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This section considers studies regarding all aspects of endocrinology and diabetology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Abnormalities of chromosome 22q11, including deletions and translocations, have been described in association with different birth defects and malformations occurring in many combinations and degrees of severity.

    Authors: Grazia Bossi, Chiara Gertosio, Cristina Meazza, Giovanni Farello and Mauro Bozzola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:14

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Costello syndrome is a rare syndrome of multiple congenital anomalies. The typical clinical traits include dysmorphic craniofacial features, skin hyperpigmentation and excess, feeding difficulties leading to ...

    Authors: Ewa Blachowska, Elżbieta Petriczko, Anita Horodnicka-Józwa, Agata Skórka, Magdalena Pelc, Małgorzata Krajewska-Walasek and Mieczysław Walczak

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:10

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  3. Content type: Research

    Growth hormone (GH) has a strong positive influence on bone, stimulating both bone elongation and increase in size. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of two different GH dosages on final height an...

    Authors: Fiorenzo Lupi, Mauro Bozzola, Silvia Longhi, Giovanni Farello and Giorgio Radetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:5

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  4. Content type: Research

    It is known that Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) may progress to Graves’ disease (GD) and that this phenomenon may be more frequent in the patients with Down syndrome (DS).

    Authors: Tommaso Aversa, Mariella Valenzise, Mariacarolina Salerno, Andrea Corrias, Lorenzo Iughetti, Giorgio Radetti, Filippo De Luca and Malgorzata Wasniewska

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:87

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  5. Content type: Research

    Linear growth and final height are reported as normal in congenital hypothyroid patients in the neonatal screening era.

    Authors: Maurizio Delvecchio, Maria Cristina Vigone, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giovanna Weber, Rosa Lapolla, Pietro Pio Popolo, Giulia Maria Tronconi, Raffaella Di Mase, Filippo De Luca, Luciano Cavallo, Mariacarolina Salerno and Maria Felicia Faienza

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:82

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  6. Content type: Research

    Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by specific features including short stature, distinctive facial dysmorphic features, congenital heart defects, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,...

    Authors: Niki Zavras, Cristina Meazza, Alba Pilotta, Chiara Gertosio, Sara Pagani, Carmine Tinelli and Mauro Bozzola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:71

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  7. Content type: Research

    Ectopic hepatic lipid accumulation is closely related to the development of insulin resistance, which is regarded as one of the most significant risk factors of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The c...

    Authors: Monika Kłusek-Oksiuta, Irena Bialokoz-Kalinowska, Eugeniusz Tarasów, Malgorzata Wojtkowska, Irena Werpachowska and Dariusz Marek Lebensztejn

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:84

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Primary adrenal insufficiency is relatively rare in children and, if unrecognized, may present with cardiovascular collapse, making it a potentially life-threatening entity.

    Authors: Stefano Stagi, Paolo Del Greco, Franco Ricci, Chiara Iurato, Giovanni Poggi, Salvatore Seminara and Maurizio de Martino

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:78

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  9. Content type: Research

    Early discharge of healthy late preterm and full term newborn infants has become common practice because of the current social and economic necessities. Severe jaundice, and even kernicterus, has developed in ...

    Authors: Costantino Romagnoli, Eloisa Tiberi, Giovanni Barone, Mario De Curtis, Daniela Regoli, Piermichele Paolillo, Simonetta Picone, Stefano Anania, Maurizio Finocchi, Valentina Cardiello, Lucia Giordano, Valentina Paolucci and Enrico Zecca

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:6

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  10. Content type: Review

    An epidemic of pediatric obesity has occurred across the world in recent years. There are subgroups within the population at high-risk of becoming obese and especially of having experience of precocious cardio...

    Authors: Lorenzo Iughetti and Patrizia Bruzzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:38

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  11. Content type: Commentary

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become over the last decade the most common form of chronic liver disease in children and adults. Thus, establishing the diagnosis of NAFLD is of utmost importance...

    Authors: Valerio Nobili, Claudia Della Corte, Lidia Monti, Anna Alisi and Ariel Feldstein

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:36

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  12. Content type: Research

    Recently, hepcidin expression in adipose tissue has been described and shown to be increased in patients with severe obesity. We tried to assess the effect of obesity on hepcidin serum levels and treatment out...

    Authors: Mohammed Sanad, Mohammed Osman and Amal Gharib

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:34

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  13. Content type: Case report

    despite recent progress in imaging, it is still difficult to distinguish between pituitary adenoma and hyperplasia, even using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with gadolinium injection. We describe an example...

    Authors: Roberto Franceschi, Umberto Rozzanigo, Riccarda Failo, Maria Bellizzi and Annunziata Di Palma

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:15

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  14. Content type: Research

    It is well known that certain non-thyroidal critical illness may lead to euthyroid sick syndrome(ESS). There are little reports about the change of thyroid hormone in the children's central nervous system (CNS...

    Authors: Fuyong Jiao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Taomin Bai, Jing Lin, Wei Cui and Bingweng Liu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:11

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  15. Content type: Commentary

    The first years of life are crucial to start preventive interventions that can have an impact on lifestyle and later overweight and obesity. Under the Italian National Health System (INHS), children are cared ...

    Authors: Paolo Brambilla, Giorgio Bedogni, Carmen Buongiovanni, Guido Brusoni, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Mario Di Pietro, Marco Giussani, Manuel Gnecchi, Lorenzo Iughetti, Paola Manzoni, Maura Sticco and Sergio Bernasconi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:55

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  16. Content type: Commentary

    Ipercaloric diet and reduced physical activity have driven the rise in the prevalence of childhood obesity over a relatively short time interval. Family and twin studies have led to the conclusion that the str...

    Authors: Laura Perrone, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone and Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:43

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic hemangioma, adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia are the most frequent benign lesions of the liver, but they are all infrequent among pediatric population. The reports of focal nodular hyperplasia in ...

    Authors: Piero Farruggia, Rita Alaggio, Francesca Cardella, Serena Tropia, Antonino Trizzino, Francesca Ferrara and Paolo D'Angelo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:41

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  18. Content type: Research

    The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Marica Arvigo, Paola Travaglino, Sara Pagani, Mauro Stronati, Antonella Gasparoni, Carolina Bianco and Mauro Bozzola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:26

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  19. Content type: Research

    evaluation of thyroid function in neonates born from mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis in order to define if a precise follow-up is necessary for these children. The influence of maternal thyroid pero...

    Authors: Rosanna Rovelli, Maria Cristina Vigone, Chiara Giovanettoni, Arianna Passoni, Ludovica Maina, Andrea Corrias, Carlo Corbetta, Fabio Mosca, Giuseppe Chiumello and Giovanna Weber

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:24

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  20. Content type: Review

    Doping with endocrine drugs is quite prevalent in amateur and professional athletes. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has a list of banned drugs for athletes who compete and a strategy to detect such drugs....

    Authors: Alan D Rogol

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:19

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  21. Content type: Commentary

    Data about the natural evolution of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in pediatric age are very scanty. Moreover all the available reports in both aged and young patients were based on unselected study populatio...

    Authors: Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giuseppina Zirilli, Tommaso Aversa and Teresa Arrigo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:11

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  22. Content type: Commentary

    Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, resulting from genes, environment and behaviour interactions, and represents the most common metabolic disorder in the Western Hemisphere. Its prevalence has dramatically ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Latini, Francesco Gallo and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:8

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