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This section considers studies regarding all aspects of endocrinology and diabetology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Content type: Commentary

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become over the last decade the most common form of chronic liver disease in children and adults. Thus, establishing the diagnosis of NAFLD is of utmost importance...

    Authors: Valerio Nobili, Claudia Della Corte, Lidia Monti, Anna Alisi and Ariel Feldstein

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:36

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  2. Content type: Research

    Recently, hepcidin expression in adipose tissue has been described and shown to be increased in patients with severe obesity. We tried to assess the effect of obesity on hepcidin serum levels and treatment out...

    Authors: Mohammed Sanad, Mohammed Osman and Amal Gharib

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:34

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  3. Content type: Case report

    despite recent progress in imaging, it is still difficult to distinguish between pituitary adenoma and hyperplasia, even using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with gadolinium injection. We describe an example...

    Authors: Roberto Franceschi, Umberto Rozzanigo, Riccarda Failo, Maria Bellizzi and Annunziata Di Palma

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:15

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  4. Content type: Research

    It is well known that certain non-thyroidal critical illness may lead to euthyroid sick syndrome(ESS). There are little reports about the change of thyroid hormone in the children's central nervous system (CNS...

    Authors: Fuyong Jiao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Taomin Bai, Jing Lin, Wei Cui and Bingweng Liu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:11

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  5. Content type: Commentary

    The first years of life are crucial to start preventive interventions that can have an impact on lifestyle and later overweight and obesity. Under the Italian National Health System (INHS), children are cared ...

    Authors: Paolo Brambilla, Giorgio Bedogni, Carmen Buongiovanni, Guido Brusoni, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Mario Di Pietro, Marco Giussani, Manuel Gnecchi, Lorenzo Iughetti, Paola Manzoni, Maura Sticco and Sergio Bernasconi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:55

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  6. Content type: Commentary

    Ipercaloric diet and reduced physical activity have driven the rise in the prevalence of childhood obesity over a relatively short time interval. Family and twin studies have led to the conclusion that the str...

    Authors: Laura Perrone, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone and Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:43

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic hemangioma, adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia are the most frequent benign lesions of the liver, but they are all infrequent among pediatric population. The reports of focal nodular hyperplasia in ...

    Authors: Piero Farruggia, Rita Alaggio, Francesca Cardella, Serena Tropia, Antonino Trizzino, Francesca Ferrara and Paolo D'Angelo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:41

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  8. Content type: Research

    The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Marica Arvigo, Paola Travaglino, Sara Pagani, Mauro Stronati, Antonella Gasparoni, Carolina Bianco and Mauro Bozzola

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:26

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  9. Content type: Research

    evaluation of thyroid function in neonates born from mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis in order to define if a precise follow-up is necessary for these children. The influence of maternal thyroid pero...

    Authors: Rosanna Rovelli, Maria Cristina Vigone, Chiara Giovanettoni, Arianna Passoni, Ludovica Maina, Andrea Corrias, Carlo Corbetta, Fabio Mosca, Giuseppe Chiumello and Giovanna Weber

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:24

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  10. Content type: Review

    Doping with endocrine drugs is quite prevalent in amateur and professional athletes. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has a list of banned drugs for athletes who compete and a strategy to detect such drugs....

    Authors: Alan D Rogol

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:19

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  11. Content type: Commentary

    Data about the natural evolution of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in pediatric age are very scanty. Moreover all the available reports in both aged and young patients were based on unselected study populatio...

    Authors: Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giuseppina Zirilli, Tommaso Aversa and Teresa Arrigo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:11

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  12. Content type: Commentary

    Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, resulting from genes, environment and behaviour interactions, and represents the most common metabolic disorder in the Western Hemisphere. Its prevalence has dramatically ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Latini, Francesco Gallo and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:8

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