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Endocrinology

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of endocrinology and diabetology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Content type: Review

    Vitamin D plays a pivotal role in the regulation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism, particularly during pediatric age when nutritional rickets and impaired bone mass acquisition may occur.

    Authors: Giuseppe Saggese, Francesco Vierucci, Flavia Prodam, Fabio Cardinale, Irene Cetin, Elena Chiappini, Gian Luigi de’ Angelis, Maddalena Massari, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Diego Peroni, Luigi Terracciano, Rino Agostiniani, Domenico Careddu, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Gianni Bona…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:51

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  2. Content type: Commentary

    Aim of this commentary is to analyze the relationships between genotypic bases and phenotypic expression of congenital “multiple pituitary hormone deficiency” (MPHD) syndrome and to indicate some reliable crit...

    Authors: Giuseppe Crisafulli, Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Zirilli, Filippo De Luca, Romina Gallizzi and Malgorzata Wasniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:47

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  3. Content type: Case report

    The simultaneous occurrence of Klinefelter Syndrome (KS) and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is an exceptional event: there are just three case reports (two children and a 51 years old man) describing mal...

    Authors: Giada Zanella, Gianluca Tornese, Elisabetta Mascheroni, Elena Faleschini, Alessandro Ventura and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:43

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  4. Content type: Commentary

    Aim of this commentary is to report the main peculiarities that have been found to characterize the phenotypic expression of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) in children with Down’s syndrome (DS). According...

    Authors: Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Giuseppina Zirilli, Filippo De Luca, Romina Gallizzi and Mariella Valenzise

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:39

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  5. Content type: Research

    Vitamin D and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) play a crucial role in calcium homeostasis and bone health of children. Serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) is considered to be the most accurate marker ...

    Authors: Ozlem Naciye Sahin, Muhittin Serdar, Mustafa Serteser, Ibrahim Unsal and Aysel Ozpinar

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:40

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  6. Content type: Commentary

    Aim of this commentary is to report current knowledges on the main clinical and metabolic abnormalities which might be observed in children with longstanding and untreated subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) and t...

    Authors: R. Gallizzi, C. Crisafulli, T. Aversa, G. Salzano, F. De Luca, M. Valenzise and G. Zirilli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:25

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  7. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Puberty is a critical age for patients with Turner syndrome (TS): infertility is reported to be linked to karyotype and spontaneous puberty and menarche occur in approximately 30% of patients, especially in mo...

    Authors: M. C. Maggio, A. De Pietro, P. Porcelli, F. Serraino, T. Angileri, A. Di Peri and G. Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:24

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  8. Content type: Commentary

    Aim of this commentary is to summarize the salient literature views on the relationships between presentation and evolution patterns of thyroid function in children with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT).

    Authors: Giuseppe Crisafulli, Romina Gallizzi, Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Salzano, Mariella Valenzise, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Filippo De Luca and Giuseppina Zirilli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:22

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  9. Content type: Research

    The available studies concerning the influence of age on the phenotypical expression of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) have hitherto compared DTC presentation either between pre-pubertal and pubertal c...

    Authors: Giuseppina Zirilli, Laura Cannavò, Francesco Vermiglio, Maria Antonia Violi, Filippo De Luca and Malgorzata Wasniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:13

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  10. Content type: Commentary

    Aim of this commentary is to analyze the current views about the phenotypic features of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and Graves’ disease (GD) in Turner syndrome (TS) girls, in terms of epidemiology, clinical a...

    Authors: Tommaso Aversa, Romina Gallizzi, Giuseppina Salzano, Giuseppina Zirilli, Filippo De Luca and Mariella Valenzise

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:12

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  11. Content type: Research

    Neonatal screening for 21 hydroxylase deficiency is designed to detect classical form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). It is still unclear whether newborns who result false positives at neonatal screen...

    Authors: Paolo Cavarzere, Margherita Mauro, Monica Vincenzi, Silvana Lauriola, Francesca Teofoli, Rossella Gaudino, Diego Alberto Ramaroli, Rocco Micciolo, Marta Camilot and Franco Antoniazzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:10

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  12. Content type: Research

    There is increasing recognition that sleep is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between self-reported sleep duration, sleep-related probl...

    Authors: Leonardo Pulido-Arjona, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cesar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, María Correa-Rodríguez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso and Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:9

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Mutations localized in the Growth Hormone Receptor (GHR) gene are often associated with the pathogenesis of Laron Syndrome, an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by severe growth retardation...

    Authors: Stefania Moia, Daniele Tessaris, Silvia Einaudi, Luisa de Sanctis, Gianni Bona, Simonetta Bellone and Flavia Prodam

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:94

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  14. Content type: Review

    Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a relatively uncommon and heterogeneous endocrine disorder presenting in childhood with short stature. However, during the neonatal period, the metabolic effects of GHD may t...

    Authors: Stefano Stagi, Perla Scalini, Giovanni Farello and Alberto Verrotti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:81

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  15. Content type: Research

    Although the autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 (APS-3) is the commonest APS that may be encountered in pediatric age, last year literature includes only few studies aiming to specifically ascertain the ...

    Authors: Mariella Valenzise, Tommaso Aversa, Angiola Saccomanno, Filippo De Luca and Giuseppina Salzano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:69

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  16. Content type: Review

    Referral for an assessment of tall stature is less common than for short stature. Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age. The majority of subjects with tal...

    Authors: Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Roberta Giacchero, Sara Pagani and Mauro Bozzola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:66

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Short stature (SS) is a relatively early sign of poor health. Only in 5% of cases we can explain it through the presence of endocrinological pathologies. Therefore, if SS is present since the first months of l...

    Authors: Paolo Cavarzere, Valentina Bortolotti, Michela Capogna, Margherita Guarnieri, Francesca Lucca, Rossella Gaudino, Stefano Marzini, Claudia Banzato and Franco Antoniazzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:64

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  18. Content type: Case Report

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM n. 201710) is the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is characterized by severe adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis impairment due to a def...

    Authors: Carla Bizzarri, Elisa Pisaneschi, Mafalda Mucciolo, Stefania Pedicelli, Daniela Galeazzi, Antonio Novelli and Marco Cappa

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:57

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