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Italian Journal of Pediatrics

Neonatology and Fetal Medicine

This section covers all aspects of neonatal and fetal health, disease, treatment, and outcomes.

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  1. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to define different characteristics of infants with esophageal atresia and correlations with neonatal level of care, morbidity and mortality occurring during hospital stay.

    Authors: Ettore Piro, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè, Giovanni Cuffaro, Simona La Placa, Vincenzo Antona, Federico Matina, Giuseppe Puccio, Marcello Cimador and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:19

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  2. Content type: Research

    To determine longitudinally the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (vitamin D) and vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) levels in mother-neonate pairs and evaluate the efficiency of prophylactic vitamin...

    Authors: Hakan Doneray, Remziye Seda Yesilcibik, Esra Laloglu, Metin Ingec and Zerrin Orbak

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:15

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  3. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Acute bronchiolitis is the most common cause of hospitalizations in infants < 12 months of age and preventive efforts remain the most important strategy to date. Recently prophylaxis with palivizumab (PLV) was...

    Authors: Simonetta Picone, Adele Fabiano, Davide Roma and Piermichele Paolillo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:11

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Perinatal asphyxia (PA) occurs in about 2 to 10 per 1000 live full-term births. Although neonatal epileptic seizures are observed in up to 60% of cases, PA may mimic or subtend other conditions. Hypoxia relate...

    Authors: Giacomo Biasucci, Nicola Morelli, Federica Natacci and Massimo Mastrangelo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:8

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  5. Content type: Research

    In Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs), parent satisfaction and their experiences are fundamental to assess clinical practice and improve the quality of care delivered to infants and parents. Recently, a spe...

    Authors: Immacolata Dall’Oglio, Martina Fiori, Emanuela Tiozzo, Rachele Mascolo, Anna Portanova, Orsola Gawronski, Angela Ragni, Patrizia Amadio, Antonello Cocchieri, Roberta Fida, Rosaria Alvaro, Gennaro Rocco and Jos M. Latour

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:5

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  6. Content type: Research

    In neonatal endotracheal intubation, excessive pressure on soft tissues during laryngoscopy can determine permanent injury. Low-fidelity skill trainers do not give valid feedback about this issue. This study d...

    Authors: Davide Panizza, Rosa T. Scaramuzzo, Francesca Moscuzza, Ilaria Vannozzi, Massimiliano Ciantelli, Marzia Gentile, Ilaria Baldoli, Selene Tognarelli, Antonio Boldrini and Armando Cuttano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2018 44:4

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  7. Content type: Research

    Pulmonary disorders and respiratory failure represent one of the most common morbidities of preterm newborns admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The use of nasal high-flow therapy (nHFT) has bee...

    Authors: Antonio Di Mauro, Manuela Capozza, Sergio Cotugno, Silvio Tafuri, Francesco Paolo Bianchi, Federico Schettini, Raffaella Panza and Nicola Laforgia

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:116

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Despite an increased use of non-invasive ventilatory strategies and gentle ventilation, pneumothorax remains a common complication in preterm infants. The ventilator management of infants with air leaks remain...

    Authors: Claudia Aurilia, Cinzia Ricci, Milena Tana, Chiara Tirone, Alessandra Lio, Alessandro Gambacorta, Angela Paladini and Giovanni Vento

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:114

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  9. Content type: Review

    The rapid advancement of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and the decrease in costs for whole-exome sequencing (WES) and whole-genome sequening (WGS), has prompted its clinical application in severa...

    Authors: Alessandro Borghesi, Maria Antonietta Mencarelli, Luigi Memo, Giovanni Battista Ferrero, Andrea Bartuli, Maurizio Genuardi, Mauro Stronati, Alberto Villani, Alessandra Renieri and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:100

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  10. Content type: Research

    There are no Italian data regarding the strategies for preventing neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) infection. We conducted a national survey in order to explore obstetrical, neonatal and microbiological pr...

    Authors: Chryssoula Tzialla, Alberto Berardi, Claudio Farina, Pierangelo Clerici, Alessandro Borghesi, Elsa Viora, Paolo Scollo and Mauro Stronati

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:98

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  11. Content type: Research

    The relationship between premature birth and early cognitive function as measured by eye-tracking data remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of prematurity on the development of...

    Authors: Hokyoung Ryu, Garam Han, Jaeran Choi, Hyun-Kyung Park, Mi Jung Kim, Dong-Hyun Ahn and Hyun Ju Lee

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:90

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  12. Content type: Commentary

    Newborn hearing screening has to be considered the first step of a program for the identification, diagnosis, treatment and habilitation/rehabilitation of children with hearing impairment.

    Authors: Stefano Berrettini, Paolo Ghirri, Francesco Lazzerini, Giovanni Lenzi and Francesca Forli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:82

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  13. Content type: Review

    The Mediterranean diet has been for a very long time the basis of food habits all over the countries of the Mediterranean basin, originally founded on rural models and low consumption of meat products and high...

    Authors: Maximilian Fischer, Mauro Stronati and Marcello Lanari

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:74

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  14. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Following the most recent modification by the American Academy of Pediatrics, based on American studies on RSV epidemiology, the Italian Drug Agency (AIFA) decided to limit the total financial coverage of the ...

    Authors: Antonino Capizzi, Michela Silvestri, Andrea Orsi, Renato Cutrera, Giovanni A. Rossi and Oliviero Sacco

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:71

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  15. Content type: Research

    The recognition, follow-up, and early treatment of neonatal jaundice has become more difficult, since the earlier discharge of newborns from hospitals has become common practice. Since intrapartum hypoxic stre...

    Authors: Vincenzo Zanardo, Federico de Luca, Alphonse K. Simbi, Matteo Parotto, Pietro Guerrini and Gianluca Straface

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:67

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  16. Content type: Research

    In Cameroon, sustainable effort needs to be done to reduce the current neonatal mortality rate from 21 deaths per 1000 live births to the global target of fewer than ten deaths per 1000 live births by 2035. We...

    Authors: Paul Koki Ndombo, Quinta Mua Ekei, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Francky Teddy Endomba Angong, Ferdinand Ndom Ntock and Lawrence Mbuagbaw

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:52

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  17. Content type: Research

    Recently, the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities (CA) increased as the increasing proportion of mothers with advanced age. We aimed to explore the prevalence of CA in relation to maternal age and perinata...

    Authors: Xiao-Hui Zhang, Li-Qian Qiu, Ying-Hui Ye and Jian Xu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:47

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  18. Content type: Research

    Family-Centred Care (FCC) is recognized as an important component of all paediatric care, including neonatal care, although practical clinical guidelines to support this care model are still needed in Italy. T...

    Authors: Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maria Svelto, Maurizio Giordano, Desiree Sordino and Marina Riccitelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:36

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  19. Content type: Research

    Drug use in preterm neonates admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) has been investigated, so far, in terms of unauthorized or off-label use; very little is known on the use of combinations of differe...

    Authors: A. Girardi, S. Galletti, E. Raschi, A. Koci, E. Poluzzi, G. Faldella and F. De Ponti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:37

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