This section considers studies regarding all aspects of endocrinology and diabetology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Case report

    Compound heterozygosity for two GHR missense mutations in a patient affected by Laron Syndrome: a case report

    Mutations localized in the Growth Hormone Receptor (GHR) gene are often associated with the pathogenesis of Laron Syndrome, an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by severe growth retardation...

    Stefania Moia, Daniele Tessaris, Silvia Einaudi, Luisa de Sanctis, Gianni Bona, Simonetta Bellone and Flavia Prodam

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:94

    Published on: 12 October 2017

  2. Review

    Tall stature: a difficult diagnosis?

    Referral for an assessment of tall stature is less common than for short stature. Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age. The majority of subjects with tal...

    Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Roberta Giacchero, Sara Pagani and Mauro Bozzola

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:66

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  3. Case report

    Short stature: an ordinary sign for an unordinary diagnosis

    Short stature (SS) is a relatively early sign of poor health. Only in 5% of cases we can explain it through the presence of endocrinological pathologies. Therefore, if SS is present since the first months of l...

    Paolo Cavarzere, Valentina Bortolotti, Michela Capogna, Margherita Guarnieri, Francesca Lucca, Rossella Gaudino, Stefano Marzini, Claudia Banzato and Franco Antoniazzi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:64

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  4. Case Report

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia by steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) gene mutation in an Italian infant: an uncommon cause of adrenal insufficiency

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM n. 201710) is the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is characterized by severe adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis impairment due to a def...

    Carla Bizzarri, Elisa Pisaneschi, Mafalda Mucciolo, Stefania Pedicelli, Daniela Galeazzi, Antonio Novelli and Marco Cappa

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:57

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  5. Case report

    SHORT syndrome in a two-year-old girl – case report

    SHORT syndrome is a rare genetic congenital defects condition. The frequency of the disease still remains unknown.

    Maria Klatka, Izabela Rysz, Katarzyna Kozyra, Agnieszka Polak and Witold Kołłątaj

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:44

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  6. Review

    The link between obesity and migraine in childhood: a systematic review

    Obesity and headache are two highly prevalent diseases both in adults and children and they are associated with a strong personal and social impact. Many studies suggest that obesity is comorbid with headache ...

    G. Farello, P. Ferrara, A. Antenucci, C. Basti and A. Verrotti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:27

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  7. Commentary

    Analysis of the factors affecting the evolution over time of subclinical hypothyroidism in children

    Aim of this commentary is to report the most recent views about natural history of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) according to the different etiologies. In children with idiopathic SH the natural evolution is...

    Mariella Valenzise, Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Zirilli, Giuseppina Salzano, Domenico Corica, Simona Santucci and Filippo De Luca

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:2

    Published on: 3 January 2017

  8. Research

    Percentiles of serum uric acid and cardiometabolic abnormalities in obese Italian children and adolescents

    To investigate the association of serum uric acid (SUA) with cardiometabolic abnormalities in Caucasian overweight/obese children (<10 years of age) versus adolescents (≥10 years of age) by drawing age and gen...

    Rosa Luciano, Blegina Shashaj, MariaRita Spreghini, Andrea Del Fattore, Carmela Rustico, Rita Wietrzykowska Sforza, Giuseppe Stefano Morino, Bruno Dallapiccola and Melania Manco

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:3

    Published on: 3 January 2017

  9. Research

    No effect of yeast-like fungi on lipid metabolism and vascular endothelial growth factor level in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

    The objective of the research was to investigate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in the context of lipid metabolism and amount of yeast-like fungi colonizing the digestive tract in children an...

    Katarzyna Zorena, Beata Kowalewska, Małgorzata Szmigiero-Kawko, Piotr Wąż and Małgorzata Myśliwiec

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:107

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  10. Research

    Genetic and epigenetic alterations in the GNAS locus and clinical consequences in Pseudohypoparathyroidism: Italian common healthcare pathways adoption

    Genetic and epigenetic alterations in the GNAS locus are responsible for the Gsα protein dysfunctions causing Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) type Ia/c and Ib, respectively. For these heterogeneous diseases charac...

    L. de Sanctis, F. Giachero, G. Mantovani, G. Weber, M. Salerno, G. I. Baroncelli, F. M. Elli, P. Matarazzo, M. Wasniewska, L. Mazzanti, G. Scirè and D. Tessaris

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:101

    Published on: 21 November 2016

  11. Research

    Long-term safety and efficacy of Omnitrope®, a somatropin biosimilar, in children requiring growth hormone treatment: Italian interim analysis of the PATRO Children study

    PATRO Children is an ongoing observational, longitudinal, non-interventional, global post-marketing surveillance study, which is investigating the long-term safety and effectiveness of Omnitrope®, a somatropin...

    Lorenzo Iughetti, Gianluca Tornese, Maria Elisabeth Street, Flavia Napoli, Claudia Giavoli, Franco Antoniazzi, Stefano Stagi, Caterina Luongo, Sara Azzolini, Letizia Ragusa, Gianni Bona, Clara Zecchino, Tommaso Aversa, Luca Persani, Laura Guazzarotti, Emiliano Zecchi…

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:93

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  12. Review

    Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) for the assessment of bone strength in most of bone affecting conditions in developmental age: a review

    Peripheral quantitative computed tomography provides an automatical scan analysis of trabecular and cortical bone compartments, calculating not only their bone mineral density (BMD), but also bone geometrical ...

    Stefano Stagi, Loredana Cavalli, Tiziana Cavalli, Maurizio de Martino and Maria Luisa Brandi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:88

    Published on: 26 September 2016

  13. Research

    The growth and development of children born to adolescent mothers in Taiwan

    Adolescent pregnancy carries a higher risk of adverse birth outcomes. Currently, there are very few longitudinal studies that have investigated the growth of children born to adolescents. This study explores t...

    Wei-Ya Wu, Chi-Rong Li, Ching-Pyng Kuo, Yi-Chen Chiang and Meng-Chih Lee

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:80

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  14. Research

    Congenital primary adrenal insufficiency and selective aldosterone defects presenting as salt-wasting in infancy: a single center 10-year experience

    Salt-wasting represents a relatively common cause of emergency admission in infants and may result in life-threatening complications. Neonatal kidneys show low glomerular filtration rate and immaturity of the ...

    Carla Bizzarri, Nicole Olivini, Stefania Pedicelli, Romana Marini, Germana Giannone, Paola Cambiaso and Marco Cappa

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:73

    Published on: 2 August 2016

  15. Review

    Cell therapies for pancreatic beta-cell replenishment

    The current treatment approach for type 1 diabetes is based on daily insulin injections, combined with blood glucose monitoring. However, administration of exogenous insulin fails to mimic the physiological ac...

    Bernard Okere, Laura Lucaccioni, Massimo Dominici and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:62

    Published on: 11 July 2016

  16. Case report

    Very early onset of autoimmune thyroiditis in a toddler with severe hypothyroidism presentation: a case report

    In infants under 3 years of age acquired primary hypothyroidism caused by autoimmune thyroiditis is very rare. Hypothyroidism can manifest with different signs and symptoms and has a wide range of presentation...

    Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone, Silverio Perrotta, Laura Ruggiero, Carlo Capristo, Caterina Luongo, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice and Laura Perrone

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:61

    Published on: 18 June 2016

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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