions or subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, and often also associated with hemophagocytic lymphohist...

    Authors: Claudia Pasqualini, Mauro Jorini, Ines Carloni, Mirella Giangiacomi, Valentina Cetica, Maurizio Aricò, and Fernando Maria de Benedictis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:17
  22. The editors of Italian Journal of Pediatrics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 39 (2013).

    Authors: Sergio Bernasconi, Carlo Caffarelli and Francesca Santamaria
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:15
  23. Codeine is a mild opioid widely used as an analgesic in various age groups, including various pediatric settings. It is a prodrug that owes its analgesic effect almost entirely to the principal metabolite: mor...

    Authors: Franca Benini and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:16
  24. Awareness of the importance of strengthening investments in child health and monitoring the quality of services in the pediatric field is increasing. The Pediatric Quality Indicators developed by the US Agency...

    Authors: Jacopo Lenzi, Lorenza Luciano, Kathryn Mack McDonald, Simona Rosa, Gianfranco Damiani, Giovanni Corsello and Maria Pia Fantini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:14
  25. There are increasing evidence highlighting the importance of incorporating issues of global health into pre- and post-graduate medical curricula. Medical international cooperation is a fundamental component of...

    Authors: Liviana Da Dalt, Giovanni Putoto, Dante Carraro, Alessandra Gatta, Eugenio Baraldi and Giorgio Perilongo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:13
  26. Hyperbilirubinaemia is one of the most frequent problems in otherwise healthy newborn infants. Early discharge of the healthy newborn infants, particularly those in whom breastfeeding is not fully established,...

    Authors: Costantino Romagnoli, Giovanni Barone, Simone Pratesi, Francesco Raimondi, Letizia Capasso, Enrico Zecca and Carlo Dani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:11
  27. Kabuki syndrome (also called Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome) is a rare genetic disease described for the first time in Japan, characterised by anomalies in multiple organ systems and often associated with autoimmune ...

    Authors: Paola Giordano, Giuseppe Lassandro, Maria Sangerardi, Maria Felicia Faienza, Federica Valente and Baldassarre Martire
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:10
  28. Auxology (Greek αυξω - I let grow) is the science of human growth and development. Significant public interest focuses on questions like: how does my child grow? How did our ancestors grow? How do other people...

    Authors: Michael Hermanussen and Barry Bogin
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:8
  29. Quality assessment in pediatric care has recently gained momentum. Although many of the approaches to indicator development are similar regardless of the population of interest, few nationwide sets of indicato...

    Authors: Lorenza Luciano, Jacopo Lenzi, Kathryn Mack McDonald, Simona Rosa, Gianfranco Damiani, Giovanni Corsello and Maria Pia Fantini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:7
  30. Despite growing interest in psychotherapy in child and adolescent headache, efficacy studies in this research field have focused mainly on cognitive-behavioral therapies. Whereas relaxation and cognitive-behav...

    Authors: Umberto Balottin, Matteo Ferri, Michela Racca, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Ettore Beghi, Matteo Chiappedi and Cristiano Termine
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:6
  31. Interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 13 (13q) are related with variable phenotypes, according to the size and the location of the deleted region. The main clinical features are moderate/severe ...

    Authors: Novella Rapini, Roberta Lidano, Silvia Pietrosanti, Giuseppina Vitiello, Chiara Grimaldi, Diana Postorivo, Anna Maria Nardone, Francesca Del Bufalo, Francesco Brancati and Maria Luisa Manca Bitti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:5
  32. The clinical spectrum for celiac disease (CD) is broad and includes cases with either typical (intestinal) or atypical (extraintestinal) features, often making the diagnosis of CD very difficult.

    Authors: Mauro Bozzola, Elena Bozzola, Sara Pagani, Amelia Mascolo, Rossella Porto and Cristina Meazza
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:4
  33. We describe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage at admission in patients admitted to a Department of Pediatrics.

    Authors: Francesco Gesualdo, Manuela Onori, Dafne Bongiorno, Floriana Campanile, Emanuela Carloni, Livia Mancinelli, Cristina Russo, Alberto Villani, Diletta Valentini, Massimiliano Raponi, Alberto E Tozzi and Stefania Stefani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:3
  34. Invasive aspergillosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Among primary immunodefiencies, chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) has the highest prevalence of invasive...

    Authors: Eda Kepenekli, Ahmet Soysal, Canan Kuzdan, Nezih Onur Ermerak, Mustafa Yüksel and Mustafa Bakır
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:2
  35. Although the guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy recognize the role of nutrition, there is few literature on the practical issues concerning the nutritional management of children with fo...

    Authors: Marcello Giovannini, Enza D'Auria, Carlo Caffarelli, Elvira Verduci, Salvatore Barberi, Luciana Indinnimeo, Iride Dello Iacono, Alberto Martelli, Enrica Riva and Roberto Bernardini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:1
  36. An increased but unpredictable risk of malnutrition is associated with hospitalization, especially in children with chronic diseases. We investigated the applicability of Screening Tool for Risk of Impaired Nu...

    Authors: Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Ilaria Liguoro, Fabrizia Chiatto, Daniela Mambretti and Alfredo Guarino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:81
  37. Turner syndrome is caused by numeric and structural abnormalities of the X chromosome. An increased frequency of autoimmunity as well as an elevated incidence of autoantibodies was observed in Turner patients....

    Authors: Armando Grossi, Antonino Crinò, Rosa Luciano, Antonietta Lombardo, Marco Cappa and Alessandra Fierabracci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:79
  38. Epidemiological studies show that vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common worldwide and associated with many diseases including asthma. Our aim was to evaluate vitamin D insufficiency and its clinica...

    Authors: Metin Uysalol, Levent Cem Mutlu, Gamze Varol Saracoglu, Erkut Karasu, Savas Guzel, Semra Kayaoglu and Nedret Uzel
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:78
  39. Zygomycosis is a rare life-threatening fungal infection affecting mostly patients with predisposing conditions such as diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency, haemochromatosis or major trauma.

    Authors: Annalisa di Coste, Francesco Costantino, Luigi Tarani, Vincenzo Savastano, Claudio Di Biasi, Laura Schiavi, Ilaria Ernesti, Taulant Melengu and Marzia Duse
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:77
  40. Focal epilepsy with ictal abdominal pain is an unusual partial epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal episodes of abdominal or visceral pain, disturbance of awareness and electroencephalographic abnormalities. W...

    Authors: Caterina Cerminara, Nadia El Malhany, Denis Roberto and Paolo Curatolo
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:76
  41. At the end of 1990s, acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) were called the 'forgotten pandemic’, with a clear dichotomy between developing and industrialised countries in mortality and morbidity, the main...

    Authors: Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti and Chiara Mameli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:75
  42. We report the case of a child affected by Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) with good cognitive performances and without relevant behavioral abnormalities.

    Authors: Rosa Nugnes, Eugenio Zito, Enza Mozzillo, Maria Erminia Camarca, Maria Pia Riccio, Gaetano Terrone, Daniela Melis, Carmela Bravaccio and Adriana Franzese
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:74
  43. Recently, studies suggesting that vitamin D deficiency correlates with the severity and frequency of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and that vitamin D supplementation reduces the risk of d...

    Authors: Seham FA Azab, Safaa Hamdy Saleh, Wafaa F Elsaeed, Sanaa M Abdelsalam, Alshaymaa Ahmed Ali and Asmaa MH Esh
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:73
  44. The development of neurological complications due to varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is relatively uncommon, particularly in the case of immunocompetent patients. Only a few cases have been described...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Samantha Bosis, Raffaella Pinzani, Laura Morlacchi, Laura Senatore and Nicola Principi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:72
  45. Every year a lot of children die from heat stroke and hyperthermia because they have been left unattended in closed automobiles. These fatalities have augmented slightly in the past decade, but they are a poor...

    Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Flaminia Vena, Olga Caporale, Valentina Del Volgo, Pio Liberatore, Francesca Ianniello, Antonio Chiaretti and Riccardo Riccardi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:71

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