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Neonatology and Fetal Medicine

This section covers all aspects of neonatal and fetal health, disease, treatment, and outcomes.

Page 1 of 4

  1. Birth weight and leptin seem to be the factors responsible for early programming of body weight in later life. A marker for leptin action is free leptin index (FLI), which depends on soluble leptin receptor (O...

    Authors: Beata Kulik-Rechberger, Anna Maria Bury, Anna Rakuś-Kwiatosz and Iwona Beń-Skowronek

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:141

    Content type: Research

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  2. Preterm infants have immature gastrointestinal tracts and poor immunity. In this study, the effects of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 first on early feeding tolerance, growth, and second on infection prevention ...

    Authors: Xuewei Cui, Yongyan Shi, Siyang Gao, Xindong Xue and Jianhua Fu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:140

    Content type: Research

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  3. The only pharmacologic prophylaxis against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in preterm infants is the humanized monoclonal antibody palivizumab. After the 2014 modification of the American Academy o...

    Authors: Renato Cutrera, Andrea Wolfler, Simonetta Picone, Giovanni A. Rossi, Giuliana Gualberti, Rocco Merolla, Antonio Del Vecchio, Alberto Villani, Fabio Midulla and Andrea Dotta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:139

    Content type: Review

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  4. Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) has increasingly been used to assess the hemodynamic status in neonates. Aim of this survey was to investigate the utilization of NPE in Italian neonatal intensiv...

    Authors: Iuri Corsini, Benjamim Ficial, Stefano Fiocchi, Federico Schena, Irma Capolupo, Rosa Maria Cerbo, Manuela Condò, Daniela Doni, Simona La Placa, Salvatore Porzio, Katia Rossi, Sabrina Salvadori and Marilena Savoia

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:131

    Content type: Research

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  5. Melatonin has been studied and used for several years as a sleep-wake cycle modulator in patients with sleep disorders. Experimental evidence has demonstrated the multiple neuroprotective benefits of this indo...

    Authors: S. Picone, P. Ariganello, V. Mondì, F. Di Palma, L. Martini, S. Marziali, G. Fariello and P. Paolillo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:122

    Content type: Research

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  6. In this study, we aimed to analyze differences in plasma protein abundances between infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), to add new insights into a better understanding of the pathogenesi...

    Authors: Magdalena Zasada, Maciej Suski, Renata Bokiniec, Monika Szwarc-Duma, Maria Katarzyna Borszewska-Kornacka, Józef Madej, Beata Bujak-Giżycka, Anna Madetko-Talowska, Cecilie Revhaug, Lars O. Baumbusch, Ola D. Saugstad, Jacek Józef Pietrzyk and Przemko Kwinta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:112

    Content type: Research

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  7. Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS), which is defined as heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema, is most caused by monogenic defects in structural proteins of the glomerular filtration ba...

    Authors: Liangliang Li, Zhi Yi, Hongmin Xi, Lili Ma, Hui Shao, Wenwen Wang, Hong Pan, Miaomiao Li and Hong Jiang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:109

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants remains a challenge. The ability to predict which infants will respond to indomethacin could spare some from the risks of...

    Authors: Janardhan Mydam, Alok Rastogi and Zahra J. Naheed

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:107

    Content type: Research

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  9. Deleterious consequences of the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) with invasive ventilation have led to more in-depth investigation of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) modalities. NIV has signifi...

    Authors: Dhivya Lakshmi Permall, Asfia Banu Pasha and Xiao-qing Chen

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:105

    Content type: Review

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  10. This article describes the detailed project aimed to realize a dedicated ground ambulance for neonatal emergency transport service (NETS). To date, the European Community rules specify requirements for the des...

    Authors: Carlo Bellini, Martina de Biasi, Maurizio Gente, Luca A. Ramenghi, Roberto Aufieri, Diego Minghetti, Silvia Pericu, Martina Cavalieri and Niccolò Casiddu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:97

    Content type: Research

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  11. Sudden unexpected postnatal collapse of presumably healthy neonates during early skin-to-skin contact is a rare, yet recognized occurrence, associated with a high risk of mortality and morbidity. A survey was ...

    Authors: Michelangelo Barbaglia, Enrico Finale, Silvia Noce, Alessandro Vigo, Cesare Arioni, Raffaella Visentin, Elisabetta Scurati-Manzoni and Andrea Guala

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:95

    Content type: Research

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  12. Enteroviruses (EVs) are an important cause of illness, especially in neonates and young infants. Clinical and laboratory findings at different ages, brain imaging, and outcomes have been inadequately investiga...

    Authors: Alberto Berardi, Marcello Sandoni, Carlotta Toffoli, Alessandra Boncompagni, William Gennari, Maria Barbara Bergamini, Laura Lucaccioni and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:94

    Content type: Research

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  13. The purpose of this study was to analyze the growth status and to identify the risk factors that influence the catch-up growth of preterm infants after discharge and to provide evidence for feeding strategies ...

    Authors: Xiaomei Liu, Biru Luo, Wentao Peng, Fei Xiong, Fan Yang and Jinhui Wu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:87

    Content type: Research

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  14. Turner syndrome (45,X), accounts for 1–2% of conceptions which typically miscarry early in the first trimester. Cases detected prenatally often present with cystic hygroma, which is an ultrasound marker for an...

    Authors: Hai-Ying Chen, Jian-Qiong Zheng and Hong-Ping Zhang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:85

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Fibreoptic Phototherapy (FPT) allows to lower total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels in healthy neonates maintained in rooming-in with their mothers. The 2004 Cochrane review showed that, differently from preterm ...

    Authors: R. Luciano, G. Mancini, F. Cota, A. Romano, V. Purcaro, F. Lerro, M. Corsello and G. Vento

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:68

    Content type: Research

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  16. Neonatal adrenal hemorrhage is a relatively uncommon condition (0.2–0.55%). Various risk factors have been reported in addition to birth asphyxia, such as sepsis, coagulation disorders, traumatic delivery, and...

    Authors: M. S. Toti, P. Ghirri, A. Bartoli, C. Caputo, E. Laudani, F. Masoni, L. Mele and R. Bernardini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:58

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Preterm birth and feeding are the most important pathogenic factors of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Metabonomic has been widely used in the diagnosis and treatment of other diseases, but there is ...

    Authors: Fusheng Wang, Weizhong Li, Guanghuan Wang, Menglu Yu, Jun Zhong, Chenbin Xu, Danli Li and Yongcui Zhou

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:54

    Content type: Research

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  18. Despite regionalization of perinatal care provides for the “in utero” transfer of high-risk pregnancies, there will always be a number of neonates who undergo acute inter-facility transport. The presence of a ...

    Authors: Maurizio Gente, Roberto Aufieri, Rocco Agostino, Tiziana Fedeli, Maria Grazia Calevo, Paolo Massirio and Carlo Bellini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:51

    Content type: Research

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  19. Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUTs) are some of the most common birth defects affecting newborns. CAKUTs often have poor birth outcomes owing to the limited experience of physicians i...

    Authors: Zhong-yi Li, Yan-min Chen, Li-qian Qiu, Dan-qing Chen, Chong-gao Hu, Jian-yun Xu and Xiao-hui Zhang

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:50

    Content type: Research

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  20. Low birth weight is defined as infant born with weight of less than 2500 g. It is one of the major public health problems worldwide. In Ethiopia, there are limited evidences on factors contributing to low birt...

    Authors: Melese Siyoum and Teshome Melese

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:48

    Content type: Research

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  21. Preterm birth is a health and social problem, considered the leading cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. It is associated with higher rates of neurodevelopmental morbidity, sensorineural impairments and oth...

    Authors: Roberta Granese, Eloisa Gitto, Gabriella D’Angelo, Raffaele Falsaperla, Giovanni Corsello, Donatella Amadore, Gloria Calagna, Ilaria Fazzolari, Roberta Grasso and Onofrio Triolo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:45

    Content type: Research

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  22. We aimed to survey Delivery Room and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) respiratory strategies dedicated to the extremely low gestational age newborn (ELGAN – GA < 28 wks) in Italy.

    Authors: Flavia Petrillo, Camilla Gizzi, Gianfranco Maffei, Piero G. Matassa, Maria Luisa Ventura, Cinzia Ricci, Roberta Pastorino and Giovanni Vento

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:44

    Content type: Research

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  23. The term “Lotus Birth” identifies the practice of not cutting the umbilical cord and of leaving the placenta attached to the newborn after its expulsion until it detaches spontaneously, which generally occurs ...

    Authors: Alessandro Bonsignore, Francesca Buffelli, Rosagemma Ciliberti, Francesco Ventura, Andrea Molinelli and Ezio Fulcheri

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:39

    Content type: Debate

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  24. In order to give a new contribution to the knowledge of the psycho-physical, behavioral and socio-relational development of the individuals who were born at neurological risk, we have carried out a research wo...

    Authors: Enrico Gasparrini, Francesca Rosati and Maria Teresa Gaetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:38

    Content type: Research

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  25. The association between macrolides use and subsequent occurrence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is still debatable. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis...

    Authors: Hamdi H. Almaramhy and Abdulmohsen H. Al-Zalabani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:20

    Content type: Review

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  26. Although Pre-lacteal feeding is a barrier for implementation of optimal breastfeeding practices and increases the risk of neonatal illness and mortality, still it is continued as a deep-rooted nutritional malp...

    Authors: Esayas Aydiko Amele, Birhanu wondimeneh Demissie, Kalkidan Wondwossen Desta and Emebet Berhane Woldemariam

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:15

    Content type: Research

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  27. Globally, more than 20 million infants are born with low birth weight. The risk of neonatal mortality among low birth weight infants is 25 to 30 times greater than neonates with birth weight  2500 g. Low birth w...

    Authors: Daniale Tekelia Ekubagewargies, Destaye Guadie Kassie and Wubet Worku Takele

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:7

    Content type: Research

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  28. Prematurity accounts about 1 million neonatal deaths worldwide and the second causes of both neonatal and under five-child mortality. Neonatal mortality accounts for 43% of under-five child mortality in Ethiop...

    Authors: Ayenew Engida Yismaw, Abebaw Addis Gelagay and Malede Mequanent Sisay

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:4

    Content type: Research

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  29. A physiologic test for estimating BPD rate has been developed by Walsh and collaborators. Actually there are not standard criteria for weaning from CPAP and/or oxygen therapy the premature babies. Aim of this ...

    Authors: Giovanni Vento, Valentina Vendettuoli, Claudia Aurilia, Milena Tana, Chiara Tirone, Alessandra Lio, Piero Giuseppe Matassa, Francesca Priolo, Piero Catenazzi, Mirta Corsello, Enrico Zecca and Fabio Mosca

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:2

    Content type: Research

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  30. Optimum early postnatal growth is critical for early and later health of preterm infants. Postnatal length and weight growth velocities and their associated perinatal factors in healthy late preterm infants wi...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Yan Li, Shuang Liang, Xiao-Juan Liu, Feng-Ling Kang and Gui-Mei Li

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:1

    Content type: Research

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  31. During the last epidemic season of bronchiolitis (S2, years 2016–2017) we performed a single Centre analysis in inborn infant of 30+ 0–32+ 6 gestational age and age < 12 months who did not receive prophylaxis wit...

    Authors: Simonetta Picone, Adele Fabiano, Davide Roma, Federico Di Palma and Piermichele Paolillo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:148

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  32. Different primary studies in Ethiopia showed the burden of low birth weight. However, variation among those studies was seen. This study was aimed to estimate the national prevalence and associated factors of ...

    Authors: Aklilu Endalamaw, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda, Daniale Tekelia Ekubagewargies, Getaneh Mulualem Belay and Mekuriaw Alemayehu Tefera

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:141

    Content type: Review

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  33. Among breastfeeding determinants, the marketing of breast milk substitutes might contribute to suboptimal breastfeeding rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of receiving information on br...

    Authors: Fabio Mosca, Paola Roggero, Francesca Garbarino, Daniela Morniroli, Beatrice Bracco, Laura Morlacchi, Domenica Mallardi, Maria Lorella Gianni and Dario Consonni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:134

    Content type: Research

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  34. Neonatal seizures are the most common neurological event in newborns, showing higher prevalence in preterm than in full-term infants. In the majority of cases they represent acute symptomatic phenomena, the ma...

    Authors: Carlotta Spagnoli, Raffaele Falsaperla, Michela Deolmi, Giovanni Corsello and Francesco Pisani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:115

    Content type: Review

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  35. Fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), characterized by fetal heart rate between 220 and 260 bpm, is a rare but most commonly encountered fetal cardiac arrhythmia in pregnancy that may be associated with ad...

    Authors: Vincenzo Zanardo, Alphonse Simbi, Matteo Parotto, Lorenzo Severino, Riccardo Carta, Pietro Guerrini and Gianluca Straface

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:111

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2019 45:21

  36. The neonatal period is only 1/60th of the first 5 years of life but it accounts for 63% of all infant deaths and 44% of all under-five deaths in Ethiopia. Most causes of neonatal death are preventable with clean ...

    Authors: Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Mesganaw Fanthahun Afework and Alemayehu Worku Yalew

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:105

    Content type: Research

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  37. Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a serious complication in preterm infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition. Soybean lipid emulsion (SLE) seems to have a role in its pathogenesis, ...

    Authors: Simonetta Costa, Rossella Iannotta, Luca Maggio, Giovanni Barone, Francesca Serrao and Giovanni Vento

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:101

    Content type: Research

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  38. Continuous glucose monitoring using subcutaneous sensors is useful in the management of glucose control in neonatal intensive care. We evaluated feasibility and reliability of a continuous glucose monitoring s...

    Authors: Alessandro Perri, Lucia Giordano, Mirta Corsello, Francesca Priolo, Giovanni Vento, Enrico Zecca and Eloisa Tiberi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:99

    Content type: Research

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  39. Congenital space-occupying thoracic malformations and diaphragmatic hernia have in common pulmonary hypoplasia. Our study aims to assess cardiac involvement during post-natal adaptation.

    Authors: Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro, Maria Clara Leone, Giuseppa Pinello and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:98

    Content type: Research

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  40. Human milk (HM) is the best feeding for premature infants. When own mother’s milk (OMM) is insufficient or unavailable, pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) and preterm formula (PF) are the alternative nutritio...

    Authors: Simonetta Costa, Luca Maggio, Giovanni Alighieri, Giovanni Barone, Francesco Cota and Giovanni Vento

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:96

    Content type: Research

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  41. Neonatal priapism is a rare condition with only 26 described cases in literature since 1879. It is defined as a persistent penile erection occurring in the first 28 days of life, lasting at least 4 h that usua...

    Authors: Claudia Fanni, Maria Antonietta Marcialis, Maria Cristina Pintus, Cristina Loddo and Vassilios Fanos

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:85

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  42. Necrotizing enterocolitis continues to be a devastating disease process for very low birth weight infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. The aetiology and pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis are not d...

    Authors: Gabriella D’Angelo, Pietro Impellizzeri, Lucia Marseglia, Angela Simona Montalto, Tiziana Russo, Ignazio Salamone, Raffaele Falsaperla, Giovanni Corsello, Carmelo Romeo and Eloisa Gitto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:84

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia (EA) might experience breastfeeding difficulties. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of breastfeeding in newborns with...

    Authors: G Salvatori, S Foligno, M Massoud, F Piersigilli, P Bagolan and A Dotta

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:75

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Strategies to prevent early-onset sepsis (EOS) have led to a substantial decline in many countries. However, one of the most controversial topics in neonatology is the management of asymptomatic full-term and ...

    Authors: Alberto Berardi, Chryssoula Tzialla, Laura Travan, Jenny Bua, Daniele Santori, Milena Azzalli, Caterina Spada and Laura Lucaccioni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:73

    Content type: Commentary

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  45. Most Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in China have restricted visiting policies for parents. This also implicates that parents are not involved in the care of their infant. Family Integrated Care (FIC), ...

    Authors: Shi-wen He, Yue-e Xiong, Li-hui Zhu, Bo Lv, Xi-rong Gao, Hua Xiong, Huan Wang, Hua-rong Shi and Jos M. Latour

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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