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Critical Care

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of practice and research in critical care within the context of children and adolescents.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Pleural effusion is a rare complication of ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting and its diagnosis is difficult in patients with neurological and consciousness impairment.

    Authors: Federica Porcaro, Emidio Procaccini, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Alessandra Schiavino, Francesca Petreschi and Renato Cutrera

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:42

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  2. Content type: Review

    We aim to formulate evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians decision-making in the assessment and management of children younger than 16 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) following ...

    Authors: Liviana Da Dalt, Niccolo’ Parri, Angela Amigoni, Agostino Nocerino, Francesca Selmin, Renzo Manara, Paola Perretta, Maria Paola Vardeu and Silvia Bressan

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:7

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Pediatric acute-liver-failure due to acetaminophen (APAP) administration at therapeutic dosage is rare, while viral infections and metabolic defects are the prevalent causes. Yet, as acetaminophen is routinely...

    Authors: Pier Luigi Calvo, Francesco Tandoi, Tobias B. Haak, Andrea Brunati, Michele Pinon, Dominic Dell Olio, Renato Romagnoli and Marco Spada

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:88

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  4. Content type: Case report

    3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) lyase deficiency is a rare inborn error of metabolism characterized by recurrent metabolic crises caused by fasting, intercurrent illness and excessive physical ...

    Authors: Juan Ignacio Muñoz-Bonet, María del Carmen Ortega-Sánchez and José Luis León Guijarro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:12

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  5. Content type: Research

    High fidelity simulation has been executed to allow the evaluation of technical and non-technical skills of health caregivers. Our objective was to assess technical and non-technical performances of low level ...

    Authors: Giuseppe De Bernardo, Desirée Sordino, Francesco Cavallin, Veronica Mardegan, Nicoletta Doglioni, Maria Luisa Tataranno and Daniele Trevisanuto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:100

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  6. Content type: Research

    Differential diagnosis between sepsis and non-infectious inflammatory disorders demands improved biomarkers. Soluble Triggering Receptor Expression on Myeloid cells (sTREM-1) is an activating receptor whose ro...

    Authors: Giuseppe Pontrelli, Franco De Crescenzo, Roberto Buzzetti, Francesca Calò Carducci, Alessandro Jenkner, Donato Amodio, Maia De Luca, Sara Chiurchiù, Elin Haf Davies, Alessandra Simonetti, Elena Ferretti, Martina Della Corte, Luca Gramatica, Susanna Livadiotti and Paolo Rossi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:44

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Nephrotic syndrome confers an acquired prothrombotic phenotype due to the urinary loss of anticoagulant proteins.Patients with reactivation of nephrotic syndrome may develop thrombosis.

    Authors: Andrea Artoni, Serena Maria Passamonti, Alberto Edefonti, Francesca Gianniello, Vittorio Civelli and Ida Martinelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:22

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  8. Content type: Research

    Parents often do not consider fever as an important physiological response and mechanism of defense against infections that leads to inappropriate use of antipyretics and potentially dangerous side effects. Th...

    Authors: Riccardo Lubrano, Sara Paoli, Marco Bonci, Luigi Di Ruzza, Corrado Cecchetti, Raffaele Falsaperla, Piero Pavone, Nassim Matin, Giovanna Vitaliti and Isotta Gentile

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:20

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  9. Content type: Case report

    The Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC) system has become an effective treatment for acute and chronic wound defects. Although its use has been reported in wound care of children and premature infants, the managemen...

    Authors: Filomena Valentina Paradiso, Lorenzo Nanni, Laura Merli, Erika Adalgisa De Marco, Vincenzo Davide Catania, Alessandra Taddei, Carlo Manzoni and Giorgio Conti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:2

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  10. Content type: Research

    Birth asphyxia is an insult to the fetus or newborn due to failure to breath or breathing poorly, leads to decrease oxygen perfusion to various organs. According to WHO, 4 million neonatal deaths occurred each...

    Authors: Hafiz Muhammad Aslam, Shafaq Saleem, Rafia Afzal, Umair Iqbal, Sehrish Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Waqas Abid Shaikh and Nazish Shahid

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:94

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  11. Content type: Research

    Intussusception remains a common cause of bowel obstruction in children and results in significant morbidity and mortality if not promptly treated. There is a paucity of prospective studies regarding childhood...

    Authors: Phillipo L Chalya, Neema M Kayange and Alphonce B Chandika

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:28

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  12. Content type: Case report

    We describe a girl with Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder of the X chromosome in a phenotypic female at increased risk of autoimmune and immunological diseases, who developed Kawasaki disease at the age of f...

    Authors: Stefano Stagi, Stefania Losi, Francesco Chiarelli, Maurizio de Martino and Fernanda Falcini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:24

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  13. Content type: Review

    Codeine is a mild opioid widely used as an analgesic in various age groups, including various pediatric settings. It is a prodrug that owes its analgesic effect almost entirely to the principal metabolite: mor...

    Authors: Franca Benini and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:16

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  14. Content type: Research

    Awareness of the importance of strengthening investments in child health and monitoring the quality of services in the pediatric field is increasing. The Pediatric Quality Indicators developed by the US Agency...

    Authors: Jacopo Lenzi, Lorenza Luciano, Kathryn Mack McDonald, Simona Rosa, Gianfranco Damiani, Giovanni Corsello and Maria Pia Fantini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:14

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  15. Content type: Research

    Quality assessment in pediatric care has recently gained momentum. Although many of the approaches to indicator development are similar regardless of the population of interest, few nationwide sets of indicato...

    Authors: Lorenza Luciano, Jacopo Lenzi, Kathryn Mack McDonald, Simona Rosa, Gianfranco Damiani, Giovanni Corsello and Maria Pia Fantini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:7

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  16. Content type: Research

    An increased but unpredictable risk of malnutrition is associated with hospitalization, especially in children with chronic diseases. We investigated the applicability of Screening Tool for Risk of Impaired Nu...

    Authors: Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Ilaria Liguoro, Fabrizia Chiatto, Daniela Mambretti and Alfredo Guarino

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:81

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  17. Content type: Research

    There are few published data concerning radiological findings and their relationship with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) severity. The aim if this study was to assess radiographic findings in children with...

    Authors: Maria Francesca Patria, Benedetta Longhi, Mara Lelii, Carlotta Galeone, Maria Angela Pavesi and Susanna Esposito

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:56

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  18. Content type: Research

    Dehydration caused by acute rotavirus gastroenteritis is a frequent finding in pediatric patients. The most important treatment modality in these patients is recognising and treating dehydration, electrolyte i...

    Authors: Tanju Çelik, Emel Altekin, Rana İşgüder, Yasin Kenesari, Murat Duman and Nur Arslan

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:52

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  19. Content type: Research

    Herpes simplex encephalitis is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and may be related to timely diagnosis and treatment. While awaiting the results of testing, hospitalization and empiric treat...

    Authors: Dina M Kulik, Magda Mekky, Ming Yang, Ari Bitnun and Patricia C Parkin

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:72

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