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Neurology, Behaviour and Development

This section considers studies on neurological, psychiatric, behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

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  1. Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by impairment in social interaction and communication along with repetitive, restricted, and stereotyped behaviors, interests and activities. It is important to detect...

    Authors: Antonia Parmeggiani, Arianna Corinaldesi and Annio Posar

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:144

    Content type: Research

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  2. Around the age of 6 months, difficulties in settling to sleep and frequent night awakenings are generally occurring in 20 to 30% of infants. According to the transactional model parental factors can play a sig...

    Authors: Benedetta Ragni, Simona De Stasio, Daniela Barni, Simonetta Gentile and Rosaria Giampaolo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:134

    Content type: Research

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  3. Aim of the study is to intercept specific characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in Down Syndrome (DS). The study describes the distribution and the age of specific aspects of behavioral phenotype in a sa...

    Authors: M. Marino, I. Scala, O. Scicolone, P. Strisciuglio and C. Bravaccio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:92

    Content type: Research

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  4. The purpose of this report was to present the results of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy associated with parent management training (PMT) in a child with paediatric autoimmune neur...

    Authors: Cristiana A. Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Marzia Duse and Alberto Spalice

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:74

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Bullying is one of the most common expressions of violence in the peer context during school years. This study investigates the prevalence of bullying and the short-term effects on students’ bullying perceptio...

    Authors: Claudio Costantino, Alessandra Casuccio, Claudia Marotta, Stefania Enza Bono, Gianmarco Ventura, Walter Mazzucco, Francesco Vitale and Vincenzo Restivo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Epidemiological studies worldwide indicate that teenagers are at risk of internalizing and externalizing problems that persist into adulthood. In our country, there are few epidemiological studies on adolescen...

    Authors: Martina Smorti, Annarita Milone, José Gonzalez Gonzalez and Giovanni Vitali Rosati

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:62

    Content type: Research

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  7. Migraine is one of the most prevalent chronic pain manifestations of childhood. Despite the multitude of available treatments, parents are often concerned about chronic therapies and pediatricians have insuffi...

    Authors: Filomena Moscano, Michela Guiducci, Lucia Maltoni, Pasquale Striano, Maria Giuseppina Ledda, Francesco Zoroddu, Umberto Raucci, Maria Pia Villa and Pasquale Parisi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:36

    Content type: Research

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  8. Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacteria generally transmitted to humans through ingestion of contaminated food. It typically infects high risk subjects, such as pregnant women, neonates, the elderly an...

    Authors: Massimo Luca Castellazzi, Paola Marchisio and Samantha Bosis

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:152

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Ring chromosome 6 (r(6)) is a rare disorder that mainly occurs as a ‘de novo’ event. Nonetheless, a wide phenotypic spectrum has been reported in r(6) cases, depending on breakpoints, size of involved region, ...

    Authors: Frenny Sheth, Thomas Liehr, Viraj Shah, Hillary Shah, Stuti Tewari, Dhaval Solanki, Sunil Trivedi and Jayesh Sheth

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:114

    Content type: Case report

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  10. In adult studies the MTHFR C677T polymorphism has been associated with an increased risk of migraine, but little research has been done in this area in children.

    Authors: A. Orsini, I. Sammartino, A. Valetto, V. Bertini, P. Marchese, A. Bonuccelli and D. G. Peroni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:106

    Content type: Research

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  11. The introduction of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) programs has drastically contributed to the early diagnosis of hearing loss in children, allowing prompt intervention with significant results on ...

    Authors: Rosaria Turchetta, Guido Conti, Pasquale Marsella, Maria Patrizia Orlando, Pasqualina Maria Picciotti, Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Yoshie Russo, Alessandro Scorpecci, Maria Gloria Cammeresi, Sara Giannantonio, Antonio Greco and Massimo Ralli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:104

    Content type: Research

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  12. In previous study, we have found intermittent oral levetiracetam (LEV) can effectively prevent recurrence of febrile seizure (FS). This study aimed to analyze the effects of the preventive on the patients with...

    Authors: Lin-Yan Hu, Xiu-Yu Shi, Hui Li, Meng-Na Zhang, Shu-Fang Ma and Li-Ping Zou

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:70

    Content type: Research

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  13. Acute ocular motility disorders (OMDs) in children admitted to Emergency Department (ED) represents a not so rare condition with a wide spectrum of different etiologies. The emergency physician must be skilled...

    Authors: Umberto Raucci, Pasquale Parisi, Nicola Vanacore, Valentina Ferro, Giacomo Garone, Federica Sancetta, Sergio Petroni, Stefano Pro, Rossella Rossi, Antonino Reale and Nicola Pirozzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:62

    Content type: Research

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  14. The aim of this retrospective study was to define clinical and molecular characteristics of a large sample of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients, as well as to evaluate mutational spectrum and genotype-ph...

    Authors: Giovanni Corsello, Vincenzo Antona, Gregorio Serra, Federico Zara, Clara Giambrone, Luca Lagalla, Maria Piccione and Ettore Piro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:45

    Content type: Research

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  15. The purpose of this study was to determine headache characteristics, impact on daily activities and medication attitudes among a large sample of adolescents in Italy.

    Authors: Thomas Foiadelli, Alessandra Piccorossi, Lucia Sacchi, Mara De Amici, Maurizio Tucci, Ilaria Brambilla, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Salvatore Savasta and Alberto Verrotti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:44

    Content type: Research

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  16. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is related to a generally increased prevalence of seizures. The mechanism underlying the increased predisposition to seizures has not been fully elucidated. The aim of the study ...

    Authors: Claudia Santoro, Pia Bernardo, Antonietta Coppola, Umberto Pugliese, Mario Cirillo, Teresa Giugliano, Giulio Piluso, Giuseppe Cinalli, Salvatore Striano, Carmela Bravaccio and Silverio Perrotta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:41

    Content type: Research

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  17. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a crucial role in the hyperhomocysteinemia, which is a risk factor related to the occurrence of congenital heart defect (CHD). However, the association between...

    Authors: Di Yu, Zhulun Zhuang, Zhongyuan Wen, Xiaodong Zang and Xuming Mo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:108

    Content type: Review

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  18. Woolly Hair is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the scalp hair presenting with strongly coiled hair involving a localized area of the scalp or covering the entire side and occurring in non-black people. Isola...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Raffaele Falsaperla, Massimo Barbagallo, Agata Polizzi, Andrea D. Praticò and Martino Ruggieri

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:99

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Conduct Disorder (CD) is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour in which the basic rights of others and major age-appropriate social norms or rules are violat...

    Authors: Simone Pisano, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Gorga, Valentina Levantini, Raffaella Iuliano, Gennaro Catone, Giangennaro Coppola, Annarita Milone and Gabriele Masi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:84

    Content type: Review

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  20. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by impaired social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviours, as well as associated features including intell...

    Authors: Francesca Felicia Operto, Federica Martino, Annalisa Rinaldi, Angelo Cerracchio, Giovanni Salvati, Mariano Orza, Claudia Lembo, Gianvito Panzarino, Claudia Di Paolantonio, Alberto Verrotti, Giovanni Farello and Giangennaro Coppola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:83

    Content type: Research

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  21. This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the Non-Communicating Children’s Pain Checklist-Postoperative version (I-NCCPC-PV).

    Authors: C. Zanchi, M. Massaro, G. Ferrara, M. Montico, F. D’Osualdo, R. Rutigliano, A. Taddio, L. Vecchi Brumatti, G. Cozzi and E. Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:75

    Content type: Research

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  22. Pyridoxine dependent epilepsies (PDEs) are rare autosomal recessive disorders with onset in neonatal period. Seizures are typically not responsive to conventional antiepileptic drugs, but they cease after pare...

    Authors: Raffaele Falsaperla and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:68

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  23. Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency is a defect of purine metabolism affecting purinosome assembly and reducing metabolite fluxes through purine de novo synthesis and purine nucleotide recycling pathways....

    Authors: Marina Macchiaiolo, Sabina Barresi, Francesco Cecconi, Ginevra Zanni, Marcello Niceta, Emanuele Bellacchio, Giacomo Lazzarino, Angela Maria Amorini, Enrico Silvio Bertini, Salvatore Rizza, Benedetta Contardi, Marco Tartaglia and Andrea Bartuli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:65

    Content type: Case report

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  24. A recent article from Pavone et al. published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics entitled «Ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation» made an exhaustive overview of the large spectrum of ...

    Authors: H. Rahmoune, N. Boutrid, M. Amrane, M. C. Chekkour and B. Bioud

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:62

    Content type: Commentary

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  25. Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal-dystrophy (APECED) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder typically caused by homozygous AIRE gene mutation. It is characterized by the association of mul...

    Authors: Mariella Valenzise, Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Salzano, Giuseppina Zirilli, Filippo De Luca and Maureen Su

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:11

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  26. Sleep in childhood and adolescence is crucial for mental and physical health; however several researches reported an increasing trend towards a sleep deprivation in this age. Due to the lack of recent epidemio...

    Authors: Paolo Brambilla, Marco Giussani, Angela Pasinato, Leonello Venturelli, Francesco Privitera, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice, Sara Sollai, Marina Picca, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Oliviero Bruni and Elena Chiappini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Ataxia is a sign of different disorders involving any level of the nervous system and consisting of impaired coordination of movement and balance. It is mainly caused by dysfunction of the complex circuitry co...

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Andrea D. Praticò, Vito Pavone, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla, Renata Rizzo and Martino Ruggieri

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are the most common subtype of congenital heart defects (CHD) and are estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all cases of CHD. The etiology of isolated VSD remains poorly unders...

    Authors: Yu Feng, Runsen Chen and Xuming Mo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Recent investigations suggest a possible common genetic background between Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Celiac Disease (CD). However, studies regarding this association are scarce and often limited by t...

    Authors: Sara Calderoni, Elisa Santocchi, Teresa Del Bianco, Elena Brunori, Laura Caponi, Aldo Paolicchi, Francesca Fulceri, Margherita Prosperi, Antonio Narzisi, Angela Cosenza, Raffaella Tancredi and Filippo Muratori

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Benign convulsions with gastroenteritis (CwG) are defined as afebrile convulsions accompanying symptoms of gastroenteritis without evidence of laboratory derangement. Although the main pathogen has been known ...

    Authors: Gun-Ha Kim, Jung Hye Byeon, Deog-Yong Lee, Hyun Ju Jeong and Baik-Lin Eun

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:94

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Angelman Syndrome (AS) is a rare neurodevelopment disorder resulting from deficient expression or function of the maternally inherited allele of UBE3A gene. The aim of the study is to attempt at providing a de...

    Authors: S. Micheletti, F. Palestra, P. Martelli, P. Accorsi, J. Galli, L. Giordano, V. Trebeschi and E. Fazzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs) are a wide group of muscular disorders that manifest with very early onset of muscular weakness, sometime associated to severe brain involvement.

    Authors: Raffaele Falsaperla, Andrea D. Praticò, Martino Ruggieri, Enrico Parano, Renata Rizzo, Giovanni Corsello, Giovanna Vitaliti and Piero Pavone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:78

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  33. The clinical and pathogenetic heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) limits our ability to predict its short- and long-term evolution. Aim of this naturalistic study was to observe the clinical evolu...

    Authors: Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti, Arianna Benvenuto, Barbara Battan, Francesca Benassi and Paolo Curatolo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:70

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Moebius syndrome (MBS) is rare disease characterized by nonprogressive congenital uni- or bi-lateral facial (i. e. VII cranial nerve) and abducens (i. e. VI cranial nerve) palsy. Although the neurological and ...

    Authors: Odoardo Picciolini, Matteo Porro, Elisa Cattaneo, Silvia Castelletti, Giuseppe Masera, Fabio Mosca and Maria Francesca Bedeschi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Due to the increasing number of surviving preterm newborns and to the recognition of therapeutic hypothermia as the current gold standard in newborns with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy, there has been a gro...

    Authors: Francesco Pisani and Carlotta Spagnoli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:48

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  36. The association between migraine and stroke is still a dilemma for neurologists. Migraine is associated with an increased stroke risk and it is considered an independent risk factor for ischaemic stroke in a p...

    Authors: Alberto Spalice, Francesca Del Balzo, Laura Papetti, Anna Maria Zicari, Enrico Properzi, Francesca Occasi, Francesco Nicita and Marzia Duse

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:41

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. Array-CGH (aCGH) is presently used into routine clinical practice for diagnosis of patients with intellectual disability (ID), multiple congenital anomalies (MCA), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ACGH coul...

    Authors: Gerarda Cappuccio, Francesco Vitiello, Alberto Casertano, Paolo Fontana, Rita Genesio, Dario Bruzzese, Virginia Maria Ginocchio, Angela Mormile, Lucio Nitsch, Generoso Andria and Daniela Melis

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. A febrile seizure (FS) is the most common convulsive disorder in children. Activation of cytokine network is involved in FS pathogenesis. Adiponectin, leptin and IL-6 are the major adipocytokines secreted by fat ...

    Authors: Seham F. Azab, Mohamed A. Abdalhady, Mohamed A. A. Almalky, Ezzat K. Amin, Dina T. Sarhan, Eman M. Elhindawy, Mayy A. N. Allah, Ahmed A. Elhewala, Mohamed M. A. Salam, Mustafa I. A. Hashem, Attia A. Soliman, Nagwa E. Akeel, Sawsan H. Abdellatif, Nahla A. Elsamad, Anwar A. Rass and Manal S. Arafat

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Febrile seizures are the most common form of childhood seizures. Among pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6 is the key acute-phase cytokine. To date, only a few studies concerned the association of interl...

    Authors: Seham F. Azab, Mohamed A. Abdalhady, Alshaymaa Ali, Ezzat K. Amin, Dina T. Sarhan, Eman M. Elhindawy, Mohamed A. A. Almalky, Ahmed A. Elhewala, Mohamed M. A. Salam, Mustafa I. A. Hashem, Attia A. Soliman, Nagwa E. Akeel, Sawsan H. Abdellatif, Sanaa M. Ismail, Nahla A. Elsamad, Manal S. Arafat…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Management of secretions in children with cerebral palsy is often problematic due to severe deformation of the rib cage, impaired cough, and patients’inability to collaborate with chest physiotherapy. Assessin...

    Authors: Giancarlo Garuti, Elisa Verucchi, Isabella Fanelli, Michele Giovannini, Joao Carlos Winck and Mirco Lusuardi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:7

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III; Sanfilippo syndrome) is a metabolic disorder characterized by the deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme catalyzing the catabolic pathway of heparan sulphate. MPS III present...

    Authors: Paulina Krawiec, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska, Beata Mełges, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz, Stanisław Skomra, Agnieszka Pawłowska-Kamieniak and Katarzyna Kominek

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:97

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) is a relatively common neurological disease in children. Most common types of ACA are acute post-infectious (APCA) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). Less common but...

    Authors: Aldo Naselli, Giovanna Pala, Federico Cresta, Martina Finetti, Roberta Biancheri and Salvatore Renna

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:98

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. The authors report a wide and updated revision of hydranencephaly, including a literature review, and present the case of a patient affected by this condition, still alive at 36 months.

    Authors: Piero Pavone, Andrea D Praticò, Giovanna Vitaliti, Martino Ruggieri, Renata Rizzo, Enrico Parano, Lorenzo Pavone, Giuseppe Pero and Raffaele Falsaperla

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:79

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. Acute cerebellitis (AC) is the most common neurological complication of varicella. Nevertheless, it has been scarcely studied. The objective of this study were to asses the occurrence of AC among children hosp...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Mauro Bozzola, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi, Valeria Calcaterra, Daniela Longo, Andrzej Krzystofiak and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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